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自動翻譯
  • Bad information impacts all of us.

    不良信息影響著我們所有人。

  • Scams threaten all of our finances.

    騙局威脅著我們所有的財務狀況。

  • Political misinformation undermines our democracy.

    政治上的錯誤信息破壞了我們的民主。

  • When it comes to the coronavirus pandemic,

    當談到冠狀病毒大流行時。

  • health misinformation threatens all of our lives.

    健康方面的錯誤信息威脅著我們所有人的生命。

  • In human history, it has never been so easy to spread misinformation

    在人類歷史上,傳播錯誤信息從來沒有這麼容易過

  • to millions of people so rapidly.

    對數百萬人來說是如此迅速。

  • My name is Laura Walters, I'm a journalist,

    我的名字是勞拉-沃爾特斯,我是一名記者。

  • and I have been a victim of misinformation.

    而我一直是錯誤信息的受害者。

  • I got a cold call from a new website looking to publish news content.

    我接到一個新網站的冷電話,希望發佈新聞內容。

  • Everything seemed very normal, like any other freelance commission.

    一切似乎都很正常,就像其他自由職業者的委託一樣。

  • I wrote the story on Chinese influence in New Zealand,

    我寫了關於中國人在紐西蘭的影響的故事。

  • and then I literally thought nothing more of it.

    然後我就真的沒有再想過這個問題。

  • And about three or four months later, I got a call.

    大約三、四個月後,我接到一個電話。

  • Turns out that the FBI had actually tipped off Facebook.

    結果發現,聯邦調查局實際上已經向臉譜網通風報信。

  • This news organisation wasn't a news organisation at all.

    這個新聞機構根本就不是一個新聞機構。

  • It was the same troll farm

    這是同一家巨魔農場

  • that meddled in the 2016 US presidential elections.

    干涉2016年美國總統大選的。

  • From there it's been a deep dive into learning about

    從那裡開始,它一直在深入地學習關於

  • how our networks are infiltrated to try and spread misinformation.

    我們的網絡是如何被滲透以試圖傳播錯誤信息的。

  • I could have completely avoided this situation

    我本可以完全避免這種情況的發生

  • if I had applied the scrutiny in the same way that I do

    如果我以同樣的方式進行審查的話

  • when I'm investigating a story myself.

    當我自己在調查一個故事的時候。

  • If I can show how it happened to me,

    如果我可以展示它是如何發生在我身上的。

  • maybe I can help other people avoid it.

    也許我可以幫助其他人避免這種情況。

  • It's been a real wild experience for me.

    這對我來說是一次真正的狂野經歷。

  • It's important to remind people

    重要的是,要提醒人們

  • of the dangers of information

    資訊的危險性

  • and the new ways

    和新的方式

  • that people can share information

    人們可以分享資訊

  • that present risks to all of us,

    這給我們所有人帶來了風險。

  • but also the internet as a means of sharing good information.

    但也是互聯網作為分享好資訊的一種手段。

  • Yes, we're all confronted with more information than ever

    是的,我們都面臨著比以往更多的資訊

  • which makes it hard to tell fact from fiction,

    這使得人們很難區分事實和虛構。

  • but at the same time, fact-checkers like us

    但與此同時,像我們這樣的事實核查人員

  • can use the internet and the reach that we have to correct the record

    可以利用互聯網和我們所擁有的影響力來糾正記錄。

  • quicker than we ever could, and directly to people.

    比我們更快,而且直接給人們。

  • You can verify a story in many cases

    在許多情況下,你可以驗證一個故事

  • by simply typing in

    通過簡單地鍵入

  • the claim that you're not very sure of

    你不太確定的說法

  • and putting "fact check" next to it, for example,

    並在旁邊加上 "事實核查",例如。

  • on your preferred search engine.

    在你喜歡的搜索引擎上。

  • There's a very good chance that the top result

    有一個非常好的機會,那就是排名第一的結果

  • will actually take you to one of the fact checking organisations' website

    實際上會帶你到一個事實核查組織的網站。

  • that has already looked into that claim.

    已經對這一說法進行了調查。

  • Fact checking organisations have looked into well over 100,000 claims

    事實核查組織已經調查了超過100,000項索賠。

  • just when the pandemic started.

    就在大流行病開始的時候。

  • Within one year, they have looked at over 10,000 claims

    在一年內,他們已經看了超過10,000份索賠。

  • only related to the pandemic.

    只與大流行病有關。

  • There were quite a few stories circulating

    有相當多的故事在流傳

  • that were false, that were offering very simple cures to the disease,

    那是假的,提供非常簡單的疾病治療方法。

  • such as if you inhale steam.

    例如,如果你吸入了蒸汽。

  • -And that it would cure coronavirus just seemed completely illogical.

    -而且它可以治療冠狀病毒,這似乎完全不符合邏輯。

  • But when people are just overwhelmed by the amount of information

    但是,當人們只是被大量的資訊淹沒的時候

  • and they're scared and they're anxious,

    而且他們很害怕,很焦慮。

  • it shows that they can believe things.

    這表明他們可以相信事情。

  • It's interesting, when we're sort of anxious

    這很有趣,當我們有點焦慮時

  • we have, on the one hand, a need to actively go out and find information

    一方面,我們需要積極走出去尋找資訊

  • as a way of explaining what's going on, or even to help keep us safe.

    作為解釋發生了什麼的一種方式,甚至是幫助我們保持安全。

  • But at the same time, the research shows

    但與此同時,研究表明

  • we also experience paradoxical inability to process complexity,

    我們也經歷了自相矛盾的無力處理複雜性。

  • which, all together, means that when we are anxious

    這一切,意味著當我們焦慮的時候

  • we are even more susceptible to bad information.

    我們甚至更容易受到不良信息的影響。

  • There are tools online to verify, for example, fake images.

    網上有一些工具可以驗證,比如說,假的圖片。

  • One of them is Google reverse image search

    其中之一是谷歌反向影像搜索

  • where you put in an image and search for that image.

    在這裡你可以輸入圖片並搜索該圖片。

  • It is a really useful way

    這是一個非常有用的方法

  • of seeing where that image originally came from.

    的看到該影像最初來自哪裡。

  • Something like this would be a huge news story

    這樣的事情將是一個巨大的新聞故事

  • so if it's not being reported by trusted news sources

    是以,如果不是由可信賴的新聞來源報道,那麼

  • that might be a clue that it's not actually true.

    這可能是一個線索,它實際上不是真的。

  • Deepfakes is a big concern,

    深度造假是一個大問題。

  • and it's a growing concern, because it's completely new technology.

    而且這是一個越來越令人擔憂的問題,因為它是全新的技術。

  • The wonderful world of deepfakes.

    精彩的深層假象世界。

  • AI and VFX.

    AI和VFX。

  • In the future that technology's going to be perfected

    在未來,該技術將得到完善

  • and then we would really struggle

    然後我們就會真正地掙扎

  • to tell whether that video is not what it's meant to be.

    來判斷該視頻是否不是它所要的。

  • And so more technology is coming out

    是以,更多的技術正在湧現

  • that would help curb the spread of misinformation

    這將有助於遏制錯誤信息的傳播

  • in the form of plug-ins or that you could download

    以插件的形式,或者你可以下載

  • and attach to your browser.

    並附加到你的瀏覽器。

  • They could tell you what's less credible and what's more credible.

    他們可以告訴你哪些是不太可信的,哪些是比較可信的。

  • Algorithms that could help the social media platforms

    可以幫助社交媒體平臺的算法

  • to detect automatically and very rapidly

    自動和非常迅速地檢測

  • which stories being circulated that are not true.

    哪些正在流傳的故事是不真實的。

  • I'm quite hopeful on our ability

    我對我們的能力很有希望

  • to tackle the spread of misinformation in the future

    以應對未來錯誤信息的傳播

  • because more people are aware of the issue

    因為更多的人意識到了這個問題

  • because AI technology is becoming far more effective and powerful

    因為人工智能技術正變得更加有效和強大

  • in determining what is credible and what isn't

    在確定哪些是可信的,哪些是不可信的時候

  • and then reducing, if not stopping the spread, of that misinformation.

    然後減少(如果不是阻止)這種錯誤信息的傳播。

Bad information impacts all of us.

不良信息影響著我們所有人。

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你在網上分享的所有東西都是100%準確的嗎?| BBC創意 (Is everything you share online 100% accurate? | BBC Ideas)

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    Summer 發佈於 2021 年 05 月 13 日
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