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  • Fridays are awesome. Welcome to CNN STUDENT NEWS. Ten minutes of commercial free current events.

  • I`m Carl Azuz. I`m at the CNN Center in Atlanta.

  • The U.S. president is at a meeting across the Atlantic, in Wales.

  • It`s part of the United Kingdom, it`s where a summit of NATO, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization is taking place.

  • Most of NATO`s 28 member countries are European.

  • The U.S. and Canada are also part of it, and the coalition has a lot to talk about.

  • In fact, British Prime Minister David Cameron says this is a crucial time in NATO`s history.

  • One of that these leaders will be watching a peace plan for the war-torn nation of Ukraine.

  • It`s expected to take effect today, between Ukrainian troops and the pro-Russian forces that are fighting them.

  • There are doubts about whether it will hold. Another topic involves the barbaric terrorist group we`d been reporting on since we came back.

  • The battle against ISIS is, of course, a major topic on NATO`s agenda and leaders within the organization will have to carve out time to focus on that threat,

  • diverting some attention away from Ukraine`s confrontation with Russia.

  • ISIS is now a critical concern, Britain, which is hosting the NATO gathering.

  • We now need to strengthen our powers to fill specific gaps in our armory.

  • The British are taking the lead in imposing new travel restrictions.

  • The British are taking the lead in imposing new travel restrictions.

  • Now, other NATO states including the U.S. are looking at their own threats of Western jihadists traveling to and from ISIS battlefields.

  • And President Obama will be seeking more support from top allies inside and outside of NATO to deal with the ISIS threat.

  • Something he says is critical to forming his overall ISIS strategy,

  • but the major subject on NATO`s agenda will be Ukraine.

  • NATO recently released what dubbed photographic evidence of Russian military activity inside eastern Ukraine.

  • Russia has denied that, but NATO secretary General isn`t buying it.

  • He`s proposing the creation of a rapid reaction security force that can quickly respond to Russian aggression.

  • President Obama and other leaders at the summit to offer a robust offensive NATO`s article 5 that states the alliance must come to the defense of any NATO country that is under attack.

  • will come as some comfort to smaller NATO countries like the Baltic States that are growing increasingly worried about Russia`s intentions.

  • And finally, there`s Afghanistan where NATO has played a key role since the beginning of that war.

  • Just as the United States is anxiously watching the outcome of Afghanistan`s recent election,

  • NATO members states are wondering what their mission will be there after the year ends.

  • Both of the candidates in the contested vote in Afghanistan have said they`ll sign an agreement allowing U.S. troops to remain there past 2014,

  • but at this point, nothing is certain.

  • Is this legit? In the U.S., the federal minimum wage is $7.25 per hour.

  • This is legit. States and communities may require a higher minimum wage,

  • but this is the absolute minimum wage set by the federal government.

  • Fast food workers have become a loud voice in the debate over a federal minimum wage increase.

  • Over the last 18 months, you`ve probably seen images on the web, in newspapers, and on TV of strikes in cities across the country.

  • Workers are asking for $15 an hour.

  • They even took their fight to McDonald`s corporate doorstep at the company`s annual meeting.

  • They even took their fight to McDonald`s corporate doorstep at the company`s annual meeting.

  • But are these protests making a difference?

  • So far, fast food companies aren`t doling out major pay hikes.

  • In 2013, the average pay for a food prep and service worker in restaurants was $8.74 per hour, or about $18,000 a year.

  • The president has made their plight a priority.

  • And that`s why it`s well past the time to raise a minimum wage that in real terms right now .

  • is below where it was when Harry Truman was in office.

  • You might have seen some of the protests yesterday.

  • Fast food workers walking out of Burger King, KFC, McDonald`s and Wendy`s demanding higher wages.

  • The poverty line in the U.S. is $23,000 per year for a family of four.

  • The president and supporters of a federal minimum wage increase say if you raise that wage, you`ll bring more Americans out of poverty.

  • But opponents of this increases say they`d force businesses, especially small ones to take a significant hit in their profits that they`d have to lay off workers to make ends meet.

  • They could raise their prices, but critics say if they do that too much, they`ll have fewer customers and less need for workers.

  • So, fewer jobs other way.

  • That`s why it`s so hard to lawmakers to agree on how to address this issue of wages.

  • Cnnstudentnews.com. You know, you can watch The Daily Show here, make your Roll Call request here,

  • but check it: you can watch every show we do here.

  • If you click on our archive, you can find all the shows we`ve produced this school year and many from last school year.

  • All of them are cost-free, all of them are commercial free. It`s all at cnnstudentnews.com.

  • With more than 14 million people, Guatemala is Central America`s most populated country.

  • In the 20th century, it was ripped apart by civil war for 36 years.

  • The effects are still there, more than half the population lives in poverty.

  • Crime in some areas is rampant.

  • The CNN Hero is working to change that.

  • My country`s violent history has created a very violent present.

  • Gangs are everywhere, kids are exposed to drugs, to violence and to the lack of opportunities for them to improve their lives.

  • Gangs are everywhere, kids are exposed to drugs, to violence and to the lack of opportunities for them to improve their lives.

  • I was a teacher in the same community that I grew up. My students were dealing with the problems that I was dealing 20 years ago.

  • I wanted to change that. The best thing for me to do was open my house doors and bring them here.

  • Eight years later, I`m still running the program in my family house.

  • We provide classes so they can find own passions.

  • We give them a decent plate of food.

  • Children are powerful, just they don`t know about yet,

  • so I created a safe place for them to realize that they actually can change bad aspects in their lives and their community.

  • In violent country, the only weapon we can have, it`s love.

  • I still believe that we can change this country.

  • I see potential in kids` dreams and ideas. The other one is in charge of writing - history in Guatemala.

  • From yesterday`s transcript page, at cnnstudentnews.com,

  • here three of the Southerns of Roll Call request we received.

  • From Bentley School in New Lennox, Illinois, we hear the roar of the lions today.

  • From Stevenson Middle School and Westland in Michigan, the Saints are marching in.

  • And out west from Meteetse High School in Meteetse, Wyoming, there are taking the bull by the horns - the long horns.

  • Not sure if any of them had a first day back like this, though.

  • At Nickolei (ph) High School in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, school officials rolled out the red carpet for returning students.

  • By rolling out the red carpet for returning students.

  • It`s a tradition of the school, the former welcome back includes the cheers of the faculty,

  • the hope that students would feel like stars as they started a new year of their education.

  • Some students might razzy (ph) the idea, but a rat carpet welcome can set the tony for an award of year (ph),

  • and in an Academy of Academics, if it increases enthusiasm by just one Grammy. It`s something other schools might want to emulate.

  • Acting on behalf of CNN STUDENT NEWS. I`m Carl Azuz.

Fridays are awesome. Welcome to CNN STUDENT NEWS. Ten minutes of commercial free current events.

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September 5, 2014 - CNN Student News with subtitles

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