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Kyoto lies in Western Honshu,
the main island of Japan.
This city, regarded as one of Japan's most beautiful,
wore the country's imperial robes for over 1,000 years,
until Tokyo became the modern capital in 1868.
Emerging from ultra-modern Kyoto Station, you may wonder,
“where are the centuries of culture and tradition this city is famous for?”
And as you look down upon the gridded streets from Kyoto Tower,
you might even be forgiven for thinking you've arrived at the wrong city.
Yet, the old Kyoto is all around you, and more often than not,
it's right under your nose.
From Kyoto Tower, head east,
and push through the curtains of the downtown's high-rise,
into the streets of Gion.
It is here, in this historic entertainment quarter,
that you'll begin to catch glimpses
of one of Kyoto's most alluring traditions,
the geisha.
Refined, artistic and otherworldly,
the geisha are the very embodiment of old Kyoto.
Venture further east,
into narrow alleyways like Ishibe Koji,
and feel the echoes of the past
amid the rows of traditional Kyoto-style houses.
It's in areas like this you'll find some of Kyoto's finest Ryokan.
These traditional inns originated in the Edo period,
and are the perfect places to lay your head and dream of days gone by.
Just a rickshaw ride away,
are the traffic-free streets of Sannen-zaka and Ninen-zaka.
Explore the traditional teahouses and crafts shops,
then retrace the steps of generations of worshipers
who made their way to and from the nearby hilltop temples.
Kyoto is known as “the city of 10,000 shrines”,
and it would take a lifetime to experience them all. Kyoto residents'
place enormous importance in the seasons. And just like the seasons,
every place of worship has its own colours, … its own mood.
There are places of spacious austerity, such
as the Heian Shrine,
dedicated to the first, and the last,
of the city's emperors. And intimate places,
such as the Shorenin Temple, where you are invited to sit,
and quietly contemplate the gardens outside.
Visit temples dominated by stone, such as the Kiyomizadera,
one of the most revered in Japan.
And others crafted from ancient timbers, such as Tofukuji,
loved for its covered bridges which span valleys filled with maple and spruce.
Water is an integral and unifying element
in all of Kyoto's places of worship.
At the Kodai Temple,
let your thoughts drift across a raked gravel garden
which represents the infinite ocean.
For a water feature with a difference, visit Nanzenji,
and rest beneath the arches of a 19th- century aqueduct,
which still supplies much of the city's water.
But of all Kyoto's temples,
nothing quite compares to Fushimi Inari-taisha.
Dedicated to the fox spirit, Inari,
this temple complex spans an entire mountainside.
From the main shrine,
climb the extraordinary two and a half mile path lined with 10,000 tori gates.
Along the way there are thousands of smaller shrines
where you can pay your respects or simply catch your breath,
before arriving at the summit two hours later.
It's not just within the streets and temples where you'll find old Kyoto.
You'll find it the palace grounds of Nijo Castle,
and in the fleeting cherry blossom season
which reminds us of the preciousness of time.
It resides amid the whispering leaves and
the ethereal light of the Bamboo Forest of Arashiyama,
and in the Zen-like calm of the city's resident monkeys.
You'll find old Kyoto in the rising steam
of a communal dishes like shabu shabu,
in the gentle pad of the rickshaw pullers' footsteps,
and it can certainly be found as evening falls
and the city lights up like a living lantern.
Perhaps it's then, beneath the glow of the city's lights,
you'll realize that there is no old Kyoto. Kyoto is timeless,
it exists equally in the echoes of the past and in the ringtones of today.
As the world rushes by on the river of time, Kyoto is but a series of perfect moments,
each to be savored and enjoyed.
Kyoto is Kyoto, here, now and forever.
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日本千年的古都 — 京都 (Kyoto City Video Guide | Expedia)

28778 分類 收藏
Nicholas Wang 發佈於 2015 年 4 月 2 日    Derrick Chen 翻譯    王妍心 審核

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說到日本最具文化代表性的地方,想必非京都莫屬。京都這座城市歷經千年的發展,已成為將現代與古代完美結合的重要觀光區域。穿梭在京都街頭,迎面而來的不是喧擾吵雜的路人談話聲,而是穿著艷麗和服的藝妓踏步聲。對生活感到厭煩了嗎?不妨觀看此片休息片刻吧!

1glimpse1:19
這個字作名詞及動詞皆為「瞥見」的意思,當名詞還有「模糊的感覺;微露;微光」之意。glimpse 與 glance 的意思非常接近,不同的地方是 glance 的意思是「 (粗略地) 看一下、一瞥」。比如 I took a glance at the clock. 「我看了時鐘一眼」,而 glimpse 是發生在「隱約、突然看到」的情況,比如 I caught a glimpse of a mouse「 我瞥見一隻老鼠」。
I walked out of the train station and had a glimpse of my old friend.
我走出火車站便隱約瞥見我的老朋友。


*同場加映:
【TED】Salman Khan:影片能改變教育 (Let's use video to reinvent education | Salman Khan)


2embodiment 1:31
embodiment 是名詞,意思是「 (某種品質或思想的) 化身,表現;典型」,其動詞為 embody,有「體現;包括、收錄」之意。另外,exemplify 這個動詞也有「是...的典型;示範;舉例證明」的意思,比如 The case exemplifies the issue. 「這個案例可以作為這個議題的範例」。
Artist Michelangelo's David completely embodies the human body contour line.
米開朗基羅的大衛像完整體現了人體的輪廓。


*同場加映:
香港自由行必備攻略 (Hong Kong Vacation Travel Guide | Expedia)


3austerity2:58
這個字為名詞,意思是「簡樸、艱苦;緊縮;樸實」。通常在政府為了減低預算赤字,減少開支並增加稅收等的「財政緊縮政策」下可以說 government austerityfiscal austerity。反之,「擴張性財政政策」則是 expansionary fiscal policy
The tough time that the old woman gone through in her early life is the main reason that she still lives a life of austerity.
那位老奶奶早年經過的艱苦歲月是她一直維持儉樸生活的原因。


*同場加映:
財政政策 (Fiscal Policy and Stimulus: Crash Course Economics #8)


4extraordinary4:50
extraordinary 為形容詞,意思是「異常的;特別的,破例的;非凡的」。同義字可說 unusual/exceptional/remarkable。另外, extra 有 out, except 的意思,所以遇到這類型的字,可以以「外面、除了」的方面去記憶喔。比如 extracurricular 是「課外的、業餘的」;extradite 是「引渡 (逃犯等)」。
This 3-year-old child prodigy showed her extraordinary piano playing skills in front of the audience.
這位三歲的天才兒童在觀眾面前展現出非凡的鋼琴彈奏技巧。


*同場加映:
轉變的故事 (The Story of Change)


5preciousness5:33
preciousness 意思是「珍貴、寶貴」,形容詞為 precious 「珍貴的、過份講究的」。跟 expensive 不同之處在於,expensive 是「昂貴的」,沒有「珍視」的含意存在。比如當你提到過去的珍貴時光或珍貴回憶就可說 precious momentprecious memory
Overfishing is a critical issue that reminds people the preciousness of ocean resources.
海洋資源的過度捕撈是件相當嚴重的議題,提醒人們對於海洋資源珍貴性的重視。


*同場加映:
人性能不能被自動校正? (Can We Auto-Correct Humanity?)


或許很多人會對京都充滿寺廟與神社的行程感到厭煩,但是這些歷史古蹟的存在才是造就日本文化得以發展地如此完整的原因。如同影片所說:「你會體悟到根本沒有什麼舊京都,因為京都是永恆的。」在歷史的更迭之中,京都永遠都是日本歷史的代表。

文/ Emily Chen

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