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  • Fridays are all inspiring. Not quite. Fridays are all warming. No. Fridays are awesome!

  • Welcome to Friday, October 17.

  • I`m Carl Azuz with your commercial free newscast from CNN.

  • Hurricane Gonzalo is churning in the North Atlantic Ocean. Yesterday, it grew to category

  • four strength on the Saffir-Simpson scale, which measures a hurricane`s sustained wind

  • speed. Category four brings winds of 130 to 156 miles per hour. It can cause catastrophic

  • damage.

  • Last night forecasters predicted Gonzalo would brush by the island of Bermuda. But they weren`t

  • sure of its path, so a direct hit is possible.

  • Bermuda is under a hurricane warning, damaging winds, heavy rains and flooding are expected.

  • Gonzalo already hit the Virgin Islands Monday, but it was weaker then and caused mostly outages

  • and property damage.

  • but I can`t foresee your case where we should re- introduce large ground combat forces into

  • Iraq. But again, war is discovery, ISIL is a national security threat. If we get to that

  • point, I`ll make the recommendation.

  • General Martin Dempsey is the chairman of the joint chiefs of stuff. He`s the top U.S.

  • military advisor to the president.

  • And he`s talking about a controversial point in the U.S.-led war against ISIL or ISIS.

  • The Islamic State terrorist group. President Obama has repeatedly said, no U.S. boots on

  • the ground, meaning he won`t send U.S. troops in the direct contact with ISIS, though hundreds

  • are in Iraq now advising and helping others fight ISIS.

  • But several experts are saying, U.S. troops may be what`s needed to ultimately defeat

  • the terrorists.

  • Massive explosions in northwestern Syria. Activists say, these are tunnels full of explosives

  • being detonated by militants.

  • As clashes broke out between the regime and opposition forces. Just the latest in escalating

  • violence across Syria and Iraq.

  • Around the besieged city of Kobani on the Syria-Turkey border, 21 coalition airstrikes,

  • the largest number of strikes since operation began. Finally, stepping up attacks against

  • ISIS positioned to protect the town. But the White House still cautioning airstrikes can

  • only have so much impact in Kobani.

  • That impact is constrained by the fact that there are forces on the ground that can follow

  • up on these airstrikes to end that siege.

  • Pentagon officials say don`t expect the change in strategy. They long warned U.S. air power

  • could only do so much.

  • I also want to emphasize that no one is under any allusions - under any allusions that airstrikes

  • alone will destroy ISIL.

  • Iraq`s Anbar province, the Western approach to Baghdad, may be running out of time. ISIS

  • has surrounded and is preparing to attack al-Assad airbase, one if Iraq`s largest, according

  • to security sources.

  • If they succeed, ISIS will have a new cache of weapons.

  • It comes as General Martin Dempsey, chairman of the Joint Chiefs holds the largest meeting

  • of the coalition today. 22 nations sending their military chiefs to Washington to review

  • the war against ISIS.

  • The U.S. has used Apache helicopters and AC-130 gunships at lower altitude to virtually strive

  • (ph) ISIS forces. But ISIS continues to regroup and train for battle, raising the question

  • once again, is there a solution?

  • It is looking more and more like Chairman Dempsey is going to have to go back to the

  • president and ask the president to authorize the introduction of U.S. combat, forces in

  • Iraq.

  • Your teachers might remember today`s date from 1989. Especially if they lived in California

  • at the time. The San Francisco Bay area was violently jolted by its worst earthquake in

  • more than 80 years. It hit just after 5:00 p.m. local time. Before the start of Game

  • Three of the World Series.

  • Those who were watching on TV just saw this. The Oakland Days and San Francisco Giants

  • wouldn`t actually play that game until ten days later.

  • A slip in the St. Andrea`s fault had shaken the ground. It lasted 15 seconds, its magnitude

  • 6.9. It killed dozens of people, injured thousands and damaged or destroyed property all over

  • the region.

  • That includes the San Francisco Oakland Bay Bridge. Part of its top deck just collapsed.

  • Building technology has improved since then, and it`s a good thing.

  • October 17, 1989. It`s as if the entire bay area has been beaten. 10 billion in damages.

  • It could have been so much worse.

  • I define a major big one as $100 billion. We are expecting residential damage of 100,000

  • buildings, commercial building damages and the tens of thousands. You could be looking

  • at deaths on the order of 1800 to over 3,000.

  • The epicenter of the 1989 earthquake was 60 miles south of the Bay. And registered 6.9.

  • 30 times less powerful than the 1906 quake centered inside San Francisco.

  • It wasn`t the big one. For just northern California, seismologists say, there`s a more than 60

  • percent chance that there will be an earthquake of 6.7 or higher in the next 23 years.

  • The Hayward is really our biggest concern.

  • The Hayward Fault.

  • It`s geographically in the center of the region. And it`s the most heavily populated. 2 million

  • people sit directly on top of the Hayward Fault.

  • Stress from moving geological plates along faults cause earthquakes, and the Hayward

  • is due for a big one.

  • The Hayward had an earthquake in 1868. It moves on average every 150 to 60 years.

  • In other words, it produces a big tumbler (ph) about every century and a half. 1868

  • plus 150 is 2018.

  • We are basically right there. And that`s an average. IT could wait 20-30 years, it could

  • happen tomorrow.

  • And because it could happen tomorrow, the Bay Area has been preparing since 1989.

  • We`ve done a lot. It really started the retrofitting going in this area.

  • Bridges have been retrofitted or replaced, utilities reinforced. There`s now a San Francisco

  • law requiring owners strengthen housing built on landfill with garages on the first floor.

  • And San Francisco`s high pressured water system is being upgraded.

  • Do I think we`ll see the big one in the Bay Area in my lifetime? I hope not. I fear we

  • will. And I hope it`s ten, 20 years from now, because we will have accomplished a lot more.

  • We are starting in the south and working all the way northwest to the far east. It will

  • all make sense.

  • Hebron Middle School in Shepherdsville, Kentucky, welcome to the roll. Good to see the Panthers

  • watching today. Pendleton High School in Pendleton, Oregon, hello to the Buckaroos (ph). Awesome,

  • mascot. And across the Pacific to Tokyo, Japan, we are shouting out the American school in

  • Japan. Great to see you.

  • Soccer is fine with the soccer ball, but it`s even awesomer with a bubble ball. Why? Because

  • bubble ball. You just slipped your upper body into a giant bubble with handles and then

  • you take a game with sessions, possessions and divisions and add the fun of collisions.

  • Who said soccer wasn`t a contact sport? Bubble ball is best played like bumper cars. Sure,

  • you can drive the car or the ball, but the fun is in the bumps.

  • In bubble ball, everyone catches air, everyone gets a rebounce and everyone has a ball. It`s

  • a great way to deflate and inflate an ego without actually bursting anyone`s bubble.

  • I`m Carl Azuz. Hope you are around Monday when we bounce back your way. Have a great

  • weekend.

Fridays are all inspiring. Not quite. Fridays are all warming. No. Fridays are awesome!

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中新網學生新聞2014年10月17日 (CNN Student News October 17, 2014)

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