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  • For some, it's all they can think about - sex.

    對一些人來說,他們能想到的只有--性。

  • But one question many people have is...why?

    但許多人有一個問題是......為什麼?

  • Why is sex such an important desire for many people?

    為什麼性對許多人來說是如此重要的慾望?

  • Why do we actually have sex?

    為什麼我們真的會有性行為?

  • Sure, there's the obvious answer - it's necessary for procreation.

    當然,有一個顯而易見的答案--這對生育是必要的。

  • Everyone knows that when a mommy and daddy love each other very much - well, you know

    每個人都知道,當媽媽和爸爸非常愛對方的時候--嗯,你知道的

  • the rest.

    其餘的。

  • But for all sexually dimorphic creatures in the animal kingdom, having sex is the primary

    但對於動物界所有的性雙態生物來說,發生性行為是最主要的。

  • way to expand the population.

    擴大人口的方式。

  • Sure, there are some exceptions - some sea creatures reproduce in non-contact ways, with

    當然,也有一些例外--一些海洋生物以非接觸的方式繁殖,以

  • the male fertilizing eggs after the female lays them.

    雄性在雌性產卵後使其受精。

  • And human reproductive science has found ways around medical difficulties in conceiving,

    而人類生殖科學已經找到了繞過醫學上的受孕困難的方法。

  • using techniques like in vitro fertilization to make babies possible for people without

    利用體外受精等技術,使沒有孩子的人也能生育。

  • doing it the old-fashioned way.

    用老式的方法來做。

  • But for the most part, if people want to make a baby - or in the case of rabbits, a lot

    但在大多數情況下,如果人們想生孩子--或者在兔子的情況下,大量的

  • of babies - they'd better get busy.

    的嬰兒--他們最好開始忙碌。

  • For humans, having a baby is a pretty involved thing.

    對人類來說,生孩子是一件相當複雜的事情。

  • Nine months of gestation and only one offspring at a time in the vast majority of cases.

    懷孕九個月,在絕大多數情況下,每次只有一個後代。

  • This is similar for many larger mammals, but for smaller mammals and other types of animal,

    這對許多較大的哺乳動物來說是類似的,但對較小的哺乳動物和其他類型的動物來說也是如此。

  • it's common to have a lot more babies and much quicker.

    有更多的孩子和更快的速度是很常見的。

  • So it's not a surprise that humans take picking a partner for having a baby more seriously

    是以,人類更認真地挑選生孩子的伴侶並不奇怪

  • - it's a pretty big investment.

    - 這是一項相當大的投資。

  • But there are plenty of other reasons that motivate people to have sex.

    但是還有很多其他原因促使人們發生性行為。

  • For one thing, we may be physically wired to have the desire for sex.

    首先,我們可能在生理上有對性的渴望。

  • Our brain patterns are formed from countless generations of evolution, and we're born

    我們的大腦模式是在無數代的進化中形成的,我們生來就是

  • with certain instincts that lead us to natural behaviors.

    具有某些本能,導致我們的自然行為。

  • One of those behaviors is sex, and that influences a lot of the other decisions we make.

    這些行為之一是性,而這影響了我們做出的許多其他決定。

  • It's not hard to see why our brains are hard-wired for this purpose - keeping the

    這就不難理解為什麼我們的大腦是為這一目的而硬連接的--保持

  • species going is the ultimate natural instinct, and while there is no shortage of population

    滅絕物種是最終的自然本能,雖然不缺乏人口,但也有很多人不知道該怎麼辦。

  • now, it was a much bigger priority in ages past, when life expectancy was shorter and

    現在,它是一個更大的優先事項,在過去,當預期壽命較短和

  • nature was filled with many more threats.

    自然界充滿了更多的威脅。

  • And more offspring means more genetic variety in the population.

    而更多的後代意味著人口中更多的遺傳多樣性。

  • But humans are complicated creatures, and there are many different things that motivate

    但人類是一種複雜的生物,有許多不同的東西在激勵著我們

  • us.

    我們。

  • For one thing - sex feels really good!

    首先--性愛的感覺真的很好!

  • This is called body-centered sex, and it's the most basic reason that drives sexual attraction

    這被稱為以身體為中心的性行為,它是驅動性吸引的最基本原因

  • - and sometimes, sexual addiction.

    - 有時,還有性癮。

  • Even without being concerned with the emotions of a partner, the feeling of sexual stimulation

    即使不關心伴侶的情緒,性刺激的感覺也是如此

  • can be a powerful driving force.

    可以成為一種強大的驅動力。

  • This triggers an effect called an orgasm that can be a powerful rush of pleasure and feel-good

    這引發了一種稱為高潮的效果,可以是一種強大的快感和感覺良好的衝動。

  • chemicals.

    化學品。

  • This is why many people enjoy self-stimulation - it's an easy way to get this pleasure

    這就是為什麼許多人喜歡自我刺激--這是一種獲得這種快感的簡單方法。

  • high without having to deal with the complex emotions of sexual relations.

    高,而不必處理性關係的複雜情緒。

  • For many people, though, those complex emotions are the main selling point.

    不過,對許多人來說,這些複雜的情感是主要的賣點。

  • Sex is one of the most powerful connections someone can have with their partner, and having

    性是一個人可以與他們的伴侶建立的最強大的聯繫之一,而擁有

  • sex is an expression of trust and unity.

    性是信任和團結的表現。

  • Whether it's after a long relationship, or after a whirlwind courtship, deciding to

    不管是在長期的關係之後,還是在旋風式的求愛之後,決定要

  • have sex with someone is often seen as a major step and a decision to commit to them.

    與某人發生性關係往往被看作是一個重要的步驟,是對其作出承諾的決定。

  • Before, during, and after the act, there's a feeling of becoming one and making a decision

    在行為之前、期間和之後,都有一種成為一體並作出決定的感覺。

  • that'll set the tone for the rest of your time together.

    這將為你們餘下的相處時間定下基調。

  • Some choose to wait until after marriage or engagement to make this step, but others find

    有些人選擇等到結婚或訂婚後才邁出這一步,但其他人發現

  • their own meaningful moment to take the jump.

    他們自己有意義的時刻,要跳下去。

  • And that feeling can continue well after the first time.

    而且這種感覺可以在第一次之後持續很久。

  • For those in a permanent or recurring relationship, having sex with someone they trust can be

    對於那些處於永久或經常性關係中的人來說,與他們信任的人發生性關係可能是

  • a stress reliever.

    緩解壓力。

  • If they've had a hard day at work or are worried about something, they may crave affection

    如果他們在工作中度過了艱難的一天,或為某些事情而擔憂,他們可能會渴望得到感情

  • and close contact with their partner.

    並與他們的伴侶密切接觸。

  • Initiating sex may be a way to push the unpleasantness of the day away and instead focus on something

    主動發生性行為可能是一種將一天中不愉快的事情推開,轉而關注一些事情的方式。

  • familiar and calming.

    熟悉和平靜。

  • While the actual act of sex is enjoyable as always, these situations are often almost

    雖然實際的性行為一如既往地令人愉快,但這些情況往往幾乎是

  • as much about the closeness with a partner.

    與伴侶的親密關係同樣重要。

  • Of course, sometimes the heat cools - but the love doesn't.

    當然,有時熱度會降溫--但愛卻不會。

  • Sometimes, especially in long-term relationships, sex can be a matter of duty and familiarity.

    有時,特別是在長期關係中,性可能是一個責任和熟悉的問題。

  • It's common for older couples, parents, and very busy two-career couples to set aside

    對於老年夫婦、父母和非常忙碌的雙職工夫婦來說,留出時間來做這件事很常見。

  • a regular time to have sex - often one day a week, but sometimes more infrequently.

    一個固定的性生活時間--通常是每週一天,但有時更少。

  • This is something to look forward to, but it's also a different kind of commitment.

    這是值得期待的事情,但這也是一種不同的承諾。

  • It's a way to reconnect and remind each other of how they feel about each other - even

    這是一種重新聯繫的方式,提醒對方他們對彼此的感覺--甚至是

  • if it's not as often as it used to be.

    如果它不像以前那樣經常出現。

  • But what about those who haven't experienced it before?

    但是那些以前沒有經歷過的人呢?

  • One of the most powerful motivators for having sex is, for some people, not having had it

    對一些人來說,發生性行為的最強大動力之一是沒有發生過性行為。

  • before.

    之前。

  • We've all seen the teen comedies where kids scheme to lose their virginity - or in one

    我們都看過青少年喜劇片,其中孩子們計劃失去他們的童貞--或者在一個

  • case, where a certain forty-year-old virgin does.

    案,其中某位四十歲的處女確實如此。

  • This is often driven by curiosity and other social factors - all they know is that sex

    這通常是由好奇心和其他社會因素驅動的--他們所知道的是,性

  • is the greatest thing around and everyone is doing it but them.

    是周圍最偉大的事情,除了他們,每個人都在這樣做。

  • It's more about getting a prize and answering those questions than anything else.

    與其說是為了獲得獎品,不如說是為了回答這些問題。

  • Often time, that first time doesn't live up to the hype and can be confusing and awkward

    通常情況下,第一次並沒有達到炒作的目的,可能會讓人感到困惑和尷尬。

  • - but what would you expect.

    - 但你會想到什麼。

  • When's the last time you did something perfectly on the first try?

    你最後一次在第一次嘗試時把事情做得完美是什麼時候?

  • But there are some less savory reasons that people might have sex.

    但是,人們可能會有一些不那麼好的理由來進行性行為。

  • Tied into curiosity, one reason many people want to have sex for the first time is for

    與好奇心相聯繫的是,許多人第一次想做愛的一個原因是為了

  • social status.

    社會地位。

  • After all, if all the cool kids are talking about having sex, the nerds are going to want

    畢竟,如果所有很酷的孩子都在談論做愛,那麼書呆子們就會想要

  • to prove they can do it too.

    以證明他們也能做到這一點。

  • Some might try to lie and join in, but what would be more embarrassing than getting caught

    有些人可能會試圖撒謊並加入進來,但有什麼比被抓到更難堪的呢?

  • in a lie about this?

    在這一點上,你是在撒謊嗎?

  • So instead, those looking to join thecool kidsjust seek out every opportunity to

    是以,相反,那些希望加入 "酷兒 "的人只是尋找一切機會來

  • have their first time - whether it's going to be a time to remember or a time they wish

    他們的第一次--無論這將是一個值得紀念的時刻,還是一個他們希望的時刻。

  • they could forget.

    他們可以忘記。

  • Some reasons for having sex can be downright cruel.

    有些做愛的理由可能是徹頭徹尾的殘忍。

  • Jealousy has been a thing since the early days, and people have gone to extreme lengths

    嫉妒從早期就開始了,人們已經走到了極端的程度

  • over it ever since the first caveman clubbed his neighbor over the head to take his cave.

    自從第一個山頂洞人用棍子敲打鄰居的頭以奪取他的山洞以來,就一直是這樣了。

  • But some people use sex to try to create jealousy.

    但有些人利用性來試圖製造嫉妒。

  • Say a man has a crush on a woman, but she's not interested.

    假設一個男人對一個女人有好感,但她卻不感興趣。

  • Maybe he finds another woman to have a relationship with, and tries to flaunt it around his real

    也許他找到了另一個女人的關係,並試圖在他真正的身邊炫耀。

  • obsession to make her jealous.

    痴迷於讓她吃醋。

  • The sex might be enjoyable, but he's never really plugged into it or enjoying being with

    性生活可能是愉快的,但他從來沒有真正插入其中或享受與他在一起的感覺。

  • the woman he's with - it's all about ulterior motives.

    和他在一起的女人--這都是別有用心的行為。

  • And some people use sex for cruel intentions.

    而有些人利用性來達到殘忍的目的。

  • Having sex with someone is considered a sacred bond of trust by most people, and that makes

    與人發生性關係被大多數人認為是一種神聖的信任關係,這使得

  • it all the more shocking when someone uses it for revenge.

    當有人利用它進行報復時,它就更令人震驚。

  • We've all seen this happen on soap operas - usually ending with a dramatic slap to the

    我們都在肥皂劇中看到過這種情況--通常以一個戲劇性的耳光結束。

  • face.

    臉。

  • Maybe someone has a fight with a teammate on the football team, so they decide to make

    也許有人與足球隊的隊友發生了爭執,所以他們決定讓

  • him angry by putting the moves on his sister.

    他對他的妹妹採取了行動,這讓他很生氣。

  • Or maybe after a nasty breakup, a girl decides to make her ex-boyfriend sorry by sleeping

    或者,在一次不愉快的分手後,一個女孩決定通過睡覺來讓她的前男友感到抱歉。

  • with his best friend.

    與他最好的朋友。

  • Whatever the motivation, the odds are pretty strong that the sex won't lead to a healthy

    無論動機是什麼,性行為不會導致健康的機率是非常大的。

  • relationship in these cases.

    在這些情況下的關係。

  • Of course, sometimes a healthy relationship isn't the goal.

    當然,有時健康的關係並不是目標。

  • For some people, sex is just a stepping stone to another kind of success.

    對有些人來說,性只是通往另一種成功的墊腳石。

  • It's a door into a relationship with someone who has something they want.

    這是一扇進入與有他們想要的東西的人的關係的門。

  • This is common when someone from a lower socioeconomic status wants to climb the ladder - if they

    當來自社會經濟地位較低的人想要攀登階梯時,這很常見--如果他們

  • wind up marrying the boss's daughter, they might be in for a plum position at the company.

    如果他們最終與老闆的女兒結婚,他們可能會在公司獲得一個重要的職位。

  • Sometimes this can be combined with genuine attraction and turn into a healthy relationship,

    有時,這可以與真正的吸引力相結合,變成一種健康的關係。

  • but more likely it'll wind up in a televised divorce proceeding on reality TV.

    但更有可能的是,它將在真人秀節目的電視離婚程序中結束。

  • Of course, for some people, the sex truly is all that matters.

    當然,對有些人來說,性真的是最重要的。

  • Sex addiction is when the sex drive, or libido, goes haywire and consumes a person's life.

    性成癮是指性慾或性慾失控,併吞噬了一個人的生活。

  • This is when the how, who, and why of sex doesn't really matter - only the act does.

    這時,性行為的方式、對象和原因並不真正重要--只有行為才重要。

  • People who struggle with sex addiction may just tire out their partner, but often it

    與性愛成癮作鬥爭的人可能只是讓他們的伴侶感到疲憊,但往往它

  • gets out of control and they wind up patronizing prostitutes or getting into casual sexual

    他們會失去控制,並最終光顧妓女或陷入隨意的性行為。

  • encounters that potentially expose them to sexually transmitted diseases.

    有可能使他們暴露於性傳播疾病的遭遇。

  • When sex addiction gets bad enough, it can ruin relationships and jobs.

    當性癮變得足夠嚴重時,它可以毀掉關係和工作。

  • The good news is, no matter why you're having sex, your body has reasons to celebrate.

    好消息是,無論你為什麼做愛,你的身體都有理由慶祝。

  • Did you know that having sex is actually exercise?

    你知道嗎,做愛其實是一種鍛鍊?

  • Maybe this shouldn't be a surprise, given how good it feels to lie down in bed and relax

    也許這不應該是一個驚喜,因為躺在床上放鬆的感覺非常好。

  • after a vigorous outing with your partner.

    在與你的夥伴進行激烈的外出活動之後。

  • It feels great, but you're exhausted - and there's a reason for that!

    感覺很好,但你很疲憊--這是有原因的!

  • Studies show that having sex raises your heart rate around the same level as a quick walk

    研究表明,做愛能提高你的心率,與快速散步的水準差不多。

  • or riding your bike at a regular pace.

    或以正常速度騎自行車。

  • This means that regular sex could play a role in keeping your body healthy - without the

    這意味著,經常性的性生活可以在保持身體健康方面發揮作用--而不需要。

  • cost of a gym membership.

    健身房會員的費用。

  • And there are other possible health benefits for why your body craves sex.

    而且,你的身體為什麼渴望性愛,還有其他可能的健康益處。

  • Having an orgasm creates a surge of hormones in your brain, particularly endorphins and

    獲得性高潮會在你的大腦中產生大量的荷爾蒙,特別是內啡肽和

  • oxytocin.

    催產素。

  • These reduce pain and make it easier to relax, and that means it's a lot easier to fall

    這些都能減少疼痛,使人更容易放鬆,這意味著更容易跌倒。

  • asleep - especially if you're struggling with chronic pain or have a nagging headache.

    睡眠--特別是如果你正在與慢性疼痛作鬥爭或有一個嘮叨的頭痛。

  • While this works in both men and women, studies show the effect is more dramatic in men.

    雖然這對男性和女性都有效,但研究表明,男性的效果更為顯著。

  • This means that having sex could be the key to a good night's sleep.

    這意味著做愛可能是獲得良好睡眠的關鍵。

  • But women may have their own unique advantage.

    但女性可能有自己獨特的優勢。

  • Studies show that women who have sex several times a week are less likely to develop heart

    研究表明,每週有幾次性生活的女性不太可能患上心臟疾病。

  • disease compared to women who only have sex once a month or less.

    與每月只有一次或更少的性生活的婦女相比,疾病。

  • Why this is the case isn't clear - some speculate that healthy women might just be

    為什麼會出現這種情況並不清楚--有些人猜測健康的女性可能只是

  • more likely to have sex.

    更有可能發生性行為。

  • But having sex is also heart-healthy exercise, so even if it's a correlation rather than

    但做愛也是有益於心臟健康的運動,所以即使是相關的而不是

  • a cause, “the heart knows what it wantsmight have more than one meaning.

    一個原因,"心知肚明 "可能有不止一個意思。

  • And having sex regularly might even impact the brain.

    而經常性的性生活甚至可能影響大腦。

  • Studies done on people over fifty who had regular sex showed that they had an improved

    對50歲以上有定期性生活的人所做的研究表明,他們有一個改善的

  • ability to remember number patterns and better math skills.

    記憶數字模式的能力和更好的數學技能。

  • While this effect was more significant in men, it was true in both genders - and indicated

    雖然這種影響在男性中更為顯著,但在兩種性別中都是如此--並表明

  • that sex might help to keep the brain fresh.

    性可能有助於保持大腦的新鮮感。

  • Is sex helping to generate new brain cells?

    性愛是否有助於產生新的腦細胞?

  • It's known that it's as much a mental activity as it is a physical one, and this

    眾所周知,這既是一項精神活動,也是一項體力活動,而這

  • seems to indicate that there could be long-term benefits for memory and mental skills.

    似乎表明可能對記憶和心理技能有長期的好處。

  • There's even evidence that sex might help to keep you alive.

    甚至有證據表明,性可能有助於保持你的生命。

  • One study on married women showed a minor link between having sex more often and living

    一項針對已婚婦女的研究顯示,更頻繁的性行為與生活之間有輕微的聯繫。

  • longer.

    更長的時間。

  • While there's no way to prove that this is a cause, there are many possible explanations.

    雖然沒有辦法證明這是一個原因,但有許多可能的解釋。

  • One might be that having regular sex is an indication that the marriage is healthy, active,

    一個可能是,有規律的性生活表明婚姻是健康的、積極的。

  • and passionate, which could reduce stress and improve mental health.

    並充滿激情,這可以減少壓力並改善心理健康。

  • Another possibility could be that more healthy people are simply more likely to have sex.

    另一種可能性是,更健康的人只是更有可能發生性行為。

  • But the odds are this study made a lot of people goHey - it couldn't hurt!”.

    但這項研究有可能讓很多人覺得 "嘿--這不會有什麼損失!"。

  • One thing's for sure - our bodies seem wired to want sex in more ways than one.

    有一件事是肯定的--我們的身體似乎在更多方面都有對性的渴望。

  • It's been shown in studies that adults in committed relationships report less incidences

    研究表明,處於承諾關係中的成年人報告的事件較少。

  • of depression or mental health issues if they're having regular sex.

    的抑鬱症或精神健康問題,如果他們有定期的性生活。

  • This connection with their partner and the regular release of endorphins seems to have

    這種與伴侶的聯繫和定期釋放的內啡肽似乎有

  • a positive effect on mental health.

    對心理健康有積極影響。

  • But this only works when a person has someone they trust to share that bond with - the stress

    但是,這隻有在一個人有他們信任的人與之分享這種聯繫時才有效--壓力

  • of searching out unfamiliar partners may undo that benefit and actually add more stress.

    尋找不熟悉的夥伴可能會使這種好處消失,實際上增加了壓力。

  • One thing seems clear - the reasons people have sex are a complex mix of physical, mental,

    有一件事似乎很清楚--人們發生性行為的原因是身體、心理的複雜組合。

  • and emotional issues combined with a hard-wired instinct to seek opportunities to continue

    和情緒問題,再加上尋找機會繼續工作的硬性本能

  • the species.

    的物種。

  • I bet those rabbits in the meadows have less on their mind.

    我敢打賭,草原上的那些兔子的想法更少。

  • For more on the process of sex, check outWhat Happens to Your Body While You Are

    關於性愛過程的更多資訊,請查看《你的身體會發生什麼?

  • Having Sex?”, or watchWhat Is Sexsomnia (Sleep Sex Disease)” for a look at one of

    有性行為嗎?",或觀看 "什麼是性失眠(睡眠性疾病)",以瞭解其中一個

  • the most bizarre sex disorders.

    最怪異的性功能障礙。

For some, it's all they can think about - sex.

對一些人來說,他們能想到的只有--性。

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B1 中級 中文 性行為 關係 健康 生活 聯繫 感覺

為什麼我們真的有性行為 (Why Do We Actually Have Sex)

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    Summer 發佈於 2021 年 05 月 13 日
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