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  • There`s a new Congress in town.

  • It`s the 114th Congress in American history.

  • It was sworn in yesterday and it`s where we begin this Wednesday`s show.

  • Welcome to CNN STUDENT NEWS. I`m Carl Azuz.

  • For the first time since 2006,

  • the Republican Party will control both chambers of the U.S. Congress.

  • The GOP swept last year`s midterm elections,

  • gaining a 54 seat majority in the U.S. Senate

  • and expanding its control of the U.S. House of Representatives.

  • Ohio`s John Boehner was elected to continue leading the House.

  • Kentucky`s Mitch McConnell was sworn in to take over leading the Senate.

  • This will be the first time in Barack Obama`s presidency

  • that the Democratic executive will work with

  • an entirely Republican controlled legislative bch.

  • The two parties have been at odds over a lot of issues --

  • the Keystone XL Pipeline, which would transport oil from Canada through the US.

  • Health care, specifically, the president`s health care reform law of 2010.

  • Also, immigration and national security.

  • The two branches may have to compromise to make things happen.

  • The average price for gasoline in the U.S. $2.19 a gallon and dropping.

  • Looking back over the past 10 years, prices have been all over the place.

  • In early January of `05, they were $1.78 per gallon.

  • They spiked to $4.11 in the summer of `08,

  • plunged to $1.65 as the Great Recession sank in and were $3.32 this time last year.

  • Why? The price of crude oil.

  • It`s the biggest factor in gas prices.

  • And looking at what`s behind the current drop,

  • this is all about supply and demand.

  • The price of oil has plunged,

  • falling to the lowest level since the 2009 economic crisis.

  • But this isn`t just about money lost in trading pits or saved at the gas pump.

  • Oil is a signal for the global economy.

  • It powers the planet, supplying a third of all energy consumed.

  • So in a sense, the economic activity of billions of people

  • is reflected in the price of a single barrel of crude.

  • Let`s break down the global game of supply and demand that`s driving the drop.

  • The world is producing more oil, especially in America.

  • New technologies allow companies to extract oil from shale rock,

  • boosting U.S. production nearly 90 percent since 2008.

  • Meanwhile, OPEC,the international cartel

  • that represents many of the biggest oil producing nations,

  • isn`t turning off its spigot, keeping production levels stable.

  • While new oil floods the market, demand is falling.

  • Economic stumbles in Europe and China have curbed the world`s thirst

  • and oil consumption will grow by less than 1 percent this year.

  • Low demand, high supply -- a perfect recipe for falling prices,

  • which helps one part of the economy and hurts another.

  • Who`s benefiting?

  • Consumers.The Energy Department expects prices to average $2.60 a gallon,

  • the lowest in five years.

  • That gives U.S. consumers an extra $60 billion to spend.

  • Getting hurt -- the American energy industry.

  • U.S. production costs are high.

  • And if companies scale back, that could threaten jobs,

  • especially in states like North Dakota, Pennsylvania and Texas.

  • Local jobs, international demand,

  • American production and Chinese consumption --

  • all that activity is summed up in a drop of oil.

  • So watch out when oil drops.

  • It`s been almost four years since a civil war began in Syria.

  • It involves the Syrian government fighting to hold onto power.

  • It involves rebel groups who want a new government and it involves terrorists,

  • some of them from the ISIS group, who want to expand their control.

  • Hundreds of thousands of Syrians remain in their nation`s largest city,

  • though many parts of it are a bombed out shell of what they were before.

  • Here`s a look at a school day in Aleppo.

  • Near besieged Aleppo, where there is little space for life,

  • there is somehow still space for learning.

  • They can`t fit all the children into here who want to come,

  • even though the regime has bombed the teachers` previous schools five times.

  • This is Helvand`s (ph) secret, the house.

  • When class breaks, it`s not for the bell,

  • but often to the sound of a regime jet.

  • If they`re in the square of the school, he says,

  • they run to inside and close the windows of the classes.

  • Some have pale faces. Some become sick.

  • Every time the war plane comes, the children and even the adults become scared.

  • English won`t be spoken in Syria any time soon,

  • so these are lessons of a future dreamt of elsewhere.

  • Where families are broken, food often scarce.

  • The regime has ravaged their homes with barrel bombs,

  • huge makeshift devices dropped from helicopters onto their childhoods.

  • See what happens when they`re asked who`s seen one.

  • Refusing to leave Syria or give up hope for a distant future

  • that may not be unutterably bleak.

  • Well, we`ve got some Warriors watching this Wednesday

  • from the Beehive State to the Empire State.

  • In Salt Lake City, the capital of Utah,

  • it`s Northwest Middle School that kicks things off for us,

  • the Warriors there. And in Avril Park,

  • hello to the Warriors of Avril Park High School.

  • It`s in New York.

  • And for the first time in our Roll Call,

  • a school from Washington, DC,

  • the Griffins of Bell Multicultural High School,

  • are online in the nation`s capital.

  • The percentage of Americans who make New Year`s resolutions, about 45.

  • The percentage who keep their New Year`s resolutions,

  • 8 -- 8 percent, not a high success rate.

  • And this isn`t just about working out more or being kinder to your parents,

  • sometimes it`s about breaking bad habits.

  • What makes that so hard to do and how can you still do it?

  • The doctor is in.

  • The beginning of the year is maybe one of the best times

  • to try and make some new changes in your life.

  • But it`s not always easy, no matter when you start.

  • And breaking bad habits is one of these interesting things

  • that psychologists have talked about for a really long time.

  • Let me give you just -- just a couple of things,

  • whether it`s breaking a bad habit or creating a good habit.

  • In the beginning, it`s always sort of easy.

  • It`s the honeymoon phase. I can do this.

  • I don`t have to have ice cream every night.

  • The problem is when you get to the first obstacle.

  • What you`ve got to do at that point is what`s called the fight through.

  • If you fight through this two or three times,

  • you`ve now gone from the honeymoon phase

  • into the second phase of creating good habits and breaking bad habits.

  • But even after the fight-throughs,

  • after you get through this a few times,

  • you`ve finally got to get to the phase where it becomes secondary nature.

  • It can take weeks, it can take days, it depends who you are.

  • But when you get to that secondary nature phase,

  • the habit has moved from a more transient area of your brain

  • to a more engrained part of your brain.

  • It just becomes part of who you are.

  • There`s another thing that you`ve learned

  • that was really interesting about habits and your environment,

  • that if you can disrupt your environment just a little bit,

  • where this habit is either taking place or not taking place,

  • you`re going to be more likely to create what you`re trying to create.

  • So what does this mean for you?

  • Maybe it`s ice cream, again, that you eat every single night.

  • Well, try and disrupt your environment just a little bit tonight.

  • If you`re going to eat that ice cream,

  • maybe eat it while standing up or

  • maybe eat it with your left hand instead of your right hand.

  • Sometimes it means letting go of people

  • who are empowering those bad habits.

  • Sometimes it means avoiding places where those bad habits occur.

  • Think about a smoker who walks by a smoking lounge every day.

  • Maybe take a different way to work.

  • The point is disrupt the environment just a little bit

  • and you`re more likely to break those bad habits.

  • During your free throw, there are really only two possible outcomes.

  • You either make the shot or you don`t.

  • Unless this happens.

  • The lesser known but still entirely possible rim failure.

  • Yes, the thing just gave out.

  • You can understand why.

  • It had been shot at, fouled near and dunked on and it just couldn`t take it anymore.

  • Getting it replaced could delay the game by 45 minutes.

  • Fortunately, the new one somehow managed to stay on the backboard.

  • So while the old one failed without rim or reason,

  • the new goal achieved its goal,

  • the net gain that it did net fall with nothing but net below it.

  • It had some backboard when it was balled out

  • and proved there is always rim for improvement.

  • I`m Carl Azuz, CNN STUDENT NEWS. We`ll take another shot tomorrow.

There`s a new Congress in town.

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January 7, 2015 - CNN Student News with subtitles

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