字幕列表 影片播放 列印英文字幕 Hey folks, welcome back to the channel! At the end of my last high speed rail explained video covering Italy, I gave my viewers the choice of which high speed rail explained would be next from a list of three small high speed rail systems, with the votes tabulated Taiwan High Speed Rail won, and I couldn't be more excited to cover this excellent system. I'll do more votes at the end of HSR Explained videos so make sure to stay tuned for them! In the future as the number of large high speed rail systems I haven't covered continues to decline I'll be covering more and more small high speed rail systems, which are far from boring as THSR will illustrate! THSR consists of only one line along the West Coast of Taiwan, but it's very interesting so let's get into it! If you're not already, consider supporting the channel on Patreon to help me bring you more content like this high speed real explained, get direct access to exclusive transit chats, and for behind the scenes content, you also get a station on the channel Metro Map! You should also consider following me on Twitter and Instagram for all the latest updates. Taiwan is very interesting: with an incredibly high human development index and GDP per capita, it's at the center of the technology revolution the world has seen in recent decades, with the world's largest contract semiconductor manufacturing company TSMC, a number of major technology manufacturers like Pegatron, Wistron, Foxconn and Quanta, as well as well known technology brands like MSI and Asus. Much like Japan, Taiwan is very dense and has a traditional rail network composed of narrow gauge. Of course with the high degree of development, the dense urban landscapes, and the massive economic development it was only a matter of time before Taiwan developed its own high speed rail system. Serious discussion of a high speed rail line for Taiwan started in the 1980's but, it was not until 1996 that tendering for the project began. As it turns out bidding for the project was tumultuous with a build operate transfer model being used, with rolling stock bids from a consortium of Alstom and Siemens, and a Japanese consortium battling it out. A build operate transfer procurement is where a consortium builds and operates a project for a set period of time, before transferring it back to the government who will develop its own contracts. The Alstom-Siemens consortium known as Eurotrain was initially selected to provide rolling stock, proposing a hybrid train with ICE locomotives and TGV Duplex passenger cars. Unfortunately for Eurotrain, a changing landscape in the high speed rail world led to a swap to the Japanese rolling stock option. This led to a legal battle which ultimately left Taiwan's high speed rail service with Japanese rolling stock, and with damages being paid to Eurotrain. Interestingly, to some degree the consortium was created to reduce competition between European companies for the bid, as had happened in the earlier competition for contracts for KTX, Korea's High Speed Train System. In 2000 construction began on the project, and the better part of a decade later in 2007 operations began between Taipei and Kaohsiung with a total of 8 stations. Taipei Main Station which allows for connections to the Taipei MRT Red and Blue Lines as well as TRA services (Taiwan's JR esque National Railway operator) and the Taoyuan Airport MRT Line. Banqiao Station which allows for connections to the Taipei MRT Blue and Yellow Lines and TRA Services. Taoyuan Station which allows for connections to the Taoyuan Airport MRT Line. Hsinchu Station, which allows for connection to TRA Services. Taichung Station which allows for connection to the brand new Taichung Metro and it's Green Line as well as TRA Services. Chiayi Station which doesn't provide rail transfers. Tainan Station which provides transfers to TRA services. And Zuoying which provides connections to the Kaohsiung Metro Red Line and TRA Services. Furthermore, in 2015 3 new infill stations opened at Miaoli, Changhua, and Yunlin and a year later another new station opened with an extension to Nangang Station to the East. Unfortunately though, the new stations are also the least used on the system. Miaoli provides connections to TRA services while Nangang provides connections to the Taipei MRT Blue Line and TRA services. Of course, the system is set to expand along with Taiwan's incredible economic success in recent years, extensions are planned to both Pingtung, East of Kaohsiung, and to Yilan Southeast of Taipei. While the extension to Pingtung should be fairly simple, crossing the mountainous terrain to Yilan, a city-region of only half a million, will be very complex. Of course, the most notable notable part of the Taiwan High Speed Rail project is that it is the most substantial export of Shinkansen technology outside of Japan (if you haven't seen my video on high speed rail in Japan I recommend you pause the video and go check it out), with the 700T rolling stock used being a variant of the 700 series Shinkansen, not the most unique naming scheme I know, but I might have misspoken when I said the 500 series Shinkansen was my favorite design, because the 700T is very attractive, it looks quite unique because the front does not have the distinctive long Shinkansen nose and the reason why is a whole other discussion, also worth noting the 700T operates in 12 car sets, unlike the 16-car sets most often used for the 700 series. Something else worth noting is that the system has four underground stations all on the northern end of the line, something which is not common on the Japanese High Speed Rail Network. As it turns out that blunt nose is possible because tunnels are built to European standards for safety and cross section sizes, unlike the narrow single track tunnels on the Japanese high speed rail network, which create tunnel boom and hence necessitate the long drawn back noses of most Shinkansen trains. As it turns out, this tells the story of much of the infrastructure and system for Taiwan High Speed Rail, the system is a hybrid of Japanese and European high speed rail systems. The system features Japanese rolling stock, extensive viaducts, a cut down earthquake early warning system, and slab track with European tunneling standards, switches and train control and signalling systems. The system also provides impressive service with trains every 10 to 15 minutes all day long, and with a variety of express and semi-express services, fares are reasonable and lots of options are available including free travel for children, strong discount fare programs and walk up options. The obvious question is how does the service perform on ridership? The system initially had ridership which fell far below expectations, but it has grown steadily and surpassed 60 million riders per year in 2017. Perhaps more importantly though, high speed trains have had a substantial effect on plane travel between Western Taiwan's cities as well as on coach buses, displacing significant CO2 emissions which in my eyes should be seen as a top priority for any high speed rail system. All of this combines to make the Taiwan High Speed Rail system one of my favorites in the world, it combines elements of systems from various nations while providing a high quality service to millions of residents all while reducing GHG emissions and improving interconnection to local transit systems. The system should in many ways be looked to as the best example of a new high speed rail system being built to serve a high density high demand corridor. 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