字幕列表 影片播放 自動翻譯 列印所有字幕 列印翻譯字幕 列印英文字幕 An eye for an eye- so states the Code of Babylonian King, Hammurabi, one of the earliest and most 以眼還眼--巴比倫國王漢謨拉比的法典中如此寫道，他是巴比倫最早的、也是最大的國王之一。 complete set of laws. 一套完整的法律； Kill and be killed. 殺人和被殺。 Yet today over two thirds of the world has abolished the death penalty, seeking to separate 然而今天，世界上有三分之二以上的國家已經廢除了死刑，力求將死刑分開。 justice from the act of murder. 從謀殺行為中獲得正義。 Here in the United States, most states still allow the death penalty, and America remains 在美國這裡，大多數州仍然允許死刑，美國仍然是 the outlier amongst the world's democracies in enforcing the ultimate punishment. 是世界上民主國家中執行終極懲罰的異類。 But what's the death penalty like around the world? 但世界各地的死刑情況如何？ How do different nations enforce it? 不同國家如何執行？ Time to grab your passport and engage in a little dark tourism. 是時候拿起你的護照，進行一次小小的黑暗旅遊了。 United States 美國 Starting here at home, the death penalty is legal in thirty states, with approximately 從國內開始，死刑在三十個州是合法的，大約有： 2,000 individuals awaiting their date with the grim reaper. 2,000人在等待與死神的約會。 Hanging and firing squad used to be the chief way to implement the death penalty, until 絞刑和行刑隊曾經是執行死刑的主要方式，直到...。 states switched to the gas chamber and the electric chair for a more humane way to kill. 州改用毒氣室和電椅，以獲得更人道的殺戮方式。 Turns out both of those were far from humane, and today lethal injection remains the primary 原來這兩種方式都遠非人道，如今注射死刑仍然是主要的。 method for killing- though mounting evidence is showing that lethal injection is also itself 雖然越來越多的證據表明，注射死刑本身也是一種殺人方法。 extremely painful way of dying, prompting some states to consider bringing back old-school 極為痛苦的死亡方式，促使一些州考慮恢復老式的死亡方式。 alternatives like hanging and firing squad. 絞刑和行刑隊等替代辦法。 The guillotine was also proposed, citing the efficiency and speed of death, but it seems 也有人提出了斷頭臺，理由是效率高、死得快，但它似乎 like for now we'll be sticking with a lethal injection, and perhaps a firing squad or two. 像現在，我們將堅持 與致命的注射， 也許一兩個行刑隊。 China 中國 The US gets a lot of flack for having the death penalty, but China is believed to execute 美國因有死刑而飽受指責，但中國被認為執行了 thousands of people a year. 每年有成千上萬的人。 It's difficult to get a precise count, because the Chinese government works hard to suppress 因為中國政府極力壓制，所以很難得到準確的統計。 such unflattering business, but it is known that demand for executions is so high in China, 這種不光彩的事情，但眾所周知，中國的執行需求如此之大。 that the country purchased a fleet of 'death vans' which could quickly move from prison 注意到該國購買了一支 "死亡之車 "車隊，可以迅速從監獄轉移到其他地方。 to prison, carrying out fast and efficient executions at each stop. 到監獄，在每一站進行快速高效的執行。 With 46 criminal offenses mandating the death penalty- ranging from embezzlement to surrender 從貪汙到自首，有46項刑事犯罪規定了死刑。 of soldiers, it's no surprise China leads the way in deaths per year. 的阿兵哥，中國每年的死亡人數居首也就不足為奇了。 China mainly executes via lethal injection, though it's not unheard of for firing squads 中國主要是通過注射方式執行死刑，但也不是沒聽說過行刑隊。 to occasionally be used. 以偶爾使用。 Iran 伊朗 With crimes such as drug trafficking and producing or distributing pornography grounds for the 販賣毒品和製作或傳播色情製品等罪行的理由。 death penalty, it's no surprise that Iran puts up big numbers every year in executions. 死刑，伊朗每年都有大量的死刑執行，這並不奇怪。 It's perhaps surprising that when it comes to murder the state attempts to actually prevent 也許令人驚訝的是，當涉及到謀殺時，國家試圖真正防止 an execution. 執行。 The Iranian state considers murder a private matter between the offender and the family 伊朗國家認為謀殺是犯罪者與家人之間的私事。 of the victim, and the family is given a choice: they can forgive the murderer and force them 的受害者，家人可以選擇：他們可以寬恕凶手，並強迫他們。 to pay a large financial restitution, or they can opt for the death penalty. 繳納鉅額的經濟賠償金，也可以選擇死刑。 The official sum owed to the family of a murder victim is the price of 100 camels, which must 欠謀殺案受害者家屬的官方金額是100頭駱駝的價格，必須是： be paid in cash. 以現金支付。 Officially if the victim was female though, the family will only receive half of that 但如果受害者是女性的話，家屬只能拿到一半的錢 sum. 乄。 Methods of execution in Iran include hanging, firing squad, and stoning. 伊朗的處決方法包括絞刑、行刑隊和石刑。 Because Iran somehow finds a way to be sexist even in executions, during a stoning a man 因為伊朗即使在執行死刑時也能找到一種方法，在用石頭砸死一個人的過程中，也能找到一種性別歧視的方法。 is buried to his waist, and a woman to her neck. 被埋到腰間，女人埋到脖子。 If the victim can escape the stoning pit before being killed, they are free to go. 如果受害者能在被殺前逃出石坑，他們就可以自由離開。 Unsurprisingly, men- who are only buried halfway- have a much greater chance of escape than 不出所料，男人--只被埋在半路的人，逃跑的機率要遠遠大於--。 women. 婦女： Indonesia 印度尼西亞 Another country that brutally enforces anti-drug laws, Indonesia may be flirting with the idea 另一個殘酷執行禁毒法的國家，印尼可能會調侃道："你是在調侃什麼？ of abolishing the death sentence, but it still routinely carries out executions- primarily 但它仍然經常執行死刑--主要是執行死刑。 against drug traffickers and producers. 打擊毒品販運者和生產者； The preferred method of choice here is firing squad, though no official executioners exist- 這裡首選的方法是行刑隊，雖然沒有正式的劊子手存在--。 instead a special police unit carries out this grim task, receiving less than $100 on 反而是特警隊執行這一嚴峻的任務，在不到100元的情況下收到 top of their regular pay for the job. 在其正常的工作報酬之上。 Saudi Arabia 沙特阿拉伯 Saudi Arabia is a strict adherent to traditional and highly conservative muslim law, which 沙特阿拉伯是一個嚴格遵守傳統的、高度保守的穆斯林法律的國家，其 mandates execution by beheading for most crimes. 規定對大多數罪行執行斬首死刑； While the firing squad will occasionally be used, nearly all executions are done by beheading. 雖然偶爾會使用行刑隊，但幾乎所有的處決都是通過斬首來完成的。 The condemned is led out to a courtyard where their crimes are read aloud, then the executioner 被判刑的人被帶到一個院子裡，在那裡大聲宣讀他們的罪行，然後劊子手 severs the head from the body with one quick stroke. 一下子就把頭和身體割裂開來。 While it may seem archaic, the truth is this is likely one of the most humane, and fastest 雖然這看起來很老套，但事實上，這很可能是最人性化的，也是最快速的。 ways to bring about death. 帶來死亡的方法。 If the criminal was particularly heinous, the decapitated body is then crucified and 如果罪犯特別令人髮指，則會將被斬首的屍體釘在十字架上，然後 put on public display for up to three days. 公開展示，時間長達3天。 For international reporters with a busy schedule though, Saudi Arabia will bring the execution 不過，對於忙碌的國際記者來說，沙特將把執 to you, and even spare your family the funeral expenses by shoving your body down a drain. 給你，甚至還可以把你的屍體塞進下水道，讓你的家人免去喪葬費。 Pakistan 巴基斯坦 Amongst the top three executioners in the world- alongside China and Iran- Pakistan 在世界三大劊子手中，與中國和伊朗並列的是巴基斯坦 has 27 crimes punishable by death. 有27項罪行可判處死刑； Perhaps unsurprisingly for such a strict religious fundamentalist nation, blasphemy is amongst 對於這樣一個嚴格的宗教原教旨主義國家來說，也許並不奇怪，褻瀆是其中之一。 those crimes, and is in fact considered one of the worst offenses. 這些罪行，事實上被認為是最嚴重的罪行之一。 Defamation against the Qu'ran will only net you life imprisonment, but defiling the sacred 誹謗古蘭經只會讓你被判無期徒刑，但誹謗神聖的... ... name of the Prophet Muhammad will almost certainly guarantee death. 先知穆罕默德的名字幾乎肯定會保證死亡。 Homosexuality and piracy also brings the death penalty, as well as leaving the Islamic religion 同志和海盜行為也會帶來死刑，以及離開伊斯蘭教。 and joining a religion that is actively combating Islam, which is seen as treasonous. 並加入一個積極打擊伊斯蘭教的宗教，這被視為叛國。 Yemen 葉門 Yemen may be a small nation, but has one of the highest rates of executions per capita 葉門可能是一個小國，但卻是人均處決率最高的國家之一。 in the world. 在世界上。 Here the death penalty is invoked for any capital crime such as rape, murder, or terrorism, 在這裡，對於任何死刑罪，如強姦、謀殺或恐怖主義，都會援引死刑。 however it can also be enforced for violations of Islamic law such as adultery, sexual misconduct, 然而，也可以對違反伊斯蘭法律的行為，如通姦、性行為不端等進行強制執行。 sodomy, prostitution and blasphemy- though unlike Pakistan, these are very rare. 雞姦、賣淫和褻瀆 -- -- 儘管與巴基斯坦不同，這些情況非常罕見。 While stoning, hanging, and beheading are all permitted under Yemani law, the firing 雖然耶馬尼法律允許石刑、絞刑和斬首，但槍斃、絞刑和斬首都是不允許的。 squad is the only form of execution in use today. 隊是當今唯一使用的執行形式。 Egypt 埃及 Another prolific executioner, Egypt maintains the death penalty for a variety of instances 埃及是另一個多產的劊子手，它對各種情況保留了死刑。 such as murder, terrorism, and rape. 如謀殺、恐怖主義和強姦。 The death penalty can also be mandated in cases where an offense later leads to death 在犯罪行為後來導致死亡的情況下，也可以強制執行死刑。 or severe bodily harm to others, such as in the case of the Port Said Stadium riot. 或對他人造成嚴重的身體傷害，如賽義德港體育場暴亂事件； This riot occurred when victorious football fans stormed the stands of the opposite side 這場騷亂髮生在勝利的足球迷衝上對面的看臺時。 and began to violently attack them with clubs, rocks, and other improvised weapons. 並開始用棍棒、石塊和其他簡易武器暴力攻擊他們。 74 people were killed, though most were because of the police's refusal to open the stadium 74人遇難，不過大部分是因為警方拒絕開放體育場的原因 gates, resulting in many people being crushed to death by the panicking crowd. 門，導致許多人被驚慌失措的人群壓死。 Ten defendants were condemned to death for their part in the riot, with execution carried 10名被告因參與暴動被判處死刑，並執行了死刑。 out by hanging. 絞殺出來的。 Iraq 伊拉克 Frequently invoked by Saddam Hussein, ironically he himself would end up facing the death penalty 經常被薩達姆-侯賽因引用，諷刺的是，他本人最終將面臨死刑。 for his crimes against the Iraqi people. 他對伊拉克人民犯下的罪行。 In this country car theft can net you the death penalty, as well as “sabotage of the 在這個國家，偷車可以讓你被判死刑，以及 "破壞汽車"。 national economy”, which is catch-all term for piracy, bootlegging and other forms of 國民經濟"，是對盜版、盜版和其他形式的經濟活動的總稱。 economic crime. 經濟犯罪； Try to smuggle out large amounts of ancient artifacts from the country, and you too could 試圖從國內偷運出大量的古文物，你也可能會被 be facing the death penalty in Iraq. 在伊拉克面臨死刑。 The preferred method of execution here is by hanging, and after his capture Saddam Hussein 這裡首選的處決方式是絞刑，薩達姆-侯賽因被抓獲後。 found his own end this way- a mercy for a man who brutally tortured and murdered thousands. 他以這種方式找到了自己的結局--對一個殘忍地折磨和謀殺了數千人的人的憐憫。 United Arab Emirates 阿拉伯聯合酋長國 Another country with fundamentalist roots, the UAE maintains the death penalty for capital 另一個有原教旨主義根基的國家，阿聯酋維持死刑。 crimes such as treason, murder, aggravated robbery and rape. 叛國、謀殺、嚴重搶劫和強姦等罪行； However, the UAE also considers adultery and apostasy as capital crimes which carry the 然而，阿聯酋還認為通姦和叛教是死罪，可判處死刑。 death penalty. 死刑； The death penalty is rarely invoked however, as the law requires that three judges all 然而，很少援引死刑，因為法律要求三名法官都要有死刑。 agree on the application of the death penalty. 同意適用死刑； Like other fundamentalist countries, the UAE also gives the family of a victim the option 與其他原教旨主義國家一樣，阿聯酋也為受害者家屬提供了以下選擇。 of receiving a cash repayment rather than the offender facing the death penalty. 領取現金補償，而不是讓罪犯面臨死刑。 If repayment is agreed upon, the sum for murder is about $54,450 USD, and the accused still 如果同意還款，則謀殺罪的金額約為54450美元，而被告人仍有 faces two to three years of prison time. 面臨兩到三年的監禁時間。 Most surprising of all though may be that the UAE enforces the death penalty for environmental 但最令人驚訝的可能是阿聯酋對環境問題執行死刑。 crimes as well. 犯罪以及。 Those facing the death penalty will met their end via firing squad, with the execution often 那些面臨死刑的人將通過行刑隊來結束自己的生命，而執行死刑的方式往往是：------。 attended to by the victim's family. 由受害者家屬照顧。 North Korea 北朝鮮 One of the last four countries to still make its executions public- the others being Iran, 是最後四個仍然公開處決的國家之一，其他國家是伊朗。 Saudi Arabia, and Somalia- North Korea is a strict adherent to the death penalty, perhaps 沙特和索馬里--北韓是一個嚴格遵守死刑的國家，也許。 unsurprising given the Kim family's tyrant grip on the nation. 鑑於金家對國家的暴虐控制，這並不奇怪。 While you'll find capital offenses familiar to you already on the list of crimes deserving 雖然你會發現死刑罪對你來說很熟悉，已經在應受懲罰的罪行清單上了。 the death penalty, such as drug smuggling, treason, and murder, other crimes such as 諸如走私毒品、叛國罪和謀殺罪等死刑，其他罪行，如：走私罪、叛國罪和謀殺罪。 consumption of foreign media and attempting to convert people to a religion and away from 消費外國媒體，並試圖使人們皈依一種宗教，並遠離宗教。 the Juche ideology also merit the death penalty in the hermit kingdom. 在隱士國，主體思想也應判處死刑。 The main methods employed in North Korea include the firing squad, hanging, and decapitation, 北朝鮮採用的主要方法包括行刑隊、絞刑和斬首。 though many criminals see themselves condemned- often along with their families- to lifelong 儘管許多罪犯看到自己被判刑--往往和他們的家人一起--終生受苦 imprisonment in camps where they'll be worked or beaten to death, and sometimes even medically 囚禁在集中營裡，在那裡他們會被勞動或毆打致死，有時甚至會被醫學上的 experimented on. 實驗的。 Personally offending the Dear Leader can also lead to the death penalty, such as when actress 個人得罪了親愛的領袖也會被處以死刑，比如女演員。 Woo In-hee who was married but having an affair with Kim Jong-il, cheated on him by having 已婚卻與金正日有染的吳仁熙出軌，與金正日有了 an affair with a third man, and was publicly executed via firing squad. 與第三個男人有染，並被公開執行槍決。 Now go check out what life on death row is like in Death Row: Japan vs United States- 現在去看看死囚牢裡的生活是怎樣的吧。日本VS美國 What's The Difference? 有什麼不同？ Or click this other video instead! 或者點擊其他視頻代替!