字幕列表 影片播放 列印英文字幕 Prison. The final frontier for some, a place where they end their days. Others will get to leave, but wish they'd never step foot inside. Here's 50 things nobody tells you about prison. 50. We'll start with the USA, the country that can claim to lock more of its citizens up than any other, and by a long way, too. According to 2020 data, there were 2.3 million US citizens behind bars, but when we say bars, that included federal and state prisons, jails, juvenile correctional facilities, and immigration detention facilities. Just so you know, these numbers are not exactly stable, but close. People enter and leave facilities all the time. 49. It works out at around 639 people behind bars for every 100,000 people. The US is still number one in per capita terms. Here are the countries that follow in the top ten. The number is per 100,000: El Salvador, 562. Turkmenistan, 552. Palau, 552. Rwanda, 511. Cuba, 510. Maldives, 449. Virgin Islands (UK), 447. Thailand, 443. The Bahamas, 442. Let's stick with numbers for now. We'll get around to the messed-up stories soon, we promise. 48. According to the Prison Policy Initiative, in the US, 600,000 people enter prison each year. But that's nothing compared to jail. Around 10.6 million Americans enter jail every year. If you're wondering why that number is so high, it's because many people get out of jail very quickly, once they've got bail. Some of them have already been convicted for small crimes, so stay there for a while. They number about 160,000 people a year. One-quarter of people who go to jail will be there again after release within a year. Another reason for staying in jail is the simple fact that many poor people can't afford to make bail. In 2019, the Chicago Tribune wrote that of the 5,736 inmates in Cook County Jail, 5,390 were waiting for a trial. Half of them couldn't afford to pay bail, or they didn't have a place to stay where they could be electronically monitored. That begs the question, how many are innocent? 47. It's hard to say, because statistics tell us that a person is nine times more likely to say they are guilty of a misdemeanor crime if they can't make bail. They just want to move things on, even if they are innocent. In fact, 95 percent of cases never go to trial. People take plea bargains, sometimes if they're innocent. That doesn't mean prisons are teeming with innocent people, but quite a few people have been wrongly convicted of a crime. The Innocence Project says it's between 2.3 percent and 5 percent of prisoners in the US. Other sources put it as high as 10 percent. But why? 46. The answer is for many reasons. Some innocent people take a plea, especially if they think they have a less-than-great lawyer and they've been convinced that if the case goes to trial, they are looking at a hefty prison sentence. In court, an innocent person could lose because of prosecutorial misconduct, or because a witness lied, or even a cop lied. Maybe during the interrogation, the police were somewhat heavy-handed, and the victim was overwhelmed. Let's now look at an extreme case when this happened. 45. We've picked on the US enough, so now we'll sail across the pond to the UK. In 1974, a 17-year old council worker named Stephen Downing confessed to murdering a 32-year-old woman named Wendy Sewell. The case would become known as the greatest miscarriage of justice the UK had ever seen, although that's questionable given witches were burned there. Anyway, this young lad first told cops he'd found the woman at the cemetery where he was working as a groundskeeper. He said he moved her body, and that's why he got blood on him. He was interrogated for nine long hours. He also had learning difficulties, and there wasn't any lawyer with him during the questioning. Guess what? At the end of the grueling interrogation, he said he'd done it. He was given a long sentence, with the condition that he could meet with a parole board after ten years. Inmates believed this guy had hurt a woman, so he was beaten badly and had to change prisons eight times. Later he was caught in something called the “Innocent prisoner's dilemma”. He couldn't be paroled because he refused to say he'd committed the crime. Talk about a Catch-22. It's actually not that uncommon. We won't get too much into it, but the whole case was a shambles. He should never have been sent to prison. The cops knew this. One journalist that tried to help Downing told the BBC that police harassed him. He said, “They made my life absolute hell for five or six years. I was pulled up for speeding, stopped and searched, victimized…I was very worried for my family.” Downing got out after 27 years, and subsequent investigations found that the police in the past had done some very sketchy work indeed. On release, he received around $1 million in compensation and became a chef. He told the press, “I never allowed myself to feel angry or bitter. Who could I have taken it out on anyway? I still refuse to.” 44. The vast majority of prisoners in the US are not in for violent offenses. We looked at the latest 2021 data from the US Bureau of Prisons and saw that 46.2 percent of prisoners were in for drug offenses. No other crime came close, although offenses relating to Weapons, Explosives, and Arson accounted for 20.2 percent of prisoners. Every 25 seconds, someone is arrested for drug possession in the US, although they don't all end up in prison, of course. 43. We looked into drug possession offenses, and it is a very, very contentious issue. One reason is that drugs are widely available in prisons. In fact, there are reports stating that people have gone in for possessing soft drugs and got addicted to hard drugs inside to deal with the mental issues they faced. The vast majority of prisoners in for drugs are not trafficking drug kingpins, they are merely addicts. Research shows that importers or high-level suppliers only amount to 11 percent of drug offenders doing hard time. On top of that, there is ample data to suggest that more poor people get stopped by cops, and more of them go to prison for drug offenses than the middle class or wealthy people. As the Marshall Project said, “Rich drug abusers go to treatment, not prison.” The UK Guardian echoed that, saying, “The wealthy 'make mistakes', the poor go to jail.” The story said you're much more likely to have a drug problem if you have suffered trauma growing up or grown up poor. Prison is like a double-whammy. Pew Research said this, “More Imprisonment Does Not Reduce State Drug Problems.” Pew discovered that the deterrent of prison hasn't and doesn't stop people from taking drugs. This is why this is one very big hot potato of a subject. Ok, enough of that. Who's served the most time ever? 42. We found a few names. Paul Geidel served 68 years in the US after being convicted of second-degree murder in 1911. The weird thing is, it was looking like a parole board might have released him in 1926 because of his good behavior, but then he was found to be legally insane. He could have gotten out after 63 years, but by then he was so institutionalized he chose to stay in another for five years. He died a free man in 1987, aged 93. 41. Francis Clifford Smith served over 71 years in prison for the murder of a nightwatchman in 1950 in Connecticut. In 2020, he was moved to a nursing home. Now you'll see how innocent men can spend many years behind bars. 40. In 1972, aged 26, Richard Phillips went to prison as an innocent man. He was released 46 years later. He wrote this poem a few years into his incarceration: “Ain't it a crime. When you don't have a dime. To buy back the freedom you've lost? Ain't it odd. That when you pray to God. Your prayers don't seem to be heard? Ain't it sad. When you've never had. The freedom of a soaring bird?” He was finally exonerated in 2018, and later told he'd receive $1.5 million in compensation. He told the media, “I just want to keep a low profile, travel, and enjoy life. That's what I wanted to do in the first place.” 39. In a paper titled, “Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences,” it was said that four percent of people in the US on death row are probably innocent in the past and right now. 38. Eighteen people in the US have gotten off death row after DNA testing proved that they were innocent. They had collectively served 229 years. Sometimes innocent people get executed, too, as you'll now see. 37. US man Cameron Todd Willingham was executed in 2004 and later his innocence was proved after the case was said to have been heavily flawed. His last words were, “The only statement I want to make is that I am an innocent man - convicted of a crime I did not commit.” This is what an investigator later said, “The whole case was based on the purest form of junk science.” Johnny Garrett was executed in the US in 1992, and later DNA evidence proved he was innocent. It's said he didn't want to share any last words, although some sources say he said, “I'd like to thank my family for loving me and taking care of me. The rest of the world can kiss my…” We omitted one word. When innocent Florida man Jesse Tafero was executed in 1990, “Old Sparky” malfunctioned, and witnesses said what they saw was pure horror. The South Florida Sun-Sentinel wrote, “flames and smoke erupted from his head.” Now you'll see that executions of innocent people don't only happen in the USA. 36. In Russia in 1983, a man named Aleksandr Kravchenko was executed for murder. It turned out that the killer was none other than “the Butcher of Rostov”, Andrei Chikatilo. In 1950, a man named George Kelly was hanged in the UK for murder. There had been unbelievable police corruption in the case. The cops basically set him up. In fact, police had the confession of another man, but since they'd made a mess of the case, they held that information back. In 1989, a man named Teng Xingshan was executed in China for the murder of a woman.That woman later turned up to the surprise of everyone. Xingshan had committed no crime at all. 35. Prisoners get drunk while locked up on alcohol they make themselves. It's sometimes called hooch, or pruno, or prison wine. The best brewers can earn ok money from selling it. One former prisoner said, “You can sell half a gallon of wine for $25. Each pant leg makes two and a half gallons, so you do the math. It's a good hustle.” He said he cut pant legs and sewed the bottoms, and lined them with plastic bags. Then he filled them with water. After that, he threw in five pounds of sugar, a load of diced tomatoes, and tomato paste. He then let all that ferment. Other prisoners have used bread for yeast. As for the sweetness, any kind of fruit works, but you can also add candy. It's important to “burp” the bag. We saw a guy on a podcast who said he'd forgotten to do that, and he got covered in the stuff when it exploded. 34. Another thing prisoners will pay good money for is mobile phones. It's not easy getting them in. Sometimes an officer can be tempted with cash, or even threatened. Other times the phones are “plugged” in the rear, which you can imagine can be quite uncomfortable. For a run-of-the-mill phone, you might be able to charge US$1000 inside prison. 33. In 2015, Brazilian prison officers discovered a unique way prisoners were getting phones inside. They used cats. One cat that frequently went in and outside of the prison was found with four mobile phones, four chargers, and seven cards attached to it. 32. Just how much a man can plug is anyone's guess, but we saw a documentary where an officer showed how a prisoner had plugged a foldable knife. The British Prime Minister was recently given a lesson on such acts, when he learned some British prisoners were hiding “Kinder eggs” in themselves filled with drugs. 31. Why would people go to such an effort, you might ask? The answer is the mark-up. Drugs in prison are way more expensive than on the outside, so much so, officers might sometimes get in on the dealing. It is a license to print money, and there is no shortage of prisoners wanting something to take the monotony away. In fact, because opiates can't be detected in urine after around 2-3 days, some prisoners get into them even though they just want to smoke weed. Weed can be detected up to 21 days after ingestion. One podcast we watched said he took opiates in prison, but every so often, he got caught out. He said then he went back to the first floor, where he had no privileges. He'd slowly get back to the upper floor, where he'd do more opiates. Then he got caught again and was sent back down. He called it the merry-go-round. 30.