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  • Joseph Campbell once wrote that

  • myths are the dreams of the world

  • Myths have been connected to our species since the dawn of civilization

  • and they are extremely important when we want to understand a certain

  • era

  • For this video I chose the Greek mythology but in the next few videos I

  • will try to cover the myths and legends of other cultures

  • Greek mythology, as in other ancient cultures,

  • was used as a means to explain the environment in which humankind lived,

  • the natural phenomena they witnessed and passing of time through the days

  • Myths were also connected to religion in the Greek world

  • and explain the origin and lives of the gods

  • were humanity had came from and where it was going after death

  • and gave advice on the best way to lead a happy life

  • Finally, myths were used to re-tell historical events

  • so that people could maintain contact with their ancestors,

  • the wars they fought and the places they explored

  • The primordial deities are the first entities or beings that come into existence.

  • they formed the very fabric of the universe and as such

  • are immortal

  • The Primordials included Chaos(Void) Chronos(Time), Gaia (Earth)

  • and Uranus(Sky). These deities are a group of gods from which all the other gods

  • descended

  • They preceded the Titans, the descendants of Gaia

  • and Uranus.The first twelve Titans include

  • Oceanus, Cronus, Crius

  • Tethys, Theia, Phoebe, Rhea, and Themis.

  • After Cronus overthrew his father Uranus,

  • the Titans ruled, with Cronus as their head.

  • Cronus is the father of the three most important gods

  • of greek mythology: Zeus, Hades

  • and Poseidon. A war was fought between Titans and Gods,

  • but finally the gods triumphed with the aid of older powers.

  • The defeated Titans were hauled down to Tartarus and imprisoned there.

  • In Greek mythology, the Twelve Olympians are the major deities of the Greek

  • pantheon,

  • commonly considered to be Zeus, Hera Poseidon

  • Demether, Athena, Apollo, Artemis

  • Ares, Aphrodite, Hephaestus,

  • Hermes and either Hestia, or Dionysus

  • Hades and Persephone were sometimes included

  • as part of the twelve Olympians although in general

  • Hades was excluded because he resided permanently in the underworld

  • The Heroes! The most famous being:

  • Hercules, Achilles, Jason, Perseus, and Theseus

  • but including a great many more. All have divine parents and therefore bridge

  • the gap between mortals and gods.

  • They pursue fantastic adventures and epitomise ideal

  • qualities such as perseverance, for example

  • Hercules' twelve labours; or fidelity

  • for example, Penelope´s waiting for her faithfull

  • Odysseus. I hope you liked the video

  • and thanks for watching. See you soon!

Joseph Campbell once wrote that


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B2 中高級 美國腔

希臘神話#5 (Greek Mythology #5)

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    許文菁 發佈於 2021 年 01 月 14 日