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  • There's nothing like drifting off to sleep and having a night full of dreams.

    沒有什麼比漸漸進入夢鄉,有一個充滿夢想的夜晚更重要。

  • Usually they're pleasant nonsense, but sometimes they can get scary and unsettling.

    通常它們是令人愉快的廢話,但有時它們會變得可怕和令人不安。

  • Ultimately, though, they're just dreams and have no bearing on our waking lives...right?

    不過,歸根結底,它們只是夢,對我們清醒的生活沒有影響...對嗎?

  • Not exactly.

    並非如此。

  • Experts have discovered that our dreams can say a lot about what's on our mind, and

    專家們發現,我們的夢境可以說明我們的心事,而且

  • that they might be essential to the process of getting a good night's sleep.

    它們可能是獲得良好睡眠的過程中必不可少的。

  • Without dreaming, our minds don't clear out the clutter in our memory and can't

    如果不做夢,我們的大腦就無法清除記憶中的雜物,也無法

  • be properly refreshed to take on a new day's worth of information.

    適當刷新,以接受新一天的資訊。

  • So it's no surprise that scientists have spent a lot of time trying to understand,

    是以,科學家們花了很多時間試圖瞭解,這並不奇怪。

  • study, and even influence the process of dreaming.

    研究,甚至影響做夢的過程。

  • Wait, influencing dreams?

    等等,影響夢境?

  • That's not possible, is it?

    這是不可能的,是嗎?

  • Not in the way Hollywood might want you to think - there are no undead sleep demons looking

    不是好萊塢可能希望你認為的那樣--沒有不死的睡眠惡魔在尋找

  • to turn your dreams into a haunted house, or crack teams of thieves trying to break

    把你的夢想變成鬼屋,或破解盜賊團隊試圖打破

  • into your subconscious to steal your ideas.

    進入你的潛意識,竊取你的想法。

  • But what might soon be possible is to use technology to hack dreams and make it easier

    但是,可能很快就能實現的是,利用技術來破解夢想,使之更容易實現

  • to enter the dream state and get the closure your mind needs from dreams - even if you

    進入夢境並從夢境中獲得你的心靈所需的封閉--即使你

  • can't seem to get there naturally.

    似乎不能自然地到達那裡。

  • And that dream salvation may come in the form of a glove.

    而這種夢想的救贖可能以手套的形式出現。

  • The device is called Dormio, and it looks a little like the notorious failed Nintendo

    該設備被稱為Dormio,它看起來有點像臭名昭著的失敗的任天堂。

  • gaming device Power Glove.

    遊戲設備 Power Glove。

  • This isn't designed to help your favorite plumber jump on some turtles, though - it's

    這不是為了幫助你最喜歡的水管工跳上一些烏龜,雖然--它是

  • designed to manipulate the dreaming process, record data, and even insert specific themes

    旨在操縱做夢過程,記錄數據,甚至插入特定的主題

  • into your subconscious.

    進入你的潛意識。

  • While still in its early stages, this revolutionary idea started at one of the most famous scientific

    雖然仍處於早期階段,但這一革命性的想法始於最著名的科學領域之一。

  • hubs in the world - the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, or MIT, at the Media Lab.

    世界上的中心--麻省理工學院(MIT)的媒體實驗室。

  • This unconventional division doesn't have a specific area of study, but fuses elements

    這個非常規的部門沒有一個具體的研究領域,但融合了各種元素

  • from technology, science, media, art, and design.

    來自技術、科學、媒體、藝術和設計。

  • They've tackled projects including neurobiology, bionics, and artificial intelligence.

    他們處理的項目包括神經生物學、仿生學和人工智能。

  • And now, dreams.

    而現在,夢想。

  • The world first became aware of Dormio when the Lab published a paper titledDormio:

    當實驗室發表了一篇題為 "Dormio "的論文時,世界首次意識到了Dormio。

  • A Targeted Dream Incubation Device”.

    一個有針對性的夢想孵化裝置"。

  • The Media Lab doesn't always announce its research projects to the public, so this bit

    媒體實驗室並不總是向公眾宣佈其研究項目,所以這一點

  • of mad science took the world by surprise.

    瘋狂的科學讓世界大吃一驚。

  • But head researcher Adam Haar Horowitz and Fluid Interfaces head Professor Pattie Maes

    但首席研究員Adam Haar Horowitz和流體界面負責人Pattie Maes教授

  • had been working extensively on their prototype, and the project was presented in a surprisingly

    在他們的原型上進行了廣泛的工作,該項目是在一個令人驚訝的情況下提出的。

  • advanced form.

    先進的形式。

  • And the key may have been in our brains all along.

    而關鍵可能一直都在我們的大腦中。

  • The people behind Dormio aren't the first to gain some level of control over dreams.

    Dormio背後的人並不是第一個在某種程度上獲得對夢想的控制的人。

  • Some people can enter a dream state called lucid dreaming, where they are aware that

    有些人可以進入一種稱為 "清醒夢 "的夢境,在這種夢境中,他們會意識到

  • they're dreaming and can even influence the events of their dreams - going on personally

    他們正在做夢,甚至可以影響他們的夢境事件--親自去做夢。

  • shaped adventures and sometimes encountering terrifying sights.

    形的冒險,有時會遇到可怕的景象。

  • Dormio uses a similar process called Targeted Dream Incubation that starts while the person

    Dormio使用了一個類似的過程,稱為 "有針對性的夢想孵化",該過程在人與人之間開始。

  • is still awake and continues through an early sleep stage called hypnagogia.

    仍然是清醒的,並繼續通過一個稱為hypnagogia的早期睡眠階段。

  • While those using Dormio don't control their dreams, they are able to influence the direction

    雖然使用Dormio的人不能控制他們的夢,但他們能夠影響夢的方向。

  • they'll take before they start.

    他們在開始之前會採取。

  • It all starts in a moment we're all familiar with.

    這一切都始於我們都熟悉的一個時刻。

  • Do you remember trying to fall asleep and getting an odd sensation, like you're just

    你是否記得在試圖入睡時得到一種奇怪的感覺,就像你只是

  • about to drift off?

    要飄走了?

  • And then the dog barks, and it's back to square one.

    然後狗叫了起來,又回到了原點。

  • Those moments are hypnagogia, the transitional moment between wakefulness and sleep.

    這些時刻是hypnagogia,是清醒和睡眠之間的過渡時刻。

  • This can be a weird period, as people have reported hallucinations, lucid thoughts and

    這可能是一個奇怪的時期,因為人們已經報告了幻覺、清醒的想法和

  • dreams, and even sleep paralysis.

    夢,甚至是睡眠癱瘓。

  • While not everyone experiences these things during the transition, the Dormio team believes

    雖然不是每個人在過渡期間都會經歷這些事情,但Dormio團隊認為

  • that the mind is especially susceptible to influence during this period - and this might

    思想在這一時期特別容易受到影響--而這可能是

  • be the key to hacking your dreams.

    是破解你的夢想的關鍵。

  • The problem is, it can only last seconds and is hard to track.

    問題是,它只能持續幾秒鐘,而且很難追蹤。

  • So they built a device to track it.

    所以他們建造了一個設備來追蹤它。

  • Dormio might look like a glove, but it's much more than that.

    多米奧可能看起來像一隻手套,但它的作用遠不止於此。

  • It's a high-tech sensor that tracks multiple metrics in the body like heart rate, electricity

    這是一個高科技傳感器,可以跟蹤身體的多個指標,如心率、電

  • level on the skin, and the position of the fingers to sense when the brain is entering

    皮膚上的水準,以及手指的位置來感知大腦何時進入

  • hypnagogia.

    催眠症。

  • That's the golden moment for the second part of the Dormio program to enter the fray

    這是Dormio計劃第二部分進入戰場的黃金時刻

  • - an app that is programmed to go off at the exact moment hypnagogia starts, and deliver

    - 一個被編程為在催眠症開始的確切時刻響起的應用程序,並提供

  • specific audio input that is supposed to influence the dreams of the subject.

    具體的音頻輸入,應該是影響被試者的夢。

  • The subject wakes up, and this cycle is repeated several times.

    受試者醒來後,這個週期會重複數次。

  • Later after the subject is allowed to sleep, they report the dreams they have, which are

    後來讓受試者入睡後,他們報告所做的夢,這些夢是

  • reported in the app.

    在該應用程序中報告。

  • So does it work?

    那麼它是否有效?

  • Early indications are that it has a significant impact.

    早期的跡象表明,它有很大的影響。

  • For a test case where a tree was mentioned in the audio stimulus, two-thirds of the subjects

    在音頻刺激中提到一棵樹的測試案例中,三分之二的受試者

  • reported that they had some element of a tree in the dreams that followed.

    報告說,他們在隨後的夢中有一些樹的元素。

  • Sometimes it was a weird side turn, like a car shaped like a tree or an old man sitting

    有時,它是一個奇怪的側轉,比如一輛車的形狀像一棵樹,或者一個老人坐在那裡。

  • under a tree, but it seems like Dormio's process is the first proven scientific innovation

    在一棵樹下,但似乎Dormio的過程是第一個被證實的科學創新。

  • that can actually influence our dreams.

    這實際上可以影響我們的夢想。

  • But a question on everyone's mind is - is it safe?

    但每個人心中的一個問題是--它是否安全?

  • Our brains are tricky things, and many are concerned about what hacking the dream process

    我們的大腦是很棘手的東西,許多人關心什麼是黑客做夢的過程

  • could do.

    可以做。

  • After all, jailbreaking your iPhone so you can install different apps on it will void

    畢竟,越獄你的iPhone,以便你可以在上面安裝不同的應用程序,這將使你的iPhone失效。

  • the warranty - could this be getting close to jailbreaking the brain?

    擔保--這可能是接近於越獄的大腦嗎?

  • While there haven't been any adverse effects reported long-term in using Dormio, subjects

    雖然沒有任何長期使用Dormio的不良反應報告,但受試者

  • did report that as the dream-hacking process was repeated on them with the same prompt,

    確實報告說,因為在他們身上重複了夢境黑客的過程,有同樣的提示。

  • their dreams became more intense, more immersive, and more surreal with every passing cycle.

    他們的夢變得更加強烈,更加身臨其境,而且每過一個週期就更加超現實。

  • This could just be the mind processing the increased stimuli - but as everyone who's

    這可能只是頭腦在處理增加的刺激--但正如每個人都有過的

  • woken up from a particularly intense nightmare and felt sweat pouring off them knows, intense

    從一個特別激烈的噩夢中醒來,感覺到汗水從他們身上湧出,知道,激烈的

  • and surreal dreams can stick with you for a long time.

    和超現實的夢想會讓你堅持很長時間。

  • How does the mind and its dreams have such an influence on the body?

    心靈和它的夢境如何對身體產生如此大的影響?

  • It's all about three letters - REM.

    這都是三個字母--REM。

  • REM, or Rapid Eye Movement sleep, is the stage when we do most of our dreaming.

    REM,即快速眼動睡眠,是我們做大部分夢的階段。

  • It's the final stage of sleep after hypnagogia, light sleep, and deep sleep.

    這是繼催眠、淺睡眠和深睡眠之後的最後一個睡眠階段。

  • This is when we're deepest in the dream world, and virtually all intense dreams will

    這是我們在夢境中最深入的時候,幾乎所有強烈的夢都會

  • take place during this period.

    在這期間發生。

  • Any influence of the dreams we have will have to take place before this stage, and Dormio

    我們對夢想的任何影響都必須發生在這個階段之前,而多米奧

  • aims to ease us into the stage by working prompts into our mind in various ways - starting

    其目的是通過各種方式在我們的頭腦中進行提示,使我們輕鬆地進入這個階段--首先是

  • before we're even lying down for sleep.

    在我們還沒有躺下睡覺的時候。

  • The most effective tests started by having the subject repeat verbal prompts while awake,

    最有效的測試是從讓受試者在清醒狀態下重複口頭提示開始的。

  • and then have them reinforced during the hypnagogia stage.

    然後在催眠階段讓它們得到強化。

  • And as one scientist found out, these dreams can get very specific.

    正如一位科學家所發現的,這些夢可以變得非常具體。

  • Tomas Vega, a former grad student at the Media Lab, went on to co-found Augmental Tech, a

    托馬斯-維加是媒體實驗室的前研究所學生,後來共同創立了Augmental Tech公司。

  • company that specializes in integrating technology with the body.

    專門從事技術與身體整合的公司。

  • He was one of the first people to experiment with Dormio, and he decided to theme his dream

    他是第一批試驗Dormio的人之一,他決定將他的夢想作為主題。

  • to one of his favorite movies - Willy Wonka and the Chocolate Factory.

    到他最喜歡的電影之一--《威利-旺卡和巧克力工廠》。

  • He used the app to put the music of the factory's singing Oompa Loompas into his head.

    他用這個應用程序將工廠裡唱歌的Oompa Loompas的音樂輸入他的腦海。

  • And when he dreamt, he was under a chocolate waterfall, surrounded by the little orange

    而當他做夢時,他在巧克力瀑布下,被小橘子包圍著。

  • men.

    男人。

  • But one thing was different.

    但有一件事是不同的。

  • Tomas Vega is lactose intolerant.

    托馬斯-維加有乳糖不耐症。

  • And he noticed in his dream that the chocolate waterfall was made out of dark chocolate.

    而且他在夢中注意到,巧克力瀑布是由黑巧克力製成的。

  • So the dreams we have under the influence of Dormio are still guided by our subconscious.

    所以我們在多米奧的影響下所做的夢仍然是由我們的潛意識引導。

  • Vega's mind knew he would never wind up under a milk chocolate fountain, so it tailored

    織女星的頭腦知道他永遠不會在牛奶巧克力噴泉下風餐露宿,所以它量身定製了

  • his dream into a safe one.

    他的夢想變成了一個安全的夢想。

  • Dormio influences our dreams, and our mind influences them right back.

    多米奧影響著我們的夢想,而我們的思想也直接影響著它們。

  • While it could be said that Dormio hacks our dreams, the process is maybe better described

    雖然可以說Dormio黑了我們的夢,但對這一過程的描述也許更好一些

  • as giving them a nudge in the right direction, and letting our subconscious do the rest.

    作為在正確的方向上給他們一個提示,並讓我們的潛意識做其餘的事情。

  • So what are the possible benefits of this new technology?

    那麼,這項新技術可能有哪些好處呢?

  • Have you ever had a crazy brainstorm in your dreams, only to wake up and scramble to write

    你是否曾經在夢中進行過瘋狂的頭腦風暴,只是在醒來後匆匆忙忙地寫作

  • it down before you forget?

    在你忘記之前把它記下來?

  • Well, what if you were struggling to come up with the right idea for a project?

    那麼,如果你在為一個項目想出正確的想法而苦惱呢?

  • Dormio could possibly help you brainstorm by guiding your dreams towards that subject.

    Dormio有可能通過引導你的夢想走向該主題來幫助你進行頭腦風暴。

  • If you're looking for, say, the next great video game idea to pitch your boss, you could

    如果你正在尋找,比如說,下一個偉大的視頻遊戲創意來向你的老闆推銷,你可以

  • give Dormio the prompt and let it feed it back to you as you go to sleep.

    給Dormio提示,讓它在你入睡時反饋給你。

  • The odds are that your brain will spend the night feeding video game-related content into

    你的大腦有可能在一夜之間將視頻遊戲相關的內容輸入到

  • your brain - and your brain may just come up with the idea you're looking for.

    你的大腦--而你的大腦可能就會想出你要找的想法。

  • The device could have some very practical benefits too.

    該設備也可能有一些非常實用的好處。

  • It's a common challenge for anyone who's ever studied for a test or practiced a specific

    這對任何曾經為考試而學習或練習過某項特定技能的人來說都是一個共同的挑戰。

  • activity.

    活動。

  • You spend hours cramming, try to get it down pat, and then go to sleep - and when you wake

    你花了幾個小時的時間進行補習,試圖把它記下來,然後去睡覺--當你醒來時

  • up you can't quite remember what you spent the last day studying.

    了,你不太記得你最後一天學習了什麼。

  • But what if you could harness those hours of sleep towards reinforcing those topics

    但是,如果你能利用這些小時的睡眠時間來強化這些主題呢?

  • in your mind?

    在你心中?

  • You study like normally, then use the Dormio app to give your mind the prompts it needs

    你像平常一樣學習,然後使用Dormio應用程序給你的大腦提供所需的提示。

  • related to that topic.

    與該主題有關。

  • If you're lucky, you spend the night practicing your skills in your mind, and the topic buries

    如果你很幸運,你花了一夜時間在腦海中練習你的技能,而這個話題埋葬了

  • itself even deeper in your subconscious - preparing you for the big day on multiple levels.

    本身甚至更深入你的潛意識--在多個層面為你的大日子做準備。

  • But could Dormio help with thornier topics?

    但是Dormio能不能幫助解決更棘手的問題?

  • One of the challenges of therapy is helping people face past trauma.

    治療的挑戰之一是幫助人們面對過去的創傷。

  • But confronting your demons while awake poses challenges, including getting past the levels

    但是,在清醒狀態下面對你的惡魔會帶來挑戰,包括過關斬將。

  • of subconscious defense your mind puts up.

    的潛意識防禦,你的頭腦就會豎起來。

  • The subconscious is much more open to stimuli when asleep, and Dormio could set people up

    睡眠時,潛意識對刺激更加開放,Dormio可以為人們設置

  • to relive certain situations that might be too uncomfortable to confront while awake.

    重溫某些在清醒時可能太不舒服而無法面對的情況。

  • Combining Dormio's influence with therapy sessions while awake might make it possible

    將多米奧的影響與清醒時的治療課程相結合,可能會使其成為可能

  • to tackle repressed trauma and get a fresh start.

    以解決被壓抑的創傷並獲得一個新的開始。

  • So when might Dormio's benefits become available widely?

    那麼,Dormio的好處什麼時候可能會被廣泛使用?

  • Well, I wouldn't stay up waiting.

    好吧,我不會熬夜等待。

  • Since MIT published the paper introducing Dormio to the world in early 2021, the project

    自麻省理工學院在2021年初發表向世界介紹Dormio的論文以來,該項目

  • has attracted a lot of attention.

    已經吸引了很多人的注意。

  • But it's still in a prototype phase, and the University will continue research until

    但它仍處於原型階段,該大學將繼續研究,直到

  • they're confident in their product.

    他們對自己的產品很有信心。

  • Before it's widely available, it would likely go through outside testing to ensure it's

    在廣泛使用之前,它可能會經過外部測試,以確保它的安全性。

  • safe and reliable like any product relating to the human body.

    像任何與人體有關的產品一樣,安全和可靠。

  • While Dormio doesn't have any medical function and wouldn't need to go through those boards,

    雖然多米奧沒有任何醫療功能,也就不需要通過這些委員會。

  • its influence over the sleep cycle would likely mean added scrutiny.

    它對睡眠週期的影響將可能意味著更多的審查。

  • Then it would have to be purchased or licensed by a tech company that could mass-produce

    然後,它將不得不被一個能夠大規模生產的技術公司購買或授權。

  • it.

    它。

  • When it finally comes out, would it be affordable?

    當它最終問世時,它是否能負擔得起?

  • That's one of the best parts about Dormio.

    這是Dormio最好的部分之一。

  • While other sleep-tracking devices tend to be cumbersome and are often only used in medical

    雖然其他的睡眠追蹤設備往往很笨重,而且通常只用於醫療領域。

  • settings, Dormio only requires one piece of equipment - a portable glove.

    設置方面,Dormio只需要一件設備--一個便攜式手套。

  • The rest of the system is contained in an app that can be downloaded to any standard

    系統的其餘部分包含在一個可以下載到任何標準的應用程序中。

  • smartphone once released to the public.

    智能手機一旦向公眾發佈。

  • That means that Dormio can be mass-produced and released to the public more easily, and

    這意味著Dormio可以更容易地進行大規模生產並向公眾發佈,而且

  • could retail for several hundred dollars when complete - not cheap, but definitely affordable

    完成後的零售價為幾百美元--不便宜,但絕對負擔得起。

  • for electronic fans, and possibly worth much more if it can help you make better use of

    如果它能幫助你更好地利用這些資源,它的價值可能會更大。

  • your sleeping hours.

    你的睡眠時間。

  • But until it comes out, are would-be dream hackers out of luck?

    但在它問世之前,那些想做夢的黑客們是不是就沒戲了?

  • Not exactly.

    並非如此。

  • While the precise timing of Dormio's app can't be duplicated yet, studies show there

    雖然Dormio的應用程序的精確時間還不能複製,但研究表明有

  • are ways to influence our dreams.

    是影響我們夢想的方法。

  • How you sleep can have an impact, with sleeping on your right side being the most likely to

    你的睡眠方式會產生影響,以右側睡姿睡覺最容易導致

  • create pleasant dreams.

    創造愉快的夢。

  • Eating cheese before bed has actually been shown to influence dreams - with cheddar encouraging

    睡前吃奶酪實際上已被證明可以影響夢境--用切達奶酪鼓勵

  • pleasant dreams, while blue cheese can create more intense ones.

    愉快的夢,而藍奶酪可以創造更強烈的夢。

  • Your choice of media before bed can have an impact, with scary movies creating nightmares

    你在睡前選擇的媒體會產生影響,恐怖的電影會產生噩夢

  • - no shocker there.

    - 沒有令人震驚的地方。

  • But if you want to see some strange effects on your dreams, there are surprising ways.

    但是,如果你想在你的夢中看到一些奇怪的效果,有一些令人驚訝的方法。

  • Those who watch black-and-white movies or TV before bed have often reported experiencing

    那些睡前看黑白電影或電視的人經常報告說,他們經歷了

  • their dreams in shades of grey as well - showing just how susceptible our subconscious is to

    他們的夢也是灰色的--顯示出我們的潛意識是多麼容易受到影響。

  • visual influences.

    視覺上的影響。

  • But if you just want a good night's sleep and pleasant dreams, the best way may simply

    但如果你只是想有一個好的睡眠和愉快的夢,最好的方法可能只是

  • be to go to sleep on a good note.

    是為了在良好的氛圍中入睡。

  • Take care of anything that's stressing you out before you go to sleep, and you're less

    在入睡前處理好任何讓你感到壓力的事情,你就會減少

  • likely to have stress creeping into your dream.

    可能會有壓力潛入你的夢中。

  • Go to bed with something on your mind, and it may just follow you there.

    帶著心事去睡覺,它可能就會跟著你去睡覺。

  • It may be a while before you can hack your dreams with the power of technology, but the

    要想用技術的力量黑掉你的夢想,可能還需要一段時間,但

  • process of harnessing them to your advantage can start now.

    利用它們來發揮你的優勢的過程可以從現在開始。

  • For more on the weird nature of dreams, check outWhy You Can't Punch Hard or Run Fast

    關於夢的怪異性質的更多資訊,請查看《為什麼你不能用力打拳或快速奔跑》。

  • in Dreams”, or watchMost Common Nightmares and What They Mean?” for more on the darker

    在夢中",或觀看 "最常見的噩夢和它們意味著什麼?"以瞭解更多關於黑暗的資訊

  • side of dreaming.

    做夢的一面。

There's nothing like drifting off to sleep and having a night full of dreams.

沒有什麼比漸漸進入夢鄉,有一個充滿夢想的夜晚更重要。

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B1 中級 中文 夢想 睡眠 夢境 影響 潛意識 清醒

科學家們終於發現了一種侵入你夢境的方法 (Scientists Finally Discover a Way to Hack into Your Dreams)

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    Summer 發佈於 2021 年 04 月 26 日
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