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  • Testicles, balls, nuts, cojones, DwayneThe RockJohnsons; regardless of what you call

    睪丸、蛋蛋、蛋雞、Dwayne "The Rock" Johnsons;不管你怎麼稱呼

  • them, you wouldn't be alive today without this sex organ.

    他們,沒有這個性器官,你就不會活到今天。

  • That being said, testicles are pretty odd.

    話雖如此,但睪丸是相當奇怪的。

  • They are vital organs outside of the male body, one almost always hangs lower than the

    它們是男性身體外的重要器官,其中一個幾乎總是懸掛在比其更低的位置。

  • other, and they contain terabytes of genetic information.

    其他,它們包含了數兆字節的遺傳信息。

  • Let's start with a really weird testicle fact.

    讓我們從一個非常奇怪的睪丸事實開始。

  • All male animals have some form of testes.

    所有雄性動物都有某種形式的睪丸。

  • But the bush cricket may have the weirdest sized testicles in the entire animal kingdom.

    但是叢林蟋蟀可能擁有整個動物界中尺寸最怪異的睪丸。

  • The bush cricket's testicles account for 14 percent of their entire body weight.

    叢林蟋蟀的睪丸佔其整個身體重量的14%。

  • Imagine if a 150 pound human had testes that were 14 percent of their body weight.

    想象一下,如果一個150磅的人的睪丸佔其體重的14%。

  • That would mean their testicles would be almost 24 pounds.

    這將意味著他們的睪丸將有近24磅重。

  • Those are some big balls.

    這些是一些大球。

  • Sticking with the animal kingdom, male right whales have the largest testicles of any organism.

    在動物界,雄性露脊鯨的睪丸是所有生物體中最大的。

  • On average, the right whale testicle weighs around one ton and can produce a gallon of

    平均而言,露脊鯨的睪丸約有一噸重,可以產生一加侖的能量。

  • semen.

    精液。

  • And if you thought having a one ton testicle was weird, humans decided to take whale testicles

    如果你認為擁有一噸重的睪丸很奇怪,那麼人類決定採取鯨魚的睪丸

  • to a whole new level.

    到一個全新的水準。

  • The Icelandic brewing company Stedji has produced a beer for the country's mid-winter festival.

    冰島釀酒公司Stedji為該國的隆冬節生產了一種啤酒。

  • The festival is called Thorri, and the beer they created for it is the Hvalur 2 beer.

    這個節日被稱為Thorri,而他們為其創造的啤酒是Hvalur 2啤酒。

  • You may be wondering what an Icelandic beer and testicles have in common, well prepare

    你可能想知道冰島啤酒和睪丸有什麼共同點,那麼請準備好

  • to get weird.

    變得奇怪。

  • The beer itself is brewed with the testicles of fin whales.

    這款啤酒本身是用長鬚鯨的睪丸釀造的。

  • The fin whale testes are smoked in dried sheep dung, added to the batch of beer, and brewed

    長鬚鯨的睪丸在乾燥的羊糞中熏製,加入到一批啤酒中,然後進行釀造。

  • to infuse their flavor in the alcohol.

    將它們的味道注入酒中。

  • So it would seem the weirdest thing about whale testicles is what humans do with them.

    是以,看來鯨魚睪丸最奇怪的地方是人類如何對待它們。

  • And fin whale testicles are not the only reproductive organs that humans have made into a drink.

    而長鬚鯨的睪丸並不是唯一被人類做成飲料的生殖器官。

  • In the 16th through 18th century women in Canada would put beaver testicles in their

    在16至18世紀,加拿大的婦女會把海狸的睪丸放在她們的身體裡。

  • tea or moonshine.

    茶或月光。

  • It was believed that the beaver testicles acted as a contraceptive.

    人們認為海狸的睪丸起到了避孕的作用。

  • They didn't.

    他們沒有。

  • All that people got from drinking the beverage was the weird taste of beaver in their mouth.

    人們喝了這種飲料後得到的只是嘴裡有海狸的怪味。

  • Although we use the word testicles which has Latin roots, other languages use the term

    雖然我們使用有拉丁語根的睪丸一詞,但其他語言使用的是術語

  • for the male reproductive organ in different ways.

    以不同的方式為男性生殖器官服務。

  • For example, the word avocado is derived from the Aztec word for testicles.

    例如,鱷梨這個詞來自阿茲特克語,意思是睪丸。

  • This is also true of the word orchid, which is derived from the Greek word for testicles.

    蘭花這個詞也是如此,它源於希臘語中的睪丸。

  • Humans have probably been comparing their testes to nature since the beginning of time.

    人類可能從一開始就在將自己的睪丸與自然界進行比較。

  • This brings us to a unique, yet weird, term that is sometimes used for testicles: blue

    這給我們帶來了一個獨特而又奇怪的術語,它有時被用來形容睪丸:藍色

  • balls.

    球。

  • The colorful name is given to the sensation that occurs when a male gets sexually aroused,

    這個多彩的名字是對男性在性興奮時發生的感覺的稱呼。

  • but then does not have a release.

    但隨後並沒有發佈。

  • This can lead to an uncomfortable throbbing sensation in the testicles.

    這可能導致睪丸出現不舒服的悸動感。

  • At no point in time do the testes turn blue, and if for some reason they did, that person

    在任何時候,睪丸都不會變成藍色,如果由於某種原因,睪丸變成藍色,這個人

  • should immediately go seek medical attention, because they have much bigger problems than

    應該立即去尋求醫療護理,因為他們的問題要比

  • just a little discomfort.

    只是有點不舒服。

  • The scientific term for blue balls is epididymal hypertension.

    藍球的科學術語是附睪高血壓。

  • The biological reason this occurs is because the blood vessels of the testes expand to

    出現這種情況的生物學原因是由於睪丸的血管擴張到

  • make room for increased blood flow in preparation for sex.

    為增加血流以準備性生活騰出空間。

  • This is how males get erections.

    這就是男性獲得勃起的方式。

  • However, the penis is not the only thing that can increase in size in preparation for intercourse.

    然而,陰莖並不是唯一可以增加尺寸以準備性交的東西。

  • The testicles of human males can actually double in size when they are aroused.

    人類男性的睪丸在被喚醒時實際上可以增大一倍。

  • Think about how crazy that is.

    想想這有多瘋狂。

  • During sex the testes can grow twice as large to accommodate all of the blood flowing to

    在性生活中,睪丸可以長到兩倍大,以容納所有流入的血液。

  • the genitalia.

    的生殖器。

  • No wonder someone can sometimes feel light headed after sex.

    難怪有人在性生活後有時會感到頭重腳輕。

  • If you thought testicles growing twice their normal size was weird this next fact will

    如果你認為睪丸長到正常大小的兩倍很奇怪,那麼接下來的事實將是

  • really surprise you.

    真的讓你吃驚。

  • Sometimes the testicles can be hidden within the body.

    有時,睪丸可以隱藏在身體內。

  • When a human male is developing in the womb his testicles normally drop down from the

    當男性在子宮內發育時,他的睪丸通常會從子宮內降下來。

  • abdomen, and form in the scrotum outside of the body.

    腹部,並在體外的陰囊中形成。

  • However, sometimes human males are born with both testicles still inside their body.

    然而,有時人類男性出生時,兩個睪丸仍在體內。

  • Basically they appear to be born with no testes at all.

    基本上他們似乎天生就沒有睪丸。

  • Of course the testicles are still there, they just haven't descended yet.

    當然,睪丸還在那裡,只是還沒有降下來。

  • Sometimes when this happens the testicles eventually descend on their own after a few

    有時當這種情況發生時,睪丸最終會在幾個月後自行下降。

  • months, sometimes they don't.

    個月,有時則沒有。

  • If the testes do remain hidden in the body they oftentimes need to be taken out through

    如果睪丸確實隱藏在體內,通常需要通過以下方式取出來

  • surgery.

    手術。

  • This normally resolves the problem and allows the testicles to hang freely, but like with

    這通常會解決這個問題,使睪丸能夠自由懸掛,但就像對

  • any surgery, there are risks.

    任何手術都有風險。

  • A risk of having undescended testicles is that the person has a 40 percent higher chance

    患有未降睪丸的風險是,該人有40%的高機會

  • of developing testicular cancer, even after they have been operated on.

    即使在他們接受了手術之後,也有可能發展成睪丸癌。

  • But why do the testicles sit outside of the body?

    但為什麼睪丸會在身體外?

  • They are incredibly sensitive and vital to the reproduction of our species, so why aren't

    它們是非常敏感的,對我們物種的繁衍至關重要,那麼為什麼不呢?

  • they more protected?

    他們更受保護?

  • The answer is both surprising and weird.

    答案既讓人驚訝又讓人奇怪。

  • The main purpose of the testes is to produce sperm.

    睪丸的主要作用是產生精子。

  • They actually serve no other purpose but to produce sperm and secrete hormones.

    實際上,它們除了產生精子和分泌荷爾蒙外沒有其他作用。

  • In fact, the average human testicles produces around 200 million sperm every day.

    事實上,人類的睪丸平均每天產生約2億個精子。

  • But why is the organ that ensures the continuation of our species so exposed?

    但為什麼確保我們物種延續的器官會如此暴露?

  • Why aren't they inside of the body where they can be protected?

    為什麼它們不在身體內部,在那裡它們可以得到保護?

  • The reason is because of temperature regulation.

    原因是溫度調節。

  • Sperm survives best around 93 degrees Fahrenheit.

    精子在華氏93度左右存活率最高。

  • This is about five degrees cooler than the internal temperature of the body, which is

    這比人體的內部溫度低五度左右,而人體的內部溫度是

  • 98.6 degrees.

    98.6度。

  • By having the testicles sitting just outside of the body their temperature can be regulated.

    通過讓睪丸位於身體之外,它們的溫度可以得到調節。

  • This is done by the scrotum tightening or loosening.

    這是通過陰囊的收緊或鬆弛來實現的。

  • When it shrinks the testes are pulled closer to the body, and therefore, their temperature

    當它收縮時,睪丸被拉近身體,是以,其溫度

  • rises.

    崛起。

  • When the scrotum stretches the testicles descend away from the body and their temperature lowers.

    當陰囊伸展時,睪丸下降到遠離身體的地方,其溫度也隨之降低。

  • It is a balancing act of the testes to ensure they stay at a viable temperature for sperm

    這是睪丸的一種平衡行為,以確保它們保持在可行的溫度下供精子使用。

  • production and storage.

    生產和儲存。

  • This dance of the testicles isn't just specific to humans.

    睪丸的這種舞蹈不僅僅是人類特有的。

  • Every animal is slightly different.

    每種動物都略有不同。

  • For example, elephant testicles are tucked up inside the body near their kidneys.

    例如,大象的睪丸被塞進身體裡,靠近它們的腎臟。

  • So the thermoregulation process and temperature of the testicles is different from animal

    是以,睪丸的體溫調節過程和溫度與動物不同。

  • to animal.

    到動物。

  • Sperm for all intents and purposes is a data storage device.

    精子就所有意圖和目的而言是一種數據存儲設備。

  • It holds half of the genetic information to make an offspring in the form of DNA.

    它持有一半的遺傳信息,以DNA的形式製造後代。

  • This means that the average male ejaculation releases around 15.8 terabytes of data in

    這意味著,男性射精平均釋放出約15.8兆字節的數據。

  • DNA code, which makes the testes one of the largest data storage devices in the world.

    DNA代碼,這使得睪丸成為世界上最大的數據存儲設備之一。

  • And if having two organs that act like computer hard drives between the legs isn't weird

    如果兩腿之間有兩個像電腦硬盤一樣的器官還不奇怪的話

  • enough, most testicles hang at different heights.

    足夠了,大多數睪丸懸掛在不同的高度。

  • For most males the left testicle hangs a little lower than the right.

    對於大多數男性來說,左邊的睪丸比右邊的低一點。

  • The reason for this is so that the temperature of one testicle can be adjusted without affecting

    這樣做的原因是為了調整一個睪丸的溫度而不影響

  • the other.

    另一個。

  • If both testes were at the same exact height they would be constantly touching one another,

    如果兩個睪丸處於相同的確切高度,它們將不斷地相互接觸。

  • and there would be no way to make slight temperature adjustments to either side without affecting

    而且沒有辦法在不影響任何一方的情況下對其進行輕微的溫度調整。

  • the other.

    另一個。

  • Scientists have no idea why it is the left testicle that hangs lower for most males,

    科學家們不知道為什麼大多數男性的左側睪丸懸空較低。

  • it may be by random chance, or a yet to be discovered reason that will be just another

    這可能是隨機的機會,或者是一個尚未被發現的原因,這將是另一個機會。

  • weird fact to add to the list.

    詭異的事實添加到列表中。

  • It is important we continue to learn about the world around us and this includes learning

    我們必須繼續瞭解我們周圍的世界,這包括學習

  • more about testicles.

    更多關於睪丸的資訊。

  • If we don't, some terrible mistakes could be made.

    如果我們不這樣做,可能會犯一些可怕的錯誤。

  • For example, in the Middle Ages men who wanted sons sometimes had their left testicles chopped

    例如,在中世紀,想要兒子的男人有時會把他們的左睪丸砍掉。

  • off.

    關閉。

  • It was thought that the right testicle held the sperm to create a male and the left testicle

    人們認為,右睪丸容納精子以創造男性,而左睪丸

  • held the sperm that created a female.

    持有創造女性的精子。

  • It was believed that by cutting off the left testicle, they were all but ensured to have

    人們認為,通過切斷左睪丸,他們幾乎可以確保擁有

  • a male offspring.

    一個男性的後代。

  • As science advanced we discovered that the Y chromosome that determines whether an offspring

    隨著科學的發展,我們發現,決定後代是否為人的Y染色體

  • will be male or female can be found in the sperm of both testicles.

    在兩個睪丸的精子中都可以找到男性或女性。

  • Meiosis, which is the process of cell division to create sex cells such as sperm, occurs

    減數分裂是細胞分裂的過程,以創造性細胞,如精子,發生在

  • the exact same way in both testicles.

    在兩個睪丸中的方式完全相同。

  • Therefore, regardless which testicle the sperm that fertilizes the egg comes from, there

    是以,無論使卵子受精的精子來自哪個睪丸,都有

  • is a 50/50 chance that it carries the Y chromosome and that the baby will be a boy.

    是50/50的機會,它攜帶Y染色體,嬰兒將是一個男孩。

  • You also have to wonder how awkward it must have been if a man in the Middle Ages cut

    你也不得不想,如果一個人在中世紀砍了一刀,那一定是很尷尬的。

  • off his left testicle and his next baby was a female.

    他的左睪丸被切除,他的下一個孩子是個女的。

  • He must have felt really silly for treating his testes in such a horrible way.

    他一定覺得自己很傻,因為他以如此可怕的方式對待自己的睪丸。

  • Like all organs in your body, testicles make proteins for different functions within your

    像你身體的所有器官一樣,睪丸為你體內的不同功能製造蛋白質。

  • cells.

    細胞。

  • Interestingly, testicles have the most diverse proteins out of any organ in the body.

    有趣的是,在身體的任何器官中,睪丸的蛋白質是最多樣化的。

  • It has been estimated that around 77% of all human proteins can be created in the testicles.

    據估計,大約77%的人類蛋白質可以在睪丸中產生。

  • Around 1,000 of those proteins are unique to the testes alone.

    這些蛋白質中大約有1000個是僅為睪丸所獨有的。

  • This is interesting because the human brain only creates around 300 unique proteins.

    這很有趣,因為人腦只創造了大約300種獨特的蛋白質。

  • So, it would seem that the testicles are sometimes more impressive than even the human brain,

    是以,看來睪丸有時甚至比人的大腦更令人印象深刻。

  • which might not come as a surprise for some of you when thinking about the males of our

    當想到我們的男性時,這對你們中的一些人來說可能並不奇怪。

  • species.

    物種。

  • On a more serious note, a unique form of cancer that develops in the testicles can be incredibly

    更為嚴重的是,在睪丸中發生的一種獨特形式的癌症可能是令人難以置信的。

  • dangerous for men.

    對男人來說很危險。

  • Testicular cancer occurs most frequently in men who are between 15 and 35 years old.

    睪丸癌最經常發生在15至35歲的男性身上。

  • This is a younger age group than most other cancers.

    這是一個比大多數其他癌症更年輕的年齡組。

  • Testicular cancer can be dangerous and even fatal.

    睪丸癌可能是危險的,甚至是致命的。

  • It is estimated that around 8,700 new cases of testicular cancer are diagnosed every year

    據估計,每年約有8,700個新的睪丸癌病例被診斷出來。

  • in the United States alone.

    僅僅在美國,就有很多人。

  • Of these 8,700 hundred men around 380 will die.

    在這8,700百人中,約有380人將死亡。

  • So, testicular cancer is not something to be taken lightly.

    是以,睪丸癌是不能輕視的。

  • The testicles are truly unique organs, and if nothing else, they are definitely weird.

    睪丸是真正獨特的器官,如果不出意外的話,它們肯定很奇怪。

  • Whether it is their unique size and shape, or the crazy things we do with them, who knows

    無論是它們獨特的尺寸和形狀,還是我們用它們做的瘋狂事情,誰知道呢?

  • what discoveries the future holds for these male reproductive organs.

    這些男性生殖器官的未來會有什麼發現。

  • Now check outWeird Facts about Male Body.”

    現在請看 "關於男性身體的怪異事實"。

  • Or watchWeird Facts About Female Body.”

    或觀看 "關於女性身體的古怪事實"。

Testicles, balls, nuts, cojones, DwayneThe RockJohnsons; regardless of what you call

睪丸、蛋蛋、蛋雞、Dwayne "The Rock" Johnsons;不管你怎麼稱呼

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C1 高級 中文 睪丸 精子 男性 溫度 身體 奇怪

關於睪丸的奇怪事實 (Weird Facts About Testicles)

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    Summer 發佈於 2021 年 08 月 19 日
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