Placeholder Image

字幕列表 影片播放

  • Literary critic Northrop Frye once observed

    文學評論家諾思羅普弗萊曾觀察到 (Northrop Frye)

  • that in our primitive days, our literary heroes were -- well, nearly gods,

    在原始時代 文學中的英雄差不多跟神一樣

  • and as civilization advanced, they came down the mountain of the gods, so to speak,

    隨文明演進 他們從眾神之山走了下來

  • and became more human, more flawed, less heroic.

    變得更人性化、更有缺點、 更不像英雄

  • From the divine heroes like Hercules,

    從天神的英雄海克力斯

  • down the mountain below the miraculous but mortal heroes such as Beowulf,

    到山下奇蹟般的凡人英雄貝武夫

  • the great leaders such as King Arthur,

    及偉大的領袖亞瑟王

  • and the great but flawed heroes like Macbeth or Othello.

    和偉大但有缺陷的英雄 如馬克白和奧賽羅

  • Below even the unlikely but eventual heroes such as Harry Potter,

    再到不像是英雄 但最後成功的哈利波特、

  • Luke Skywalker, or Hiccup,

    星際大戰的天行者路克、 或是馴龍高手的小嗝嗝、

  • until we reach the bottom and meet the anti-hero.

    最底下才是「非傳統英雄」 (anti-hero)

  • Contrary to the sound, the anti-hero is not the villain, not the antagonist.

    非傳統英雄不是壞蛋、不是公敵

  • The anti-hero is actually the main character in some contemporary works of literature.

    實際上還是一些當代文學的主角

  • Guy Montag in "Fahrenheit 451," Winston Smith in "1984,"

    《華氏 451 度》的蒙塔格 (Guy Montag) 《1984》的溫斯頓史密斯 (Winston Smith)

  • who unwittingly ends up challenging those in power -- that is,

    他們在不知不覺中挑戰了當權者 -那就是

  • those who abuse their power to brainwash the populace to believe that the ills of society have been eliminated.

    濫用權力對民眾洗腦 說社會一切美好的人

  • Ideally, those who challenge the establishment should be wise, confident, brave,

    理想中,敢挑戰權力的人 應該是聰明、自信、勇敢、

  • physically strong, with a type of charisma that inpires followers.

    強壯、並有號召群眾的魅力

  • The anti-hero, however, at best demonstrates a few underdeveloped traits,

    然而非傳統英雄最多只有 幾種發展並不完全的特質

  • at worst, is totally inept.

    最差則是什麼都不會

  • The story of the anti-hero usually unfolds something like this.

    非傳統英雄的故事通常像這樣

  • The anti-hero initially conforms, ignorantly accepting the established views,

    他一開始服從、無知、接受現況

  • a typical, unquestioning, brainwashed member of society.

    是個典型、不質疑、 被洗腦過的社會人士

  • The anti-hero struggles to conform, all the while starting to object,

    他一直掙扎想遵守規範 然後開始反抗

  • perhaps finding other outsiders with whom to voice his questions,

    可能因為某個外人先質疑

  • and naïvely, unwisely, sharing those questions with an authority figure.

    他接著天真而不智的問了當權者

  • The anti-hero openly challenges society,

    非傳統英雄公開挑戰社會

  • and tries to fight against the lies and tactics used to oppress the populace.

    想對抗壓迫人民的謊言與技倆

  • This step, for the anti-hero, is seldom a matter of brave, wise and heroic opposition.

    非傳統英雄此時通常 不勇敢、不聰明、也不像反抗英雄

  • Maybe the anti-hero fights and succeeds in destroying the oppressive government,

    他也許會打贏並摧毀暴政

  • with a lot of impossible luck.

    靠的是超好的運氣

  • Perhaps he or she runs away, escapes to fight another day.

    也可能會逃跑,來日再戰

  • All too often though, the anti-hero is killed, or brainwashed

    非傳統英雄常會被殺掉、被洗腦

  • to return to conformity with the masses.

    變成跟大家一樣循規蹈矩

  • No heroic triumph here, no brave individual standing up against impersonal institutions of a modern world,

    沒有英雄式勝利,沒有勇氣站出來 對抗現代世界的不人道組織

  • inspiring others to fight, or resourcefully outwitting and outgunning the massive army of the evil empire.

    沒有鼓舞別人戰鬥,也沒有過人的 智力與武力對抗邪惡帝國的大部隊

  • Our storytelling ancestors calmed our fears of powerlessness

    我們的祖先藉由故事 安撫我們對無力感的恐懼

  • by giving us Hercules and other heroes strong enough to fight off the demons and monsters

    給我們海克力斯這樣的英雄 強到可以打敗

  • that we suspected haunted the night beyond our campfires.

    那些可能在夜晚的營火旁 把我們抓走的惡魔與怪獸

  • But eventually, we realized the monsters did not lie out there,

    最終我們發現,怪獸並不在外面

  • they reside inside of us.

    而是在我們心裡

  • Beowulf's greatest enemy was mortality.

    貝武夫最大的敵人是恐懼死亡

  • Othello's, jealousy.

    奧賽羅的敵人是嫉妒

  • Hiccup, self-doubt.

    小嗝嗝的敵人是自我懷疑

  • And in the tales of the ineffectual anti-hero, in the stories of Guy Montag and Winston Smith,

    在《華氏 451 度》及《1984》裡 作用不大的非傳統英雄

  • lie the warnings of contemporary storytellers playing on very primitive fears:

    藏著當代作者對抗原始恐懼的警告─

  • that we are not strong enough to defeat the monsters.

    我們的力量不足以打敗怪獸

  • Only this time, not the monsters chased away by the campfire,

    只在此時出現的 不是被營火嚇跑的怪獸

  • but the very monsters who built the campfire in the first place.

    而是最初生起營火的怪獸

Literary critic Northrop Frye once observed

文學評論家諾思羅普弗萊曾觀察到 (Northrop Frye)

字幕與單字

影片操作 你可以在這邊進行「影片」的調整,以及「字幕」的顯示

B2 中高級 中文 TED-Ed 英雄 傳統 怪獸 對抗 文學

【TED-Ed】一個人的反英雄--蒂姆-亞當斯。 (【TED-Ed】An antihero of one's own - Tim Adams)

  • 1850 120
    Kevin Tan 發佈於 2021 年 01 月 14 日
影片單字