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This episode of DNews is presented by Kay Jewelers. Every kiss begins with Kay.
Attraction feels kind of crazy.
When it happens, like, there are times when I have to like physically stop myself and be like,
"Trace. WHAT ARE YOU DOING?!What's going on up in your brain?!"
Hey everybody, thanks for watching Dnews today. I'm Trace.
Humans are big animals, big dumb animals.
You, me, them, everybody; we're all slaves to our brain chemicals and biology.
-- and when we fall in love, that's a big one.
Obviously, we can make our own choices, but attraction, lust and love are driven by our animal nature.
We want to find a good genetic match, mate, reproduce, and raise young
- it's part of our ancient programming! In the modern day, we have more social restrictions,
but essentially, the brain is handling stuff backstage and it's doing kind of a poor job of it.
According to biological anthropologist Helen Fisher, "Romantic love is akin to an addiction."
Yeah, you might as well face it. We're addicted to love. But in a very specific way; scientists
believe when we're attracted to someone we're subconsciously weighing their genes, their looks,
their cultural, religious and socioeconomic backgrounds. And as we grow to know someone, the
brain releases hormones which cause us to bond with them, and different levels of
hormones will affect different people differently. Which is why love stinks so much. Hormones
like dopamine which is for rewards like the same for cocaine or chocolate, norepinephrine which causes
excitement like adrenaline, or serotonin which is the chemical that makes you feel like you're
going temporarily insane are all squeezed out of the brain and into the bloodstream.
In fact, a study from Rutgers University found four chemicals affect the attraction cycle
-- dopamine, serotonin, testosterone and estrogen/oxytocin -- and they were each tied to a different personality type!
According to the studies, the more active a person's dopamine center the more reward-driven
and impulsive they are in love. Serotonin-heavy people were less anxious, but more risk averse.
Those two groups tend to be attracted to others like them; but sometimes like Paula told us,
opposites attract. Testosterone-heavy people are analytical and competitive; while estrogen/oxytocin-heavy
people were more empathetic, trusting and social; each of these groups were more likely
to be attracted to the other group. It's important to note, that none of these hormone types
determined alone sex lines. In the brain, males can be estrogen/oxytocin heavy, testosterone
heavy, serotonin heavy. Females can be any of those things too. It can go either and all ways.
With all these chemicals squirting every which way up in your head, messes can happen, but if the pairing
makes it through that crazy serotonin insanity stage, other chemicals come into maintain a coupling.
Vasopressin and oxytocin are released after the initial love addiction to form longer
term bonds. A study in Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience found that during the
initial love period, the Ventral Tegmental Area was very active, and as was the areas controlling
addiction, but as love wore on, the brain changed. When in new love for example, people report pining
and anxiety feelings, and that like you know a heated neediness that's really heated, after 20 years -- married couples had more activity
in the posterior globus pallidus, which is associated with pleasure and pain relief.
This part of the brain usually activates when you eat the best food or take morphine!
Other parts of the brain showed pair-bonding for long-term couples is similar to maternal
love, and is even stronger than love for friends!
In the end, the initial spark of attraction might be based on pheromones, genes, hormones
and looks, but a strong bond can be created too. What do you think? Are you a slave to
your brain? Which of these hormone personality types are you?
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為什麼我們只會被某些特定的人吸引呢?(Why You’re Attracted To Certain People)

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Gisele Sung 發佈於 2018 年 1 月 25 日   Jane Hsiung 翻譯   Joyce Lee 審核

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情人節就快要到了,不知道大家今年的情人節要怎麼度過呢?不管是一個人悠閒地度過,或是兩個人一起幸福慶祝,會不會好奇,到底為什麼我們會被吸引呢?到底是什麼神奇的化學物質讓我們對彼此神魂顛倒、茶不思飯不想呢?

1akin0:54
相信大家都知道 kin 是親屬的意思,那應該就能夠推敲出 akin 是「類似的」意思,而這個字所搭配的介係詞是 to 。
These two languages are quite akin, I believe you can master them with ease.
這兩個語言挺相近的,我相信你能夠輕鬆地精通它們。


和 akin 相似的詞還有 similar ,而 similar 所搭配的介係詞則是 to 。
My hobbies are quite similar to hers.
我的興趣和她的很相近。


上面這個例句的 hers 是 her hobbies 的代稱。

除此之外,也有一個很常見的片語大家可以順便知道一下。
Birds of a feather flock together.
物以類聚。


*同場加映:
【TED】為什麼性別平等對大家都好 Why Gender Equality Is Good for Everyone — Men Included | Michael Kimmel | TED Talks


2the more…the more…01:49
愈…愈…,是用來比較兩個具有相關性的東西。
The more books you read, the more you will learn about the world.
你讀愈多書,你就會對這世界有更多的了解。


同理的,大家也可以用 the less… the less… ,或是任何比較級形容詞來替換片語當中的 more 。
The less you devote into the work, the less you will gain from this job.
你投入工作愈少,你在這個工作所增加的將會愈少。


The better you understand the concept, the better you can utilize it in real life.
你愈了解這個概念,你就愈能夠在生活中運用它。


最後,給大家補充一個常見的片語。
The more the merrier.
多多益善。


3be determined alone by02:26
determine 為決定之意,而 alone 則是單單之意,故此片語乃被單一元素決定、以偏概全之意。
The meaning of your life is not determined alone by the salary your earned.
你生命的意義並不是被你的月薪所單獨決定的。


事實上 alone 在這邊只是作為特別加註。原先的片語是 A be determined by 也就是 A 是由 B 所決定的意思。

最後,再和大家補充一點 determine 當動詞時,後頭所加的介係詞是 to 。
I have determined to exercise everyday!
我已經決定要每天運動!


4wear on03:00
wear on 在這部影片裏的意思是時間慢慢流逝。
As the time wears on, his knee pain starts to get worse.
隨著時間的緩慢流逝,他膝蓋的疼痛開始變得更為嚴重。


*同場加映:
【情人節英文】七夕不孤單,單身也能很快樂!Valentine Day: Flying Solo


相信看完影片之後,大家應該都了解為什麼會被情人吸引了吧!是不是很神奇呀?

文/ Leslie
編/ Primrose Huang

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