Placeholder Image

字幕列表 影片播放

  • For top level sports people,

  • it's not just skill and athleticism that count.

  • So often, it's mind over matter.

  • Psychology is now seen as increasingly vital to winning.

  • Having a sports psychologist is

  • just as valuable as a strength and conditioning coach.

  • In elite sport,

  • the difference between success and failure

  • is often the finest of margins.

  • Go!

  • It's all about raising the bar

  • one year to the next.

  • Keel's

  • good.

  • The annual boat race between

  • Oxford and Cambridge Universities

  • is one of the oldest and most prestigious events

  • in the sporting calendar.

  • They're moving out to

  • nearly a half a length here.

  • Very encouraging for Cambridge.

  • For the competitors,

  • it's 20 minutes of pure pain.

  • But also, pure pressure.

  • When they walk outside that boathouse

  • there will be 100,000 people standing on the bank.

  • That is something you just can't get your head around

  • until you've actually lived it.

  • How the rowers cope with that intense pressure

  • can make the difference between glory and failure.

  • The Cambridge women's team have won the last two races

  • and this woman has been one of the secrets of their success.

  • I work on managing their thinking.

  • Knowing that they are in control

  • of their psychological state.

  • Sports psychologist Helen Davis

  • has worked on specific techniques to help the team

  • at the most mentally testing moments in the race.

  • When the pain kicks in, they have trigger words

  • that they've planned for in advance

  • that they will say to themselves

  • to get across the finish line.

  • As training for the 2019 race intensifies,

  • just trying to keep up with teammates is mentally grueling.

  • Trying to make those crews is huge pressure.

  • I get off the water and I've just been

  • trying to keep up with

  • people who compete at world championships

  • and then I work on my PhD and I'm trying to keep up with

  • people that I feel are so much smarter than me.

  • So it's pressure that I put on myself.

  • So I will very much encourage them to

  • view pressure as a challenge.

  • Focus on certain things with their thinking

  • that's going to help them with their performance

  • rather than focusing on the uncertainties

  • of their situation.

  • Understanding what makes athletes cope

  • or panic at those crucial moments

  • is an ever-growing obsession in professional sport.

  • It's the multi-billion dollar question

  • that sports psychologists are constantly trying to answer.

  • Dr. Jamie Barker lectures

  • at the world's leading sports science university,

  • Loughborough in Britain.

  • What is the reaction that individuals go through

  • and how does that contribute to how they perform?

  • That's the intrigue that we have.

  • Okay and James, if you just try to relax as much as you can.

  • In 2013, Jamie helped devise

  • a cardiovascular test.

  • It compared the physiological reactions of athletes

  • who thrive in a high pressure situation

  • with those who flop.

  • A group of aspiring professional cricketers

  • were set a specific target.

  • We had a scenario where they would

  • have to score 36 runs of 30 deliveries

  • when facing the balling machine.

  • The cricketers were warned

  • that their results would be made public

  • and would decide who makes the team and who doesn't.

  • Shot.

  • So what's he on, then?

  • 10 of 10.

  • Nearly half the players

  • hit the test for six, and scored the runs.

  • And most of them went into what psychologists call

  • a challenge state.

  • In a challenge state,

  • my body releases adrenaline

  • which opens up my arteries, which means there's blood,

  • glucose, and oxygen going around my body,

  • I'm able to make better decisions.

  • I'm able to move quickly.

  • Over half the batsmen found themselves

  • on a stickier wicket, and failed to make the runs.

  • They mostly entered the so-called threat state.

  • In a threat state I experience

  • the release of cortisol, which constricts

  • the arteries around my heart,

  • there's less blood going around my body,

  • and hence my performance may suffer.

  • As a sports psychologist we can then start to go in and say,

  • how can we help you to go from a threat state

  • to a challenge state?

  • Jamie employs a mental visualization technique

  • that sports psychologists have used with a variety

  • of professional teams.

  • Athletes are asked to picture a set of scales.

  • On one side are their demands,

  • the obstacles to success.

  • They're taught to tip the balance the other way.

  • Towards their resources, the attributes they possess

  • that can help them.

  • It is about trying to develop a perception of control.

  • Can individuals really focus on the things

  • that they can influence, rather than worrying

  • about external factors.

  • Sports psychology is sometimes criticized

  • as a phony science.

  • But many major sports teams and personalities

  • now use psychologists.

  • And there's growing acceptance

  • that this boosts performances.

  • In sports, as in the world beyond,

  • a mental edge can bring a winning one.

  • Everyone on this team pushes themselves

  • to incredible limits.

  • And that's why they've come so far

  • academically and in sports.

For top level sports people,

字幕與單字

影片操作 你可以在這邊進行「影片」的調整,以及「字幕」的顯示

B1 中級 美國腔

是什么让精英运动员在压力下壮成长或潜水?(What makes elite athletes thrive or dive under pressure? | The Economist)

  • 8 0
    joey joey 發佈於 2021 年 05 月 24 日
影片單字