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  • Space is a weird place- how weird? Well, how's  planets made out of solid diamond and burning  

    太空是一個奇怪的地方,有多奇怪?好吧,行星是如何由固體鑽石和燃燒而成的?

  • ice strike you as weird? Here's 10  of the weirdest planets out there.

    冰塊讓你覺得很奇怪?這裡有10個最奇怪的行星。

  • 10. Every Day A Birthday

    10.每一天都是生日

  • Here on earth you have to wait  until you're 21 to drink legally,  

    在地球上,你必須等到21歲才能合法地喝酒。

  • if you lived on Wasp-18b though that wouldn't  be much of a problem, as you'd only be waiting  

    如果你住在Wasp-18b上,那就沒有什麼問題了,因為你只是在等待。

  • 21 days until you were legally able to  drink. Located 410 light years from Earth,  

    21天,直到你能夠合法地喝酒。位於離地球410光年的地方。

  • Wasp-18b is only about 1.9 million miles  (3.1 million km) from its parent star,  

    黃蜂-18b距離其母星只有大約190萬英里(310萬公里)。

  • and its orbital velocity is so great that it  zips around its star in less than 24 hours.

    它的軌道速度是如此之大,以至於它在不到24小時內繞著它的恆星飛馳。

  • Wasp-18b moves so fast because of  its incredible proximity to its sun.  

    黃蜂-18b移動得如此之快,是因為它難以置信地接近它的太陽。

  • The closer you are to a source of gravitythe stronger the pull of that gravity on you.  

    你離重力源越近,重力對你的拉力就越強。

  • Therefore for a planet to remain in orbit  and not get swallowed up by its sun,  

    是以,對於一個行星來說,要想保持在軌道上,不被太陽吞噬。

  • it has to generate sufficient speed to overcome  the gravitational force of the sun. So basically,  

    它必須產生足夠的速度來克服太陽的引力。所以基本上是這樣。

  • the closer you get to a star, the faster you have  to move or you'll end up falling into that star.  

    你越接近一顆恆星,你必須移動得越快,否則你最終會落入那顆恆星。

  • Likewise, the further away you are the slower  you need to go to maintain a stable orbit.

    同樣,你離得越遠,你需要走得越慢,以保持穩定的軌道。

  • Of course living on Wasp-18b would be  a bit of a problem unless you were in  

    當然,住在Wasp-18b上會有點問題,除非你是在

  • a space habitat above the planet, because  Wasp-18b is 10 times Jupiter's size, and just  

    在這顆行星上方的空間棲息地,因為Wasp-18b的大小是木星的10倍,而且只是

  • barely falls under the category of a brown dwarfcommonly thought of as 'failed stars' because they  

    勉強屬於褐矮星的範疇,通常被認為是 "失敗的星星",因為它們

  • didn't get big enough to start fusion at their  cores or get their own reality tv shows. Also,  

    沒有變得足夠大,以至於在他們的核心部分開始融合或得到他們自己的電視真人秀節目。還有。

  • due to tidal forces acting on the planetit'll eventually fall into its own sun,  

    由於作用在行星上的潮汐力,它最終會落入自己的太陽。

  • giving anyone living in its orbit  the worst sunburn in the universe

    給生活在其軌道上的任何人帶來宇宙中最嚴重的晒傷。

  • Speaking of speed and sunburnthis next planet has both to spare.

    說到速度和晒傷,下一個星球有這兩方面的優勢。

  • 9. Whiplash And Sunburn All At Once

    9.鞭打和晒傷同時發生

  • Weather can be unpredictable here on earthwith the best weatherman barely able to tell  

    地球上的天氣可能是不可預測的,最好的天氣預報員也幾乎不能告訴你。

  • you what the next week is going to be  like. However, weather on HD 80606 b  

    你下週會是什麼樣子。然而,HD80606的天氣b

  • is pretty predictable- if not the most extreme  in the galaxy. While at one point in its orbit  

    是相當可預測的--如果不是銀河系中最極端的話。雖然在其軌道的某一點上

  • you'll be enjoying balmy, Earthlike summer  weather, just a few weeks later you'll be  

    你將享受溫和的、類似於地球的夏季天氣,僅僅幾周後,你就會發現

  • cranking up the AC to hypermaximum as the  temperatures soar to thousands of degrees.

    當溫度飆升至數千度時,將空調開到最大。

  • That's because HD 80606 b has a very  eccentric orbit, resulting in an elliptical  

    這是因為HD 80606 b有一個非常偏心的軌道,導致了一個橢圓的

  • orbital path that dips it to just undermillion miles at its closest to its sun,  

    它的軌道路徑使它在離太陽最近的時候下降到不到300萬英里。

  • to 82 million miles at its furthest. This  eccentric orbit lead to scientists measuring  

    到最遠的8200萬英里。這種偏心的軌道導致科學家測量了

  • a temperature change of 1,000 degrees fahrenheit  (500 C) to 2200 degrees (1200 C) in just  

    從1000華氏度(500攝氏度)到2200度(1200攝氏度)的溫度變化,只需要

  • six hours. Such severe temperature swings lead  toshock wave stormsthat propel superheated  

    六個小時。這種嚴重的溫度波動導致了 "衝擊波風暴",將超熱的

  • winds at 15 times the speed of sound, absolutely  shredding anything that might get in their way.

    風速達到15倍音速,絕對會撕碎任何可能妨礙它們的東西。

  • Scientists believe that the influence of  another star 1,000 astronomical units away-  

    科學家們認為,在1000個天文單位之外的另一顆恆星的影響--

  • or 1,000 times the distance from the sun to  the Earth- is to blame for the extreme orbit,  

    或從太陽到地球的距離的1,000倍--是造成極端軌道的原因。

  • which is also inclined 90 degrees in a similar  fashion to Halley's Comet in our own solar system

    它也以類似於我們太陽系中哈雷彗星的方式傾斜90度。

  • This next planet would make you and every  descendant you have until the end of time  

    這顆下一個星球將使你和你的每一個後裔直到時間的盡頭

  • rich beyond your wildest dreamsif it doesn't kill you instantly

    超越你最瘋狂的夢想的財富--如果它沒有立即殺死你的話。

  • 8.Galactic El Dorado

    8.銀河系的埃爾多拉多

  • The legend of El Dorado tells of a secret  city made of pure gold, worth trillions to  

    埃爾多拉多的傳說中,有一座由純金打造的祕密城市,價值數萬億。

  • whoever could find it and plunder its richesTurns out, our galaxy has something much like  

    誰能找到它並掠奪其財富。 事實證明,我們的星系有一些類似於

  • that- only on the size of an entire planetAlso, it's not made of gold- but pure diamond.

    這--只是在整個星球的大小上。 此外,它不是由黃金製成的,而是純鑽石。

  • PSR J171901438b, which we'll just  call 1438b for now if you don't mind,  

    PSR J171901438b,如果你不介意的話,我們現在就叫它1438b。

  • is without a doubt one of the strangest  objects in the sky. Also it's worth more  

    無疑是天空中最奇怪的物體之一。同時它的價值還在於

  • than all the wealth generated by mankind in all  of history. But before you can even think about  

    比人類在所有歷史上創造的所有財富還要多。但是,在你能夠考慮到

  • landing on a planet made out of diamondyou have to contend with its parent star.

    在一個由鑽石組成的星球上登陸,你必須與它的母星抗衡。

  • This planet's star is actually a neutron star, or  the remnants of a supermassive star that could've  

    這顆行星的恆星實際上是一顆中子星,或者說是一顆超大品質恆星的殘餘物,可能已經

  • been as much as 25 times the size of our own sunAt some point, this giant star blew its top in a  

    它的大小是我們太陽的25倍之多。 在某種程度上,這顆巨大的恆星在某一時刻炸燬了它的頂部。

  • massive supernova explosion, leaving behind its  superdense core. How dense? A single teaspoon of a  

    巨大的超新星爆炸,留下了其超密集的核心。有多密?一茶匙的

  • neutron star's material would weigh a billion tons  here on Earth. Stray too close into this star's  

    中子星的物質在地球上會有10億噸重。如果太靠近這顆恆星的

  • gravity field and you'll never leave it againso landing on 1438b is probably not an option.

    你將永遠不會再離開它--所以在1438b上降落可能不是一個選項。

  • Even if you did manage to land  on 1438b though, its parent star  

    即使你設法降落在1438b上,它的母星

  • isn't done trying to murder you. That's  because its star is also a pulsar, or a  

    還沒有完成對你的謀殺。這是因為它的恆星也是一顆脈衝星,或者說是一顆

  • neutron star that emits beams of concentrated  radiation so powerful, scientists at first  

    中子星發出的集中輻射束的威力如此之大,科學家們起初還以為是中子星。

  • believed pulsars to be alien navigation beacons  guiding their ships through intergalactic space.  

    相信脈衝星是外星人的導航信標,引導他們的飛船在星際空間中航行。

  • Most pulsars have a rotational speed of justfew seconds, washing everything in reach with  

    大多數脈衝星的旋轉速度僅有幾秒鐘,對觸手可及的一切都進行清洗。

  • intense radiation dozens of times a minuteHowever, millisecond pulsars make regular  

    每分鐘幾十次的強烈輻射。 然而,毫秒脈衝星會定期進行

  • pulsars look like they're not even trying. These  stars can rotate in a matter of milliseconds,  

    脈衝星看起來就像它們根本沒有努力。這些恆星可以在幾毫秒的時間內進行旋轉。

  • with the fastest recorded pulsar rotating in 1.6  milliseconds. 1438B's star isn't quite that fast,  

    有記錄的最快的脈衝星在1.6毫秒內旋轉。1438B的恆星還沒有那麼快。

  • but it still rotates about 10,000 times per  minute, basically machinegunning the surface  

    但它仍然每分鐘旋轉約10,000次,基本上是機器運行的表面。

  • of 1438b with extreme radiation that even the  best shielded space suit won't save you from.

    1438b的極端輻射,即使是最好的屏蔽式太空服也無法拯救你。

  • So you can basically forget about striking it rich  

    是以,你基本上可以忘記發財的事。

  • with the Milky Way's very own El DoradoBut how did this diamond planet form?

    與銀河系自己的埃爾多拉多。 但是這個鑽石星球是如何形成的呢?

  • Scientists believe that 1438b was once as large as  Jupiter, but had its outer layers blasted away by  

    科學家們認為,1438b曾經和木星一樣大,但它的外層被木星炸掉了。

  • its pulsar parent star. The core of the planetprimarily composed of carbon, was left behind,  

    它的脈衝星母星。這顆行星的核心主要由碳組成,被留在了後面。

  • which under extreme pressure would have  solidified to diamond or a diamond-like  

    在極端的壓力下,它將凝固為鑽石或類似鑽石的物質。

  • material. Given that any part of the  planet survived 1438b's parent star's  

    材料。鑑於這顆行星的任何部分都能在1438b的母星的

  • supernova phase, it's likely that this  diamond planet was an extrasolar capture,  

    超新星階段,這顆鑽石行星很可能是一個太陽系外捕獲物。

  • flung out of orbit around its home system and  'caught' by the mighty pulsar that now guards  

    被甩出其母星系統的軌道,被現在守護著它的強大脈衝星 "抓住"。

  • its unfathomable riches. The universe is old,  

    其深不可測的財富。宇宙是古老的。

  • but our next duo of planets just might  be the youngest ever spotted by mankind.

    但我們的下一對行星可能是人類所發現的最年輕的行星。

  • 7. Baby Planets

    7.嬰兒行星

  • The galaxy is an old place, about 13.5 billion  years or just 300 million years older than the  

    銀河系是一個古老的地方,大約有135億年的歷史,或者說只比3億年的歷史。

  • universe itself. However, the Milky Way is  basically still an infant, and planetary  

    宇宙本身。然而,銀河系基本上仍然是一個嬰兒,而行星

  • formation is still an ongoing process that we canfor the first time, witness right here from Earth.

    形成仍然是一個持續的過程,我們可以第一次在地球上見證這個過程。

  • First imaged in 2018, PDS 70b and C were  identified as protoplanets shortly after  

    2018年首次成像,PDS 70b和C在不久後被確定為原行星

  • their discovery. Planets are born from the  slow accretion of material surrounding a star.  

    他們的發現。行星是由一顆恆星周圍的物質緩慢吸積而誕生的。

  • Electrostatic forces begin to clump up materialsimilar to the way static electricity can make  

    靜電開始使材料結塊,類似於靜電可以使

  • your hair stand on end when you rub it with  a balloon. At a certain point, gravity takes  

    當你用氣球摩擦它時,你的頭髮會豎起來。在某一點上,重力需要

  • over the attraction process and the planet-to-be  grows larger and larger as it pulls in more and  

    在吸引過程中,即將到來的行星會越來越大,因為它吸引了越來越多的人。

  • more material towards itself. Once it has fully  cleared its orbital path of debris, the planet  

    更多的物質走向自己。一旦它完全清除了其軌道上的碎片,該行星就會

  • is considered officially 'born'- which is why  Pluto is not a planet anymore. Sorry, not sorry.

    被認為是正式 "出生"--這就是為什麼冥王星不再是一顆行星。對不起,不是對不起。

  • However, images of PDS 79b and C made it difficult  to actually see the planets in formation. That's  

    然而,PDS 79b和C的影像使我們很難真正看到行星的形成。這就是

  • thanks to the thick clouds of dust and  gas still surrounding the growing planets.  

    由於厚厚的塵埃和氣體雲仍然圍繞著這些成長中的行星。

  • Then in 2020 astronomers figured out a way  to image the planets through their star's  

    然後在2020年,天文學家想出了一種方法,通過行星的恆星對其進行成像。

  • interference and the debris that surrounded  them, giving humanity a baby picture of two  

    干擾和圍繞著他們的碎片,給人類帶來了兩個嬰兒的畫面

  • Jupiter-like gas giants in formation and making  them some of the youngest planets ever discovered

    形成中的類似木星的氣體巨行星,並使它們成為迄今發現的最年輕的行星之一。

  • Our next planet has scientists  buzzing with excitement,  

    我們的下一個星球讓科學家們興奮不已。

  • because it just might hold extraterrestrial life.

    因為它可能有外星生命。

  • 6. Waterworld, Not Starring Kevin Costner

    6.水世界》,非凱文-科斯特納主演

  • Not too long ago we used to think that  water, which is so abundant on our planet,  

    不久前,我們曾經認為,水,在我們的星球上是如此豐富。

  • was rare in the galaxy. Then we discovered  that our own solar system was lousy with  

    在銀河系中是罕見的。然後我們發現,我們自己的太陽系中存在著糟糕的

  • it- even discovering it inside craters on  Mercury, the closest planet to the sun.  

    它--甚至在水星--離太陽最近的行星--的火山口內發現它。

  • If that wasn't enough, the discovery of GJ  1214b should end anyone's doubts that water  

    如果這還不夠的話,GJ 1214b的發現應該可以結束任何人對水的懷疑。

  • is pretty abundant across the universe, which  is great news for the possibility of alien life.

    在整個宇宙中相當豐富,這對外星生命的可能性來說是個好消息。

  • Known as a 'waterworld', GJ 1214b is  believed to be completely covered by water,  

    被稱為 "水世界 "的GJ 1214b被認為是完全被水覆蓋。

  • thanks to measurements of its density being  very close to the density of water. A thick,  

    由於對其密度的測量非常接近於水的密度。一個厚的。

  • humid atmosphere envelops the  planet, which is somewhere in  

    溼潤的大氣層籠罩著這個星球,它在某一地區。

  • size between the Earth and Uranusand a lot cleaner than the latter.

    大小在地球和天王星之間,而且比後者乾淨得多。

  • GJ 1214b is believed to have formed far out from  its parent star where water ice was abundant,  

    GJ 1214b被認為是在離其母星很遠的地方形成的,那裡有豐富的水冰。

  • and then gradually pulled in closer to its star  where it rests now. Due to the abundance of water  

    然後逐漸拉近它的恆星,它現在就在那裡。由於有大量的水

  • and scarcity of rock on this planet, scientists  predict we could discover all kinds of exotic  

    科學家們預測,在這個星球上,我們可能會發現各種奇特的岩石。

  • materials such as 'hot ice' or 'superfluid water'. On our next planet temperatures get so hot  

    材料,如 "熱冰 "或 "超流體水"。在我們的下一個星球上,溫度變得如此之高

  • that the clouds are made out of rock.

    雲是由岩石製成的。

  • 5. Rock Atmosphere

    5.搖滾氛圍

  • You heard that right, our next strange planet has  an atmosphere made of rock. Well, vaporized rock.

    你沒聽錯,我們的下一個陌生星球有一個由岩石構成的大氣層。嗯,汽化的岩石。

  • Corot-7b was discovered way back in 2010, and  at the time was one of the smallest planets  

    Corot-7b早在2010年就被發現了,當時是最小的行星之一。

  • discovered. 70 percent larger than  the earth and 4.8 times Earth's mass,  

    發現。比地球大70%,品質是地球的4.8倍。

  • that still makes Corot-7b a pretty  big boy- or super earth. However,  

    這仍然使Corot-7b成為一個相當大的男孩--或超級地球。然而。

  • you can forget about Corot-7b being  super-habitable, because it's super-not  

    你可以忘記Corot-7b是超級適合居住的,因為它是超級不適合居住的。

  • unless you enjoy temperatures that can melt  steel and breathing in vaporized rocks.

    除非你喜歡能融化鋼鐵的溫度和呼吸被蒸發的岩石。

  • 60 times closer to its parent star than the EarthCorot-7b experiences temperatures so extreme that  

    科羅-7b距離母星的距離比地球近60倍,它所經歷的溫度如此之高,以至於

  • its rocky core actually vaporizes into a thin  atmosphere, which is then inevitably blasted away  

    它的岩石核心實際上蒸發成一個稀薄的大氣層,然後不可避免地被炸開。

  • by its sun. over the course of its lifetime, the  planet- which is believed to be the remnants of a  

    在它的生命過程中,這顆行星--據信是由一個 "大 "字形行星的殘餘物組成的--被太陽所控制。

  • saturn-sized planet- has had as much as several  earth masses of material already vaporized and  

    衛星大小的行星--有多達幾個地球品質的物質已經蒸發和

  • blown away into space. A long time ago, Corot-7b  was likely much further away from its sun,  

    被吹到了太空中。很久以前,Corot-7b可能離它的太陽更遠。

  • but as it lost mass it migrated closer to its  sun, sealing its ultimate fate. Over time,  

    但隨著它品質的減少,它向太陽遷移得更近了,從而註定了它的最終命運。隨著時間的推移。

  • the entire planet may disintegrate away  until no evidence of its existence is left

    整個星球可能會解體,直到不留下任何存在的證據。

  • Our next planet is actually  hotter than some stars.

    我們的下一個行星實際上比一些恆星還要熱。

  • 4. Planet With Dreams Of Being A Star

    4.夢想成為明星的星球

  • At a certain point it gets very difficult to  tell the difference between a planet and a star,  

    在某一點上,要區分行星和恆星變得非常困難。

  • and no planet yet discovered pushes the boundaries  of that distinction quite like Kelt-9b. At twice  

    而目前發現的任何行星都沒有像凱爾特-9b那樣突破了這種區別的界限。在兩次

  • the size of Jupiter, this massive planet is  already big enough to enter star territory,  

    與木星一樣大,這顆巨大的行星已經大到可以進入恆星的領域。

  • but its the incredible temperature of the planet  that really makes you consider if Kelt-9b is in  

    但其令人難以置信的星球溫度,真正讓你考慮凱爾特-9b是否在

  • fact, a planet. Receiving 44,000 times more energy  from its sun than we do from ours, Kelt-9b has a  

    事實上,是一顆行星。凱爾特-9b從其太陽接收的能量是我們從太陽接收的能量的44,000倍,它具有

  • daytime temperature of 7,800 degrees (4300 C),  which is hotter than the surface of some stars

    白天的溫度為7800度(4300攝氏度),比一些恆星的表面還要熱。

  • Tidally locked to its star, the way the  moon is to us, Kelt-9b is in a polar orbit,  

    凱爾特-9b與它的恆星緊密相連,就像月球與我們一樣,處於極地軌道。

  • whizzing over it's star's poles every 36  hours. Given its rotation and orbital speed,  

    每36小時在它的恆星的兩極上呼嘯而過。鑑於它的旋轉和軌道速度。

  • Kelt-9b actually experiences two summers and  two winters per 36 hour 'year', with each season  

    凱爾特-9b實際上在每36小時的 "一年 "中經歷兩個夏天和兩個冬天,每個季節都有

  • lasting just nine hours. For those viewers of  ours getting ready for summer break from school,  

    持續時間只有九個小時。對於我們那些準備從學校放暑假的觀眾來說。

  • imagine if your vacation only lasted a measly  four hours and be glad you don't live on Kelt-9b.

    想象一下,如果你的假期只持續了短短的四個小時,你會慶幸自己沒有住在凱爾特-9B。

  • Also because, you know, you'd instantly be  vaporized by the star-like temperatures

    還因為,你知道,你會立刻被恆星般的溫度蒸發掉。

  • Our next planet is without a doubtthe most beautiful ever discovered.

    我們的下一個星球毫無疑問是迄今為止發現的最美麗的星球。

  • 3. If You Liked It You Should've  Put Several Thousand Rings On It

    3.如果你喜歡它,你應該給它戴上幾千枚戒指

  • Saturn is the absolute crown jewel of the solar  system, with its beautiful ring system the planet  

    土星是太陽系中絕對的皇冠上的明珠,它擁有美麗的環形系統,該行星

  • is awe inspiring and never fails to wow every  time scientists release new photos of it. However,  

    每當科學家們發佈新的照片時,它都會令人敬畏,並且永遠不會讓人失望。然而。

  • while Saturn may be the cock-of-the-walk in our  solar system, there's a planet out there that is  

    雖然土星可能是我們太陽系中的佼佼者,但在那裡有一顆行星是

  • overcompensating so hard, it makes Saturn look  like an intergalactic Walmart jewelry counter.

    過度補償,使土星看起來像一個星系間的沃爾瑪珠寶櫃檯。

  • J1407b is a brown dwarf, or failed starthat's bigger than Jupiter. However,  

    J1407b是一顆褐矮星,即失敗的恆星,比木星還要大。然而。

  • what's truly incredible about this planet is  the massive ring system that surrounds it,  

    這顆行星真正令人難以置信的是圍繞它的巨大環形系統。

  • spanning out to a distance of 74 million  miles (120 million km)- or nearly 2/3  

    延伸到7400萬英里(1.2億公里)的距離--或近2/3的距離

  • the distance of the earth to the sunIt's ring system is 200 times larger  

    地球到太陽的距離。 它的環形系統是200倍大

  • than Saturn's and contains as much as an  entire Earth's mass in dust particles.

    比土星還大,所含的塵埃顆粒多達整個地球的品質。

  • Astronomers have already identified one gap  in the massive ring system, which is almost  

    天文學家已經確定了大規模環形系統中的一個缺口,這幾乎是

  • certainly the formation of a moon somewhere in  size between the Earth and Mars. Over the next  

    肯定會形成一個大小在地球和火星之間的月球。在接下來的時間裡

  • few million years this impressive ring system  will slowly fade from view as more moons form  

    幾百萬年後,隨著更多衛星的形成,這個令人印象深刻的環形系統將慢慢從人們的視野中消失。

  • out of all the collected dust- which means if  humanity wants to see one of the most stunning  

    這意味著,如果人類想看到一個最令人驚歎的

  • sights in the universe for itself, it better start  inventing faster than light travel like yesterday

    宇宙中的景點為自己,它最好像昨天一樣開始發明比光速更快的旅行。

  • Our next planet was a candidate  for advanced alien life so good,  

    我們的下一個星球是高級外星生命的候選者,那麼好。

  • that scientists immediately radioed  it hoping to make contact with E.T.

    科學家們立即用無線電聯繫它,希望能與E.T.取得聯繫。

  • 2. Somewhere Between Heaven and Hell

    2.天堂與地獄之間的某處

  • In 2007 the discovery of Gliese 581c excited  astronomers and scientists around the world  

    2007年,格利澤581c的發現讓全世界的天文學家和科學家們興奮不已

  • on the hunt for alien life. Only a few masses  larger than our own Earth, Gliese 581c is smack  

    在尋找外星生命的過程中。格利澤581c只比我們自己的地球大幾個品質,但它卻比我們的地球大。

  • dab inside its star's habitable zone- meaning  that liquid water is possible on the surface.  

    在其恆星的宜居區內,這意味著表面有可能出現液態水。

  • With such similarities, surely there's a  good chance Gliese 581c may be habitable.

    有了這樣的相似性,Gliese 581c肯定很有可能是可居住的。

  • However, closer examinations of this planet  revealed that it was tidally locked to its  

    然而,對這顆行星的仔細檢查顯示,它被潮汐性地鎖定在其上。

  • parent star, and orbits so close that the  daytime side would be a scorching hellscape,  

    父星,並且軌道如此接近,以至於白天的一面將是一個炙熱的地獄景象。

  • while the night time side would be a frozen  wasteland. However, along a thin band of  

    而夜間的一側將是一片冰冷的荒地。然而,沿著一條細帶的

  • terrain between the two extremes, where  the land is bathed in a perpetual sunset,  

    處於兩個極端之間的地形,那裡的土地沐浴在永恆的夕陽中。

  • temperatures are believed to be moderate enough to  allow liquid water, and thus life. Unfortunately  

    據信溫度適中,足以允許液態水的存在,是以也就有了生命。不幸的是

  • the huge temperature differences would mean that  weather would be very extreme on Gliese 581c,  

    巨大的溫差將意味著格利澤581c上的天氣將非常極端。

  • so if life does exist it better have some way of  withstanding hurricane-force winds every single  

    是以,如果生命真的存在,它最好有辦法抵禦每一次的颶風。

  • day. This would not bode well for technologically  advanced life, though SETI scientists beamed  

    天。這對技術先進的生命來說不是一個好兆頭,儘管SETI的科學家們將鏡頭對準了這一點。

  • a hello message to the planet anyways, which  won't reach any potential listeners until 2029. 

    無論如何,向地球發出的問候資訊,直到2029年才會到達任何潛在的聽眾那裡。

  • Our number one planet is so weird, it  basically turns everything you know  

    我們的頭號行星是如此怪異,它基本上把你知道的一切都變成了

  • about physics upside down. 1. A Place Where Ice Burns

    關於物理學的顛倒。1.一個冰塊燃燒的地方

  • Ice. We're doing our damn best to make  it extinct on our own planet's oceans,  

    冰。我們正在盡最大努力使它在我們自己星球的海洋中滅絕。

  • but still enjoy it in cool summer drinks. However,  

    但仍可在涼爽的夏季飲料中享受它。然而。

  • put some ice from Gliese 436b in your cup  and you'll instantly boil your drink away,  

    在你的杯子裡放一些來自格利澤436b的冰塊,你的飲料就會立刻沸騰起來。

  • pretty promptly followed by your cup and  hand. That's right, on Gliese 436b ice burns.

    非常迅速地跟著你的杯子和手。這是正確的,在格利澤436b的冰燒。

  • Wait, what? Gliese 436b orbits its parent star in  

    等等,什麼?格利澤436b繞其母星運行的時間為

  • just over 2 days, which means it either violates  all the laws of physics or is very, very close to  

    剛剛超過2天,這意味著它要麼違反了所有的物理定律,要麼非常、非常接近於

  • its star. Given that planets are so far obedient  to physics, the safe deduction is that Gliese  

    它的恆星。鑑於到目前為止,行星是服從於物理學的,安全的推論是,格利澤

  • 436b is as close to its sun as one-thirteenth the  distance from Mercury to our own sun. This puts  

    436b離太陽的距離是水星到我們太陽的十三分之一。這使得

  • surface temperatures at an estimated 980 degrees  (526 C), well above the boiling point of water.

    表面溫度估計為980度(526℃),遠高於水的沸點。

  • Despite this, Gliese 436b is believed to  have an icy covering around its rocky core,  

    儘管如此,格利澤436b被認為在其岩石核心周圍有一層冰雪覆蓋。

  • with the ice so hot that it would  incinerate any refrigerator you  

    冰塊的溫度很高,會燒燬你的任何冰箱。

  • tried to put it in. If ice as hot as  the devil's balls is strange to you,  

    試圖把它放進去。如果像魔鬼的球一樣熱的冰對你來說是陌生的。

  • it was strange to scientists too who theorized  that the ice remained solid due to the incredible  

    科學家們也感到很奇怪,他們認為冰層保持固體是由於不可思議的

  • gravity of the planet compressing water  vapor in its atmosphere into solid form.

    地球的引力將其大氣中的水蒸氣壓縮成固體形式。

  • Ready for more space mysteriesGo watch Mystery Space Events  

    準備好迎接更多的太空之謎了嗎? 去看神祕的太空活動

  • That Astronomers Can't ExplainOr watch this other video instead!

    天文學家無法解釋的問題! 或者看這個其他的視頻代替!

Space is a weird place- how weird? Well, how's  planets made out of solid diamond and burning  

太空是一個奇怪的地方,有多奇怪?好吧,行星是如何由固體鑽石和燃燒而成的?

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B1 中級 中文 行星 恆星 星球 地球 太陽 軌道

銀河系中最奇怪的10顆行星和恆星 (Top 10 Strangest Planets & Stars In Our Galaxy)

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    Summer 發佈於 2021 年 05 月 08 日
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