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  • Transcriber:

    記錄員:

  • In 2019,

    在2019年。

  • the highest paid athlete in the world

    世界上收入最高的運動員

  • was an Argentine footballer named Lionel Messi.

    是阿根廷足球運動員,名叫梅西。

  • And his talent?

    他的天賦呢?

  • Dribbling a ball down a pitch and booting it past a goalkeeper.

    在球場上運球並將球踢過門將。

  • It's a skill so revered by fans and corporate sponsors alike,

    這是一個被球迷和企業贊助商都如此推崇的技能。

  • that in 2019,

    該在2019年。

  • Messi took home 104 million dollars.

    梅西拿下了1.04億美元。

  • That's almost two million dollars for every goal he scored in season.

    他在賽季中每進一球,差不多就是兩百萬美元。

  • He's a pretty spectacular athlete by any standard.

    無論從哪個標準來看,他都是一個相當出色的運動員。

  • But why is it Messi's particular skills are so valuable?

    但為什麼梅西的特殊技能如此珍貴?

  • Sure, there are obvious answers.

    當然,有明顯的答案。

  • We just have enormous respect for athletic prowess,

    我們只是對運動能力非常尊重。

  • we love human competition,

    我們喜歡人類的競爭。

  • and sports unite generations.

    和體育團結了幾代人。

  • You can enjoy watching soccer with your grandfather

    你可以和你爺爺一起看足球了

  • and your granddaughter alike.

    和你的孫女一樣。

  • But growing up, I admired a different sort of athlete.

    但在成長過程中,我崇拜的是另一種運動員。

  • I didn't just want to bend it like Beckham.

    我不只是要像貝克漢姆那樣彎曲它。

  • I loved video games

    我喜歡電子遊戲

  • and I was floored by the intricate strategies

    我被這些錯綜複雜的策略所震驚。

  • and precision reflexes required to play them well.

    和精準的反應能力,才能玩好它們。

  • To me, they were equally admirable

    對我來說,他們同樣令人欽佩

  • to anything taking place in stadia around the world.

    世界各地的體育場所發生的任何事情。

  • And I still feel that way.

    而我至今仍有這種感覺。

  • Today, I still love video games,

    今天,我依然熱愛電子遊戲。

  • I founded successful companies in the space

    我在這個領域創立了成功的公司

  • and I've even written a book about the industry.

    我甚至還寫了一本關於這個行業的書。

  • But most importantly,

    但最重要的是。

  • I've discovered I'm not alone,

    我發現我並不孤單。

  • because as I've grown up, so has gaming.

    因為隨著我的成長,遊戲也在成長。

  • And today, millions of players around the world

    而今天,全球數百萬玩家

  • need to compete in gaming centers

    需要在遊戲中心競爭

  • like this helix,

    像這種螺旋。

  • and large gaming tournaments,

    和大型遊戲賽事。

  • like the League of Legends World Championships

    像《英雄聯盟》世界錦標賽

  • can reach over 100 million viewers online.

    可以覆蓋超過1億的在線觀眾。

  • That's more than some Super Bowls.

    這比一些超級碗還要多。

  • And Lionel Messi isn't the only pro getting [paid] for his skills.

    而梅西並不是唯一一個因為技術而獲得[報酬]的職業球員。

  • Top gaming teams can take home 15 million dollars or more

    頂級電競團隊可拿1500萬以上的獎金

  • from a single tournament like Dota's Invitational.

    從Dota的邀請賽這樣的單項比賽。

  • And all this is why traditional sports stars,

    而這一切,就是為什麼傳統體育明星。

  • from David Beckham to Shaquille O'Neal,

    從大衛-貝克漢姆到沙奎爾-奧尼爾。

  • are investing in competitive games,

    正在投資競技遊戲。

  • transforming our industry,

    改變我們的行業。

  • now called esports,

    現在叫電子競技。

  • into a 27-billion-dollar phenomenon, almost overnight.

    成270億的現象,幾乎一夜之間。

  • But despite all this,

    但儘管如此。

  • the skills required to be a pro gamer still don't get much respect.

    作為一個職業玩家所需要的技能仍然沒有得到太多的尊重。

  • Parents hound their gamer-loving kids to go outside, do something useful,

    家長們追著愛玩遊戲的孩子,讓他們到外面去,做一些有用的事情。

  • take up a real sport.

    從事一項真正的運動。

  • And I'm not saying that physical activity isn't important,

    我也不是說體育鍛煉不重要。

  • or that esports are somehow better than traditional sports.

    或者說電子競技在某種程度上比傳統體育項目更好。

  • What I want to argue

    我想說的是

  • is that it takes real skill to be good at competitive video games.

    是需要真正的技術才能做好電子競技遊戲。

  • So let's take a look at the skills required to win in Fortnite,

    那麼我們就來看看在Fortnite中獲勝所需要的技能吧。

  • League of Legends, Rocket League,

    英雄聯盟》、《火箭聯盟》。

  • some of today's most popular esports.

    一些當今最流行的電子競技。

  • Now, all of these games are very different.

    現在,這些遊戲都有很大的不同。

  • League of Legends is about controlling a magical champion

    英雄聯盟》就是要控制一個神奇的冠軍。

  • as they siege an opposing fortress with spells and abilities.

    因為他們用法術和能力圍攻對方的要塞。

  • Fortnite is about parachuting into 100-person free-for-all

    Fortnite就是要跳傘到100人的自由競賽中去

  • on a tropical island paradise

    熱帶島嶼天堂

  • and Rocket League is soccer with cars,

    而《火箭聯盟》是有車的足球。

  • which, while it may sound strange, I promise, is incredibly fun.

    雖然這聽起來很奇怪,但我保證,這非常有趣。

  • And yet, all of these three esports,

    然而,這三個電子競技。

  • despite their differences, and most competitive games, actually

    儘管他們的差異,和大多數競技遊戲,其實

  • have three common categories of skill.

    有三類常見的技能。

  • And I'm going to take you through each in turn.

    而我要帶你逐一瞭解。

  • The first type of skill required to master esports is mechanical skill,

    掌握電子競技所需的第一類技能是機械技能。

  • sometimes referred to as micro.

    有時也稱為微。

  • Mechanical skill governs activating and aiming in-game abilities

    機械技能控制著遊戲中能力的激活和瞄準。

  • with pixel-perfect accuracy.

    以像素級的精度。

  • And I'd most liken mechanical skill to playing an instrument like piano.

    而我最想把機械技術比作彈鋼琴這種樂器。

  • There's a musical flow and a timing to predict

    有一個音樂的流動和時間的預測

  • in your opponent's actions and reactions.

    在你的對手的行動和反應。

  • And crucially, just like piano,

    最關鍵的是,就像鋼琴一樣。

  • top esports pros hit dozens of keys at once.

    頂級電競職業選手一次打出幾十個鍵。

  • Gamers regularly achieve APMs, or actions per minute,

    遊戲玩家定期實現APMs,即每分鐘行動。

  • of 300 or more,

    300人以上的。

  • which is roughly one command every fifth of a second

    大約每五分之一秒就有一條命令。

  • and in particularly mechanically demanding esports,

    而在對機械要求特別高的電子競技中。

  • like StarCraft,

    比如《星際爭霸》。

  • top pros achieve APMs of 600 or more,

    頂尖專業人員的APM達到600以上。

  • allowing them to literally control entire armies one unit at a time.

    讓他們可以一次控制整個軍隊。

  • To give you an idea of how difficult this is,

    為了讓你知道這有多難。

  • imagine a classic game like Super Mario Brothers.

    想象一下,像《超級馬里奧兄弟》這樣的經典遊戲。

  • But instead of controlling one Mario, there are now two hundred,

    但現在不是控制一個馬里奧,而是有兩百個。

  • and instead of playing on one screen, you're playing across dozens,

    而不是在一個螢幕上玩,你在幾十個螢幕上玩。

  • each set to a different level or stage.

    各自設定為不同的級別或階段。

  • And now Mario can't just run or jump, but he has new powers,

    現在馬里奧不僅可以跑或跳,還擁有了新的力量。

  • teleportations, cannon blast, things like that,

    傳送,炮擊,類似的東西。

  • that have to be activated with split-second timing.

    必須以瞬間計時方式激活的。

  • Yeah, it is really hard

    是啊,真的很難

  • to play mechanically demanding esports like StarCraft well.

    才能玩好《星際爭霸》這樣機械要求高的電子競技。

  • Now the second category of skill required to master esports

    現在,掌握電子競技所需的第二類技能

  • is strategic skill, sometimes called macro.

    是戰略技巧,有時也叫宏觀。

  • And this governs the larger tactical choices gamers make.

    而這也制約著遊戲者做出更大的戰術選擇。

  • And I'd liken and strategic skill to mastery of chess.

    而我把和戰略技巧比作掌握棋藝。

  • You have to plan attacks and counterattacks

    你要有計劃的進攻和反擊

  • and manipulate the digital battlefield to your advantage.

    並操縱數字戰場,為您帶來優勢。

  • But crucially, unlike chess, esports are constantly evolving.

    但關鍵的是,與國際象棋不同,電子競技是不斷髮展的。

  • A popular esport like Fortnite can patch almost every week.

    像Fortnite這樣的熱門電競幾乎每週都能打上補丁。

  • And even the most competitive esports

    而即使是競爭最激烈的電子競技

  • like Rainbow Six Siege update every quarter,

    像彩虹六號圍攻每季度更新一次。

  • and these changes aren't just cosmetic.

    而這些變化不僅僅是表面上的。

  • They introduce new abilities, new heroes, new maps.

    他們引入了新的能力,新的英雄,新的地圖。

  • Constant change requires adaptivity.

    不斷變化需要適應性。

  • It asks esports pros to do more than just practice

    它要求電競職業選手做的不僅僅是練習

  • but to theorize and invent.

    但要理論化和發明。

  • Now, gamers call this constantly evolving suite of strategies

    現在,玩家們把這套不斷髮展的策略稱為

  • the meta, short for the "metagame."

    元,是 "元遊戲 "的簡稱。

  • And it would be like if every few weeks

    如果每隔幾個星期

  • the rules of basketball fundamentally evolved.

    籃球的規則從根本上得到了發展。

  • Maybe three-pointers are now worth five points,

    也許三分球現在值5分。

  • or NBA pros can dribble out of bounds.

    或NBA職業球員可以運球出界。

  • If this happened,

    如果發生這種情況。

  • basketball would permit for new strategies to win games

    籃球將允許新的戰略,以贏得比賽。

  • and the teams that discovered these new strategies first

    以及最先發現這些新戰略的團隊

  • would have a big, if temporary, advantage.

    會有一個很大的優勢,即使是暫時的。

  • And this is exactly what happens in esports

    而這正是電子競技中發生的事情

  • every time there's a patch or update.

    每當有一個補丁或更新。

  • Competitive gaming rewards its most creative

    競爭性遊戲獎勵其最有創意

  • and unconventional thinkers with free wins.

    和不拘一格的思想家,免費贏錢。

  • Now, the last category of skill required to be good at esports is leadership,

    現在,要想做好電子競技,最後一類技能就是領導力。

  • sometimes referred to as shot calling.

    有時也稱為射門。

  • Esports pros are constantly in private voice-chat communications

    電競職業選手不斷進行私密的語音哈拉交流

  • with their teammates,

    與他們的隊友。

  • supplemented by a system of in-game pings.

    輔以遊戲中的ping系統。

  • This is what allows a team of League of Legends pros

    這也是讓英雄聯盟職業選手團隊的原因所在

  • to coordinate a spectacular barrage of five-man ultimates,

    以協調五人最後通牒的壯觀連擊。

  • flashing in to capitalize on a minor mispositioning by their opponents.

    閃現進來,利用對手一個小小的失誤位置。

  • And leadership skill is also what allows game captains to rally their teammates

    而上司能力也是遊戲隊長能夠團結隊友的關鍵所在

  • in moments of crisis

    危急關頭

  • and inspire them to make one last risky all-in assault

    並激勵他們進行最後一次冒險的全線出擊

  • on the opposing base.

    在對方基地。

  • And I'd argue this is the same type of leadership

    我認為這也是一種上司方式

  • exuded by executives and team captains everywhere.

    各地高管和團隊負責人所散發的。

  • It's the ability to seize opportunity,

    是抓住機遇的能力。

  • clearly and decisively communicate decisions

    明智果斷地傳達決定

  • and inspire others to follow your lead.

    並激勵他人跟隨你的步伐。

  • And all these three categories of skill,

    而這三類技能。

  • mechanical, strategic and leadership,

    機械、戰略和領導力。

  • they have a crucial element in common.

    它們有一個關鍵的共同點。

  • They're all almost entirely mental.

    他們幾乎都是精神上的。

  • Unlike my ability to have a basketball career at five-foot-ten,

    不像我五尺十寸的身高能有一個籃球生涯。

  • esports doesn't care how tall I am,

    電子競技不在乎我有多高。

  • what gender I identify as, how old I am.

    我的身份是什麼性別,我多大了。

  • In fact, esports controllers can even be adapted

    事實上,電競控制器甚至可以進行調整。

  • to pros with unique physical needs.

    到具有獨特生理需求的專業人員。

  • Look at gamers like "Brolylegs" who can't move his arms or legs

    看看像 "Brolylegs "這樣手腳不能動的遊戲玩家吧

  • or "Halfcoordinated," who has limited use of his right hand.

    或 "半協調",他的右手使用有限。

  • And these pros don't just compete, they set records.

    而且這些職業選手不僅僅是競爭,他們還創造了記錄。

  • Now, I'm not here to argue that esports is some sort of egalitarian paradise.

    現在,我不是來爭論電子競技是某種平等主義的天堂。

  • Our industry has real issues to address,

    我們的行業有真正的問題需要解決。

  • particularly around inclusivity for women,

    特別是圍繞婦女的包容性,

  • marginalized groups and those without equitable access to technology.

    邊緣化群體和無法公平獲得技術的群體;

  • But just because esports has a long way to go,

    但正因為電子競技還有很長的路要走。

  • doesn't mean its skills don't deserve respect.

    並不代表其技術不值得尊重。

  • And what particularly bugs me

    而特別讓我不爽的是

  • is how often we ascribe such enormous value

    是我們經常賦予如此巨大的價值

  • to traditional athletic talents off the field.

    到場外的傳統體育人才。

  • How many times have we been in a job interview setting, let's say,

    比方說,我們有多少次在求職面試的環境中。

  • and heard somebody say something like,

    並聽到有人說這樣的話。

  • "Well, John is a phenomenally qualified candidate.

    "嗯,約翰是一個非常合格的候選人。

  • He was captain of his college lacrosse team."

    他是他大學長曲棍球隊的隊長。"

  • Really?

    真的嗎?

  • John is going to be a great digital marketer

    約翰將成為一個偉大的數字營銷者。

  • because he can hurl a ball really far with a stick?

    因為他能用棍子把球扔得很遠?

  • Come on, we would not apply that logic anywhere else.

    拜託,我們不會把這種邏輯運用到其他地方。

  • "Stand aside, scientists,

    "靠邊站,科學家們。

  • Sarah is my choice to repair this nuclear reactor.

    莎拉是我的選擇,修復這個核反應堆。

  • After all, she played varsity soccer."

    畢竟,她是踢校隊足球的。"

  • No, what we mean when we say

    不,我們的意思是,當我們說

  • John or Sarah is phenomenally qualified for a job

    約翰或莎拉是一個非常合格的工作。

  • is that because of their experiences playing traditional sports,

    是,因為他們玩傳統體育的經歷。

  • they have developed traits with real value in the workplace:

    他們已經形成了在工作場所具有真正價值的特質。

  • diligence, perseverance, teamwork.

    勤奮、堅持、團隊合作。

  • And think of how I've just described esports to you.

    再想想我剛才是怎麼給你描述電子競技的。

  • Doesn't it sound like mechanical skill, strategic skill, leadership,

    聽起來是不是很像機械技能,戰略技能,領導力。

  • wouldn't those develop all those same traits too?

    那些人不也會發展出同樣的特徵嗎?

  • And more to the point,

    而更重要的是。

  • in today's fast-paced digital-office environment,

    在當今快節奏的數字化辦公環境中。

  • I think I might rather have a pro gamer on my team than a traditional athlete.

    我想我可能寧願讓一個職業玩家在我的隊伍裡,也不願意讓一個傳統的運動員。

  • After all, I know they can be charismatic and decisive over voice chat

    畢竟,我知道他們在語音哈拉中可以很有魅力,很有決斷力。

  • and I'm sure doing a lot of Zoom calls today in my business.

    而我今天在業務上肯定會做很多Zoom電話。

  • So maybe now I've convinced you

    也許現在我已經說服了你

  • that esports and video games deserve a little more respect.

    認為電子競技和視頻遊戲應該得到更多的尊重。

  • But if not, let me try to make one last final appeal.

    但如果沒有,讓我試著做最後一次呼籲。

  • Because look at it this way.

    因為這樣看。

  • Our society is changing.

    我們的社會正在發生變化。

  • Technology is fundamentally infiltrating every aspect of our daily lives,

    科技正從根本上滲透到我們日常生活的方方面面。

  • transforming everything from how we work to how we fall in love.

    改變一切,從工作方式到戀愛方式。

  • Why should sports be any different?

    為什麼體育要有什麼不同呢?

  • You know, I think of my own childhood, you know.

    你知道,我想到了我自己的童年,你知道的。

  • I grew up watching the World Cup with my family,

    我從小就和家人一起看世界盃。

  • and I learned to love soccer in large part because I watched it with my dad.

    我學會了愛足球,在很大程度上是因為我和我爸爸一起看足球。

  • And I would have loved doing anything with him.

    而我也會喜歡和他一起做任何事情。

  • And now I think of my own sons.

    現在我想到了自己的兒子。

  • But instead of soccer, we're watching esports,

    但我們看的不是足球,而是電子競技。

  • not the violent ones, mind you.

    不是那些暴力的,你要知道。

  • But I'm building the same sorts of memories with my kids

    但我和我的孩子們一起建立了同樣的記憶。

  • that my father did with me.

    我父親對我做的。

  • We're marveling at the same skill and reveling in the same victory.

    我們在為同樣的技術而驚歎,為同樣的勝利而狂喜。

  • It is an identical feeling of pure awe and excitement.

    這是一種相同的感覺,純粹的敬畏和興奮。

  • It's just a different game.

    這只是一個不同的遊戲。

  • Thank you very much.

    非常感謝你。

Transcriber:

記錄員:

字幕與單字
自動翻譯

影片操作 你可以在這邊進行「影片」的調整,以及「字幕」的顯示

B1 中級 中文 TED 電子 遊戲 技能 電競 機械

電子遊戲技能如何讓你在生活中取得進步|威廉-科里斯 (How video game skills can get you ahead in life | William Collis)

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    林宜悉 發佈於 2021 年 03 月 25 日
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