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  • Today on CNN STUDENT NEWS, the last space shuttle launch in 2011 was a blast from the past.

  • We`ll tell you where NASA is looking for the future of space exploration.

  • First up, though, we are taking you to California where firefighters are racing the contained wild fires that are scorching parts of the state.

  • About 60 miles east of Sacramento, in Eldorado National Forest, one fire had chewed up about 8600 acres by yesterday afternoon.

  • That`s like 8600 football fields. And it was only five percent contained when we produced this show.

  • Thousands of people have had to evacuate their homes, and this is only one of almost a dozen different fires that are fueled by the state`s historic drought.

  • California sees a lot of wildfires.

  • It has a wildfire season that runs from May to October.

  • But Cal Fire says this one is on track to be the most destructive season ever.

  • A heatwave that settled over California this week, isn`t helping.

  • Jumping cross-country to Atlanta, Georgia. It`s the headquarters of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

  • And it`s where President Obama spoke yesterday about Ebola.

  • Several nations in West Africa are losing their fight against it.

  • There are more people with suspected Ebola than there are hospital beds to treat them.

  • fever U.S. has committed $100 million to efforts to help stop the fever from spreading.

  • But yesterday the president asked Congress to approve an additional 88 million.

  • It would be used to build treatment centers in West Africa and send more American medical workers to affected regions.

  • Obama administration officials say as many as 3,000 additional U.S. troops could be send to West Africa as well.

  • The U.N. says Ebola could become a major humanitarian crisis.

  • NASA, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration is calling taxi.

  • Its space shuttle program might have ended three years ago, but it`s using some of the taxpayer funding it gets to pay private companies to invent space taxis:

  • vehicles that could potentially get Americans to the International Space Station, maybe beyond.

  • They`ll launch from Florida`s Kennedy Space Station starting in 2017. So, who will be making them?

  • A major milestone has been met in the new private space race.

  • Boeing was awarded the majority of NASA`s commercial crew contract to replace the space shuttle.

  • And lift off, the final lift off of Atlantis .

  • Boeing CST-100 will ferry American astronauts back and force to the International Space Station.

  • This is a big deal, since NASA canceled the shuttle program in 2011, we`ve had to rely on Russia to get our astronauts into space.

  • Seats on the Russian Soyuz capsule cost over $70 million each.

  • Now, I`ve actually been inside the CST-100. And while it`s designed for safety, it`s actually pretty cramped in there.

  • It can fit up to seven, but it`s configured to only fit five right now.

  • Boeing bid out two other private companies to win this contract:

  • Sierra Nevada and Elon Musk`s SpaceX, which won a smaller contract to develop an alternative to Boeing`s capsule, the Dragon.

  • NASA turned to the private sector to reduce cost and risk in both the long and the short term.

  • That set off a new private space race. And the announcement marks are big win for Boeing.

  • Boeing officials told me they believe this industry could be worth $20 billion over the next 20 years.

  • See, if you can I.D. me. I`m a term for both a currency and a unit of weight.

  • Currently, I`m worth just over $1.60 and made up 100 pence, and I`m used in the United Kingdom.

  • I`m the pound or officially the pound sterling.

  • And I`m the world`s oldest currency that`s still being used today.

  • But will Scotland, currently part of the U.K. still use the pound, if it separates from the U.K.?

  • That`s one question ahead of this Thursday`s vote.

  • But the biggest one will be on the ballot: should Scotland be an independent country?

  • Polls show Scottish voters are split on the issue.

  • U.K. government leaders are asking Scotts to stay part of Britain and promising them more power in the government if they do.

  • Independents movement leaders say it`s time to break away from Britain and give Scotts total control over their country`s taxes and spending.

  • But getting back to the currency question:

  • What`s the cost of independence?

  • The United Kingdom has been united for 307 years,

  • but on September 18, the Scotts will vote on whether to break free and form their own country.

  • Now, if they do end up getting a divorce, it could be expensive, no one knows exactly how this is going to play out, but it`s expected that both the economies of the U.K.

  • and a newly formed Scotland will take a short time hit.

  • Here are some facts that you should know about.

  • Number one, administrative costs: Scotland will need a new Defense Department,

  • a foreign affairs department, economic regulators and a new tax system, among other things. Now, one estimate from academics pegs a cost up to 200 million pounds.

  • That`s about 40 pounds per Scott. But another estimate puts the price tag more than ten times higher,

  • at 2.4 billion pounds, that`s almost four billion dollars.

  • That`s only the tip of the iceberg.

  • The big question is whether or not a new Scotland will use the U.K. pound.

  • Independence campaigners say yes, the U.K., however, says no.

  • Does that mean that Scotland would use the currency without permission?

  • It`s creating serious uncertainty for businesses and trade, another option would be to use the euro, but that would take time.

  • Or will they create their own currency.

  • And that brings us to a third point, which is debts.

  • The debate is raging over Scotland paying its share of U.K. debt, like the upwards of 100 billion pounds, but on top of that, will investors lend to a new Scotland?

  • Those are just some of the costs and risks of independence.

  • Now, pro- independence campaign has argued that a break will give Scottish lawmakers more power to create long term prosperity for the nation and support local industry

  • And, of course, independence is never only about economics.

  • But change is hot and markets certainly don`t like change, so the short term might be costly.

  • For CNN Money, I`m Zain Asher.

  • We are traveling all over North America for today`s call of the roll. Atikameg, Alberta, Canada, is where we are starting.

  • Glad to be part of your day at Atikameg School.

  • Next, we`ll run with the Mustangs of Somers Middle School.

  • Found them in Somers, Montana. And in Charlottesville, Virginia, how about the Mustangs of Monticello High School, turning up the horse power on today`s roll.

  • It`s neat to think that if your little brother is missing a lego block or you need a new case for your phone, or you can`t find a certain size measuring cup, you could just print it up, right there in your house.

  • 3-d printers aren`t new, but they are getting more affordable.

  • Traditionally when you think of printing, you think of printing out something on a piece of paper using ink.

  • Well, 3-D printing is actually printing out a physical object.

  • You have a digital image that you can create using a different animation modeling software.

  • You connect this image with your 3-d printer,

  • and it actually takes that, analyzes it, and it prints it out in physical form:

  • layer by layer. If you think about traditional printing, you have syringes with ink.

  • With the, 3-D printing you can have syringes filled with all different types of liquid consistency.

  • So, this could be plastic. This could be rubber. Some are more advanced when they are using metals.

  • Manufacturers have been using 3-D printing for decades, and you can print out car parts, an airspace industry uses this,

  • but also more and more you can print out really creative things. Doctors are printing out prosthetic limbs, you can now print out organs.

  • We spoke to a fashion designer who was able to actually -D print sun glasses that he put on his models for fashion weeks.

  • It used to be that the average person couldn`t own one, because 3-D printers were really, really expansive.

  • We are talking like half a million bucks.

  • We are talking like half a million bucks.

  • But now, a couple of different companies came in and said, you know what:

  • we want to make this. So average people can have this.

  • You can probably get one for about 1,000 bucks.

  • So, let`s say I had a jacket and I lost my button. Instead of going in and trying to go to a store and find a new button, I could actually download the blueprint, connect it with my 3-D printer and I could print out a new button.

  • The people at the forefront of this movement, they said they want this to be as common in people`s homes as the toaster oven.

  • So, you can only imagine that five, ten years down the road, a lot of folks are going to have 3-D printers in their home.

  • So, last week we covered a contractor who was planning to 3-D print houses. What about a car?

  • Done and done. Sort of.

  • The engine, lights and windshield had to be made the old-fashion way, but the car (INAUDIBLE) everybody was printed up in less than two days.

  • We are not sure if it`s street legal, it`s top speed is only 40 miles per hour, and it`s electric, so it`s range is limited to 120 miles in a charge.

  • The cost between 18 and 30,000.

  • So, it`s kind of like a wheely pricy golf car. But if the idea drives further innovation, the technology accelerates while the price throttles down, things could speed up for 3-D printed vehicles, signaling a new era in automobiling.

  • At least it`s a Nobel transmission statement.I`m Carl Azuz, and I`m hitting the road.

Today on CNN STUDENT NEWS, the last space shuttle launch in 2011 was a blast from the past.

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September 17, 2014 - CNN Student News with subtitles

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