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  • Hello and welcome to the September 19th edition of - come on, Friday`s are awesome.

  • You wanted to hear it, I wanted to say it. It`s good to have you watching CNN STUDENT NEWS.

  • First up, Scotland, home to more than 5 million people, about the size of South Carolina.

  • Scots have contributed world-changing inventions related to bicycle tires, penicillin, television.

  • Yesterday, they decided on a potentially nation altering question: should Scotland be an independent country?

  • The polls were closed when we produced this show, the vote was over. But it was expected to be very close, and we don`t have results for you yet.

  • For the latest, teachers please visit cnn.com. We do have an excellent fact-filled look at how Scotland came to be the division of the United Kingdom that it has been for the past 307 years.

  • What we know as modern Scotland was formed in the 13 century when England and Scotland signed the treaty of York.

  • Mapping out Scotland southern border.

  • 60 years later, the countries were at war, with the legendary Scottish rebel William Wallace helping to lead the charge.

  • Wallace`s fight for freedom was a subject of Hollywood blockbuster, Brave Heart.

  • Years of war paid off for Scotland.

  • IN 1328, England recognized Scottish independence in the treaty of North Hampton.

  • In 1603, Queen Elizabeth, the last of the Tudors, died at the age of 69.

  • And that cleared the way for King James VI of Scotland, son of Mary, Queen of Scotts, to become England`s king, too.

  • It was known as the union of the crowns. Just over 100 years later, parliaments of England and Scotland passed the Acts of Union.

  • It joined the two separate states into one. The Kingdom of Great Britain, one parliament, one monarch.

  • Australia used to be part of the United Kingdom, and like the U.K., it`s an ally of the U.S. in fighting the ISIS terrorist group.

  • Yesterday Australia`s government said it had prevented a terrorist plot on Australian soil.

  • Two men were arrested and charged Thursday.

  • Australian officials say they planned to kill a member of the public, a civilian, just like ISIS has killed some of its innocent victims in Iraq and Syria.

  • Australia`s Sydney Morning Herald says, dozens of Australians are fighting overseas on the side of terrorists groups,

  • and that more than 20 of them had returned to Australia afterward.

  • For that reason, plus the fact that Australia`s military is helping in the fight against ISIS,

  • the Australian government raised its terror alert level to high last week. That its second highest level.

  • Meantime, some American lawmakers are giving President Obama the go ahead for part of his plan to fight ISIS.

  • Earlier this week, the House of Representatives voted 273 to 156 to authorize training and weapons for rebels in Syria.

  • The Senate was expected to approve this as well.

  • Syria is in the middle of a civil war.

  • ISIS terrorists have taken over some Syrian land.

  • The rebels that the U.S. supports are fighting both Syria`s government and the ISIS terrorists.

  • So, the American plan is to help these rebels defeat both.

  • Some lawmakers don`t support arming the rebels. They say at war torn Syria, it`s not always clear who the rebels are and who the extremists are.

  • And that the strategy of arming rebels has sometimes failed in the past.

  • We are starting out West today on the CNN STUDENT NEWS Roll Call at West Heaven, UTA.

  • Can you bear the grizzlies? They are all over Rocky Mountain Junior High School.

  • One state northeast, we`ve got Wyoming on the roll. Kelly Walsh High School in Casper, home of the Trojans.

  • And in Thief River Falls, Minnesota, the Prowlers are on the prowl. They are stocking CNN STUDENT NEWS from Lincoln High School.

  • It looks like Sarah Saldana is about to make history.

  • She is the president`s nominee to lead the U.S. immigration and customs enforcement agency.

  • She`d be the first Latino ever to hold the job, if she gets it.

  • We say if because President Obama doesn`t have the final say.

  • The Constitution says he has to seek the advice and consent of the Senate.

  • As part of that, the Senate held a confirmation hearing this week to interview Saldana.

  • Because it went smoothly, analysts expect she`ll get the job.

  • One responsibility of the ICE agency is to decide which illegal immigrants get to stay in the U.S. and which are deported.

  • Decades ago, the word immigration conjured of images of boats at Ellis Island, of course, the Statue of Liberty.

  • Today, it`s a different story.

  • The issue is more heated, more politicized, more complicated. Immigrants are now entering the U.S. from every corner:

  • Miami to Seattle, L.A. to New York, and especially along the Mexican border.

  • We are talking more than 40 million immigrants in the United States right now.

  • Both legally and illegally.

  • That`s roughly 13 percent of our population, making America the number one destination for immigrants.

  • So, who are these new arrivals? Well, (INAUDIBLE), 11 million are undocumented.

  • A number that`s increased almost year by year since 2000. Of those who become legal residents, you`d probably get some of them are from Mexico.

  • You`d be right, 14 percent, but you might be surprised to find out the next two leading countries of birth for new U.S. residents:

  • China and India.

  • Those are the two most populated countries on the planet.

  • As for work, the latest labor stat show by and large, immigrant workers are in the service industry.

  • We are talking hotels, restaurants, gas stations, and they are making a lot less than U.S.-born workers, about 160 bucks less per week.

  • So, regardless of how you feel on the issue, there is no doubt immigrants are here to stay and they play a huge role in the American economy every day.

  • Beyond all of the benefits of listening to music or creating it, it`s been shown to help heal certain brain injuries and decrease anxiety.

  • Today`s character study`s about a musician who believes music is medicine for the mind.

  • His work has helped hundreds of wounded warriors.

  • Music is my earliest memory. I never decided to be a professional musician.

  • It`s just what I`ve always done. It feels great to play music, but it`s also a mechanism for healing.

  • We were on this an early morning patrol, walking down the road.

  • I`d never been hit by an IED before.

  • It felt like I got hit by a wrecking ball.

  • I sat up, my legs were completely gone.

  • What happens if you don`t quite get killed, and you don`t quite survive, you`re somewhere in the middle?

  • I was a shell of a man. Who I was was gone.

  • So, let`s take it right before the melody comes in.

  • Our organization helps wounded warriors play music and recover their lives.

  • We match the injured troops with professional musicians who come visit at Walter Reed Medical Center and work with them on music projects.

  • Learning music, writing and performing.

  • We are going to try to incorporate (INAUDIBLE)

  • I`m a music therapist, a musician. By injecting music into the space we can inject life.

  • Something survived that horrible injury in Afghanistan, and that was my ability to play the guitar.

  • Arthur and his program changed my outlook on what is possible.

  • Music has no stigma. The folks to work with, when they do music, there`s nothing injured about the way to do it.

  • It`s just good music.

  • Members of the Minnesota National Guard`s 114 Transportation Company just returned from Afghanistan.

  • There`s some ceremony and procedure to this.

  • The troops stand in formation for a few moments, but a toddler just didn`t care.

  • And that didn`t seem to bother anyone else either.

  • After his mother`s nine month deployment the boy decided he`d waited long enough, not long afterward everyone else got the chance to reunite with their loved ones.

  • The happy homecoming brings together this Friday edition of CNN STUDENT NEWS.

  • We hope to reunite with you next week, and if you are in a military or you have a parent or a relative who is, thank you for your service. Have a great weekend, everyone.

Hello and welcome to the September 19th edition of - come on, Friday`s are awesome.

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September 19, 2014 - CNN Student News with subtitles

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