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  • How long can you go without sleep?

    你可以多長時間不睡覺?

  • My personal best is a mere 40 hours and there's a four hour chunk that I absolutely do not remember except for the taste of gin and tonics.

    我個人最好的成績是僅僅40個小時,有四個小時的時間我絕對不記得了,除了杜松子酒的味道。

  • Health care workers will often work full 24 hour shifts.

    醫護人員通常會全日24小時輪班工作。

  • Firefighters sometimes go three days without getting shut eye and film production workers lead the world in cumulative lack of sleep.

    消防員有時會三天不閉眼,電影製作人員在累積睡眠不足方面領先世界。

  • Still, most of us try not to go more than a day without getting at least a nap in while.

    儘管如此,我們中的大多數人還是儘量不要超過一天不睡至少一覺。

  • This is randy Gardner, a teen who broke the world record when he stayed awake without any sleep for 11 days december 1963.

    這是蘭迪-加德納,一個在1963年12月連續11天不眠不休打破世界紀錄的少年。

  • San Diego high schoolers, randy Gardner and Bruce mcallister need a project for the upcoming science fair.

    聖地亞哥高中生蘭迪-加德納和布魯斯-麥卡利斯特需要為即將到來的科學展做一個項目。

  • While other kids might be content with baking soda, volcanoes or solar system dioramas, randy has his sights set on something bigger.

    當其他孩子可能滿足於小蘇打、火山或太陽系透視畫時,蘭迪卻把目光投向了更大的東西。

  • He comes from a military family constantly moving and is used to distinguishing himself by taking first prize at the Science fair.

    他來自一個不斷遷徙的軍人家庭,習慣於通過在科學展上獲得一等獎來表現自己。

  • No matter where he lives, san Diego is the biggest city they've landed in the and if he's going to make his mark, he's going to have to be bigger than ever before.

    無論他住在哪裡,聖地亞哥都是他們登陸的最大城市,如果他要做出成績,他就必須比以前更大。

  • So he and Bruce decided to make history by breaking the world record for sleep deprivation at this time.

    所以他和布魯斯決定創造歷史,打破這個時候睡眠不足的世界紀錄。

  • The record is held by tom rounds.

    該記錄由湯姆-沃倫(Tom Rounds)保持。

  • A disc jockey for K.

    K.的一個唱片騎師。

  • P.

    P.

  • O.

    O.

  • I.

    I.

  • Radio in Honolulu fresh from new york rounds, had wanted to drum up publicity for the station and for himself as the new guy setting himself up in a department store window.

    檀香山的廣播電臺剛從紐約回來,想為電臺和自己這個新來的傢伙在百貨商店的櫥窗裡做宣傳。

  • He stayed up for a record 260 hours, just four hours shy of a full 11 days.

    他創紀錄地熬了260個小時,離整整11天只差四個小時。

  • The publicity worked rounds, made the news around the world.

    宣傳工作輪番上陣,讓全世界都知道了這個消息。

  • It caught the attention of Bruce and randy who loved a challenge.

    這引起了喜歡挑戰的布魯斯和蘭迪的注意。

  • But it is for science fair.

    但這是為了科學展。

  • So they had to come up with a scientific pretext.

    所以他們不得不想出一個科學的藉口。

  • Their first idea, the effect of sleeplessness on paranormal ability.

    他們的第一個想法,是失眠對超自然能力的影響。

  • Which paranormal ability?

    哪種超自然能力?

  • How will they measure it with no real approach to that?

    在沒有真正的方法的情況下,他們將如何衡量呢?

  • They decide to take on a more straightforward experiment.

    他們決定進行一個更直接的實驗。

  • The effect of sleeplessness on cognitive ability to be measured in various ways.

    失眠對認知能力的影響可以通過各種方式來衡量。

  • Memory tests, math problems, and on the basketball court, they decide one of them will be the test subject and the other the observer, They flip a coin and randy gets to be the guinea pig.

    記憶測試,數學問題,以及在籃球場上,他們決定其中一個人做測試對象,另一個人做觀察者,他們拋硬幣,蘭迪就可以做小白鼠了。

  • He's not worried though.

    不過他並不擔心。

  • He's confident that he can stay up a full 11 days besting tom rounds by four hours, then catch up on sleep after suffering no ill effects.

    他有信心,他可以在整整11天內不睡覺,以4個小時的優勢戰勝湯姆回合,然後在沒有受到任何影響的情況下補覺。

  • The experiment begins in the early morning on december 29th, 1963.

    實驗開始於1963年12月29日的清晨。

  • They keep a chart on the wall, on which Bruce can make notations.

    他們在牆上貼了一張圖表,布魯斯可以在上面做記號。

  • Randy stays active playing basketball, regular meal taking is maintained and otherwise there's nothing added to the diet, no stimulants, not even coffee.

    蘭迪保持打籃球的積極性,保持正常的進餐,除此之外,飲食中沒有添加任何東西,沒有刺激物,甚至沒有咖啡。

  • Maybe the occasional coke, randy relies on stamina and will alone.

    也許偶爾會有可卡因,蘭迪只依靠體力和意志。

  • There is one problem.

    有一個問題。

  • It's just the two of them.

    只有他們兩個人。

  • So Bruce has to stay up with randy.

    所以布魯斯不得不和蘭迪一起熬夜。

  • The first sign of trouble comes on day three, Bruce falls asleep while taking notes.

    麻煩的第一個跡象出現在第三天,布魯斯在做筆記時睡著了。

  • When he wakes up.

    當他醒過來的時候。

  • He's still in the middle of writing on the wall.

    他還在牆上寫字。

  • They need help.

    他們需要幫助。

  • He recruits another classmate, joe marciano Junior.

    他招募了另一個同學,小喬-馬爾西亞諾。

  • Randy's parents are also getting concerned.

    蘭迪的父母也開始擔心。

  • They call in an expert lieutenant commander, john J.

    他們叫來了一位專家中校,約翰-J.

  • Ross of the U.

    美國的羅斯。

  • S.

    S.

  • Navy Medical neuropsychiatric research unit.

    海軍醫學神經精神研究組織、部門。

  • At first, things are progressing as expected.

    起初,事情正按預期進展。

  • Randy appears to be mostly unaffected, though he gets increasingly irritable.

    蘭迪似乎大多沒有受到影響,儘管他變得越來越暴躁。

  • He also starts to get a little spacey and conversation.

    他也開始變得有些空虛和談話。

  • Still, his basketball abilities remain unaffected and he can still go out for walks.

    儘管如此,他的籃球能力仍然沒有受到影響,他仍然可以出去散步。

  • With little incident, the new year comes and the boys experiment gets a write up in the newspaper.

    沒有發生什麼意外,新的一年到來了,男孩的實驗在報紙上得到了報道。

  • That article gets the attention of William C dement.

    這篇文章得到了威廉-C-迪門特的關注。

  • A sleep researcher based out of stanford University dement is a pioneer in sleep medicine.

    斯坦福大學的一名睡眠研究人員dement是睡眠醫學的先驅。

  • Along with classmates, you, Gina Zirinsky and Michelle juvie and under the mentorship of Nathaniel Kleiman demand helped to identify and define rem sleep in the 19 fifties like randy dement is skeptical of the recommended eight hours of sleep.

    與同學一起,你、吉娜-齊林斯基和米歇爾-朱維並在納撒尼爾-克萊曼的指導下要求幫助識別和定義rem睡眠在1950年代像蘭迪-丹特一樣對建議的八小時睡眠持懷疑態度。

  • His own observations tell him that it differs from person to person in 1963 just before the boys begin their science fair project, demand completes his own study on the sleeping habits of baird Quincy morrigan, an 80 year old professor of german at stanford morgen claims he has gone to bed at 10 PM and woken up at two a.m. Bright eyed and bushy tailed every day since he was 23 years old.

    他自己的觀察告訴他,這因人而異。1963年,就在男孩們開始他們的科學展項目之前,需求完成了他自己對貝爾德-昆西-莫里根的睡眠習慣的研究,莫里根是斯坦福大學德語系的一位80歲的教授,他聲稱自己從23歲起每天都是晚上10點睡覺,凌晨2點醒來,眼睛明亮,尾巴濃密。

  • Weeks of observation with his stanford sleep.

    與他的斯坦福大學睡眠觀察了幾個星期。

  • Researchers proved that yes, morgan was able to function completely normally, including teaching, writing and socializing at age 80 on slightly less than four hours of sleep.

    研究人員證明,是的,摩根在80歲時能夠完全正常運作,包括教學、寫作和社交,睡眠時間略少於4小時。

  • If the man can go that long and be productive on so little sleep, is it possible for others to do the same?

    如果這個人可以在這麼少的睡眠時間裡堅持那麼久,並且有成效,那麼其他人是否也有可能做到呢?

  • The age group is particularly fascinating to demand.

    這個年齡組的需求特別吸引人。

  • According to the studies of the stanford sleep lab, most teens around randy's age sleep between 10 and 11 hours a day, he volunteers his service arriving with an electroencephalogram or e G.

    根據斯坦福大學睡眠實驗室的研究,大多數像蘭迪這樣年齡的青少年每天的睡眠時間在10到11個小時之間,他自願用腦電圖或E G來服務到達。

  • To record randy's brain activity and eye movement.

    記錄蘭迪的大腦活動和眼球運動。

  • The boy's parents are more than happy to have more professionals on the scene.

    男孩的父母更樂於看到有更多的專業人士到場。

  • While demand says randy seems mostly unaffected.

    雖然需求說蘭迪似乎大多沒有受到影響。

  • Lieutenant Commander ross records that he's beginning to experience hallucinations.

    羅斯中校記錄說他開始出現幻覺。

  • Day four randy mistakes, a street sign for another person on the street.

    第四天蘭迪的錯誤,街上的另一個人的路牌。

  • He later becomes convinced, although briefly, that he's a famous football star.

    他後來確信自己是一個著名的足球明星,雖然很短暫。

  • Day five, despite being indoors, a path suddenly appears in front of him, winding its way through a quiet forest.

    第五天,儘管在室內,一條小路突然出現在他面前,蜿蜒地穿過一片安靜的森林。

  • Randy knows it's a hallucination, but still he sees it.

    蘭迪知道這是一種幻覺,但他仍然看到了它。

  • The hallucinations are not unexpected even before tom rounds in Honolulu another DJ pulled the no sleep stunt, 1959 Peter trip of W MGM in new york city attempted awake a thon to benefit the march of dimes.

    幻覺並不出乎意料,甚至在湯姆在火奴魯魯的回合之前,另一個DJ就玩起了不睡覺的絕技,1959年,紐約市W米高梅的彼得-特里試圖喚醒一個為 "一角硬幣"(march of dimes)籌款的活動。

  • He broadcast from a glass booth in Times Square with occasional breaks to use the bathroom or change his clothes as the days wore on.

    他在時代廣場的一個玻璃隔間裡進行廣播,隨著時間的推移,他偶爾會休息一下,上廁所或換衣服。

  • He began to hallucinate.

    他開始產生了幻覺。

  • After 120 hours or five days he saw flames shooting out of the drawer in his hotel room.

    120個小時或5天后,他在酒店房間裡看到火焰從抽屜裡射出。

  • A scientist became an undertaker taking him away to die.

    一個科學家變成了一個殯儀館的工作人員,把他帶走送死。

  • The face of a clock became the face of a friend the longer he stared at it.

    他盯著鐘的時間越長,鐘的面孔就變成了一個朋友的面孔。

  • Then he began to believe he was the friend and that he wasn't really peter trip, that the sleep scientists around him were plotting against him.

    然後他開始相信他是那個朋友,他並不是真正的彼得-特里普,他周圍的睡眠科學家正在密謀反對他。

  • In all, he lasted eight days, eight hours, 200 hours in all.

    他總共堅持了8天,8小時,共200小時。

  • Some still maintain that the experiment did permanent harm to him.

    有些人仍然堅持認為,這個實驗對他造成了永久性的傷害。

  • Psychologically, fortunately randy's hallucinations are not that violent and unlike Peter trip, no drugs are being used to keep him going.

    在心理上,幸運的是蘭迪的幻覺並不那麼劇烈,而且與彼得之旅不同,沒有使用藥物來維持他的生命。

  • He has other ways of staying awake while it's dangerous to sit down.

    在坐下來很危險的情況下,他還有其他保持清醒的方法。

  • He enjoys driving around in the convertible dement brought with him demand.

    他喜歡開著Dement帶來的敞篷車到處跑,要求。

  • Also observes that the growing media coverage is becoming a circus with newspaper, radio and television.

    還觀察到,越來越多的媒體報道正在成為報紙、廣播和電視的馬戲團。

  • All camping out in Randy's neighborhood.

    都在蘭迪的附近露營。

  • The attention in sudden celebrity is enough to keep anyone awake, much less a 17 year old at the height of his confidence and of course there's always basketball.

    突如其來的名人關注足以讓任何人保持清醒,更不用說一個17歲的年輕人在他的信心高峰期,當然還有籃球。

  • All else is beginning to suffer.

    其他一切都開始受到影響。

  • His speech slows and slurs.

    他的說話速度變慢,口齒不清。

  • He has trouble remembering the names of common objects.

    他很難記住普通物品的名稱。

  • He stopped speaking in the middle of sentences and forgets.

    他說到一半就不說了,也忘記了。

  • He was talking at all.

    他根本就在說話。

  • The group conducts tests on his senses of taste, smell and hearing, and are surprised to see that not all of them have become dull, but rather more sensitive.

    該小組對他的味覺、嗅覺和聽覺進行了測試,並驚訝地發現,並非所有的感官都變得遲鈍,而是更加敏感。

  • Randy begins to fight on some of the small tests, especially saying he can't stand it, but his basketball game does not suffer Even continues to win when playing against others.

    蘭迪開始在一些小測試上打架,特別是說他無法忍受,但他的籃球比賽並沒有受到影響 甚至在與其他人比賽時繼續獲勝。

  • Defense Mentor Nathaniel Kligman noticed similar behavior in his early experiments in 1922, Kleiman noticed that subjects had to be in constant activity to fight off drowsiness and not just any repetitive activity, but something truly dynamic like basketball or bowling activities where you're constantly changing speed, an approach where there's stimuli all around you.

    國防部導師納撒尼爾-克里曼在1922年的早期實驗中注意到類似的行為,克里曼注意到受試者必須在不斷的活動中才能抵抗瞌睡,而且不是任何重複的活動,而是真正動態的活動,如籃球或保齡球活動,在那裡你不斷改變速度,這種方法在你周圍都有刺激。

  • After all, he found that subjects would start to fall asleep as soon as they close their eyes even while in the middle of walking.

    畢竟,他發現受試者只要一閉上眼睛就會開始睡覺,即使是在行走的過程中。

  • As his student dement would later put it almost continuous muscular activity is necessary to forestall overwhelming sleeplessness.

    正如他的學生丹特後來所說的那樣,幾乎連續的肌肉活動對於防止壓倒性的失眠是必要的。

  • Clinton also found that it got worse for his subjects between three a.m. And six a.m. The men finds a similar challenge.

    克林頓還發現,他的受試者在凌晨三點到六點之間的情況變得更糟。

  • While during the day, randy can be photographed give interviews, go bowling with his friends.

    而在白天,蘭迪可以被拍到接受採訪,和他的朋友一起去打保齡球。

  • Generally act like a teenager without any issues at night, All that changes.

    一般來說,在晚上像個青少年一樣沒有任何問題,所有這些都會改變。

  • For one thing, there's nothing open at least no establishment that will let a trio of high schoolers in For another.

    首先,沒有什麼開放的地方,至少沒有任何機構會讓三個高中生進去;其次。

  • Well, remember Randy is now going on nine days with over 200 hours without sleep.

    好吧,記得蘭迪現在已經連續9天超過200小時沒有睡覺了。

  • That broke peter trip.

    這打破了彼得的行程。

  • But randy's not even hitting tom rounds world record yet, as dement later writes, at night, we were driven to increasingly heroic measures to resist sleeplessness.

    但蘭迪還沒有打出湯姆回合的世界紀錄,正如丹特後來寫的那樣,在晚上,我們被驅使採取越來越多的英雄措施來抵制失眠。

  • By day 10, randy is experiencing paranoid episodes.

    到了第10天,蘭迪出現了妄想症發作。

  • During a radio interview.

    在一次電臺採訪中。

  • He suspects the host is mocking him purposefully, trying to make him appear foolish, but while he might not be a fool, he is getting vaguer.

    他懷疑主持人是在故意嘲笑他,想讓他顯得很傻,但雖然他可能不是傻子,但他卻越來越模糊不清。

  • When demint speaks with randy, he records that while there are some minor lapses, Randy is altogether pretty together, pretty unaffected.

    當德明特與蘭迪談話時,他記錄到,雖然有一些小的失誤,但蘭迪總體上是相當團結的,相當不受影響。

  • He still knows he's randy Gardner.

    他仍然知道自己是蘭迪-加德納。

  • But when Lieutenant Commander Ross records his observations, he notes that randy is having trouble remembering some details of the past 10 days and in order to get in any response, he often has to be prompted.

    但是,當羅斯少校記錄他的觀察結果時,他注意到蘭迪難以記住過去10天的一些細節,為了得到任何迴應,他經常要被提示。

  • Day 11.

    第11天。

  • The homestretch.

    歸途。

  • Lieutenant Commander ross records that randy is expressionless.

    羅斯中校記錄到,蘭迪面無表情。

  • They conduct a test starting from the number 100.

    他們從數字100開始進行測試。

  • Randy has asked to proceed downward by 7 193 86 79 72 65 65 65.

    蘭迪要求向下進行7 193 86 79 72 65 65 65。

  • when asked to go past 65, Randy is unable to in the middle of the test.

    當被要求超過65歲時,蘭迪在測試過程中無法做到。

  • He's forgotten what they were doing.

    他已經忘記了他們在做什麼。

  • Later though, demand records a more optimistic interaction.

    不過後來,需求記錄了一個更樂觀的互動。

  • After three a.m. Demand and randy find themselves in a penny arcade, the two competing about 100 games on a pinball machine and randy wins every time to demand.

    凌晨三點以後,Demand和Randy發現自己在一個便士商場,兩人在彈球機上競爭了大約100個遊戲,Randy每次都贏了Demand。

  • This is proof of his lack of physical or psycho motor impairment as the morning comes.

    這證明了他在早晨到來時沒有身體或心理運動障礙。

  • Randy gives a press conference.

    蘭迪召開了新聞發佈會。

  • According to all observers.

    據所有的觀察家說。

  • It is the best.

    它是最好的。

  • He's presented himself.

    他已經展示了自己。

  • He's articulate, informative, engaging.

    他口齒伶俐,信息量大,引人入勝。

  • He's also a world record holder, january 8th 1960 for randy Gardner, 17 years old, has gone without sleep for 11 days.

    他也是世界紀錄的保持者,1960年1月8日的蘭迪-加德納,17歲,已經連續11天沒有睡覺。

  • He is whisked away to the SAn Diego Naval Hospital where watched over by more sleep researchers in a lab.

    他被送至聖地亞哥海軍醫院,在那裡有更多的睡眠研究人員在實驗室中觀察。

  • He finally gets his first night's sleep in 264 hours and 12 minutes.

    他終於在264小時12分鐘內獲得了第一夜的睡眠。

  • He's out for 14 hours and 40 minutes before he finally gets up to go to the bathroom.

    他在外面呆了14小時40分鐘,最後才起身去洗手間。

  • He stays up for 24 hours before going back to bed for another eight hours and then continues his life as normal.

    他熬了24小時,然後回到床上再睡8小時,然後繼續正常的生活。

  • The data of his brain activity is processed in Arizona and the results are pretty interesting.

    他的大腦活動數據在亞利桑那州被處理,結果相當有趣。

  • While randy technically stayed awake, his brain was catching catnaps, Parts of his brain would actually fall asleep while other parts remained active.

    雖然蘭迪在技術上保持清醒,但他的大腦卻在打瞌睡,他的部分大腦實際上會睡著,而其他部分仍然活躍。

  • This may explain the hallucinations.

    這可能解釋了幻覺的產生。

  • Both he and Peter trip experienced.

    他和彼得的行程都很有經驗。

  • They were actually dreaming while still awake.

    他們實際上是在做夢,而仍然是清醒的。

  • The curious preservation tactic, but one that seems to prove that the brain does need to rest.

    奇怪的保存策略,但似乎證明了大腦確實需要休息。

  • Randy set out to prove the human body doesn't need sleep.

    蘭迪著手證明人體不需要睡眠。

  • Instead, he learned the body finds a way sometimes nightmarishly.

    相反,他了解到身體會找到一種方法,有時是噩夢般的。

  • So, so the boys of Point Loma high school take first place in the 10th annual Greater SAn Diego science fair, randy even appears on television on an episode of what's my line?

    是以,點洛馬高中的男孩們在第十屆大南極洲科學展上獲得了第一名,蘭迪甚至出現在電視上的一集《我的臺詞是什麼》中。

  • Well into his sixties, he continues to be contacted by scientists and researchers from around the world, but there's also a not so fun side effect.

    進入60多歲後,世界各地的科學家和研究人員繼續與他聯繫,但也有一個不那麼有趣的副作用。

  • Randy suffers from an almost debilitating insomnia and he fully blames his record breaking stunt.

    蘭迪患上了幾乎令人衰弱的失眠症,他完全歸咎於他的破紀錄特技。

  • He suffers for almost a decade before finally finding a routine that works for him.

    他忍受了近十年的痛苦,最終找到了適合自己的作息時間。

  • And now the boy who didn't sleep is the man who needs his eight hours.

    而現在,這個沒有睡覺的男孩是需要他的八小時的人。

  • In the meantime, many others have worked to dethrone randy a month after the experiments, 20 Sawhney of Finland reported staying up 276 hours.

    與此同時,其他許多人在實驗後的一個月內努力廢止蘭迪,芬蘭的20名Sawhney報告說熬夜276小時。

  • The Guinness Book of World Records, the recognizes Marine Weston of Peterborough, Cambridgeshire, United Kingdom, who in 1977 went without sleep while participating in a rocking chair marathon for 449 hours.

    金氏世界紀錄顯示,英國坎布里奇郡彼得伯勒的馬林-韋斯頓在1977年參加搖椅馬拉松時不眠不休,長達449小時。

  • That's 18 days and 17 hours.

    那是18天17個小時。

  • But don't even try to beat that.

    但是,甚至不要試圖打敗它。

  • The Guinness Book of World Records no longer recognizes the category of sleep deprivation.

    金氏世界紀錄不再承認睡眠不足這一類別。

  • Deeming it too dangerous.

    認為這太危險了。

  • As dement wrote in his 1972 book, some must watch while some must sleep, it is impossible to quote locate a person who never sleeps and yet is healthy and alert at all times.

    正如丹頓在他1972年的書中所寫的那樣,有些人必須看,而有些人必須睡,不可能引用定位一個從不睡覺但卻一直健康和警覺的人。

  • Although a number of claims have been made, they've been quickly faded under the gold glare of around the clock scientific observation.

    儘管已經提出了一些主張,但在全天候科學觀察的金光下,它們很快就被淡化了。

  • Now go ahead and watch everything you know about sleep and dreaming is wrong Or click this other video instead.

    現在繼續看你所知道的關於睡眠和做夢的一切是錯誤的,或者點擊這個其他視頻。

How long can you go without sleep?

你可以多長時間不睡覺?

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B2 中高級 中文 蘭迪 睡眠 小時 幻覺 布魯斯 睡覺

一個11天沒有睡覺的青少年發生了什麼? (What Happened to a Teen Who Didn't Sleep for 11 Days)

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    林宜悉 發佈於 2021 年 11 月 16 日
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