B1 中級 英國腔 20889 分類 收藏
開始影片後,點擊或框選字幕可以立即查詢單字
字庫載入中…
回報字幕錯誤
If you had the misfortune to do too much of it at school,
you'll probably remember one thing about history: just how boring it can be.
You might harbour painful memories of the 100 Years War, the War of Spanish Succession,
Crop Rotation in the Middle Ages or - heaven forbid - the good deeds of Florence Nightingale.
As a result, it wouldn't be surprising if - nowadays - you tended to steer well clear of the whole topic.
But that would be a pity. The real reason why history is so boring is that we're not clear about what it should be for.
Here's the big reason why history matters:
it matters because it can provide us with solutions to many of the problems of the present.
At its best, history is there to introduce us to some of the things we need but that aren't sufficiently visible in the world today.
As a society, we're very obsessed by what we're up to right now.
Unknowingly, we're hugely biased towards the present.
The news - which is about the most prestigious force in the world today -
circles obsessively around some of the things that have happened in the last five minutes.
And yet, many of the most important things that we need to nourish, sustain and inspire us are a lot older.
What we nowadays need above all else are GOOD IDEAS and history is full of them.
Imagine you're dissatisfied with aspects of contemporary Capitalism.
It might help hugely to read about the HISTORY of the Levellers,
a group of English radicals writing and acting between 1645 and 1650.
Or if you question what the point of going on holiday is,
you might dramatically enrich your thoughts by considering the HISTORY of pilgrimage,
especially the motives which people had for trekking off to visit distant shrines.
History teaches us that THINGS CAN CHANGE.
People haven't always been as they are now: materialistic and work obsessed,
unable to build nice architecture, over-concerned with being “connected” or hung up on being absurdly thin.
There's an annoying saying that goes: THOSE WHO DON'T KNOW HISTORY ARE DOOMED TO REPEAT IT.
But that's suggesting the only thing history is full of is mistakes.
Yet it's as fair to say, those who don't know history won't be able to IMPROVE the present.
History can also teach us COURAGE.
It's easy to feel, when you're pressed up against the present, that things are exceptionally awful right now,
but they rarely are, once you open the lens wide enough.
The present isn't unusual in its levels of mediocrity and compromise.
Once you read the letters, the old guys were just as bad.
And though our challenges are of course great, they aren't exceptional -
when compared with say, those facing the survivors of the sack of Rome or the Lisbon earthquake.
History ends up as a tool for the APPRECIATION of some of our advantages which is easy to miss.
It can teach us to judge our society against other societies rather than against our ideals.
Of course the European Union has problems, but the Habsburg Empire had them too and many more.
Our governments are deeply imperfect, but there have been worse.
Traffic is terrible, but so was the siege of Leningrad.
History can console.
Getting clearer about what history is for should change how the subject is taught.
In the future, we should treat history a little like a doctor treats a medicine cabinet.
Before diving into history, we'd first have to work out what was wrong with us, what we were lacking in the here and now.
We might be diagnosed for a lack of courage, or a spoiled nature or a hesitation about whether to marry.
And we should be prescribed history accordingly.
For their part, historians themselves should get clearer about what problems in the present they're trying to solve.
They should explicitly aim to tell us things about the past that can help us with issues of today.
Not the past for its sake, but the past for our sakes.
Good history should always mean: history with solutions or consolations for today.
Now that could be interesting…
提示:點選文章或是影片下面的字幕單字,可以直接快速翻譯喔!

載入中…

載入中…

什麼是歷史? (What is History for?)

20889 分類 收藏
TeacherJennifer Bryne 發佈於 2015 年 8 月 21 日    Jacky Avocado Tao 翻譯    James 審核
看更多推薦影片
  1. 1. 單字查詢

    在字幕上選取單字即可即時查詢單字喔!

  2. 2. 單句重複播放

    可重複聽取一句單句,加強聽力!

  3. 3. 使用快速鍵

    使用影片快速鍵,讓學習更有效率!

  4. 4. 關閉語言字幕

    進階版練習可關閉字幕純聽英文哦!

  5. 5. 內嵌播放器

    可以將英文字幕學習播放器內嵌到部落格等地方喔

  6. 6. 展開播放器

    可隱藏右方全文及字典欄位,觀看影片更舒適!

  1. 英文聽力測驗

    挑戰字幕英文聽力測驗!

  1. 點擊展開筆記本讓你看的更舒服

  1. UrbanDictionary 俚語字典整合查詢。一般字典查詢不到你滿意的解譯,不妨使用「俚語字典」,或許會讓你有滿意的答案喔