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  • Scott: I can't hold it!

  • Eric: If you find yourself taking a swim

  • that you didn't necessarily want to take,

  • a lot of things can happen.

  • Alex: The spectrum runs from

  • you might just slow yourself down and ruin your day

  • all the way to, you know, death.

  • Eric: Swiftwater Safety Institute is

  • a professional training organization.

  • Swiftwater is defined by the

  • National Fire Protection Association

  • as water that's actually moving at a rate

  • greater than 1.15 miles per hour.

  • Hang on! Hang on, guys! Almost there!

  • Eric: We got three days, action packed,

  • a class full of students training for river rescues.

  • We'll train US Military Special Forces,

  • we'll train fire departments, EMS personnel,

  • police and fire, commercial river guys.

  • We train recreational river users.

  • My name's Rich Nicholes, and I'm from western Utah.

  • In 2020, I found myself unemployed.

  • I'm at a point in my life where

  • to restart something over is a little challenging.

  • If there's one positive thing that happened to me

  • out of this, it gave me some new direction.

  • I decided I wanted to get into some guiding.

  • Scott: This morning, we're at Big Bend Campground

  • here on the Colorado River.

  • It's just about seven miles upstream from Moab.

  • Today's training is mainly focused on being in the water.

  • So, self-rescue and buddy rescue.

  • Alex: We're going to do what we call an adventure swim.

  • So, work on our body positioning

  • while we're in the water,

  • work on what's safe,

  • what's acceptable and what's not.

  • So, the ideal way for a swiftwater entry move

  • or, you know, the way that you're

  • going to jump into the water,

  • you want your PFD, which is the life jacket,

  • to hit the water first,

  • kind of keep your arms crossed up in front of your face

  • as you're jumping into the water,

  • and trying to kind of skip out into the rapid a little bit.

  • Rope!

  • Alex: We're going to introduce some ropes

  • in the form of throw bags.

  • I would consider the throw bag to be

  • the most basic rescue device.

  • A throw bag is simply a bag,

  • and inside of it is a length of floating rope.

  • You would throw that bag of rope to somebody,

  • hopefully landing, really, on them or very near to them.

  • They would grab that, and now we have a connection

  • between ourselves and that person in the water

  • where we can swing them into shore.

  • Rope!

  • Thank you!

  • You know, if you go out there, you have your throw bag

  • but you haven't been practicing,

  • and you throw and you miss,

  • you haven't helped the situation at all.

  • You might've made it more dangerous.

  • Secondary! Secondary!

  • OK, I got it.

  • You have an opportunity to fail

  • and people to support you to fail.

  • I definitely failed a couple times

  • throwing the throw bag, but then I also got it.

  • We're going to be working on

  • how to extricate someone who may have

  • caught a foot in the river and become entrapped.

  • It was a little bit too aggressive water for him,

  • and so we decided that what we'd do

  • is we'd set a human wedge up

  • in front of that particular person to give a water break.

  • Eric: We got our six-person wedge.

  • We may add two people in the back.

  • They're going to act as rescuers.

  • Rich: I had no idea just the amount of physical exertion

  • it was going to take just on that front person

  • to be at the front of that wedge.

  • Rich: Definitely want a bigger person,

  • but you also want a physically fit person

  • that's going to be able to kind of

  • muscle against that current.

  • I was getting tired!

  • Alex: We're going to have a river trip,

  • about a eight-mile river trip.

  • What that allows us to do is to get out there

  • and flip some of these big rafts over

  • and practice riding those

  • and the techniques involved with that.

  • So we had, you know, kind of mayhem in the water.

  • We had eight different people in the water,

  • eight different paddles, but we took our paddles

  • and stuck them under the gig line,

  • and then pulled back

  • to reset the raft upright in the water.

  • And then a couple of people were able to get in.

  • Other people were attempting to get in as well.

  • The people that were already in the raft

  • were helping those people get in.

  • It's a pretty chaotic situation,

  • so we want to just kind of

  • make that a little bit more static

  • and make some of those decisions easier

  • and get them somewhat of a format to follow

  • while they're flipping this boat.

  • Scott: We're going to build a tension diagonal,

  • and that's going to be used

  • to move gear or people across the river.

  • There you go.

  • Scott: We're going to be working on some knots.

  • So we're going to set up our

  • 3:1 mechanical advantage

  • just to gain a little bit of force.

  • Eric: One of the specific knots we'll be teaching them

  • is this double fisherman's on a bend,

  • and then you pull it together.

  • Scott: It's used to join two ropes,

  • but mainly to create a Prusik loop.

  • You kind of drape that cord over a line,

  • and it wraps, like, three times

  • and then pulls tight.

  • It's a friction hitch,

  • so that when it's under tension,

  • it bites down on another line,

  • and we can pull it in a couple of different directions.

  • When we don't have tension on it,

  • we can loosen it and slide it either direction,

  • up or down that line that we're connecting to.

  • Say I were alone,

  • and I can pull on a rope

  • with 100 pounds of force.

  • Through a mechanical advantage system,

  • I can generate a larger force.

  • Students: 1, 2, 3.

  • 1, 2, 3. Set the break.

  • We're going to clip that Prusik loop

  • with a carabiner onto that rope.

  • You know, we're going to walk out as far as we can.

  • We're not even going to be clipping in until, like,

  • down by that wave down there.

  • And then it's going to be left shoulder,

  • just like this.

  • It's going to set your body a little weird.

  • You're going to feel sideways to the current,

  • and it's going to help push you across.

  • Try to keep your whole body

  • on the downstream side of this rope.

  • We're going to teach students how to deploy

  • with what's called a live bait tether,

  • so they can be tethered onto their life jacket

  • with the rope and actually go swimming after somebody.

  • It's all patience.

  • All patience.

  • Yeah, wait, wait for it, wait for it, wait for it.

  • Sneak out there, wait,

  • and now keep going.

  • Doing the live bait recoveries, it was challenging.

  • You had a swimmer that was out

  • in some swiftwater moving past you,

  • and you needed to get to them

  • and drag them back in as quickly as possible.

  • Instructor: After you make contact,

  • give him a little bit there, Frenchy.

  • Probably good when you are, bud.

  • That's the real deal right there.

  • When you come into this class

  • as any level of user, you're going to walk away

  • with a more developed skill set than you showed up with.

  • And we see that from a lot of folks.

  • They just go, "I had no idea I didn't know that."

  • Quite a few people, probably 5,000 to 6,000 students,

  • have gone through our training program.

  • And those are the same students that work as river rangers,

  • that get jobs working for search and rescue units,

  • that end up going to the military,

  • that work for the Coast Guard.

  • Instructor: Rich, and now you're just starting off

  • on a new little adventure here,

  • so I hope this was a great way to kick it.

  • So, I found a guiding job here in Moab.

  • I'm doing a solid for a full year,

  • and this training is going to be able to help me

  • in making proper decisions when I'm out on the water

  • and keep myself and my guests safe at the same time.

Scott: I can't hold it!

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白水救援队如何训练(How Whitewater Rescue Teams Are Trained | What It Takes)

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    joey joey 發佈於 2021 年 05 月 25 日
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