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  • The M14 rifle was a weapon designed in response to the massive firepower that could be wrought

    M14步槍是為應對可能產生的巨大火力而設計的武器。

  • upon by the Soviet's AK-47.

    蘇聯人的AK-47步槍。

  • It also satisfied a desire by high level US commanders who wanted to replace the aging

    它還滿足了美國高級指揮官的願望,他們希望取代老化的

  • World War Two era weapons still in service by US troops in the mid-1950s.

    二戰時期的武器在1950年代中期仍由美國軍隊使用。

  • The M-14, though designed to be the standard infantry rifle for generations to come, was

    雖然M-14被設計為未來幾代人的標準步兵步槍,但它是

  • soon overshadowed by developments in the M-16 rifle.

    很快就被M-16步槍的發展所掩蓋了。

  • Despite this, it still saw extensive combat use throughout the Vietnam war but as US troops

    儘管如此,在整個越南戰爭期間,它仍被廣泛用於戰鬥,但由於美國軍隊

  • would quickly find out, its unwieldy size and heavy, outdated design would make it difficult

    很快就會發現,它笨重的體積和沉重的、過時的設計會使它難以

  • to operate in the humid, dense, jungles of Vietnam was not one of them.

    在越南潮溼、茂密的叢林中作戰,並不是其中之一。

  • However, even after its eventual replacement by the M16, the M14 was not forgotten.

    然而,即使在它最終被M16取代之後,M14也沒有被遺忘。

  • The rifle was still a favorite among some of the Vietnam War's top snipers such as

    這支步槍仍然是一些越戰頂級狙擊手的最愛,如

  • Carlos Hathcock and Chuck Mawhinney in addition to being used by the Navy and Coast Guard

    Carlos Hathcock和Chuck Mawhinney除了被海軍和海岸警衛隊使用之外,還被用於

  • riverine squadrons, Air Force security forces, and a reserve rifle with the Marines and Army

    河流中隊,空軍安全部隊,以及與海軍陸戰隊和陸軍的備份步槍。

  • whenever shortages of M-16 rifles were felt.

    每當感受到M-16步槍的短缺時。

  • Additionally, variants of the rifle made a comeback in the 1990's because of their

    此外,該步槍的變種在20世紀90年代捲土重來,因為其

  • relatively long range, and impressive stopping power.

    相對較遠的射程,以及令人印象深刻的阻擋力。

  • So what was the secret behind the M14s long lasting success even though it had a relatively

    那麼,M14的長期成功背後的祕密是什麼,儘管它有一個相對的

  • short career as the standard issue weapon of the United States military?

    作為美國軍隊的標準發行武器的短暫職業生涯?

  • Let's find out.

    讓我們拭目以待。

  • The M14 was first conceived of in 1958.

    M14最初是在1958年構思的。

  • At the time the government owned the Springfield Armory in Massachusetts where production of

    當時,政府擁有馬薩諸塞州的斯普林菲爾德軍械庫,在那裡生產的

  • the rifle began.

    步槍開始了。

  • The original plan was for the M14 to take the place of several different firearms that

    最初的計劃是讓M14取代幾種不同的槍械,這些槍械

  • were being utilized by the United State military.

    被美國軍方利用。

  • When the M14 was first proposed the United States was using the M1 Garand, M1903 Springfield,

    當M14被首次提出時,美國正在使用M1加蘭德,M1903斯普林菲爾德。

  • M1 carbine, M3 submachine gun, M1928 Thompson, and M1918 Browning automatic rifle, also known

    M1卡賓槍、M3衝鋒槍、M1928湯普森槍和M1918勃朗寧自動步槍,也被稱為

  • as the BAR.

    作為BAR。

  • The thought was that all of these guns could be replaced by one versatile rifle that could

    當時的想法是,所有這些槍都可以由一支多功能的步槍取代,它可以

  • switch between semi-automatic and automatic firing modes.

    在半自動和自動射擊模式之間切換。

  • By doing this the United States could mass produce the weapon and ramp up production

    通過這樣做,美國可以大規模生產該武器,並加大生產力度。

  • in a way that was fast and cost effective.

    以一種快速和具有成本效益的方式。

  • Unfortunately, the manufacturing of the M14 was slow and tedious.

    不幸的是,M14的製造是緩慢而乏味的。

  • In the end there were many complaints from the soldiers who used it.

    最後,使用它的阿兵哥們有很多抱怨。

  • The M14 used a gas-operated firing system that was based off of the M1 and housed a

    M14使用的是基於M1的氣體操作發射系統,並安裝了一個

  • cleaning kit in the butt of the gun just like its predecessor.

    就像它的前輩一樣,槍托上有清潔工具。

  • The M14 was also designed so that an M2 bayonet or M76 rifle grenade launcher attachment could

    M14的設計也是為了讓M2刺刀或M76步槍榴彈發射器附件能夠

  • be mounted to it.

    被安裝到它上面。

  • The M14 could also be equipped with the M2 bipod, which was an important key feature

    M14還可以裝備M2兩腳架,這是一個重要的關鍵特徵。

  • necessary to improve the accuracy of the gun.

    為提高槍支的準確性,有必要對其進行改造。

  • The M14 was able to switch between semi-automatic and automatic firing modes.

    M14能夠在半自動和自動射擊模式之間切換。

  • This meant that the rifle was versatile and could be used in many different combat situations,

    這意味著該步槍用途廣泛,可用於許多不同的戰鬥情況。

  • as long as it could be controlled.

    只要它能被控制。

  • This is one of the reasons for making sure the rifle could be mounted with the M2 bipod.

    這也是確保該步槍可以安裝M2雙腳架的原因之一。

  • The M14 used 7.62 mm rounds that could also be armor-piercing or tracers.

    M14使用7.62毫米子彈,也可以是穿甲彈或曳光彈。

  • The magazine of the rifle could hold 20 rounds, and the gun fired around 750 rounds per minute

    步槍的彈夾可容納20發子彈,該槍每分鐘發射約750發子彈。

  • on full auto.

    在全自動化狀態下。

  • The rifle's muzzle velocity was 850 meters per second and had an effective range of 460

    該槍的槍口速度為每秒850米,有效射程為460米。

  • meters.

    米。

  • This made the M14 one of the most accurate military rifles of the time at a distance,

    這使得M14成為當時距離最精確的軍用步槍之一。

  • which is one reason there was a resurgence of M14 variations in the 80's and 90's.

    這也是80年代和90年代M14變型槍重新出現的原因之一。

  • The gun itself weighed around 10.7 pounds when loaded, and for soldiers who opted for

    該槍本身在裝彈時重約10.7磅,對於那些選擇使用

  • the bipod an extra two pounds was added.

    腳架增加了兩磅的重量。

  • When it came off the production line the M14 was state of the art.

    當它從生產線上下來的時候,M14是最先進的。

  • It was designed to be able to fight in city warfare in Europe and the wild terrain of

    它的設計是為了能夠在歐洲的城市戰爭中作戰,以及在歐洲的野外地形中作戰。

  • Russia.

    俄羅斯。

  • Unfortunately for the M14—but luckily for all of humanitythe Cold War between the

    對M14來說,不幸的是--但對全人類來說是幸運的--M14之間的冷戰。

  • United States and the Soviet Union never escalated into a direct conflict between the two nations.

    美國和蘇聯從未升級為兩國之間的直接衝突。

  • Instead of finding themselves in cities and deciduous forests, U.S. soldiers were deployed

    美國士兵沒有發現自己在城市和落葉林中,而是被部署在了

  • to the dense jungles of Vietnam, where long distance and city fighting was rare.

    到了越南的茂密叢林,那裡很少有長距離和城市戰鬥。

  • After fifteen years of development and production the M14 made its debut.

    經過15年的開發和生產,M14首次亮相。

  • It was the standard issue rifle when Marines and Soldiers made their combat debut in Vietnam

    這是海軍陸戰隊員和阿兵哥在越南首次參加戰鬥時的標準配發步槍。

  • in 1965 and would dominate the battlefield for the next several years..

    1965年,在接下來的幾年裡,它將在戰場上佔據主導地位。

  • However, because Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara opted to make the M16 the standard

    然而,由於國防部長羅伯特-麥克納馬拉選擇將M16作為標準武器。

  • infantry rifle of the United States, it began to be gradually phased out of frontline service

    美國的步兵步槍,它開始逐漸退出前線服務。

  • beginning with field test trials in 1967.

    從1967年的現場測試試驗開始。

  • By 1969, most M-14 rifles had been replaced and after 1970 they were rarely issued save

    到1969年,大多數M-14步槍已經被替換,1970年後,它們很少被髮放。

  • for the exceptions noted earlier.

    對於前面提到的例外情況。

  • Due to delays and problems in production, the roll out of the M14 was slow.

    由於生產上的延誤和問題,M14的推廣速度很慢。

  • The first and only unit in the United States Army to be completely equipped with the M14

    美國陸軍中第一支也是唯一一支完全裝備M14的部隊

  • was 101st Airborne Division in 1960.

    是1960年的第101空降師。

  • The Fleet Marine Force eventually switched from their standard issue M1s to the M14s

    艦隊海軍陸戰隊最終從他們的標準裝備M1轉為M14。

  • the following year.

    第二年。

  • There were other problems with the M14 that eventually led to a halt of the gun's production

    M14還有其他問題,最終導致該槍停止生產

  • in the 1960's.

    在1960年代。

  • Many of the issues with the earlier M14s had to do with quality control.

    早期M14的許多問題都與品質控制有關。

  • The guns were being manufactured to be cost effective at the expense of reliable parts.

    這些槍支的製造是以犧牲可靠的零件為代價來實現成本效益。

  • This led to components frequently jamming or breaking in the gun.

    這導致部件經常在槍中卡住或斷裂。

  • The United States fixed several of the problems by giving the gun more resilient receivers,

    美國通過賦予該槍更有彈性的接收器,解決了其中的幾個問題。

  • and having stricter quality controls on bolts and hardware used to construct the rifles.

    並對用於製造步槍的螺栓和硬件進行了更嚴格的品質控制。

  • Other problems did not have such an easy fix.

    其他問題則沒有這麼容易解決。

  • The accuracy of the M14 was not great during automatic firing.

    在自動射擊時,M14的精確度並不高。

  • The recoil was immense, causing the muzzle to move all over the place.

    後坐力是巨大的,導致槍口到處亂動。

  • The bipod helped, but even when set up properly, the M14 was extremely difficult to control

    兩腳架起了作用,但即使設置正確,M14也極難控制。

  • when firing in an automatic mode.

    在自動模式下射擊時。

  • In fact, the recoil was so bad when firing in automatic that troops in the field had

    事實上,自動射擊時的後坐力是如此之大,以至於戰場上的部隊不得不

  • their own armorers make changes to the receiver to get the rifle to fire slower to make automatic

    他們自己的裝甲師對槍機進行了修改,以使步槍的發射速度變慢,從而使自動駕駛成為可能。

  • fire more accurate and sustained.

    火力更加準確和持續。

  • Later testing back in the United States showed that these modifications, though not as designed

    後來在美國進行的測試表明,這些修改,儘管沒有按照設計進行

  • but necessary for combat operations, proved that they could slow the firing rate by about

    但對於作戰行動來說是必要的,事實證明,他們可以將射擊速度放慢約

  • a third of what it had been designed for.

    它所設計的三分之一。

  • There were also modified M14s developed during the war to serve as a squad's main automatic

    在戰爭期間,還有一些經過改進的M14,作為一個班的主要自動武器。

  • weapon for heavy firing.

    猛烈射擊的武器。

  • One example of this was the M14A1, but its firepower proved disappointing, and the military

    這方面的一個例子是M14A1,但它的火力被證明是令人失望的,而且軍方

  • moved away from these designs for more reliable and powerful weapons.

    擺脫了這些設計,轉而尋求更可靠和更強大的武器。

  • The M14 only served as the primary weapon for United States infantry for 7 years before

    M14作為美國步兵的主要武器只使用了7年,然後就被淘汰了。

  • it was replaced by assault rifles such as the M16.

    它被M16等突擊步槍所取代。

  • The M14 would have been perfect for a war fought in European cities or in Russia, but

    M14本來非常適合在歐洲城市或俄羅斯進行的戰爭,但

  • its large caliber and uncontrollable automatic fire was not optimal for the war in the Vietnam

    它的大口徑和無法控制的自動火力對越南戰爭來說不是最佳選擇。

  • jungle.

    叢林。

  • The M14 was just too long and unwieldy in the dense vegetation.

    M14太長了,在茂密的植被中不容易操作。

  • It's weight also severely slowed soldiers down.

    它的重量也嚴重拖累了阿兵哥的速度。

  • The gun ran into more problems with the humidity of the jungle than anything else.

    這把槍遇到的問題更多的是叢林的溼度問題。

  • The wooden stock of the M14 expanded in the wet, humid, jungle, causing the weapon to

    M14的木質槍托在潮溼的叢林中膨脹,導致武器無法使用。

  • lose its accuracy and control when in fully automatic mode.

    在全自動模式下,會失去其準確性和控制力。

  • Aiming the M14 in these conditions became next to impossible.

    在這種條件下,瞄準M14幾乎是不可能的。

  • Fiberglass stocks were eventually created for the M14, but at that point in the war,

    玻璃纖維槍托最終被用於M14,但在戰爭的那個時候。

  • it was too late since the gun was already being phased out of the United States' arsenal.

    由於這種槍已經從美國的武器庫中逐步淘汰,所以為時已晚。

  • All these problems actually led to many soldiers ditching their M14 rifles for the enemy AK-47s

    所有這些問題實際上導致許多阿兵哥放棄了他們的M14步槍而選擇了敵人的AK-47步槍

  • that performed much better in the Vietnam jungle.

    在越南叢林中表現得更出色。

  • Soldiers would literally take the enemy's guns and leave their standard issue rifles

    阿兵哥們真的會拿走敵人的槍,而留下他們的標準步槍

  • on the battlefield.

    在戰場上。

  • It wasn't until the M16 became standard issue that the U.S. soldiers kept the gun

    直到M16成為標準裝備,美國士兵才保留了這支槍

  • they were given by the military for combat in the jungle.

    他們被軍隊賦予了在叢林中作戰的權利。

  • (Delete this VO paragraph entirely since as noted in my video notes this might have happened

    (完全刪除這段VO,因為正如我的視頻筆記中指出的那樣,這可能已經發生了。

  • on rare occasions but was definitely not the norm since US troops would not want to be

    在極少數情況下,但絕對不是常態,因為美國軍隊不希望被人發現。

  • accidentally mistaken for the enemy as well as issues with supply in regards to ammunition,

    意外地被誤認為是敵人,以及在彈藥方面的供應問題。

  • spare parts, and such.)

    備件,等等)。)

  • Even though the M14 was almost completely replaced by the M16 during the Vietnam War,

    儘管M14在越南戰爭期間幾乎完全被M16取代。

  • the United States military was still fond of the rifle and decided to keep a limited

    美國軍方仍對該步槍情有獨鍾,並決定保留有限的一支。

  • number in its inventory after the end of the war for future use in long range, marksmanship

    在戰爭結束後,其庫存的數量將用於未來的遠距離、射擊訓練。

  • rifles.

    步槍。

  • The basic M14 was modified to meet the needs of soldiers in combat situations outside of

    基本的M14進行了改進,以滿足阿兵哥在非戰鬥情況下的需要。

  • the jungle.

    叢林中。

  • Most of the variants were not utilized, but the evolution of the M14 over the years led

    大多數的變體都沒有被使用,但M14多年來的演變導致了

  • to certain weapons that are still being used in combat today.

    到今天仍在戰鬥中使用的某些武器。

  • Modification of the M14 began with the creation of the M15.

    對M14的修改始於M15的誕生。

  • This rifle never made it out of initial production, but it led to weapons that would eventually

    這支步槍從未脫離最初的生產,但它導致了最終的武器。

  • be used in combat.

    在戰鬥中使用。

  • The initial differences between the two guns was that the M15s were equipped with a heavier

    兩種槍的最初區別是,M15配備了更重的

  • barrel and stock than the M14s.

    與M14相比,槍管和槍托的尺寸更大。

  • However, the military found that the M15 did not work any better than the original rifle,

    然而,軍方發現,M15並沒有比原來的步槍更好用。

  • and was therefore scrapped.

    並是以報廢了。

  • The initial tests of the M15 did lead to a redesign of the M14 which included an improved

    M15的最初測試確實導致了M14的重新設計,其中包括一個改進的

  • selector switch, hinged buttplate, and bipod to create a better version of the rifle.

    選擇開關,鉸鏈式槍托和兩腳架,以創造出更好的步槍版本。

  • The next variation to the original M14 was the M14E2.

    原始M14的下一個變體是M14E2。

  • This version of the gun was given a full pistol-gripped in-line stock.

    這個版本的槍被賦予了一個完整的手槍握持的直列式槍托。

  • This was done to reduce recoil and make firing the weapon in automatic mode more manageable.

    這樣做是為了減少後坐力,使自動模式下的武器射擊更容易管理。

  • It helped, but only slightly.

    它有幫助,但只是輕微的幫助。

  • The M14E2 also had a muzzle compensator and folding grip under the front stock.

    M14E2也有一個槍口補償器和前槍托下的摺疊式握把。

  • All of these auditions made the firing of the M14 on full automatic better, but it was

    所有這些試射都使M14的全自動射擊變得更好,但它是

  • still hard to control and overheated quickly.

    仍然難以控制,而且過熱很快。

  • Plus the limited magazine size of 20-rounds did not make it an efficient choice for a

    再加上有限的20發彈夾並沒有使它成為一個有效的選擇,因為它是一個

  • fully automatic support gun.

    全自動支援槍。

  • As it became more and more clear that the M14 would not be the weapon of choice for

    隨著越來越多的人意識到M14不會成為美國人的首選武器,美國人也開始對M14產生興趣。

  • United States infantry soldiers, the military found ways to modify the gun for other purposes.

    在美國的步兵中,軍方找到了將該槍改裝為其他用途的方法。

  • An example of this was the M14 SMUD ,which stands for Stand-off Munition Disruption.

    這方面的一個例子是M14 SMUD,它代表的是Stand-off Munition Disruption。

  • This M14 model was used by soldiers specializing in the disposal of explosive ordinance.

    這種M14型號是由專門處理爆炸物的阿兵哥使用的。

  • They would use the M14 SMUD to safely destroy unexploded mines and bombs from a distance.

    他們將使用M14 SMUD從遠處安全地銷燬未爆炸的地雷和炸彈。

  • Basically this gun was the standard issue M14, but with a scope on it.

    基本上這支槍是標準的M14,但上面有一個瞄準鏡。

  • After the scope was mounted on the M14 more and more variations of the weapon started

    瞄準鏡安裝在M14上後,開始有越來越多的武器變化。

  • to be designed.

    要設計。

  • The original concept for the gun was solid, and its larger bullets and longer range made

    該槍的最初概念是堅實的,其較大的子彈和較長的射程使

  • it more versatile for combat situations outside of the Vietnamese jungle.

    它在越南叢林之外的戰鬥環境中更有用途。

  • Eventually as technology got better the design of the M14 was improved upon, and the components

    最終,隨著技術的進步,M14的設計也得到了改進,組件也得到了改進。

  • that made up the rifle were swapped out for better state of the art parts.

    組成該步槍的部件被換成了更好的先進部件。

  • This led to designs such as the Mk14 Enhanced Battle Rifle.

    這導致了諸如Mk14增強型戰鬥步槍的設計。

  • The Mk14 was designed specifically for tactical missions.

    Mk14是專門為戰術任務設計的。

  • The rifle included an 18-inch barrel and retractable stock.

    該步槍包括一個18英寸的槍管和可伸縮的槍托。

  • This version of the M14 also had more rails for accessories to allow soldiers to customize

    這個版本的M14也有更多的配件導軌,以使阿兵哥能夠定製

  • their weapon.

    他們的武器。

  • The M14 Tactical built on the upgraded Mk14 EBM design.

    M14戰術型建立在升級的Mk14 EBM設計之上。

  • It used the same stock as its predecessor, but was equipped with a 22-inch barrel and

    它使用了與前代相同的槍托,但配備了22英寸的槍管和

  • a Smith Enterprise muzzle brake.

    一個史密斯企業的槍口制動器。

  • The rifle was adopted by the U.S. Coast Guard who found its range and fire power optimal

    該步槍被美國海岸警衛隊採用,他們發現其射程和火力是最佳選擇。

  • for their operations.

    為他們的業務。

  • The M14 was continually modified, and parts of the gun were upgraded or incorporated into

    M14被不斷地修改,槍的一部分被升級或併入

  • other weapons, most often sniper rifles.

    其他武器,最常見的是狙擊步槍。

  • The M14 was an excellent starting point for the United States military to build off of.

    M14是美國軍隊賴以發展的一個優秀起點。

  • Powerful rifles such as the M39 Enhanced Marksman Rifle and M89SR Model 89 Sniper Rifle were

    強大的步槍,如M39增強型射手步槍和M89SR 89型狙擊步槍是

  • designed through heavily modifying the M14 in the 1980's.

    在20世紀80年代,通過對M14的大量修改而設計。

  • The AWC G2A, M21, and M25 sniper rifles were constructed in the 90's and 2000's using

    AWC的G2A、M21和M25狙擊步槍是在90年代和2000年代建造的,使用的是

  • the M14 design as a base, and modifying it into several different variants.

    以M14設計為基礎,並將其修改為幾個不同的變體。

  • Today the M14 is still in use by the United States military.

    今天,M14仍在被美國軍隊使用。

  • In fact, it can be found in all four main branches.

    事實上,它可以在所有四個主要分支中找到。

  • It is mostly used for training and non-combat situations, but the M14's successors are

    它主要用於訓練和非戰鬥情況,但M14的後繼者是

  • sometimes used as sniper rifles in the field.

    有時在戰場上作為狙擊步槍使用。

  • The M14 is commonly seen in ceremonies conducted by the honor guards, color guards, and drill

    M14通常出現在儀仗隊、護色隊和演習的儀式上。

  • teams.

    團隊。

  • Even though the rifle was retired as the standard issue weapon for the armed forces before it

    儘管該步槍在退役前是武裝部隊的標準配發武器

  • saw much combat, the M14 still had a solid design, which the military used for several

    雖然M14在戰場上的表現不盡如人意,但它仍有一個堅實的設計,軍方將其應用於多個領域。

  • decades.

    幾十年了。

  • Now watchThe Evolution of the M16 Rifle.”

    現在觀看 "M16步槍的演變"。

  • Or check outTop 10 Best Military Rifles Around the World.”

    或查看 "全球十大最佳軍用步槍"。

The M14 rifle was a weapon designed in response to the massive firepower that could be wrought

M14步槍是為應對可能產生的巨大火力而設計的武器。

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M14步槍越戰武器 - 解釋一下 (The M14 Rifle Vietnam War Weapon - Explained)

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    Summer 發佈於 2021 年 07 月 18 日
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