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  • January 15, the British Museum opened in 1759.

  • The University Of Notre Dame got its charter in 1844.

  • The first Super Bowl was played in 1967.

  • And CNN STUDENT NEWS launched its ninth show of 2015.

  • Our first story today concerns France.

  • Following last week`s terrorist attacks in the capital,

  • 10,000 troops have been deployed across the country, plus thousands of police.

  • France is at its highest level of terrorism alert.

  • Al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula,

  • a Middle Eastern terrorist group says it`s responsible for last week`s attacks

  • on the headquarters of the "Charlie Hebdo" satire magazine.

  • 12 people were murdered there, the two gunmen were later killed by police.

  • Surviving stuff members of "Charlie Hebdo" released a new magazine on Wednesday.

  • It showed the cartoon of the Prophet Muhammad,

  • something many Muslims find offensive and the cover reads, "All is forgiven."

  • Despite the controversy, millions of the magazines are being sold,

  • it`s usual run is 60,000 copies.

  • 268 miles over our heads, there was an emergency yesterday.

  • U.S. astronauts aboard the International Space Station were told

  • there was an ammonia leak in the cooling system.

  • That`s bad. Exposure to high amounts of ammonia

  • can cause lung damage, blindness or death.

  • The crew put on masks like they are trained to do

  • and they evacuated to the Russian part of the station.

  • The American segment was sealed off. Fortunately, though,

  • just a false alarm, no ammonia, no one hurt.

  • The problem was with the computer system, not the cooling system.

  • After bringing the American part of the station online,

  • the astronauts returned to their work.

  • If there`s ever an actual ammonia leak,

  • there is room to move around in the ISS.

  • It`s about the size of a football field.

  • Students in today`s roll call schools are all bundled up,

  • but it`s hard to believe that the city with the warmest forecast is in Alaska.

  • The high in Seward today, is a balmy 39 degrees.

  • It`s where the sea hawks are soaring, at Seward High School.

  • In the township of Brick New Jersey,

  • forecast at high is 36 degrees for the cougars,

  • we found in at Veterans Memorial Middle School.

  • And the coldest spot on our roll is in Howard Lake, Minnesota,

  • high of 33 degrees, which could be and has been much colder.

  • Good to see the Lakers of Howard Lake Waverly-Winsted Public Schools.

  • Skipping class isn`t just a problem at the high school level.

  • A small, but growing number of universities are cracking down on it.

  • "The Wall Street Journal" reports that a bill Villanova University in Pennsylvania,

  • I.D. cards help keep track on when students are in class.

  • At Harvard, some classes were secretly filmed,

  • the head count indicating how many were skipping.

  • Ohio State said if students skip to go to their team`s national

  • championship game on Monday,

  • it`d be up to the professors to decide whether to keep them in the class.

  • Why are colleges concerned if higher education is voluntary

  • and students are paying tuition anyway?

  • Well, for one thing more than 40 percent of students

  • at four year universities don`t graduate, even in six years.

  • That doesn`t look good for colleges and can affect their rankings.

  • Also, parents don`t want to be paying for classes their kids aren`t attending.

  • Time for "The Shoutout." How many vertebrae are in your neck?

  • If you think you know, stick your neck out! Is it four, seven, 12 or 33?

  • You`ve got three seconds, go!

  • Seven of the 33 vertebrae bones of the spinal column are located in your neck.

  • That`s your answer and that`s your shoutout.

  • Chances are you`ll have a problem with your neck at some point in your life.

  • Sports injuries, painting the ceiling, even sleeping

  • if your neck is in a weird position or if the pillow is too high or too flat.

  • This can all give you pain or kinks,

  • headaches or stiffness in your upper back or arms.

  • But just looking at a mobile device,

  • is there really such a thing as text neck?

  • I want you to think about your body position for a second.

  • AS you are watching, just think about how you are sitting.

  • You are maybe sort of leaned over a table,

  • maybe slumped back in the chair.

  • If you are looking at this on a mobile device,

  • for example, you`re probably sitting like this.

  • Your arms are bumped (ph) by your side, you`re a little hunched over,

  • your neck even has more of a bend in it,

  • and you may wonder what is this doing to your body?

  • Like it or not, this is probably causing some pain.

  • Think about it. Maybe in your shoulders and between your shoulder blades.

  • Some doctors, we`ve even given this whole thing a name - it`s called text neck.

  • When the head is sort of in a neutral position,

  • that means your ears are lined up over your shoulder,

  • the average human head weighs about ten pounds,

  • more for some people, less for others.

  • But think about as you start to move your head a few degrees forward,

  • a few inches forward.

  • You start to put more force in torque right here on the back of the neck.

  • That`s probably what`s causing some of those problems.

  • Reading a mobile device like this, and it`s particularly problematic.

  • Over time, you can start to flatten out the natural curve of your neck.

  • That can lead to pressure on disks, pressure on nerves

  • and a lot of that pain that people are now calling text neck.

  • It may not just be your neck that suffers as well,

  • just think about this, just try this with me as you are sort of slumped over,

  • trying to take a deep breath in.

  • Let`s sit up straight, get good posture, take a deep breath in.

  • You can find that the respiratory capacity or

  • ability to actually take in air can decrease

  • as much as 30 percent just based on your body position.

  • Also, people complain about gastrointestinal problems.

  • Pressure on the stomach and the intestines,

  • which could increase as the result of that slumped position.

  • Just sort of opening things up could help with that as well.

  • Concerns - If you are not getting the same amount of air into your lungs,

  • is that those many organs around the body

  • that aren`t going to get the same amount of oxygen either.

  • It starts to decrease the amount of flow to all these various parts around your body.

  • Probably the most important message is an easy one.

  • Just be aware of your body.

  • Do simple things like keeping your feet flat on the floor,

  • try and keep your head in a neutral position.

  • And that means your ears over your shoulders.

  • Also, if you are on your cell phone a lot,

  • you are probably doing a lot of this.

  • So, simply getting a headset, for example,

  • when you`re on the phone as much as possible,

  • to help you keep that neck in a neutral position.

  • There`s even this app for android. It`s called the text neck indicator.

  • And it sort of gives you an indication,

  • a green light when you are in a more optimal viewing position,

  • and you probably guess,

  • a red light when you are causing a little too much pressure on the neck.

  • Look, there is another solution here as well.

  • Every 20 minutes or so, put the device away.

  • Sit up straight, roll those shoulders back,

  • get rid of any of the aches and pains in your neck

  • and get up and just go for a walk.

  • You want to be on roll call? Of course, you do.

  • There is only one place we look,

  • each day`s transcript page at cnnstudentnews.com.

  • Click on the graphic that says "Roll Call"

  • and tell us your school, city, state and mascot.

  • You`ve got to be at least 13 years old and spamming will not help you.

  • We get thousands of requests,

  • but announce only three schools a day, so please be patient.

  • I know you are far too captivated to be doodling during our show.

  • New research suggests it`s actually not a bad thing.

  • Doodling can help you stay focused,

  • remember what you are hearing, come up with creative ideas.

  • Until now, though, it`s been two dimensional:

  • flat lines on a flat page.

  • There`s a new dimension of doodling that`s drawing a lot of people in.

  • The 3doodler is the world`s first 3-d printing pen.

  • It literally allows you to draw in the air.

  • It kind of got invented by accident,

  • when our 3D printer made a mistake that missed a layer in its print process,

  • and my partner turned to me and said, it`s really annoying,

  • I wish you could just take the nozzle off of the 3D printer and

  • - that missing space, and we both kind of smacked our heads

  • and said oh, my god, you can do that!

  • We launched on Kickstarter in February, 2012,

  • we were trying to raise $30,000. We ended up raising $2.3 million.

  • We never envisioned the applications that have come to life.

  • People have done things like - make dresses,

  • they made shirts. After we launched the Kickstarter,

  • we were contacted by the vision impaired community.

  • They wanted to use the 3Doodler for writing Braille.

  • We told them that we didn`t think it was possible,

  • and that they are probably not going to like the results.

  • They immediately picked up a pen and shows us that we were wrong.

  • Not only are they using it for writing Braille,

  • they are using it for raised-line graphing,

  • so for math classes, and they are using it to write standard letters,

  • since they can feel the letters on the paper.

  • Really cool to see what people can draw up, or draw upon,

  • you could see why it`s a draw.

  • The pen dependably drew a lot of interest,

  • but you need about a hundred box of paper,

  • plenty of plastic and a store of skill to draw the doodle worthy of dimension.

  • I`m Carl Azuz. CNN STUDENT NEWS is back Friday, which is awesome.

January 15, the British Museum opened in 1759.

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January 15, 2015 - CNN Student News with subtitles

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