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  • It's late 1945, and the Allies are pushing deep into Germany.

    現在是1945年底,盟軍正在向德國縱深推進。

  • All seems lost for the Wehrmacht, and Soviet soldiers closing in on Berlin settle in for

    對德國國防軍來說,一切似乎都失去了意義,向柏林逼近的蘇聯阿兵哥們在柏林定居了下來。

  • a day's rest.

    一天的休息。

  • They've been pushing non-stop for weeks, chasing the once formidable German army across the

    他們已經馬不停蹄地推進了數週,追趕曾經強大的德國軍隊,跨越了整個歐洲。

  • Soviet tundra and into the heart of Germany.

    蘇聯的苔原,並進入德國的中心。

  • Today will be a well-earned rest.

    今天將是一個應得的休息。

  • Suddenly, the ground begins to shake.

    突然,地面開始搖晃。

  • Faint at first, but growing in intensity.

    起初很微弱,但越來越強烈。

  • Some of the men laugh, “Earthquake!”, they shout- but the rumbling continues on.

    一些人笑了,"地震!",他們喊道--但隆隆聲仍在繼續。

  • Then, they can hear it- the unmistakable sound of belching engines and the rumbling of tank

    然後,他們可以聽到它--無誤的發動機噴氣聲和坦克的隆隆聲。

  • treads.

    踏板。

  • Soviet T-34s roar to life and advance to meet the threat as the infantry scrambles to prepare

    蘇聯的T-34坦克轟鳴起來,在步兵爭相準備的情況下前進以應對威脅

  • for combat.

    用於戰鬥。

  • The thick wooded line ahead of the Soviet advance forces suddenly parts, trees pushed

    蘇聯先頭部隊前方厚厚的林線突然分開,樹木被推到了

  • aside like matchsticks, as massive armored behemoths emerge from the dark forest like

    巨大的裝甲巨獸從黑暗的森林中出現,就像火柴棍一樣,被扔到一邊。

  • primordial monsters.

    原始的怪獸。

  • The Soviet tankers are too shocked to react- these German tanks, painted in green and brown

    蘇聯的坦克手震驚得無法反應--這些塗成綠色和棕色的德國坦克

  • camouflage, are over twice the size of their own tanks!

    偽裝,是他們自己的坦克的兩倍以上!

  • Matter of fact, the top of their T-34 tanks can barely reach the bottom of the German

    事實上,他們的T-34坦克的頂部可以勉強到達德國的底部。

  • tank's turrets!

    坦克的炮塔!

  • The Germans are the first to fire.

    德國人是第一個開火的。

  • A single round from the massive 128mm cannon strikes a T-34, creating a five foot long

    巨大的128毫米加農炮的一發子彈擊中了一輛T-34,形成一個五英尺長的

  • tear in the chassis armor half a foot wide and blowing the turret clean off.

    在底盤裝甲上撕開半英尺寬的口子,把炮塔炸得稀巴爛。

  • The tank, and the crew, are instantly dead.

    坦克和乘員瞬間死亡。

  • The T-34s return fire in a panic, but their 76 millimeter guns bounce off the 150mm thick

    T-34戰機慌忙還擊,但他們的76毫米口徑火炮被150毫米厚的

  • sloped armor of the German tanks.

    德國坦克的斜面裝甲。

  • The T-34's own 47 millimeter armor is worthless under the onslaught of the German 128mm cannon,

    在德國128毫米大炮的攻擊下,T-34自身的47毫米裝甲毫無價值。

  • even full-frontal shots are guaranteed kills on the Soviet tanks.

    即使是正面射擊也能保證擊斃蘇聯坦克。

  • The Soviet lines break and the infantry retreat in panic as they watch their armor decimated

    蘇聯防線斷裂,步兵在恐慌中撤退,因為他們看到自己的裝甲部隊被消滅了。

  • before their eyes.

    在他們眼前。

  • The tide of World War II has officially been turned, and leading Nazi Germany's revenge

    二戰的浪潮已經正式扭轉,上司納粹德國的復仇行動

  • is the largest tank ever created, the Panzer VIII Maus.

    是有史以來最大的坦克,八號坦克(Panzer VIII Maus)。

  • This is the dream Hitler envisioned for the German army even before the tide began to

    這就是希特勒為德軍設想的夢想,甚至在大潮開始之前就已經實現了。

  • turn against him.

    轉而反對他。

  • A big fan of 'superweapons', Hitler was no stranger to moonshots- even when he should

    作為 "超級武器 "的忠實粉絲,希特勒對登月計劃並不陌生--甚至在他應該

  • have been relying on more conservative, tried and tested weapons to maintain his grip on

    他一直依靠更保守的、久經考驗的武器來維持他的控制權。

  • Europe.

    歐洲。

  • Some of these moonshots would achieve a level of success, the V-1 and V-2 rockets or the

    這些登月計劃中的一些將取得一定程度的成功,如V-1和V-2火箭或

  • Messerschmitt 262 for example held the promise of achieving great military success... if

    例如,梅塞施密特262型就有希望取得巨大的軍事成功......如果

  • they had been implemented earlier in the war.

    他們在戰爭早期就已經實施了。

  • Other moonshots though, such as the Schewer Gustave super artillery achieved little and

    不過其他的登月計劃,如Schewer Gustave超級大炮,幾乎沒有取得什麼成果,而且

  • sucked up valuable funding and time that were better spent elsewhere.

    吸取了寶貴的資金和時間,而這些資金和時間可以更好地用於其他方面。

  • However, none of Hitler's failed superweapons held quite the potential to change the tide

    然而,希特勒失敗的超級武器中,沒有一種武器具有改變局勢的潛力

  • of the war like the Panzer VIII Maus.

    在戰爭中,像八號裝甲車一樣的 "毛斯"。

  • The Maus- or Mouse, because the Nazis had a flair for the ironic- was first pitched

    毛斯--或老鼠,因為納粹有諷刺性的天賦--是第一次被提出來。

  • to Hitler in 1942, by Ferdinand Porsche- and yes, that Porsche.

    1942年,費迪南德-保時捷(Ferdinand Porsche)--是的,就是那輛保時捷--向希特勒提交的。

  • Hitler had made it clear that he wanted a tank that would dominate the battlefield against

    希特勒曾明確表示,他希望有一種能主宰戰場的坦克,以對抗

  • any Allied tank, and while the German army was fielding some of the best tanks in the

    而當德軍在戰場上使用一些最好的坦克時,卻沒有任何盟軍的坦克。

  • world at that time, the Soviet T-34 had proven to be a major surprise for German units fighting

    在當時的世界上,蘇聯的T-34已被證明是對德國部隊作戰的一個重大驚喜。

  • in the Soviet Union.

    在蘇聯。

  • German tankers were vastly superior to their Soviet counterparts, but the T-34 itself as

    德國的坦克車大大優於蘇聯的同類產品,但T-34本身作為

  • a tank was more than a match for German Panzers.

    坦克比德國裝甲車更有優勢。

  • If the Soviets learned to be better tankers, the German Wehrmacht was in serious trouble.

    如果蘇聯人學會了成為更好的坦克手,德國國防軍就會有嚴重的麻煩。

  • Porsche had the answer to the Fuhrer's dreams of a super tank.

    保時捷為元首的超級坦克夢找到了答案。

  • It would be powered by an engine adapted from a design used to keep Germany's bombers in

    它將由一個從用於保持德國轟炸機的設計中改編的發動機提供動力。

  • the air, and it would need all 1200 horsepower the engine produced to move the massive 200

    它將需要發動機產生的所有1200馬力來移動巨大的200米高空。

  • ton tank.

    噸坦克。

  • By comparison, both the King Tiger, Germany's premier heavy tank, and America's modern Abrams

    相比之下,德國首屈一指的重型坦克 "虎王 "和美國的現代艾布拉姆斯都是如此。

  • weigh in at around 68 tons.

    重量約為68噸。

  • The Maus would end up being over twice as heavy as any tank on the battlefield- ever.

    毛斯坦克最終會比戰場上的任何坦克都要重兩倍以上--有史以來。

  • With a 1.1 meter wide track- almost twice the size of a modern Abrams- the Maus would

    毛斯擁有1.1米寬的軌道--幾乎是現代艾布拉姆斯的兩倍--它將

  • make its presence known on a battlefield long before the enemy ever saw it.

    早在敵人看到它之前,它就已經在戰場上嶄露頭角了。

  • But the massive tank required equally massive treads, because without them the ground pressure

    但巨大的坦克需要同樣巨大的胎面,因為沒有胎面,地面的壓力就會增加。

  • the vehicle exerted would make it impossible to drive almost anywhere without it sinking

    車輛所施加的壓力將使它幾乎不可能在任何地方行駛而不下沉。

  • into the ground.

    入土為安。

  • As it was, the tank would never be able to cross a bridge, and would cause serious damage

    就像現在這樣,坦克永遠無法過橋,而且會造成嚴重的破壞

  • to paved roads.

    到鋪設好的道路。

  • Instead, the tank would either be embarked to cross rivers on barges, or simply drive

    相反,坦克要麼被裝在駁船上過河,要麼就直接開著

  • along the bottom with the aid of a snorkel for the crew.

    在船員浮潛的幫助下,沿著底部前進。

  • A second tank would remain on shore and provide electrical power to the fording tank via a

    第二個水箱將保留在岸上,並通過水箱向渡槽提供電力。

  • connected cable.

    連接的電纜。

  • Thus special effort was made to help make the interior compartments watertight.

    是以,我們做出了特別的努力來幫助使內部艙室不漏水。

  • To power such a massive beast of a tank would require oceans of fuel, and even with a 420

    為如此巨大的坦克提供動力,需要大量的燃料,即使有420馬力的發動機,也需要大量燃料。

  • gallon tank the Maus could only travel 38 miles in difficult terrain or 100 miles in

    加侖的油箱,Maus只能在困難的地形上行駛38英里,或在100英里內行駛。

  • relatively flat and easy terrain such as that of the western Soviet Union.

    相對平坦和容易的地形,如蘇聯西部的地形。

  • An Abrams today holds 500 gallons of fuel and has a range of up to 262 miles.

    今天,一輛艾布拉姆斯可容納500加侖的燃料,航程可達262英里。

  • With so much weight, the massive tank would certainly take its time getting anywhere,

    有了這麼多的重量,這個巨大的坦克肯定會花時間去做任何事情。

  • as it had a maximum speed of just over 12 miles an hour (19 kmh).

    因為它的最大速度略高於每小時12英里(19公里)。

  • The Maus would never need to run from a fight though, thanks to it being the most heavily

    雖然毛斯永遠不需要從戰鬥中逃跑,但由於它是最嚴重的

  • armored vehicle in existence.

    現有的裝甲車。

  • The front of the hull was 220 millimeters of sloped steel armor, making it in essence

    船體前部是220毫米的斜面鋼裝甲,這使得它在本質上

  • completely invulnerable to enemy fire.

    完全不受敵人火力的影響。

  • The sides and rear, typically less well armored on any tank, were still 200mm thick, This

    側面和後部,通常在任何坦克上都沒有那麼好的裝甲,仍然是200毫米厚,這

  • made even the rear of the Maus better protected than the King Tiger's front, which Allied

    使得即使是毛斯的後部也比虎王的前部得到更好的保護,而盟軍

  • tanks already had great difficulty penetrating at anything but point-blank range.

    坦克在近距離以外的地方已經很難穿透。

  • With the tank being so slow though, it only made sense that it would need such heavy protection

    由於坦克的速度如此之慢,它需要如此沉重的保護才有意義。

  • all around it.

    圍繞著它。

  • Accompanied by supporting infantry, the Maus would in essence be impossible to defeat except

    伴隨著支持性的步兵,Maus在本質上是不可能被打敗的,除了

  • via concentrated anti-tank gun fire or close air support.

    通過集中的反坦克炮火或近距離空中支援。

  • Infantry hand-held anti-tank weapons would be completely ineffective against such thick

    步兵的手持反坦克武器對這種厚重感是完全無效的。

  • armor.

    盔甲。

  • The Maus would dish out even better than it could take though, with a 128mm main gun that

    不過,毛斯的威力比它能承受的還要大,它有一門128毫米的主炮,可用於攻擊。

  • absolutely dwarfed any tank cannon on the battlefield- it would even dwarf America's

    絕對使戰場上的任何坦克炮相形見絀--它甚至會使美國的

  • most modern Abrams, equipped with a 120mm gun.

    最現代的艾布拉姆斯,裝備了120毫米火炮。

  • A 75mm co-axial secondary gun would also be equipped on the tank, doubling its lethality.

    坦克上還將裝備一門75毫米同軸副炮,使其殺傷力加倍。

  • A 7.92mm machine gun would help keep enemy infantry at bay, and if all this wasn't even

    一挺7.92毫米的機槍將有助於阻止敵人的步兵,如果這一切還不是

  • enough firepower, the tank even had the option of equipping a full-blown anti-aircraft machine

    足夠的火力,該坦克甚至可以選擇裝備一臺完整的防空機。

  • gun.

    槍。

  • This would allow it to defend itself from the only realistic threat on the battlefield

    這將使其能夠抵禦戰場上唯一現實的威脅

  • for the Maus- enemy close air support.

    為毛斯--敵人的近距離空中支援。

  • Even the massive 128mm gun however was deemed too small for the tank.

    然而,即使是巨大的128毫米火炮也被認為對該坦克來說太小了。

  • After Hitler saw a wooden mockup of the tank in 1943, he commented that the main gun looked

    1943年,希特勒看到了坦克的木製模型,他評論說,主炮看起來很像

  • like a toy on the massive tank, and asked for the gun to be increased to an incredible

    巨大的坦克上的玩具一樣,並要求將槍支增加到一個令人難以置信的

  • 150mm cannon.

    150毫米大炮。

  • Originally weighing in at 175 tons, Hitler's additional modifications would push the weight

    原本重量為175噸,希特勒的額外改裝將使其重量達到

  • to an astounding 200 tons.

    到驚人的200噸。

  • These additions would include a mortar for close defense, and three additional ports

    這些新增設施將包括用於近距離防禦的迫擊炮,以及三個額外的港口

  • in the turrets for submachine guns.

    炮塔中的衝鋒槍。

  • Hitler was immediately in love with his super tank, and approval was given for production.

    希特勒立即愛上了他的超級坦克,並準許了生產。

  • It was estimated that German factories would be able to crank out 10 Maus a month, that

    據估計,德國工廠將能夠每月生產10輛Maus,即

  • figure later being revised to just 5.

    這一數字後來被修訂為只有5。

  • Even these incredibly low numbers however would be more than enough for Germany to turn

    然而,即使是這些低得令人難以置信的數字,也足以讓德國轉向

  • the tide with tanks that were nearly unkillable.

    有著幾乎無法殺死的坦克的潮水。

  • The first prototype was produced in December of 1943, though it lacked a functional turret.

    第一臺原型機於1943年12月生產,儘管它缺乏一個功能性的炮塔。

  • Instead, a 'dummy' turret the same weight and size as the real turret was installed,

    取而代之的是安裝了一個與真正的炮塔重量和大小相同的 "假 "炮塔。

  • in order to help engineers test the tank in real-world conditions.

    以幫助工程師在真實世界的條件下測試該坦克。

  • The tank proved to be slow, but surprisingly agile, with about half the turning radius

    事實證明,該坦克速度很慢,但出乎意料的靈活,轉彎半徑約為一半。

  • of an American M4 Sherman.

    一輛美國M4謝爾曼的車。

  • Despite positive tests, Allied bombing raids were severely hampering production of the

    儘管進行了積極的測試,但盟軍的轟炸嚴重阻礙了

  • Maus.

    毛斯。

  • Limited production capacity had to be prioritized for conventional German tanks, tried and true

    有限的生產能力不得不優先用於傳統的德國坦克,久經考驗的坦克

  • platforms that were known to work well.

    已知運作良好的平臺。

  • Changing production over to the Maus would also require a massive retooling of German

    將生產轉移到 "毛斯 "上還需要對德國進行大規模的重新調整。

  • factories and a retraining of its workforce, further disincentivising the production of

    勞動者的再培訓,進一步抑制了生產的積極性。

  • the Maus on a large scale.

    大規模的Maus。

  • A second prototype was completed a few months after the first, in March 1944.

    第二架原型機在第一架的幾個月後,即1944年3月完成。

  • This functional turret was fitted with a 128mm gun, a coaxial 75mm gun, and a 7.92 machine

    這個功能性炮塔配備了一門128毫米火炮、一門同軸75毫米火炮和一門7.92機槍。

  • gun for air defense.

    炮,用於防空。

  • However, by now the war was already turning against Hitler in every theater, and German

    然而,此時戰爭已經在各個戰場上轉向對希特勒不利,而德國人

  • industry simply could not afford to switch production over to the Maus.

    工業界根本沒有能力將生產轉到Maus上。

  • An additional four hulls under construction were ordered to be scrapped immediately, and

    另外四艘正在建造的船體被命令立即報廢,而

  • the Maus would never leave the prototype phase.

    Maus將永遠不會離開原型階段。

  • With the Soviet army closing in, the German military quickly moved to destroy their supertank

    隨著蘇軍的逼近,德軍迅速採取行動,摧毀其超級坦克

  • prototypes.

    原型。

  • Explosive charges were placed in the engine and crew compartments, causing massive damage

    爆炸物被放置在發動機艙和船員艙,造成了巨大的損失

  • but leaving the turret relatively intact.

    但是保留了相對完整的炮塔。

  • The second Maus proved to be so formidable, that the attempt to destroy it would prove

    事實證明,第二個Maus是如此可怕,以至於試圖摧毀它的努力將證明

  • to be less than successful, leaving the Soviets with quite the prize as they advanced through

    但並不那麼成功,當蘇聯人在美國的領土上前進時,他們獲得了相當大的收穫。

  • Germany.

    德國。

  • The Maus prototypes were quickly taken deep into the Soviet Union, where the scientists

    毛斯的原型很快就被帶到了蘇聯的深處,在那裡科學家們

  • and engineers the tank was meant to defeat got a chance to study it in detail.

    坦克所要打敗的工程師有機會詳細研究它。

  • The functional turret of the heavily damaged Maus was merged with the body of the other,

    嚴重受損的 "毛斯 "號的功能炮塔與另一個炮塔的主體合併在一起。

  • largely undamaged Maus, requiring the use of six 18 ton half-tracks just to pull the

    基本上沒有損壞的 "毛斯 "號,需要使用6個18噸的半履帶才能拉動。

  • 55 ton turret off the damaged tank.

    損壞的坦克上的55噸炮塔。

  • The Panzer VIII Maus would have been an unstoppable superweapon if it had ever rolled off the

    如果八號坦克下線,它將成為一種不可阻擋的超級武器。

  • assembly lines in force.

    裝配線生效。

  • Luckily, allied bombing had created serious difficulties for German manufacturing, and

    幸運的是,盟軍的轟炸給德國製造業帶來了嚴重的困難,而

  • Hitler's lack of focus on a single definitive weapon system doomed the effort even before

    希特勒缺乏對單一明確的武器系統的關注,甚至在之前就註定了這一努力的失敗。

  • it began.

    它開始了。

  • Had Hitler been more competent however, the history of World War II would have been rewritten

    然而,如果希特勒更有能力,二戰的歷史將被改寫。

  • by the largest tank ever created.

    由有史以來最大的坦克創造。

  • Now go watch evolution of the M1 Abrams tank, or click this other video instead!

    現在去看M1艾布拉姆斯坦克的演變,或者點擊這個其他的視頻來代替!

It's late 1945, and the Allies are pushing deep into Germany.

現在是1945年底,盟軍正在向德國縱深推進。

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影片操作 你可以在這邊進行「影片」的調整,以及「字幕」的顯示

B2 中高級 中文 坦克 德國 炮塔 蘇聯 希特勒 毫米

納粹老鼠--有史以來最大的坦克 (The Nazi Mouse - The Biggest Tank Ever Made)

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    Summer 發佈於 2021 年 08 月 12 日
影片單字