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  • MICHAEL: Hi, I'm Michael from ETS.

    嗨,我是ETS的邁克爾。嗨,我是ETS的邁克爾。

  • Today on Inside the TOEFL Test,

    今天的《托福考試內參》。

  • we're going inside the TOEFL iBT Listening section.

    我們要進入托福iBT聽力部分。

  • Specifically, the Attitude questions.

    具體來說,態度問題。

  • Attitude questions ask you to show understanding

    態度問題要求你表示理解

  • of the speaker's attitude or their feelings about something.

    說話人的態度或對某事的感受。

  • You can recognize attitude questions

    你可以識別態度問題

  • because they include phrases

    因為它們包括以下短語

  • like "What is the professor's attitude...?" ,

    如 "教授的態度是什麼......?",

  • "What does the student think about...?"

    "學生對......有什麼看法?"

  • and "What can be inferred...?"

    和 "可以推斷出什麼......"?

  • To identify the speaker's attitude,

    要確定說話人的態度。

  • listen for phrases like "What I think..."

    聽著像 "我認為... "這樣的短語。

  • or "It seems to me..."

    或 "在我看來..."

  • in the lecture or conversation.

    在講座或談話中。

  • The attitude question will then refer to how valid the speaker's

    然後,態度問題將參考說話者的有效性。

  • argument is or how sure of the facts the speaker is.

    論點是什麼,或者說說話人對事實有多肯定。

  • When you're answering Attitude questions,

    當你在回答態度問題時。

  • listen for the tone of the speaker's voice.

    聽聽說話人的語氣。

  • For example,

    例如:

  • if a conversation has someone accepting an apology,

    如果談話中有人接受道歉。

  • their tone would be gentle and understanding.

    他們的語氣會很溫和,很理解。

  • Now let's look at a sample attitude question

    現在讓我們來看一個態度問題的樣本。

  • from a literature lecture about detective novels,

    摘自一次關於偵探小說的文學講座。

  • including one titled The Moonstone.

    包括一部名為《月光石》的。

  • First, listen to the excerpt:

    首先,請聽節選。

  • PROFESSOR: Today I'd like to introduce you to a novel that um

    今天我想給大家介紹一部小說,嗯...

  • some critics consider the finest detective novel ever written.

    有些評論家認為是有史以來最好的偵探小說。

  • Um, Iit was also the first.

    嗯,它也是第一個。

  • We're talking about The Moonstone

    我們說的是 "月光石

  • by Wilkie Collins.

    威爾基-柯林斯所著。

  • Now, um, there are other detective stories that preceded

    現在,嗯,有其他的偵探故事,在之前的

  • The Moonstone historically-Um, notably uh the work of Poe ...

    月光石歷史上--烏姆,尤其是呃坡的作品......

  • um, Edgar Allen Poe's stories,

    嗯,埃德加-愛倫-坡的故事。

  • such as "The Murders in the Rue Morgue" and ...

    如《莫格街凶殺案》和...

  • um, "The Purloined Letter."

    嗯,"被盜信"。

  • Now these were short stories that featured a detective ...

    現在,這些都是以偵探為特色的短篇小說... ...

  • uh, probably the first to do that.

    呃,可能是第一個做到這一點。

  • But The Moonstone, which follows them by about twenty years-

    但《月光石》,緊隨他們20年左右的時間--。

  • it was published in 1868- uh,

    它出版於1868年--呃。

  • this is the first full-length detective novel ever written.

    這是第一部長篇偵探小說。

  • Now, in The Moonstone- if you read it as ...

    現在,在《月牙泉》中,如果你把它當作...

  • uh, come to it as uh, a contemporary reader-

    呃,來吧,作為呃,一個當代讀者,

  • what's interesting is that most of the features you find

    有趣的是,大部分的功能你都能發現

  • in almost any detective novel are in fact already present.

    在幾乎所有的偵探小說中,其實都已經存在。

  • Umh, it's hard at this juncture to read this novel

    嗯,在這個節骨眼上很難看懂這本小說。

  • and realize that no one had ever done that before,

    並意識到以前從來沒有人這樣做過。

  • because it all seems so strikingly familiar.

    因為這一切都顯得那麼觸目驚心。

  • It's, it's really a wonderful novel and I recommend it,

    這,真的是一本精彩的小說,我推薦給大家。

  • even just as a fun book to read, if you've never read it.

    甚至只是作為一本有趣的書來讀,如果你從來沒有讀過它。

  • MICHAEL: Now, here's attitude question.

    MICHAEL: Now, here's attitude question:現在,這裡的態度問題。

  • NARRATOR: What attitude does the professor express

    旁白:教授表達了什麼態度?

  • when he says this:

    當他說這句話的時候。

  • PROFESSOR: Uhm, it's hard at this juncture to read this novel

    教授:嗯,在這個節骨眼上看這本小說是很難的。

  • and realize that no one had ever done that before,

    並意識到以前從來沒有人這樣做過。

  • because it all seems so strikingly familiar.

    因為這一切都顯得那麼觸目驚心。

  • MICHAEL: Different attitudes are expressed

    MICHAEL:不同的態度被表達出來

  • in all of the answer choices.

    在所有的答案選擇中。

  • But you can tell that the speaker's attitude

    但你可以看出說話人的態度。

  • toward the book is positive because he states,

    向這本書是積極的,因為他表示。

  • "it's really a wonderful novel and I recommend it".

    "這真的是一部精彩的小說,我推薦給大家"。

  • You can also tell the speaker thinks the book is original

    你也可以看出說話人認為這本書是原創的

  • because he mentions multiple times

    因為他多次提到

  • that the novel is the 'first' of its kind.

    該小說是同類小說中的'第一'。

  • For example, when he says

    例如,當他說

  • "this is the first full-length detective novel ever written."

    "這是有史以來第一部長篇偵探小說。"

  • Therefore the correct answer is A.

    是以正確答案是A。

  • Here's a listening tip that will help with attitude questions:

    這裡有一個傾聽的小技巧,對態度問題會有幫助。

  • As you practice your listening skills,

    當你練習聽力技巧時。

  • you will start noticing each speaker's style

    你會開始注意到每個發言人的風格。

  • and their tone of voice.

    以及他們的語氣。

  • Then ask yourself these questions:

    然後問自己這些問題。

  • Is the speaker's voice calm or emotional?

    說話人的聲音是平靜還是情緒化?

  • Relaxed or nervous?

    放鬆還是緊張?

  • Certain or confused?

    確定還是糊塗?

  • Enthusiastic or bored?

    熱情還是無聊?

  • What does the speaker's tone of voice tell you?

    說話人的語氣告訴你什麼?

  • Watching comedy television shows is a good way

    看喜劇電視節目是一個好方法

  • to practice recognizing a speaker's tone of voice.

    練習識別說話人的語氣。

  • There are lots of ways to improve your English skills.

    有很多方法可以提高你的英語能力。

  • Whatever you do, keep practicing.

    不管你做什麼,都要繼續練習。

  • And good luck on your TOEFL test.

    並祝你托福考試順利。

MICHAEL: Hi, I'm Michael from ETS.

嗨,我是ETS的邁克爾。嗨,我是ETS的邁克爾。

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A2 初級 中文 小說 態度 偵探 語氣 問題 托福

託福®聽力題--態度│ 託福®考試內涵 (TOEFL® Listening Questions - Attitude│ Inside the TOEFL® Test)

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    林宜悉 發佈於 2021 年 01 月 27 日
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