初級 美國腔 30825 分類 收藏
開始影片後,點擊或框選字幕可以立即查詢單字
字庫載入中…
回報字幕錯誤
Some are saying that sitting is the new smoking. A little dramatic? Yes. Kind of accurate?
Kind of yes.
Hey everyone, Laci Green here for DNews. Is anyone else slightly terrified of losing dependence
when you get old? It's sort of like an ongoing existential crisis that's destroying my youthful years.
Of course, declining health in old age is a good incentive to stay healthy,
physically and emotionally,
which means eating right and getting moderate exercise in every week right?
Wrong. That's apparently still not good enough.
At least according to a new study published in the Journal of Physical Activity & Health.
The researchers at Harvard, Northwestern, and the CDC found that while getting your
150 minutes a week of exercise is important for maintaining good health, it might
not provide the same kind of protection as, say... getting off your butt and not sitting so much.
The scientists found that sedentary hours were a better predictor than moderate exercise
when it comes to things like being able to get around the house, being able to feed yourself,
staying out of nursing homes and general independence when you're old.
For every hour of sitting,
there was a 46% decrease in the ability to perform everyday tasks in those over 60.
Researchers also found that those most likely to be sitting too much were older, male, more
educated but less wealthy, smokers, and those who have chronic illnesses.
Their research attributes 5.3 million deaths per year (worldwide)....to sitting.
Other studies have found that for every hour of TV watched when you're older than 25,
22 minutes are shaved offyour lifespan. YIKES! It's like a 21st century nightmare straight out of Wall-E.
Sitting is a obviously a huge problem and it's not something we talk (or think) about so much.
At least not as much as diet and exercise.
It seems that as we shift away from manual labor types of jobs to computer-based desk jobs, sitting is becoming
harder and harder to avoid.
But there is hope yet! The researchers say that gradually moving toward standing more
or getting more steps into your day can have a dramatic effect.
As little as an extra half hour per day of not sitting can improve your long-term health.
I've started to notice standing desks or treadmill desks getting more popular.
It seems like we're just gonna need to make some adaptation to stay healthy with this emerging 21st century lifestyle.
The researchers are now looking into the question of "just how much sitting is *too much*?"
So folks, how much do you sit everyday? Tell us the number of hours down below
or on our Facebook page, we'll see if we can get a DNews average.
Thanks for joining me! I'll see you next time.
提示:點選文章或是影片下面的字幕單字,可以直接快速翻譯喔!

載入中…

為什麼久坐也是種慢性自殺!? (Why Sitting Too Much Can Kill You!)

30825 分類 收藏
Vicky 發佈於 2017 年 12 月 12 日    Andrew Wang 翻譯    Christina Yang 審核

影片簡介

展開內容
要有健康的身體,正確飲食、適度運動是必要的,但,你有想過久坐竟也是健康一大殺手嗎?每天上班、上課,一坐下來就是好幾個小時,這究竟會對我們以後的生活有什麼樣的影響呢?快看看影片怎麼說吧!

1incentive  0:26
這個單字作為名詞有「獎勵」、「誘因」、「動機」的意思,在生活中應用的範圍很廣,像是老師上課的獎勵機制、政府的鼓勵政策等等都適用哦!
The players receive a pay bonus for every game they win as an added incentive in the playoffs.
每贏得一場比賽球員就能得到獎金,作為季後賽的額外獎勵。


以下是幾個常見的搭配用法:

have an incentive to…
指的是某人有動機或誘因去做某事
The child has no incentive to study harder because his parents cannot afford to send him to college. 這孩子沒有努力學習的動力,因為他的父母供不起他上大學。


offer/give someone an incentive to...
提供某人誘因去做某事
For parents who adopt special needs children, the government offers a tax incentive to help cover the cost of the adoption process.
對於收養特孩子的那些父母,政府提供稅收激勵來幫助支付收養過程的成本。


*同場加映:
【TED-Ed】伊波拉病毒到底有多恐怖 TED-ED : What we know (and don't know) about Ebola - Alex Gendler


2sedentary   0:55
看到 sed- 或 sid- 開頭的單字,要想到可能跟 sit (坐) 有關係!像這個形容詞就是指「久坐不動的、缺乏運動的」
A sedentary lifestyle is seen as an important risk factor for heart disease.
久坐的生活方式被認為是心臟病的一個重要危險因素。

The main causes for childhood obesity are improper diet and a sedentary lifestyle
兒童肥胖的主因是不適當的飲食及缺乏運動。


3chronic  1:21
這個字是形容詞,意思是「慢性的」、「長久患病的」、「長期的」,常用來形容病情或疼痛。
Some studies show that chronic loneliness increases the likelihood of an early death.
一些研究顯示了長期的孤獨會提高早逝的可能性。

Many rural villages are still trying to solve the chronic shortage of health centers and clinics.
許多偏遠鄉村仍在努力解決保健中心和診所長期短缺的問題。


相反地,當我們想要形容某種疾病或疼痛是「短暫劇烈的」、「急性的」,就會使用 acute 這個單字。
The old man has been hospitalized with an acute case of pneumonia and doctors fear he may not make it through the night.
這名老人因為急性肺炎住院,醫生擔心他可能撐不過今晚。


除此之外,acute 還有「敏銳的」、「嚴重的」等意思哦!
The acute economic crisis may have passed but the chronic challenges remain.
嚴重的經濟危機或許已經過去了,但長期的挑戰依然存在。

A blind person's hearing is often very acute.
視障者的聽力通常非常敏銳。


為大家介紹幾個 chronic 常搭配的名詞!
chronic pain (n.) 長期的疼痛
chronic disease (n.) 慢性病
Sarah has been suffering from a chronic back pain for years.
Sarah 多年來受長期背痛所苦。


4attribute    1:23
attribute 當作名詞使用時,意思是「特質、屬性」。
Politeness is an attribute of a gentleman.
彬彬有禮是紳士的本色。


後面如果加上 to,表示「把... 歸因於...」或「認為某人具有某種特質」。
Stephen is so humble that he attributes his success to to his parents and friends.
Stephen 非常謙虛,他把成功歸功於他的父母和朋友。

Kevin's poor performance can be attributed to his lack of concentration.
Kevin 糟糕的表現是因為缺乏專注力所造成的。


另外,許多人常常會把 attributecontribute 這兩個單字搞混,看起來很類似,但用法稍微不同,這裡幫大家整理出句子的結構:

人+attribute + 結果 + to + 原因
原因 + contribute + 結果
People attribute her success to hard work.
人們將她的成功歸因於努力工作。

Hard work contributes to her success.
努力工作造就了她的成功。


*同場加映:
心理學的十大迷思:揭露真相 Ben Ambridge: 10 myths about psychology: Debunked


5shave off  1:32
這個片語除了可以表示「刮、剃 (鬍子、毛髮)」,也延伸出「削減」的意思,通常用來形容時間、金額等數量的減少。
It might be a good idea to shave off your beard before going to the interview.
去面試之前先把鬍子剃掉可能會是個好主意。

New high-speed Japanese train will shave 20 minutes off journey times between South Wales and London.
日本新幹線將讓南威爾士和倫敦之間的旅程時間縮減了二十分鐘。


*同場加映:
如何管理你的時間 (How to gain control of your free time | Laura Vanderkam)


久坐確實很難避免,但就像眼睛需要休息一樣,提醒大家在工作唸書時,每隔一陣子就要起來走走路哦!

文/ Ann Lu

影片學習單字重點

loading
看更多推薦影片

影片討論

載入中…
  1. 1. 單字查詢

    在字幕上選取單字即可即時查詢單字喔!

  2. 2. 單句重複播放

    可重複聽取一句單句,加強聽力!

  3. 3. 使用快速鍵

    使用影片快速鍵,讓學習更有效率!

  4. 4. 關閉語言字幕

    進階版練習可關閉字幕純聽英文哦!

  5. 5. 內嵌播放器

    可以將英文字幕學習播放器內嵌到部落格等地方喔

  6. 6. 展開播放器

    可隱藏右方全文及字典欄位,觀看影片更舒適!

  1. 英文聽力測驗

    挑戰字幕英文聽力測驗!

  1. 點擊展開筆記本讓你看的更舒服

  1. UrbanDictionary 俚語字典整合查詢。一般字典查詢不到你滿意的解譯,不妨使用「俚語字典」,或許會讓你有滿意的答案喔

12/19 VoiceTue App 全面改版!

開創引導式學習法,規劃出最佳學習路徑,
搭配編輯團隊設計的內容,讓你快速抓住重點,進步更有感。

不僅如此,用戶更可付費升級至 Pro 進階服務,
享受無限制的功能及學習內容。

全新 VoiceTube App,
即將顛覆你的學習體驗!

* VoiceTube 網頁版將維持免費服務並調整部分功能,關於新版 App 及網頁版的說明,請點選下方 『瞭解更多』。

我知道了