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  • Big storm brewing. And it`s bringing waves and danger to America`s West Coast. I`m Carl Azuz. This is CNN STUDENT NEWS.

  • Let`s go to California.

  • Look at this. Massive swells off southern California. Forecasters say they could crest as high as 15 feet.

  • One surfer has been killed by the waves. Buildings too close to shore are in danger of getting damaged.

  • And people are being warned about strong rip currents which can drag swimmers out to sea.

  • It`s all brought to the region by Hurricane Marie. Last night this was a category two storm, which normally can cause some damage and flooding.

  • But Marie isn`t expected to come anywhere near land. Forecasters say it will swirl and dissipate in the Pacific Ocean.

  • Still, several beaches have been closed as dangerous waves are expected through Friday.

  • When tropical cyclone is an area of low pressure that forms in the tropical regions of the world.

  • Cyclones are actually very important, even though, of course, they can be deadly,

  • they help essentially balance out the temperature across the globe.

  • They are an equalizer, so they take the heat energy from the tropics, and they translate that where we need it into the colder climates.

  • The generic term for it is a tropical cyclone.

  • That can refer to any cyclone that has a closed center of circulation anywhere in the world,

  • like in the Atlantic when they get strong enough to a certain wind speed, we call them hurricanes.

  • But if you are in the Western Pacific, a hurricane is called the typhoon.

  • There`s no difference between a hurricane and a typhoon except in the name.

  • They are both tropical cyclones.

  • The naming system is based on the World Meteorological Organization.

  • There`s a list of names. Depending on the basin, in the Atlantic basin, we recycle the names every six years.

  • If a storm becomes particularly intense or is devastating for a coastline,

  • or has a lot of casualties associated with it, we retire the name and don`t use it again.

  • For example, Hurricane Katrina. That name won't ever be used again.

  • Once a tropical storm become a hurricane, we use what we call the Saffir- Simpson scale.

  • Saffir-Simpson scale categorizes the hurricanes from category one, which is the weakest, to a category five.

  • A category one minimal hurricane has to have winds in its center of 74 miles an hour.

  • As the storm continues to gather strength and becomes more intense,

  • if it reaches 96 miles an hour, that`s a category two.

  • A category three has winds of a 111 miles per hour.

  • If it continues to intensify, that is a deadly category four storm, and then the strongest of hurricanes, category five.

  • That is pretty devastating stuff.

  • Definitely, heed the warnings and get yourself a preparedness kit.

  • Know what you are going to do in the event of a cyclone. Are you going to evacuate? And again, heed those warnings.

  • See if you can I.D me. I was established for the U.S. military during the Civil War.

  • I`m an award for gallantry above and beyond the call of duty. I`m America`s highest military decoration.

  • I`m the Medal of Honor. And I was established for the U.S. Navy in 1861 and the U.S Army in 1862.

  • It was an 1863. During the Civil War the White House says Alonzo H. Cushing earned his Medal of Honor.

  • He was 22 years old, the first lieutenant for the Union Army.

  • He was facing a confederate charge at the battle of Gettysburg, and even though Cushing was wounded in two parts of his body,

  • he refused to evacuate for medical treatment.

  • And he continued to direct his artillery unit until he was killed by a confederate bullet.

  • Historians say Cushing helped ensure the confederate defeat at Gettysburg.

  • President Obama will present his award more than 150 years after Cushing`s death.

  • That`s the longest span of time between a military act and a Medal of Honor awarded for it.

  • So, we`ve got this segment called Roll Call. It`s a chance to have your school announced on CNN STUDENT NEWS.

  • There`s now only one way to submit a request, and you need to be at least 13 years old.

  • Go to cnnstudentnews.com. Click words says Roll Call and leave a comment at the bottom of our transcript page.

  • We`ll pick three schools from each day`s transcript.

  • You can make one request every day, but spamming will not help you.

  • Please tell us your school name, city, state and mascot. Good luck.

  • All right, quick. Think of all the fast food chains that sell hamburgers.

  • McDonald`s probably comes to mind first.

  • But in second place, with about 12,000 stores around the world, is Burger King.

  • And until now, it`s been based in the U.S. It pays U.S. corporate taxes.

  • But most major corporations want to minimized those taxes.

  • One way some of them do this is through inversion, when they basically decide to move their base to another country.

  • Canada, for instance, has lower corporate taxes than the U.S.

  • And when your factor in its lower sales and property taxes, moving there could save a food company some serious bread.

  • When you think of Burger King, you think America.

  • Happy joy - at Burger King.

  • But now, the iconic American brand and investor are teaming up to relocate the fast food chain outside of the United States.

  • Here`s the deal. Burger King announced it`s buying Canadian donut house Tim Hortons, and moving the combined company headquarters north of the border.

  • That creates an opportunity for the company to write off some of its U.S. corporate taxes and avoid paying U.S. taxes on earnings abroad.

  • Burger King is the most recent and biggest brand name company to attempt moving its headquarters.

  • The U.S. is often criticized for having one of the highest corporate tax rates of the world,

  • but companies often find ways to offset their bills to the government.

  • Just to put this into context, last year corporate taxes were 1.6 percent of GDP,

  • less than half of what they were 50 years ago.

  • Burger King`s own executives say the deal classifies as an inversion,

  • but they also say, it won`t trim (ph) their tax bill. With many Americans still feeling the staying of the recession, it`s no surprise this is a political issue.

  • It`s not fair. It`s not right. The lost revenue to Treasury means it`s going to be made up somewhere, and that typically is going to be bunch of hardworking Americans.

  • But before we get too patriotic, it`s important to remember,

  • while Burger King may be an American brand,

  • it has locations in 98 countries.Its international growth is key.

  • And the Brazilian investment firm owns most of the company.

  • Cristine Alesci, CNN Money, New York.

  • Today`s Roll Call schools are in two hemispheres, but they all made a request in yesterday`s transcript at cnnstudentnews.com.

  • We`ll start at Brazil.

  • A big welcome to everyone watching at the International School of Brazil. It`s located in Curitiba in the state of Parana.

  • To the Pacific now, in the 50th U.S. state, hello to the warriors of Kapa`a High School.

  • Great to see you in Kapa`a, Hawaii.

  • And moving north to the 49 state, we`ve got more warriors watching. Bethel Regional High School in Bethel, Alaska. Thank you for watching.

  • Call her Catherine, call her Sisi, call her CB, whatever you pick, you picked a winner.

  • Catherine Bellis just became one of the youngest American women to win a match at the U.S. Open.

  • She`s 15 years old. She`d only competed in 13 professional matches.

  • And she beat the 13 top ranked player in the world for the upset.

  • Just for perspective, Catherine`s ranking is 1208.

  • After her win, the home schooled teenager said she felt amazing, speechless and in shock.

  • Her next match was schedules for this morning at 11,

  • even if she doesn`t win that, though, she`s already served up once serious match.

  • It`s usually a compliment when someone tells you you are one in a million.

  • This luminous lobster is one in 2 million. Because it`s blue,

  • and not because it thought it was going to get eaten.

  • Lobster expert say a genetic defect causes the cool crustacean coloration. It was pulled up by a 14-year old high school freshman off the coast of Main.

  • I know her family owns a lobster restaurant. This colorful catch will chill in an aquarium instead of on a plate.

  • She could have also thrown it back, but she would have lobst her chance to help.

  • After all, avoiding lobster traps is kind of a shell game.

  • This animal will never sing the blues, he`s being donated to a good clause with aquarium life.

  • A happy ending for this tale.

  • I`m Carl Azuz. We`ll have a fresh catch of stories for you tomorrow.

  • It`s just the commercials that won`t hold water on CNN STUDENT NEWS.

Big storm brewing. And it`s bringing waves and danger to America`s West Coast. I`m Carl Azuz. This is CNN STUDENT NEWS.

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August 28, 2014 - CNN Student News with subtitles

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