初級 美國腔 28514 分類 收藏
Some are saying that sitting is the new smoking. A little dramatic? Yes. Kind of accurate?
Kind of yes.
Hey everyone, Laci Green here for DNews. Is anyone else slightly terrified of losing dependence
when you get old? It's sort of like an ongoing existential crisis that's destroying my youthful years.
Of course, declining health in old age is a good incentive to stay healthy,
physically and emotionally,
which means eating right and getting moderate exercise in every week right?
Wrong. That's apparently still not good enough.
At least according to a new study published in the Journal of Physical Activity & Health.
The researchers at Harvard, Northwestern, and the CDC found that while getting your
150 minutes a week of exercise is important for maintaining good health, it might
not provide the same kind of protection as, say... getting off your butt and not sitting so much.
The scientists found that sedentary hours were a better predictor than moderate exercise
when it comes to things like being able to get around the house, being able to feed yourself,
staying out of nursing homes and general independence when you're old.
For every hour of sitting,
there was a 46% decrease in the ability to perform everyday tasks in those over 60.
Researchers also found that those most likely to be sitting too much were older, male, more
educated but less wealthy, smokers, and those who have chronic illnesses.
Their research attributes 5.3 million deaths per year (worldwide)....to sitting.
Other studies have found that for every hour of TV watched when you're older than 25,
22 minutes are shaved off the lifespan. YIKES! It's like a 21st century nightmare straight out of Wall-E.
Sitting is a obviously a huge problem and it's not something we talk (or think) about so much.
At least not as much as diet and exercise.
It seems that as we shift away from manual labor types of jobs to computer-based desk jobs, sitting is becoming
harder and harder to avoid.
But there is hope yet! The researchers say that gradually moving toward standing more
or getting more steps into your day can have a dramatic effect.
As little as an extra half hour per day of not sitting can improve your long-term health.
I've started to notice standing desks or treadmill desks getting more popular.
It seems like we're just gonna need to make some adaptation to stay healthy with this emerging 21st century lifestyle.
The researchers are now looking into the question of "just how much sitting is *too much*?"
So folks, how much do you sit everyday? Tell us the number of hours down below
or on our Facebook page, we'll see if we can get a DNews average.
Thanks for joining me! I'll see you next time.


為什麼久坐也是種慢性自殺!? (Why Sitting Too Much Can Kill You!)

28514 分類 收藏
Vicky 發佈於 2017 年 12 月 12 日   Andrew Wang 翻譯   Christina Yang 審核



1incentive  0:26
The players receive a pay bonus for every game they win as an added incentive in the playoffs.


have an incentive to…
The child has no incentive to study harder because his parents cannot afford to send him to college. 這孩子沒有努力學習的動力,因為他的父母供不起他上大學。

offer/give someone an incentive to...
For parents who adopt special needs children, the government offers a tax incentive to help cover the cost of the adoption process.

【TED-Ed】伊波拉病毒到底有多恐怖 TED-ED : What we know (and don't know) about Ebola - Alex Gendler

2sedentary   0:55
看到 sed- 或 sid- 開頭的單字,要想到可能跟 sit (坐) 有關係!像這個形容詞就是指「久坐不動的、缺乏運動的」
A sedentary lifestyle is seen as an important risk factor for heart disease.

The main causes for childhood obesity are improper diet and a sedentary lifestyle

3chronic  1:21
Some studies show that chronic loneliness increases the likelihood of an early death.

Many rural villages are still trying to solve the chronic shortage of health centers and clinics.

相反地,當我們想要形容某種疾病或疼痛是「短暫劇烈的」、「急性的」,就會使用 acute 這個單字。
The old man has been hospitalized with an acute case of pneumonia and doctors fear he may not make it through the night.

除此之外,acute 還有「敏銳的」、「嚴重的」等意思哦!
The acute economic crisis may have passed but the chronic challenges remain.

A blind person's hearing is often very acute.

為大家介紹幾個 chronic 常搭配的名詞!
chronic pain (n.) 長期的疼痛
chronic disease (n.) 慢性病
Sarah has been suffering from a chronic back pain for years.
Sarah 多年來受長期背痛所苦。

4attribute    1:23
attribute 當作名詞使用時,意思是「特質、屬性」。
Politeness is an attribute of a gentleman.

後面如果加上 to,表示「把... 歸因於...」或「認為某人具有某種特質」。
Stephen is so humble that he attributes his success to to his parents and friends.
Stephen 非常謙虛,他把成功歸功於他的父母和朋友。

Kevin's poor performance can be attributed to his lack of concentration.
Kevin 糟糕的表現是因為缺乏專注力所造成的。

另外,許多人常常會把 attributecontribute 這兩個單字搞混,看起來很類似,但用法稍微不同,這裡幫大家整理出句子的結構:

人+attribute + 結果 + to + 原因
原因 + contribute + 結果
People attribute her success to hard work.

Hard work contributes to her success.

心理學的十大迷思:揭露真相 Ben Ambridge: 10 myths about psychology: Debunked

5shave off  1:32
這個片語除了可以表示「刮、剃 (鬍子、毛髮)」,也延伸出「削減」的意思,通常用來形容時間、金額等數量的減少。
It might be a good idea to shave off your beard before going to the interview.

New high-speed Japanese train will shave 20 minutes off journey times between South Wales and London.

如何管理你的時間 (How to gain control of your free time | Laura Vanderkam)


文/ Ann Lu




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