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  • In Marcus Aurelius' Meditations, he gives us a timeless piece of wisdom for overcoming our obstacles.

    在馬庫斯‧奧勒留的《沉思錄》中,他留給了我們克服人生障礙的不朽名言。

  • He says, “The mind adapts and converts to its own purposes the obstacle to our acting.

    他說:「人們的想法能適應障礙,並將其轉換成目標。

  • The impediment to action advances action.

    阻礙會促進人的動力。

  • What stands in the way becomes the way.”

    而阻擋我們之物將會化作道路本身。」

  • On the surface, this sounds like a contradiction.

    從表面上來看,這聽起來是一個矛盾的論述。

  • How can something that stops action advance action?

    阻礙行動的東西怎麼反而能推進行動呢?

  • How can what stands in the way become the way?

    擋在道路上的東西怎麼能成為道路?

  • If I come across a road block, an obstacle to my action, how does this further my action?

    如果我遇到一個路障,也就是一個阻礙我行動的障礙,它如何能促進我的行動?

  • The simplest way I know to explain this is that understanding the problem is the solution.

    能解釋這個論述最簡單的一句話就是,理解問題本身就是解決問題的方法。

  • Let's say I'm driving my car, and I come across a blocked road.

    假設我正在開車,然後遇到了被封鎖的路段。

  • So I have a little conversation with myself.

    於是我便和自己進行了一次簡短的對話。

  • Question: “What's stopping me from reaching my destination?”

    問:「是什麼阻礙我到達目的地?」

  • Answer: “The blocked road.”

    答:「被封鎖的道路。」

  • Question: “What's stopping me from overcoming the blocked road?”

    問:「是什麼阻礙了我克服這段被阻擋的道路?」

  • Answer: “Nothing. I have to take a different path.”

    答:「沒有。我必須走一條不同的路。」

  • So by understanding the problem, I arrive at the solution: I have to take a different path.

    於是通過瞭解問題,我得出了解決方案:我必須走一條不同的路。

  • But now I have a new problem: I don't know what path to take.

    但現在我有了個新問題:我不知道該走哪條路。

  • So I have another conversation with myself.

    所以我又和自己進行了一次對話。

  • Question: “What's stopping me from finding the right path?”

    問:「是什麼阻礙了我找到正確的道路?」

  • Answer: “My knowledge of the area.”

    答:「我對周邊地區的瞭解。」

  • Question: “What's preventing me from obtaining knowledge of the area?”

    問:「是什麼阻礙我瞭解周邊地區?」

  • Answer: “Nothing. I can ask someone or use GPS.”

    答:「沒有。我可以問別人或使用 GPS。」

  • And again, by understanding the problem, I arrive at the solution.

    同樣的,通過了解問題,我便得出了解決方案。

  • So this works for simple navigation problems, but does it work for more complex ones?

    所以這對簡單的導航問題有效。但在面對更復雜的問題時,這個方法也會有效嗎?

  • Quincy works at a big media company where he has to do a lot of presentations with co-workers and upper level management, but he has a fear of public speaking.

    昆西在一家大型媒體公司工作,他必須面對同事們和上層管理人員做大量的簡報,但他十分懼怕公開演說。

  • Quincy might question himself like this:

    昆西可能會這樣質問自己:

  • Question: What's stopping me from public speaking?

    問:是什麼阻止了我進行公開演說?

  • Answer: My fear of embarrassment.

    答:我對丟臉的恐懼。

  • Question: What's stopping me from not being embarrassed?

    問:是什麼讓我害怕難堪?

  • Answer: I care what people think of me.

    答:我太在意人們對我的看法。

  • Question: What's stopping me from not caring what other people think?

    問:是什麼讓我不得不關心別人的想法?

  • Answer: I need people to think well of me to survive here.

    答:我需要人們對我有好感才能在這裡生存。

  • Question: What's stopping people from thinking well of me?

    問:是什麼阻止了人們對我的好感?

  • Answer: My ability to satisfy their expectations.

    答:我無法滿足他們的期望。

  • Question: What's stopping me from satisfying their expectations?

    問:是什麼阻礙了我滿足他們的期望?

  • Answer: Understanding their expectations.

    答:不夠瞭解他們的期望。

  • Question: What's stopping me from understanding their expectations?

    問:是什麼阻礙了我瞭解他們的期望?

  • Answer: Nothing. I can ask them, or I can send a company wide survey through e-mail.

    答:沒有。我可以問他們,也可以通過電子郵件給全公司發送問卷調查。

  • So by understanding his problem, Quincy arrives at a solution.

    所以通過了解自己的問題,昆西得出了一個解決方案。

  • He sends a company wide survey through e-mail, asking his co-workers what they expect from him.

    他通過電子郵件發送了一份全公司範圍內的調查,詢問同事們對他的期望。

  • Most of them say they want a list of the top 10 Tik Tok trends of the last quarter.

    大多數人都說,他們想要一份上一季度的 Tik Tok 十大趨勢清單。

  • Quincy knows he can easily deliver this information, and so he no longer feels stressed about speaking publicly.

    昆西知道他可以很簡單的傳遞這些資訊,因此他不再因公開演說而感到壓力。

  • He knows what his co-workers want, and he knows how to give it to them.

    他知道他的同事想要什麼,也知道如何給他們。

  • In his mind, the presentation is no longer a presentation: it's more like a conversation.

    在他的心目中,演講不再是一場簡報,而更像是一場對話。

  • But this process unfolds differently if Quincy's problem is different.

    但是,如果昆西的問題不同,這個過程的展開就不同了。

  • What if Quincy doesn't have a list of the top 10 Tik Tok trends of the last quarter?

    如果昆西沒有上一季度的 Tik Tok 十大趨勢清單怎麼辦?

  • What if he knows their expectations, but doesn't have the relevant information?

    如果他雖然知道他們的期望,但手邊卻沒有相關的資訊怎麼辦?

  • The questioning process looks like this:

    提問的過程會像是這樣:

  • Question: “What's stopping me from satisfying their expectations?”

    問:「是什麼阻礙了我滿足他們的期望?」

  • Answer: “I don't have the relevant information.”

    答:「我沒有相關資訊。」

  • Question: “What's stopping me from getting the relevant information?”

    問:「是什麼阻礙了我獲得相關資訊?」

  • Answer: “Nothing. I can e-mail the right peers and get it from them.”

    答:「沒有。我可以給合適的同行發電子郵件,從他們那裡獲得這些資訊。」

  • So this time, Quincy arrives at a different solution.

    所以這一次,昆西得出了一個不同的解決方案。

  • He reaches out to people that do have the data and no longer feels stressed.

    他向那些擁有數據的人詢問資訊,並且不再感到壓力。

  • Again, he knows what his co-workers are expecting, and he knows he can deliver it.

    同樣,他知道他的同事們在期待什麼,也知道自己能夠為他們實現。

  • But what if the data was actually not accessible?

    但是,如果這些數據實際上無法取得呢?

  • The questioning process might look like this:

    提問的過程可能會像是這樣:

  • Question: “What's stopping me from satisfying their expectations?

    問:「是什麼阻止了我滿足他們的期望?」

  • Answer: “I don't have the relevant information.”

    答:「我沒有相關資訊。」

  • Question: “What's stopping me from getting the relevant information?”

    問:「是什麼阻礙了我獲得相關資訊?」

  • Answer: “It's completely inaccessible. No one can get it in time for the presentation.”

    答:「我完全無法獲得這些資訊。沒有人能夠在簡報前及時獲得這些資訊。」

  • Question: “What's stopping me from changing their expectations?”

    問:「是什麼阻止了我改變他們的期望?」

  • Answer: “Nothing. I can send an e-mail out right now.”

    答:「沒有。我現在就可以發一封郵件過去。」

  • So in this case, because Quincy knows he can't get the information his co-workers are expecting, he sends an e-mail out and changes their expectations before the event.

    所以在這種情況下,因為昆西知道他無法得到同事們所期望的資訊,他於是發了一封電子郵件,在簡報前改變了同事們的期望。

  • He lets them know that the data their expecting won't be available, and he prevents them from being massively disappointed at the presentation.

    他讓同事們知道他們將無法得知本來期望的數據,並避免他們對之後的簡報感到非常失望。

  • This takes stress off of Quincy and allows him to focus on meeting their other expectations.

    這為昆西減輕了壓力,使他能夠專注於滿足他們其他的期望。

  • I went over three variations of Quincy's problem, but this process could be continued indefinitely for any problem.

    我剛才講了昆西問題的三種變化,但這個過程在面對任何的問題時,都能無限地延續下去。

  • Every problem is unique to the individual and requires an individual process of questioning.

    每個問題對每個人來說都是獨一無二的,並都各自需要一個單獨的提問過程。

  • Marcus Aurelius wrote that, “The impediment to action advances action. What stands in the way becomes the way.”

    馬庫斯·奧勒留寫道:「阻礙會促進人的動力。而阻擋我們之物將會化作道路本身。」

  • By understanding our problems clearly, we arrive at a solution.

    透過清楚地剖析我們的問題,我們便能得出解決方案。

  • By engaging in a genuine process of self-questioning, of asking ourselveswhat's stopping meover and over, we eventually arrive at an answer where nothing is stopping us from taking the next, appropriate action.

    透過真誠地進行一連串的自我質問,不斷反覆詢問自己「是什麼阻礙了我」,我們最終得到一個解答,沒有事情能阻擋我們做出下一步行動。

  • Or in other words, understanding the problem is the solution.

    或者換句話說,瞭解問題的本質就是解決問題的方法。

  • But that's just my opinion and understanding of Marcus' words.

    但這只是我對馬庫斯的話的看法和詮釋。

  • I'd love to hear your perspective in the comments.

    我也想在評論區中聽聽各位的看法。

  • I'd like to thank this week's sponsor: Skillshare, for giving away a free one-month trial to the first a thousand people who click the link in the description. And after that , it's only around 10 dollars a month.

    我想感謝本週的贊助者:Skillshare 送出了一個月免費試用機會,前一千名點擊影片敘述欄中連結的觀眾都能使用。在試用期結束後,每個月只需付費約 10 美金。

  • Skillshare is an online learning community with over 25000 classes in design, business, and more.

    Skillshare 是一個有著超過 25000 個關於設計、商業等各種領域課程的線上學習社群。

  • My favorite class is the Productivity Masterclass with Thomas Frank, where he helps you construct your very own productivity system.

    我最喜歡的課程是來自 Thomas Frank 的生產力大師課程,在其中他會幫助你建構出屬於自己的生產力系統。

  • He goes over task management essentials, digital and physical file organization, how to take and keep notes, email tips and tricks, and how to stay organized for the long-haul.

    課程內提到了工作管理必要觀念、數位與實體檔案整理法、如何記下並整理筆記、電子郵件的技巧與訣竅,以及如何在長期下來保持井井有序。

  • Whether you want to fill your curiosity, creativity, or even career, the ad-free environment on Skillshare is the perfect place to keep you learning and thriving in 2021.

    不論你是想滿足自己的好奇心、創造力或是充實職場能力,Skillshare 的無廣告環境是幫助你在 2021 年繼續學習並成長茁壯的最佳場所。

  • As always, thanks for watching, and I will see you next time.

    一如往常的,感謝各位收看,下次再見。

In Marcus Aurelius' Meditations, he gives us a timeless piece of wisdom for overcoming our obstacles.

在馬庫斯‧奧勒留的《沉思錄》中,他留給了我們克服人生障礙的不朽名言。

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A2 初級 中文 阻礙 期望 行動 問題 演講 同事

馬庫斯-奧雷利烏斯--如何克服障礙 (Marcus Aurelius - How to Overcome Obstacles)

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    Summer 發佈於 2021 年 06 月 30 日
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