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  • Hello. This is 6 Minute English from BBC Learning English. I'm Neil.

    你好,這裡是BBC學習英語的6分鐘英語。這是BBC學習英語的6分鐘英語。我是尼爾。

  • And I'm Georgina.

    我是喬治娜

  • Let me tell you a story, Georgina. Are you ready?

    讓我給你講個故事,喬治娜。你準備好了嗎?

  • Yes!

    是的!

  • Grandma had always warned me not to

    奶奶總是警告我不要

  • look into the mirror at midnight.

    半夜照鏡子

  • There was something strange about that mirror, she said.

    她說,那面鏡子有些奇怪。

  • How childishto believe silly stories!

    多麼幼稚--相信愚蠢的故事!

  • Later that night I heard a noise. I woke up, dark and alone.

    那天晚上,我聽到了一個聲音。我醒來時,眼前一片漆黑,獨自一人。

  • A clock chimed midnight.

    午夜的鐘聲響起。

  • The floorboards were creaking as I walked towards the mirror.

    我走向鏡子的時候,地板在吱吱作響。

  • I looked into my face reflecting in the glass, when suddenly -

    我看著玻璃裡倒映著的我的臉,突然--。

  • my eye winked!

    我的眼睛眨了眨!

  • Agh, stop Neil! You're scaring me!

    啊,停止尼爾!你嚇到我了!

  • Oh sorry, Georgina! OK, let's try another story:

    哦,對不起,喬治娜!好吧,讓我們嘗試另一個故事。

  • Once upon a time there was a beautiful servant girl

    從前有一個美麗的女僕

  • who lived with her wicked stepmother and two jealous stepsisters

    她和她邪惡的繼母以及兩個嫉妒的繼姐妹住在一起... ...

  • Ah, that's better, Neil, and I know this storyCinderella

    啊,好多了,尼爾,我知道這個故事--灰姑娘。

  • more romantic and much less scary!

    浪漫多了,也就不那麼可怕了!

  • As you can see from Georgina's reaction,

    從喬治娜的反應可以看出。

  • telling stories is a powerful way to connect and communicate with people -

    講故事是與人溝通交流的有力方式--------。

  • and the topic of this programme.

    和本方案的主題。

  • Stories help us make sense of the world, which is why we've been telling them

    故事幫助我們理解這個世界,所以我們一直在講故事

  • to each other for millenniaand why some of the earliest folk tales

    幾千年來彼此之間--也就是為什麼一些最早的民間故事---。

  • stories that parents have told and passed on to their children over

    家長們講述並傳授給孩子們的故事,在過去的時間裡。

  • many yearsare still being told today.

  • According to the novelist Sandra Newman, and other academics,

    據小說家桑德拉-紐曼和其他學者。

  • there are seven classic plotlines which are constantly being recycled

    七大經典劇情不斷翻新

  • into new stories.

    成新的故事。

  • They include 'rags to riches' plots, like Cinderella

    它們包括 "破爛不堪 "的情節,像灰姑娘... ...

  • 'Defeating the monster' plots, like Dracula

    "打敗怪物 "的情節,就像德古拉... ...

  • and other plots such as 'comedies', 'adventures' and 'tragedies'.

    ......以及其他情節,如 "喜劇"、"冒險 "和 "悲劇"。

  • So, my quiz question is this: which of the following well-known folk tales

    那麼,我的考題是:以下哪一個著名的民間故事?

  • is a 'defeating the monster' story?

    是一個'打敗怪物'的故事?

  • Is it: a) Beowulf? b) Beauty and the Beast?

    是:a)貝奧武夫? b)美女與野獸?

  • or, c) Goldilocks and the Three Bears?

    或者,c)金髮姑娘和三隻熊?

  • Well, they all have beasts, bears or wolves in the title,

    嗯,它們的標題裡都有野獸、熊或狼。

  • so I'll guess b) Beauty and the Beast.

    所以我猜b)《美女與野獸》。

  • OK, Georgina, we'll come back to that later.

    好吧,喬治娜,我們稍後再來討論這個問題。

  • It's interesting to ask how we can explain the lasting appeal of

    有意思的是,我們如何才能解釋 "我 "的持久魅力呢?

  • these classic plotlines.

    這些經典的情節。

  • Someone who might know is anthropologist and writer,

    可能知道的人是人類學家和作家。

  • Professor Jamie Tarani.

    Jamie Tarani教授。

  • Here he is talking to BBC World Service's, The Why Factor.

    在這裡,他正在和BBC世界服務頻道的 "為什麼因素 "對話。

  • See if you can spot his answer.

    看你能不能發現他的答案。

  • Often the reason why we feel so motivated to pass on stories

    我們之所以覺得有動力去傳遞故事,往往是由於

  • is because the stories do tap into certain universal human

    因為這些故事確實挖掘了人類的某些普遍性。

  • fantasies and fears that will often transcend

    幻想和恐懼,往往會超越一切。

  • the concerns of particular times and places. […]

    特定時間和地點的關注。[…]

  • We are intensely moralisticmost of the time,

    我們是強烈的道德主義--大多數時候。

  • the bad guys have unhappy endings and the

    壞人的結局是不快樂的,而壞人的結局是不快樂的。

  • good guys have happy endings.

    好人有好報

  • We know that in the real world it doesn't actually work like that

    我們知道,在現實世界中,它實際上並不是這樣工作的

  • so there's an element of wish-fulfillment

    願望成真

  • that somehow satisfies our moral appetite.

    某種程度上滿足了我們的道德慾望。

  • Stories from very different cultures often have plots

    不同文化的故事往往有不同的情節

  • with similar fantasies and fears.

    有著類似的幻想和恐懼。

  • These human emotions are universal, meaning they exist

    這些人類的情感是普遍存在的,也就是說它們是存在的

  • everywhere and relate to everyone in the world.

    無處不在,與世界上的每一個人都有關係。

  • Classic stories work because they tap into basic human emotions

    經典故事之所以能成功,是因為它們挖掘了人類的基本情感--。

  • they understand and express what it means to be human.

    他們理解並表達了做人的意義。

  • Unlike in the real world, stories can reinforce our sense of morality -

    與現實世界不同的是,故事可以強化我們的道德感------。

  • evil stepmothers get punished, Cinderella marries her

    邪惡的繼母受到懲罰,灰姑娘嫁給了她的母親

  • prince and everyone lives happily ever after.

    王子和每個人都生活在幸福的日子裡。

  • In this way they create wish-fulfillmentthe achievement

    通過這種方式,他們創造了願望的實現--實現

  • of what we really want and desire.

    我們真正想要和渴望的東西。

  • Well, so much for plotlines, Neil, but that still doesn't explain how

    尼爾,劇情就到此為止了,但這仍然不能解釋為什麼...

  • stories have the power to catch and hold our attention.

    故事具有吸引和保持我們注意力的力量。

  • Let's hear from novelist Sandra Newman, author of

    讓我們來聽聽小說家桑德拉-紐曼的看法。

  • How Not To Write a Novel – a handbook of over 200 common mistakes.

    如何不寫小說--200多種常見錯誤的手冊。

  • Here she tells BBC World Service's, The Why Factor,

    在這裡,她告訴BBC世界服務的,為什麼因素。

  • that her absolute number one storytelling rule

    她的第一條講故事的規則是

  • is comprehensibilitypeople need to understand your story.

    是可理解性--人們需要理解你的故事。

  • There are some people who actually are so unfortunately

    有些人其實是很不幸的

  • bad at communicating that even when they tell a story

    不善言辭

  • to another person it becomes incomprehensible.

    對另一個人來說,它變得不可理解。

  • And gradually as they stop making sense and ramble

    漸漸地,當他們不再有意義,漫不經心的時候。

  • and digress and don't know where they're going,

    並岔開話題,不知道他們要去哪裡。

  • you see everybody not only lose interest but become hostile

    你看到每個人不僅失去興趣,而且變得敵對----。

  • people become very frustrated

    惱羞成怒

  • when someone is not getting to the point.

    當有人沒說到點子上的時候。

  • According to Sandra, the biggest mistake is incomprehensibility

    桑德拉認為,最大的錯誤是無法理解

  • or not understanding the plot because the storyteller is rambling

    或者因為講故事的人在胡言亂語而不理解劇情 --

  • talking in a confused way, going off the subject or not making sense.

    說話糊里糊塗,離題萬里,或者說不通。

  • When listeners give a story their time and attention,

    當聽眾把時間和注意力交給一個故事時。

  • they want the storyteller to get to the point -

    他們想讓講故事的人直奔主題----。

  • start talking about the most important and relevant information.

    開始談論最重要和相關的資訊。

  • But to cut a long story short, Georgina,

    但長話短說,喬治娜。

  • it's time to return to the quiz question.

    是時候回到問答題了。

  • Remember I asked you which famous folk tale had a

    記得我問過你,哪個著名的民間故事裡有一個

  • 'defeating the monster' plot. What did you say?

    '打敗怪物'的情節。你說什麼?

  • I said the answer was b) Beauty and the Beast. Was I right?

    我說答案是b)美女與野獸。我說的對嗎?

  • Your answer was

    你的回答是...

  • Oh, do get to the point, Neil!

    哦,說重點吧,尼爾!

  • wrong! In fact, the answer is, a) Beowulf -

    ......錯!其實,答案是,a)貝奧武夫--。

  • an Old English epic about the hero, Beowulf,

    一部關於英雄貝奧武夫的古英語史詩。

  • who defeats dragons and beasts.

    誰打敗了龍和獸。

  • Well, Neil, there are two sides to every story,

    尼爾,每個故事都有兩面性。

  • as the saying goes.

    俗話說

  • So, let's recap the vocabulary we've learned,

    那麼,我們來回顧一下我們所學的詞彙。

  • starting with folk tales

    從民間故事說起

  • popular stories that have been told and passed down

    傳聞

  • over generations.

    世世代代的。

  • Many folk tales contain universal ideas

    許多民間故事都包含著普遍的思想------。

  • ideas which exist everywhere, in every age and culture.

    在每個時代和文化中到處存在的思想。

  • Stories tap into these ideas, meaning they understand,

    故事挖掘了這些想法,意味著他們理解。

  • connect to and express them.

    連接到並表達它們。

  • Wish-fulfillment means the achievement or realisation of

    願望的實現是指達到或實現以下目標

  • things you really want and desire.

    你真正想要和渴望的東西。

  • A good storyteller will never ramble -

    一個好的講故事的人永遠不會漫不經心------。

  • talk in a confused way, often going off the subject

    哩哩啦啦,東拉西扯

  • or not making much sense.

    或者說沒有什麼意義。

  • And instead will get to the point -

    反而會進入正題-

  • start talking about what is most important and relevant.

    開始談論最重要和最相關的事情。

  • That's all we have time for, but remember to join us

    我們的時間到此為止,但記得加入我們的行列

  • again soon for the inside story on trending English

    再過不久,就會有關於潮流英語的內幕消息。

  • topics and vocabulary, here at 6 Minute English.

    主題和詞彙,在6分鐘英語這裡。

  • Bye for now!

    再見

  • Goodbye!

    再見!

Hello. This is 6 Minute English from BBC Learning English. I'm Neil.

你好,這裡是BBC學習英語的6分鐘英語。這是BBC學習英語的6分鐘英語。我是尼爾。

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B1 中級 中文 故事 喬治娜 尼爾 英語 灰姑娘 野獸

什麼才是一個好故事?- 6分鐘英語 (What makes a good story? - 6 Minute English)

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    林宜悉 發佈於 2021 年 01 月 21 日
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