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  • Astronauts are some of the most fascinating people on the planet; or technically, off

    太空人是地球上最迷人的人之一;或者說,從技術上講,是在地球之外。

  • it.

    它。

  • It's a profession most people admire, but few have the courage or desire to do.

    這是一個大多數人羨慕的職業,但很少有人有勇氣或願望去做。

  • But turns out, theres a lot of weird, somewhat uncool things about being an astronaut that

    但事實證明,作為一名太空人,有很多奇怪的、有點不酷的事情。

  • NASA doesn't want you to know.

    NASA不想讓你知道。

  • For example

    比如說...

  • Being an astronaut can have an alarming amount in common with being a toddler.

    作為一名太空人,與作為一名幼兒有驚人的相似之處。

  • Think we're exaggerating?

    認為我們在誇大其詞?

  • Well, maybe if you also had to pull on a diaper before going out on your spacewalk, you would

    好吧,也許如果你在出去太空漫步前也要拉上尿布,你會的。

  • believe us.

    相信我們。

  • That's right, astronauts have to wear diapers.

    這是正確的,太空人必須穿上尿布。

  • Why?

    為什麼?

  • Well, those spacesuits that look incredibly cool can't really easily be removed for

    好吧,那些看起來酷得不得了的宇航服真的不能輕易拆除,因為

  • a quick squat.

    快速下蹲。

  • This is great for preventing astronauts from dying in the hostile, cold black silence of

    這對於防止太空人在敵對的、寒冷的黑色寂靜環境中死亡是非常好的。

  • space, but not so great for bathroom breaks.

    空間,但對於上廁所來說就不是那麼好了。

  • So astronauts essentially get Depends adult diapers, or their own, slightly cooler sounding

    是以,太空人基本上得到了Depends成人尿布,或者是他們自己的,聽起來稍微酷一些的尿布。

  • version called MAG; aka maximum absorbency garment.

    稱為MAG的版本;又稱最大吸收力服裝。

  • No matter how they brand it, it doesn't change the fact that these fully grown, extensively

    無論他們如何打出品牌,都不能改變這些完全成長的、廣泛使用的事實。

  • trained, often phD holding or ex-military adults are forced to wear diapers on the clock.

    訓練有素的、通常是持有博士學位的或前軍事人員的成年人被迫穿著尿布上崗。

  • If that kind of infantilization weren't enough, rookie astronauts are known for banging

    如果這種幼稚的做法還不夠,新秀太空人還以敲打為名

  • into things left and right on spaceships, like pre teens whose limbs are growing too

    在宇宙飛船上左衝右突,就像十幾歲的孩子,四肢長得太長了

  • rapidly for their brains to process.

    迅速讓他們的大腦進行處理。

  • Most beginner astronauts find it difficult to adjust to constantly floating in space.

    大多數初學的太空人發現很難適應在太空中不斷漂浮。

  • All the pool training in the world that astronauts undergo can't precisely simulate, or prepare

    世界上所有太空人接受的泳池訓練都無法精確地模擬或準備好

  • people for true zero gravity in space.

    人們在太空中的真正零重力。

  • Therefore, astronauts starting out are frequently nicknamedbulls in China shops”, an accurate

    是以,剛開始的太空人經常被戲稱為 "中國商店裡的公牛",這個說法很準確。

  • description of the grace and ease with which they move through their ships.

    描述了他們在船隻中移動的優雅和輕鬆。

  • This clumsiness is such a common experience for trainees that astronauts have formed their

    這種笨拙是受訓人員的常見經歷,以至於太空人們形成了他們的

  • own little rituals around smashing things.

    圍繞砸東西有自己的小儀式。

  • While astronauts are training, one of the most frequent accidents involves breaking

    當太空人在訓練時,最頻繁的事故之一是打破了

  • their visors.

    他們的面罩。

  • It's then traditional for fellow astronauts to hold a big ceremony on the next Monday

    然後,按照傳統,太空人同伴會在下一個星期一舉行盛大的儀式。

  • morning meeting, where they present the broken visor to the astronaut unlucky enough to crack

    晨會上,他們將破損的遮陽板交給了不幸運的太空人,讓他去破解。

  • it.

    它。

  • That's right, just a bit of astronaut hazing.

    這是正確的,只是有點像太空人的磨練。

  • The second most frequent accident for trainees involves getting caught in their tethers.

    受訓人員第二常見的事故是被繫繩套住。

  • As astronaut Scott Parazynski says, “they push with full velocity and bang their head,

    正如太空人Scott Parazynski所說,"他們以全速推進,撞得頭破血流。

  • and get caught in cables and things like that, so that's a source of great entertainment”.

    並被捲入電纜之類的東西,所以這也是一個很好的娛樂來源。

  • Astronauts: more like your least mature bros than you'd think.

    太空人:比你想象的更像你最不成熟的兄弟。

  • These coordination issues aren't helped by the fact that astronauts' heights change

    這些協調問題並沒有因為太空人的身高變化而得到幫助

  • while in space.

    在太空中時。

  • That's right!

    這就對了!

  • Without the gravity of Earth holding them down, frustratingly unable to reach that top

    沒有地球的引力壓制著他們,令人沮喪地無法達到那個頂端

  • shelf, their spine takes a nice long break to decompress and stretch.

    架子上,他們的脊柱需要很長時間的休息來減壓和伸展。

  • In space, people have been known to gain more than an inch of height in less than...three

    在太空中,人們已經知道在不到......三英寸的範圍內增加了超過一英寸的高度。

  • hours in space.

    小時的空間。

  • However, those hoping this boost will help them make their local basketball team back

    然而,那些希望這種推動力能夠幫助他們使當地的籃球隊迴歸的人

  • on Earth are out of luck.

    地球上的人都不走運。

  • That extra height gets lost almost immediately upon return.

    額外的高度在返回時幾乎立即消失。

  • In fact, astronauts go through a full 45-day reconditioning period, in which their body

    事實上,太空人要經過整整45天的修整期,在這期間他們的身體

  • has to readjust to life on Earth.

    必須重新適應地球上的生活。

  • During this time, muscles and bones painfully reacclimate to the concept of gravity, causing

    在這段時間裡,肌肉和骨骼痛苦地重新適應重力的概念,導致

  • severe back pain and other skeletomuscular issues while your body rebuilds muscle strength

    嚴重的背痛和其他骨骼肌肉問題,而你的身體正在重建肌肉力量

  • and bone mass.

    和骨量。

  • Not to mention, astronauts' sense of balance is completely destroyed.

    更不用說,太空人的平衡感被完全破壞。

  • They feel woozy, fall relatively easily, and constantly feel like they want to throw up

    他們感到頭暈目眩,相對容易跌倒,並經常感到想嘔吐。

  • for their first days back on Earth.

    為他們回到地球的第一天。

  • Basically like the world's longest, most annoying hangover.

    基本上就像世界上最長的、最惱人的宿醉。

  • These symptoms shouldn't be too much for them to handle, however, as astronauts throw

    然而,這些症狀對他們來說不應該是太大的問題,因為太空人扔了

  • up pretty frequently in space as well.

    在太空中也相當頻繁地出現。

  • That's right, NASA includes barf bags on all space missions, because they know each

    這是正確的,美國國家航空航天局在所有的太空任務中都包括嘔吐袋,因為他們知道每一個

  • and every one of those will probably be used.

    而且每一個都可能會被使用。

  • The bags have big towels attached that astronauts can use to wipe themselves off and toss out

    袋子上附有大毛巾,太空人可以用它來擦拭自己的身體並扔掉

  • with the bag.

    與包。

  • Unfortunately, there's no such bag people can use to catch their sneezes.

    不幸的是,沒有這樣的袋子,人們可以用來接住他們的噴嚏。

  • Astronaut David Wolf disclosed his profession's special sneezing technique: “aim low, off

    太空人大衛-沃爾夫披露了他的職業的特殊打噴嚏技巧。"瞄準低空,關閉

  • the windshield, because it can mess up your view and there's no way to clear it.

    擋風玻璃,因為它會擾亂你的視野,而且沒有辦法清除它。

  • That's how you do it.”

    你就是這樣做的。"

  • The last thing anyone wants is to wander off into space because they couldn't see their

    任何人都不希望因為看不到自己的東西而在太空中徘徊。

  • way back to the ship through a mucus-covered visor.

    通過粘液覆蓋的面罩回到船上的方式。

  • One last downside of an astronaut's work environment?

    太空人工作環境的最後一個弊端?

  • Everything smells.

    一切都有味道。

  • And we mean, everything.

    我們的意思是,一切。

  • All the time.

    所有的時間。

  • The environment inside the rockets, the International Space Station, the air inside their suit.

    火箭內部的環境,國際空間站,他們衣服內的空氣。

  • Oh that's right; because there's no gravity, the liquids, solids and gases in their stomachs

    哦,這是正確的;因為沒有重力,他們胃裡的液體、固體和氣體

  • don't settle in the same way, which makes burping impossible.

    不以同樣的方式定居,這使得打嗝成為不可能。

  • So what's the only available way left for all that gas to come out?

    那麼留給所有這些氣體的唯一可用方法是什麼?

  • That's right, farting.

    這是正確的,放屁。

  • Astronauts fart a lot.

    太空人經常放屁。

  • We can only imagine the agony of this happening while wearing a spacesuit that traps everything

    我們只能想象在穿上困住一切的太空服時發生這種情況的痛苦。

  • inside.

    裡面。

  • But why does the shuttle smell?

    但為什麼航天飛機會有氣味?

  • Well, we really hoped this quirky video about astronauts wouldn't involve quite so many

    好吧,我們真的希望這個關於太空人的古怪視頻不會涉及相當多的

  • bodily functions, but clearly there's no way around them.

    身體機能,但顯然沒有辦法繞過它們。

  • There is one toilet in a tiny little ship, and it's located right in the middle of

    在一艘小船上有一個廁所,它位於小船的正中央。

  • everything.

    一切。

  • Keep in mind, missions can involve up to seven people.

    請記住,任務最多可以涉及七個人。

  • Have you ever used a bathroom shared by an entire dorm hall?

    你有沒有使用過整個宿舍樓共用的衛生間?

  • Imagine that, but with no window ever open for the air to escape.

    想象一下,但沒有窗戶可以讓空氣排出。

  • No Febreze or scented candle in the world is strong enough to handle that.

    世界上沒有任何Febreze或香薰蠟燭能強到足以處理這種情況。

  • The International Space Station, a major stop for most astronauts, is better smelling, with

    國際空間站是大多數太空人的重要一站,它的氣味更好,有

  • a couple of exceptions.

    有幾個例外。

  • The culprit in the ISS however, isn't toilets; it's food.

    然而,國際空間站的罪魁禍首不是廁所,而是食物。

  • Especially seafood.

    特別是海鮮。

  • All seafood carries a certain odor when prepared, but imagine how much worse it is in a sealed

    所有的海鮮在烹調時都會有一定的氣味,但想象一下,在密封的環境中會有多大的氣味?

  • off, closed environment like the ISS.

    關,像國際空間站這樣的封閉環境。

  • Commanders are especially rankled by the presence of seafood gumbo.

    指揮官們對海鮮濃湯的出現尤其感到憤慨。

  • Astronaut Clayton Anderson explains, “eating a fish dish often produced the most pungent

    太空人克萊頓-安德森解釋說,"吃魚的菜經常產生最刺鼻的味道

  • odor, especially the US version of seafood gumbo.

    氣味,尤其是美國版的海鮮濃湯。

  • It might take a couple of hours topurgethat smell from the airflow of the ISS.”

    可能需要幾個小時才能從國際空間站的氣流中 "清除 "這種氣味。"

  • The smell is so bad that commanders will actually ban gumbo and other seafood dishes from even

    味道是如此糟糕,以至於指揮官甚至會禁止秋葵湯和其他海鮮菜餚進入。

  • being made on board.

    正在船上製作。

  • Apparently, after a long time in space, even the car-exhaust-laden atmosphere of Los Angeles

    顯然,在太空中呆了很久之後,即使是洛杉磯充滿汽車尾氣的大氣層也是如此

  • must be, quite literally, a breath of fresh air.

    從字面上看,這一定是一股新鮮空氣。

  • We've heard about the smells, the lack of coordination, the farting, the diapers; everything

    我們聽說過氣味、缺乏協調性、放屁、尿布;所有這些都聽說過。

  • that makes us want to avoid space forever, in addition to the general constant threat

    這使我們想永遠避開太空,除了一般的持續威脅之外

  • of space debris ripping apart your space ship.

    的空間碎片撕裂了你的太空梭。

  • Now let's take a look at a couple of surprisingly sweet and fun things about being an astronaut.

    現在讓我們來看看作為一名太空人,有幾件令人驚訝的甜蜜和有趣的事情。

  • Every morning, the crew members of the International Space Station will get customized wake-up

    每天早上,國際空間站的機組成員都會得到定製的喚醒服務。

  • music to wish them a pleasant day.

    音樂,祝他們有一個愉快的一天。

  • The sounds are often picked by crew members' family and friends, and can be anything from

    這些聲音往往是由船員的家人和朋友挑選的,可以是任何東西,從

  • songs to famous movie or TV show dialogue.

    歌曲與著名電影或電視節目的對話。

  • This offers a sweet little memento from loved ones, and a much needed reminder of life back

    這提供了一個來自親人的甜蜜的小紀念品,和一個非常需要的對生活的提醒。

  • home.

    家。

  • Unless an astronaut's partner just found out about their secret bank account and mistress,

    除非太空人的夥伴剛剛發現了他們的祕密銀行賬戶和情婦。

  • in which case we assume they get woken up by the Apollo 13 soundtrack piped in directly

    在這種情況下,我們假設他們會被直接播放的《阿波羅13號》原聲帶吵醒。

  • from Earth.

    來自地球。

  • However, this thankfully hasn't happened so far.

    然而,值得慶幸的是,到目前為止還沒有發生這種情況。

  • Also, there's no denying that astronauts, while having to function a lot like kids in

    此外,不可否認的是,太空人雖然不得不像孩子們一樣,在

  • space, also get to have fun like kids as well.

    空間,也能像孩子一樣獲得樂趣。

  • People have always looked up to the brave men and women who fly off into space to learn

    人們一直在仰望那些飛向太空的勇敢的男人和女人,學習

  • about our universe and help expand the boundaries of modern science; but there's plenty of

    關於我們的宇宙,並幫助擴大現代科學的界限;但也有很多的

  • downtime while they find themselves floating through the air, so who can resist a little

    當他們發現自己漂浮在空中的時候,有誰能拒絕一個小小的

  • entertainment?

    娛樂?

  • Chris Hadfield got famous for entertaining people from thousands of miles above the Earth's

    克里斯-哈德菲爾德因從地球上空數千英里處為人們提供娛樂而聞名。

  • surface.

    面。

  • His rendition of David Bowie's “Space Oddity”, sung while floating and circling

    他對大衛-鮑伊的 "太空怪談 "進行了演繹,在漂浮和盤旋中唱出了這首歌

  • the planet in a shuttle, was uploaded to YouTube and quickly went viral.

    乘坐航天飛機前往地球的照片被上傳到YouTube上,並迅速走紅。

  • South Korean astronaut Soyeon Yi said she and her fellow astronauts would sometimes

    韓國太空人Soyeon Yi說,她和她的太空人同伴有時會

  • hold relay races while working in the ISS.

    在國際空間站工作時舉行接力賽。

  • They would break off into two teams, fly from one end of the space station to the other,

    他們將抽成兩隊,從空間站的一端飛到另一端。

  • and return to send the next person racing off.

    並回來送下一個人比賽。

  • A kind of interstellar Field Day, but with no teachers to ever stop the fun.

    一種星際外勤日,但沒有老師來阻止這種樂趣。

  • Meanwhile, pranks abound on board a spaceship.

    與此同時,飛船上的惡作劇層出不窮。

  • For example, thanks to the weightlessness of space, some crew members like to sneak

    例如,由於太空的失重,一些船員喜歡偷偷地

  • up on their crewmates and loudly ask questions right next to their ears.

    在他們的船員身上,在他們的耳朵旁邊大聲地問問題。

  • Since there are no steps or stair squeaks, they can't hear anyone else approaching

    由於沒有臺階或樓梯的吱吱聲,他們聽不到其他人的接近。

  • while their back is turned.

    而他們的背對著他們。

  • Astronaut Jerry Linenger fondly recalled a few of those pranks, saying "I'd keep a straight

    太空人傑裡-林格(Jerry Linenger)深情地回憶起其中的一些惡作劇,他說:"我會保持一個直的

  • face and I'd go to the other module and I'd just start laughing about how the guy got

    我走到另一個模塊,我就開始笑,說這傢伙是怎麼得到的?

  • totally scared.”

    完全害怕。"

  • Overall, there are definitely some gross parts and plenty of fun parts to being an astronaut,

    總的來說,作為一名太空人,肯定有一些噁心的部分和大量有趣的部分。

  • but maybe it's time to talk about some more serious effects astronauts experience after

    但也許現在是時候談談太空人們在經歷了一些更嚴重的影響之後

  • their trips into space that are rarely talked about.

    他們的太空之行很少被人提起。

  • First of all, some astronauts initially find life back on Earth a little difficult.

    首先,一些太空人最初發現回到地球上的生活有點困難。

  • And not just because of the aforementioned back pain and spinal cord shenanigans.

    而不僅僅是因為前面提到的背痛和脊髓的詭計。

  • After silently barreling through the majestic expanse of our solar system, life on Earth

    在無聲無息地穿過我們太陽系的壯麗廣袤之後,地球上的生命

  • can seem noisy and full of distractions.

    看起來很嘈雜,充滿了干擾。

  • There are no passing ambulances or drunk sorority girls screaming late into the night in space

    在太空中,沒有路過的救護車,也沒有醉醺醺的聯誼會女孩尖叫到深夜。

  • - we assume.

    - 我們假設。

  • But even simple things like the sound of constantly passing cars and wildlife can seem overwhelming

    但是,即使是簡單的事情,如不斷經過的汽車和野生動物的聲音,也會顯得不堪重負。

  • after a long time away.

    在離開很長時間後。

  • So many, though not all astronauts, have trouble adjusting back to their previous daily life.

    所以很多人,雖然不是所有的太空人,都難以適應以前的日常生活。

  • However, astronauts also definitely take nothing on Earth for granted after a long mission.

    然而,太空人在完成長期任務後,也肯定會認為地球上沒有什麼是理所當然的。

  • Linenger once shared how something as simple as the color green struck him when he returned

    林格曾經分享過,當他返回時,像綠色這樣簡單的東西如何打動了他

  • home.

    家。

  • He said, “it's just such a beautiful, soothing color and I could just sit in my

    他說,"它是如此美麗、舒緩的顏色,我可以坐在我的辦公室裡。

  • backyard and just look up at the trees and the wind blowing and just be totally content."

    後院,只是抬頭看看樹,看看風的吹拂,就完全滿足了。"

  • Perhaps the most universal and profound experience all astronauts feel in space is a deep humbling.

    也許所有太空人在太空中感受到的最普遍和最深刻的經驗是一種深深的謙卑。

  • They realize the tiny place the planet they call home occupies in this universe.

    他們意識到他們稱之為家園的星球在這個宇宙中所佔據的微小位置。

  • And everything we take for granted - even the atmosphere and oxygen around us - are

    而我們認為理所當然的一切--甚至我們周圍的大氣和氧氣--都是

  • suddenly not seen as givens anymore.

    忽然間不再被看作是必然的了。

  • Chris Hadfield described the experience of seeing a shooting star in space, and the intense

    克里斯-哈德菲爾德描述了在太空中看到流星的經歷,以及在太空中看到流星的強烈感受。

  • emotion and fear it gave him.

    它給他帶來的情感和恐懼。

  • "If you want to just talk raw fear, to watch a shooting star from the other side of the

    "如果你想只談原始的恐懼,從另一邊看一顆流星

  • sky is a humbling thing to see, because it's no longer just a pretty sparkler like a free

    天空是一件令人謙卑的事情,因為它不再是一個漂亮的閃光點,就像一個自由的人。

  • firework in the sky.”

    天空中的煙花"。

  • Meanwhile Lininger experienced a complete paradigm shift in his time up in space while

    同時,Lininger在太空中經歷了一個完全的範式轉變,而

  • experiencing the carefully controlled and closedecosystemof the space shuttle.

    體驗航天飛機精心控制和封閉的 "生態系統"。

  • As he said, “you look down at the Earth, you see the same basic thingyou're a

    正如他所說,"你低頭看地球,你看到的基本東西是一樣的--你是一個

  • closed ecosystem.

    封閉的生態系統。

  • That perspective shift is probably the greatest gift that I received being in space.”

    這種視角的轉變可能是我在太空中收到的最大禮物。"

  • It made him and many of his fellow astronauts realize the fragility of our own ecosystem

    這使他和他的許多太空人同伴意識到我們自己的生態系統的脆弱性。

  • right here on Earth.

    就在地球上。

  • Astronauts have fascinated us for decades; possibly because space is a relatively newly

    幾十年來,太空人一直讓我們著迷;可能是因為太空是一個相對新的領域。

  • conquered frontier and space travel is something only a select group of people will ever get

    被征服的邊疆和太空旅行是隻有少數人能夠得到的東西。

  • to experience in their lifetimes.

    在他們的有生之年所經歷的。

  • However, there are many aspects to being an astronaut - the great, the bad, and the flat

    然而,作為一名太空人,有很多方面--偉大的、糟糕的和平淡的。

  • out weird - that most people don't think about.

    出怪異--大多數人沒有想到的。

  • What surprised you most from the facts they don't tell you about being an astronaut?

    從他們沒有告訴你的關於成為一名太空人的事實中,你最驚訝的是什麼?

  • Comment below!

    請在下面評論!

  • And if you'd like to keep discovering more weird and fascinating things you haven't

    如果你想繼續發現更多你沒有發現的奇怪和迷人的東西

  • been told, we're here to share all those secrets!

    已被告知,我們在這裡分享所有這些祕密!

  • So click on this video here, or this one instead!

    是以,請點擊這裡的視頻,或點擊這個視頻。

Astronauts are some of the most fascinating people on the planet; or technically, off

太空人是地球上最迷人的人之一;或者說,從技術上講,是在地球之外。

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太空人不想讓你知道的奇怪的祕密 (Weird Secrets Astronauts Don't Want You to Know)

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    Summer 發佈於 2021 年 10 月 22 日
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