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  • Vanessa: Have you ever been  


  • listening to an English conversation and you  just can't figure out what they're saying? You  


  • understand the individual words, but the overall  meaning just doesn't add up. Well, I have some bad  


  • news. You have been blowing off phrasal verbs for  too long and it's time to stop. Hi, I'm Vanessa  


  • from, and today you  are going to learn one of the most difficult  


  • but most important parts of the English languageWhat's that, you might ask. It's the phrasal verb.  

    但卻是英語語言中最重要的部分。 你可能會問,那是什麼?它就是短語動詞。

  • What's a phrasal verb? It is a two or three part  verb. Let's take a look at a few that I just used,  


  • "to figure out," "to add up," "to blow off." Each  of these is a phrasal verb. It has two parts,  


  • it has a regular verb and then it hassecond part. We could call this a preposition  


  • or you can call this a participle. Sometimes there's also three parts,  


  • like you'll see in this lesson, and when you use  a phrasal verb, it has a different meaning than  


  • just using the verb by itself. So let's take  a look at that last one. What does it mean to  


  • blow something? You go like this, and some dust  blows away, but when you blow off something,  


  • this is not a good thing. You'll find out what  it means in just a minute. So today I'm going to  


  • help you expand your vocabulary and expand your  English-speaking knowledge. Like always. I've  


  • created a free PDF worksheet with all of today's  expressions, ideas, sample sentences, and you can  


  • answer Vanessa's challenge question at the bottom  of the free PDF worksheet. So click on the link in  


  • the description to download that worksheet todayNever forget what you are about to learn. Let's  

    的描述,今天就可以下載該工作表。 永遠不要忘記你即將要學習的東西。讓我們

  • get started with the first phrasal verb. I'm going  to tell you what it is, then tell you a sample  


  • sentence, and I want you to guess what the meaning  is because I will tell you the meaning last, like  


  • a little test. Let's get started with number one. Important phrasal verb number one is, "to account  


  • for." Take a look at these two sample sentences.  "I think the cold weather accounted for the low  

    為"。看一下這兩個例句。 "我認為寒冷的天氣是造成低迷的原因。

  • attendance at the game." "I can't account for the  missing money. I don't know where it went." What  


  • do you think this means? It means that there  is an explanation or a cause. So what is the  


  • explanation for low attendance at the gameWell, it's that it was cold weather. People  

    對比賽上座率低的解釋? 嗯,是天氣太冷了。人們

  • didn't want to sit outside in the cold weather. Do  I have an explanation or a cause for the missing  


  • money? Nope, I think I'm going to be in trouble. Phrasal verb number two is, "to act out." "The  


  • child acted out when her mom wouldn't  give her any candy," or we could say,  


  • "She was so hungry that she started to act  out." What does this mean? It usually means  


  • that you start to act in a disruptive wayFor a child, maybe that means that they start  

    你開始以一種破壞性的方式行事。 對於一個孩子來說,也許這意味著他們開始

  • hitting something, or yelling, or pulling on  you. It's really not a good thing to act out


  • Phrasal verb number three, "To act up." Takelook at this. "He always used to act up in class,  


  • but guess what? Now he's a doctor." Or you could  say, "My car battery has been acting up. I think  


  • I need to get a new one." Do you think this is  a good thing or a bad thing to act up? Well,  


  • it's not a good thing. Just like to act  out, this means to cause trouble. He used  


  • to cause trouble in class, but somehow  he got his life together and now he's a  


  • doctor. Or my car battery is causing trouble.  I think I'm going to have to get a new one

    醫生。或者我的汽車電池出現了問題。 我想我要去買一個新的。

  • To allow for. "When you create a budget, you  should allow for emergencies." "I didn't allow  


  • for traffic this morning, so I think I'm going  to be late." What does this lovely phrasal verb  


  • mean? It means that you're taking something  into consideration. When you create a budget,  


  • you should think about, you should take  into consideration some emergencies  


  • that might happen. When you commute to  work, you should take into consideration  


  • traffic or else you'll probably be late. To answer for. "You will have to answer for  


  • your actions someday." "He had to answer for his  crimes." Ooh, this sounds very serious, and it is.  


  • It means to be held responsible for something. If  he is a criminal, he has to answer for his crimes,  


  • he has to be held responsible for his crimes. On a less serious note is the phrasal verb to  


  • apply for. "My parents encouraged me to apply for  every scholarship possible." Or you could say,  


  • "Even if you don't meet the qualificationsyou should apply for the job anyway." What does  


  • that mean? It means that you're making a formal  request. You are trying to get a scholarship.  


  • You are trying to apply for the job to get the  job a formal request. I would like this job


  • To back down. "The stray cat wasn't going to back  down. He was ready to fight." Or you could say,  


  • "When she knew that she wasn't going to win  the argument, she decided to back down."  


  • What does this mean? It means that you are  withdrawing your position. So for the cat,  


  • the cat is not withdrawing. The cat is ready to  fight, but if you're not going to win an argument,  


  • you can withdraw and say, "I'm done arguing."  "I don't want to talk about this anymore."  

    你可以退出並說,"我不爭論了"。 "我不想再談這個了。"

  • "Maybe you're right." You can back down. A similar phrasal verb is, "To back off." You  


  • can say, "I could tell he was getting upset sodecided to back off and give him some space." Or,  


  • "They decided to back off their threats after  someone called the cops." Do you get a similar  


  • feeling here? This generally means you are  becoming less aggressive. They are backing  


  • off their threats. Maybe someone's arguing in  the streets when they hear that someone called  


  • the cops. Well, it means you should probably chill  out a bit back off and go about your daily life


  • To back out of. This is a three part phrasal  verb, "back out of." You could say, "They  


  • decided to back out of the cease-fire agreement,"  or "She decided to back out of the vacation plans  

    決定退出停火協議",或 "她決定退出度假計劃"。

  • when she realized how much it cost." This means  that you're withdrawing from something that you  


  • previously agreed to do. So two countries agreed  to have a cease-fire agreement and then they said,  


  • "We're not going to do it." So they backed out  of that agreement. Or maybe this person said,  


  • "Yep, I'll go on that vacation," and then she  realized how expensive it was. So she's going  


  • to withdraw that agreement. "No, I'm  not going to go. It's too expensive." 


  • The last back phrasal verb is, "To back up."  And you could say, "You need to back up. You  

    最後一個後退短語動詞是,"要後退"。 而你可以說,"你需要退後。你

  • parked way too close to me." Or, Everyone back  up. Give me some space." So here we're talking  


  • about physically going backwards, and you'll  hear this a lot in crowded places. "Back up,  


  • everyone. Back up. Someone's coming through." "To bank on." "Clark is banking on his holiday  


  • bonus this year." Or, "He is banking on her saying  yes to his proposal of marriage." Ooh, what does  


  • this mean? It means you are basing your hopes and  dreams in something. So he has his hopes and his  


  • dreams tied up in her saying yes to his marriage  proposal. He's banking on her saying yes. Or maybe  

    夢想與她對他的求婚說 "是 "聯繫在一起。他指望她會答應。也可能

  • poor Clark has already bought Christmas presents  for his whole family even though he doesn't have  


  • enough money. So he is banking on his company  giving him a holiday bonus. I hope they do


  • "To boil down to." This is a fun one. You can  say, "A successful organization boils down to  


  • trust and leadership. Or, "In politics, it all  boils down to who has the most money and power."  


  • We use this phrasal verb when we're talking about  a summary of things. So a good organization, yes,  


  • there are many moving parts, but what are the key  elements? We can summarize by saying trust and  


  • leadership. And unfortunately for politicswhat is the summary of politics? Money and  


  • power. It boils down to those two things. "To block off." "The police had to block off  


  • a few streets while they were clearing the wreck."  Or you could say, "I need to block off a few hours  

    在他們清理殘骸的時候,你可以去幾條街。" 或者你可以說,"我需要封鎖幾個小時的時間

  • in my schedule so that I can study English With  Vanessa." This means that you are separating  


  • or closing something. It could be physical like  the street, the police closed the street, or it  


  • could be a little more metaphorical. That you are  blocking off. You're separating some time in your  


  • schedule. And you say, "This is the hour thatwill watch Vanessa's phrasal verb lesson." Great


  • "To blow up." "Don't blow up at me. I told  you this would happen." Or you could say,  


  • "Don't light a match near the gasoline. It'll blow  up." One of these is more figurative. One's a much  


  • more literal, but this means to explode. So yesif you have a match near gasoline, there will be a  


  • big explosion. Do not do this. But we can also use  this for people. So in my first sentence I said,  


  • "Don't blow up at me." This means don't get  angry at me. I told you this would happen


  • To blow off. Do you remember this from the  beginning of this lesson? We could say, "Ugh,  


  • I really just wanted to blow off work today and  go do something fun." Or, "She didn't even say hi  


  • to me. She just blew me off." So rude. What does  this mean? Well, it means that you are ignoring  


  • something usually of responsibility. So it's  not a good thing. If you are ignoring your work,  


  • you are blowing off your work, and don't blow  off a friend. Instead, you should pay attention  


  • to them at least say hi. "She just blew me  off and didn't even say hi." The gall of her


  • To blow over. "I'm waiting for the storm to  blow over before I go on a hike." "Once the  


  • argument blows over, we'll be able to come to an  agreement." This phrasal verb means to go down  


  • or settle or just go away. Once the storm goes  away, I can go on a hike. Once we stop arguing,  


  • well we can come to an agreement. To be blown away. "She was blown away by  


  • how amazing the artwork was." "I'm blown away by  how much money we raised for charity." This means  


  • to be shocked by something. I can't believe we  raised so much money for charity. I'm blown away


  • To break even. "They thought they would make money  on the sale, but they just broke even." "Once we  


  • account for the cost of materials, we will break  even." This means that you don't gain money and  


  • you don't lose money. You just break evenNotice that irregular past tense verb broke..  

    你不會賠錢。你只是收支平衡。 請注意,不規則過去式動詞break...

  • Once they finished the sale, they broke evenThey didn't make money. They didn't lose money.  

    一旦他們完成銷售,他們就收支平衡了。 他們沒有賺到錢。他們沒有虧錢。

  • They just had the same amount of money. To bring up. "Don't bring up her ex in  


  • conversation. It's still a really sensitive  subject." "He tried to bring up the possibility  


  • of a raise and his boss just blew him off." What  does this mean? To bring up means to mention  


  • something. He tried to mention a raise and did  his boss listen? Nope, his boss just blew him off


  • To call for. "This recipe calls for chicken, but  I'm using pork instead." Or this wonderful fixed  


  • proverb, "Desperate times call for desperate  measures." What does this phrasal verb,  


  • "to call for," mean? It means requireSo if you are having desperate times,  

    "呼籲 "是什麼意思?它的意思是要求。 是以,如果你有絕望的時候。

  • maybe your house burns down, you lose your jobWell, you are going to have to do something. You  

    也許你的房子被燒燬,你失去了工作。 那麼,你將不得不做一些事情。你要

  • will be required to do something desperate. Maybe  you'll have to take a job that you would've never  


  • taken before because you're desperate. You need  money. You need to find somewhere to live. So  


  • you're going to have to do something desperateIt is required. This phrasal verb is often used  

    你將不得不做一些絕望的事情。 這是必須的。這個短語動詞經常被使用

  • in recipes. So like my first sentence, "The  recipe calls for chicken." Or you could say,  


  • "It calls for 10 milliliters of..." whatever. But  this is a phrasal verb, often used in recipes

    "它需要10毫升的...... "什麼的。但這是一個短語動詞,經常用於菜單中。

  • "To call on." "They called on all the available  staff to help with the event." Or you could say,  


  • "I know I can always call on her when  I need something." This means that  


  • you're asking someone to do somethingUsually a little favor. I'm calling on  

    你要求別人做某事。 通常是一個小忙。我在呼籲

  • my friend when I have something that I need. To call out is quite different. You could say,  


  • "He called me out for eating the last cookie." Or,  "The politician called out his opponent for lying  


  • to the people." This means that you're pointing  out or denouncing some kind of problem. So,  


  • "Sorry, I ate the last cookie." And he says,  "Hey, you ate the last cookie. Everyone. Vanessa  


  • ate the last cookie." He is calling me out. This  often happens in politics that a politician will  


  • call out someone else and say, "Hey, he lied to  you last year. Don't vote for him this year." 


  • To carry over. For anything that didn't get done  today, you'll need to carry it over tomorrow." Or  


  • you can say, "If you don't pay your bill this  month, it will carry over into the next bill."  


  • This means that you're just transferring something  to a later point in time. If you don't pay your  


  • bill, well, it's not going to go away. Insteadyour bill next month is going to be double  


  • because you'll still need to pay the last bill. To check out. "Did you check out that article I  


  • sent you? I thought it was pretty interesting."  Or you can say, "I'm going to check out the new  

    送給你的?我覺得這很有趣。" 或者你可以說,"我要去看看新的

  • bookstore. I wonder what they have." And this  means that you are investigating something.  


  • You're reading an article, you're checking out  the article, you're checking out the bookstore,  


  • you're investigating. What's it like  there? You're checking out something


  • To check up on. Another three part phrasal  verb check up on. You can say, "I need to  

    要檢查一下。另一個三部分短語動詞check up on。你可以說,"我需要

  • check up on my grandpa because he has the flu."  Or, "The kids seem mysteriously quiet, I should  

    檢查我的爺爺,因為他得了流感。" 或者,"孩子們似乎神祕地很安靜,我應該

  • check up on them." And this means you're seeing if  someone is okay. "Is my grandpa okay? He has the  


  • flu." "Are the kids okay? They're too quiet." To come around. "I know you don't agree with