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  • Hi, everybody.

    嗨,大家好。

  • I'm Esther.

    我是以斯帖。

  • Welcome to the last tense.

    歡迎來到最後的時態。

  • If you haven't checked out my earlier videos on the tenses,

    如果你沒有看過我之前的時態視頻。

  • please go check them out now.

    請你現在就去看看。

  • In this video, I will talk about the future perfect continuous tense.

    在這段視頻中,我將講述未來的完美連續時態。

  • This tense can be used to describe an ongoing action

    這個時態可以用來描述一個正在進行的行動。

  • or situation that will last for a specified period of time in the future.

    或未來一定時期內會持續的情況。

  • There's a lot to learn, so keep watching.

    要學的東西很多,繼續觀察吧。

  • The future perfect continuous tense is used to talk about an ongoing situation

    未來完成時態用於談論正在發生的情況。

  • that will be in progress for a period of time at a specific point in time in the future.

    將在未來某一特定時間點上進行一段時間的。

  • Let's take a look at some examples.

    我們來看看一些例子。

  • The first sentence says,

    第一句話說:

  • 'She will have been living in Ireland for 10 years at that point.'

    '那時候她應該已經在愛爾蘭生活了10年了。

  • So no matter what the subject, in this case we have 'she',

    所以不管是什麼主體,在這種情況下,我們都有'她'。

  • we follow with 'will have been' and then 'verb +ing'.

    我們用'將一直'跟在後面,然後'動詞+ing'。

  • So, 'She will have been living in Ireland …'

    所以,"她將一直生活在愛爾蘭......"。

  • Then this sentence has the duration.

    那麼這句話有期限。

  • What period of time will this last? 'for 10 years'

    這要持續多久?"10年

  • And when?

    什麼時候?

  • Remember, we need a point in time in the future.

    記住,我們需要一個未來的時間點。

  • In this case, we just use a general expression, 'at that point'.

    在這種情況下,我們只需要使用一個一般的表達方式,"在那一刻"。

  • Here, it's not specific and that's okay.

    這裡,不具體,沒關係。

  • We'll see some specific examples in the next sentence.

    我們在下一句話中會看到一些具體的例子。

  • 'By midnight, he will have been sleeping for four hours.'

    '到了半夜,他就會睡上四個小時。

  • Here, the specific time in the future comes at the beginning of the sentence.

    這裡,未來的具體時間在句首。

  • 'By midnight' And, again, we see 'will have been' +

    "午夜時分 "而且,我們又看到 "將一直 "+"將一直"。

  • verb 'ing'.

    動詞'ing。

  • 'By midnight, he will have been sleeping for four hours.'.

    '到了半夜,他就會睡上四個小時了'。

  • Here we have 'for four hours'.

    這裡我們有'四個小時'。

  • This shows the duration or how long this action will be in progress.

    這顯示了這個動作的持續時間或進行中的時間。

  • So, again, 'By midnight he will have been sleeping for four hours.'

    所以,又說'到了半夜,他就會睡四個小時'。

  • The last sentence says, 'In June …'

    最後一句話說,'6月......'。

  • Here, again, we have the specific time in the future at the beginning of the sentence.

    這裡,我們又在句子的開頭寫上了未來的具體時間。

  • 'In June, 'we' that's the subject.

    '六月,'我們'這才是主題。

  • 'we'll have been studying …' There's the 'verb +ing'.

    '我們將一直在學習......'有'動詞+ing'。

  • '… at this university for four years.'

    "... ...在這所大學呆了四年。

  • Here is the duration, 'for four years'.

    這裡是期限,'為期四年'。

  • Good job.

    做得好

  • And let's move on.

    我們繼續前進。

  • Now, let's look at the negative form of the future perfect continuous tense.

    現在,我們來看看未來完成式連續時的否定形式。

  • In the affirmative form, we say 'subject' + 'will have been' and then 'verb +ing'.

    在肯定式中,我們說'主語'+'將已',然後說'動詞+ing'。

  • In the negative form, however, we say, 'subject' + 'will not have been'

    然而,在否定的形式中,我們說,"主體 "+"不會有"。

  • and then 'verb +ing'.

    然後'動詞+ing'。

  • Let's take a look at some examples.

    我們來看看一些例子。

  • The first sentence here says,

    這裡的第一句話說。

  • 'At that point, I will not have been living in Spain for 10 years.'

    '到那時,我就不會在西班牙生活10年了。

  • And so you see it.

    所以你看到的。

  • 'I' is the subject.

    '我'是主體。

  • '… will not have been' and then 'verb +ing'.

    '......不會有',然後'動詞+ing'。

  • In this case, 'living'.

    在這種情況下,'活'。

  • The next sentence says,

    下句說。

  • 'He will not have been sleeping for four hours by midnight.'

    '到了半夜,他不會已經睡了四個小時。

  • Again, we see the 'subject' + 'will not have been' and then 'verb +ing',

    同樣,我們看到的是 "主語 "+"不會有",然後是 "動詞+ing"。

  • 'sleeping'.

    '睡覺'。

  • The last sentence says,

    最後一句話說:

  • 'By then, we will not have been studying at this university for three years.'

    '到那時,我們在這所大學裡學習還沒有三年。

  • Again, we see the 'subject' + 'we will not have been' and then 'verb +ing'

    再看'主語'+'我們不會一直',然後是'動詞+ing'。

  • here, 'studying'.

    這裡的'學習'。

  • Let's move on.

    讓我們繼續前進。

  • Now let's take a look at how to form questions in the future perfect continuous tense.

    現在我們來看看如何用將來的完全連續時態來構成問題。

  • Here, the sentence says,

    這裡,這句話說。

  • 'Sean will have been playing soccer for a year by December.'

    '肖恩到12月就能踢一年的足球了'。

  • To turn this into a question, all we have to do is switch the order of the first two

    要把這道題變成一道題,我們要做的就是把前兩個

  • words.

    詞。

  • So instead of 'Sean will', I can say 'Will Sean'.

    所以我可以說 "威爾-肖恩",而不是 "肖恩會"。

  • 'Will Sean have been playing soccer for a year by December?'

    '到了12月,肖恩會不會已經踢了一年的球?

  • You'll notice that the rest of the sentence stays the same.

    你會發現,剩下的句子保持不變。

  • I can answer by saying, 'Yes, he will have.'

    我可以回答說:'是的,他會有的'。

  • or 'No, he will have not.'

    或'不,他將沒有。

  • The next sentence says,

    下句說。

  • 'They will have been working there for three months by that time.'

    '那個時候他們已經在那裡工作了三個月了。

  • Again, I changed the order of the first two words.

    同樣,我改變了前兩個字的順序。

  • To turn this into a question 'They will' becomes 'Will they'.

    把這句話變成一個問題'他們會'變成'他們會'。

  • 'Will they have been working there for three months by that time?'

    '那個時候他們會不會已經在那裡工作了三個月?

  • Again, the rest of the sentence stays the same.

    同樣,其餘的句子也保持不變。

  • I can answer by saying, 'Yes, they will have.'

    我可以回答說:"是的,他們會有的。

  • or 'No, they will have not.'

    或'不,他們將沒有。

  • Let's move on.

    讓我們繼續前進。

  • Now let's take a look at how to form 'WHquestions in the future perfect continuous

    現在讓我們來看看如何在將來的完形連續中形成 "WH "問題。

  • tense.

    時態。

  • Take a look at the board.

    看一下板子。

  • All of these questions begin with a 'WH' word.

    這些問題的開頭都是一個 "WH "字。

  • 'where' 'what'

    '哪裡''什麼'

  • 'who' and 'how long'

    '誰'和'多久'

  • Take a look at the first question.

    看看第一個問題。

  • 'Where will you have been walking?'

    '你會在哪裡走過?

  • To form a 'WH' question, we start with the 'WH' word, then 'will'.

    要形成一個 "WH "的問題,我們從 "WH "這個詞開始,然後是 "will"。

  • After that, we add the subject, 'you', 'they', 'she' and 'you'.

    之後,我們再加上主語 "你"、"他們"、"她 "和 "你"。

  • After that, we add 'have been' + 'verb +ing'.

    之後,我們再加上'一直'+'動詞+ing'。

  • 'Where will you have been walking?'

    '你會在哪裡走過?

  • 'What will they have been playing?'

    '他們會玩什麼呢?

  • 'Who will she have been talking to?'

    '她會和誰說話呢?

  • and 'How long will you have been working …?'

    和'你要工作多久......'?

  • There's the 'verb +ing'.

    有'動詞+ing'。

  • ' … there by the time you finish?'

    '......在你完成的時候,那裡?

  • So let's go through one more time and I'll show you how to answer these questions.

    所以,我們再過一遍,我會告訴你如何回答這些問題。

  • 'Where will you have been walking?'

    '你會在哪裡走過?

  • I can answer by saying, 'I will have been walking in the park.'

    我可以回答說:"我將一直在公園裡散步"。

  • 'What will they have been playing?'

    '他們會玩什麼呢?

  • 'They will have been playing video games.'

    '他們會一直在玩電子遊戲。

  • 'Who will she have been talking to?'

    '她會和誰說話呢?

  • 'She will have been talking to her cousin.'

    '她一定會和她的表哥說話的。

  • And finally,

    最後是:

  • 'How long will you have been working there by the time you finish?'

    '你在那裡工作多久才能完成?

  • 'By the time I finish, I will have been working there for five years.'

    '等我結束的時候,我已經在那裡工作了五年。

  • Let's move on.

    讓我們繼續前進。

  • Let's start a checkup for the future perfect continuous tense.

    我們先來檢查一下未來完成時的連續時態。

  • Take a look at the board.

    看一下板子。

  • The first sentence says,

    第一句話說:

  • 'By 10 p.m., I _blank_ that game for three hours.'

    '到了晚上10點,我_blank_那個遊戲三個小時。

  • I'm looking to use the verb 'play'.

    我想用'玩'這個動詞。

  • Remember, in this tense, we need to have 'subject' + 'will have been' and then 'verb +ing'.

    記住,在這個時態中,我們需要有'主語'+'將有',然後是'動詞+ing'。

  • So 'By 10 p.m., I will have been playing …'

    所以'到了晚上10點,我就會一直在玩......'。

  • Again, we need 'verb +ing'.

    同樣,我們需要'動詞+ing'。

  • '… I will have been playing that game for three hours.

    '......我會一直玩那個遊戲三個小時。

  • The next sentence says,

    下句說。

  • 'When she gets here, he _blank_ dinner for an hour.'

    '等她到了這裡,他_blank_晚餐一個小時。

  • Try to use the verb 'cook'.

    試著用動詞 "煮"。

  • Again, no matter what the subject, it doesn't change.

    同樣,無論什麼主題,都不會改變。

  • 'When she gets here, he will have been cooking …'

    '等她到了這裡,他一定會做飯......'。

  • 'When she gets here, he will have been cooking dinner for an hour.'

    '當她到這裡的時候,他已經做了一個小時的晚飯了。

  • Now, find the mistake in the next sentence.

    現在,找出下一句話中的錯誤。

  • 'Steve and Jan will not have be waiting for a year when it arrives.'

    '史蒂夫和楊就不用等一年的時間了,等它到了。

  • Here, we have a negative form, 'they will not have'.

    在這裡,我們有一個否定的形式,'他們不會有'。

  • Then we need 'been'.

    那麼我們需要'被'。

  • 'They will not have been …'

    '他們不會一直......'

  • And then the 'verb +ing' is here so that's correct.

    然後'動詞+ing'在這裡,所以是正確的。

  • 'Steve and Jan will not have been waiting for a year when it arrives.'

    '史蒂夫和楊不會已經等了一年了,當它到來的時候。

  • The last sentence says,

    最後一句話說:

  • 'It will have been work for 10 years on January 15th.'

    '到1月15日就可以工作10年了'。

  • So maybe here I'm talking about a computer or a TV.

    所以,也許在這裡我說的是一臺電腦或者一臺電視。

  • Maybe some kind of machine.

    也許是某種機器。

  • 'it' 'It will have been …'

    "它" "它將會是...

  • I see the mistake here.

    我看到這裡的錯誤。

  • We need 'verb +ing'.

    我們需要'動詞+ing'。

  • 'It will have been working for 10 years on January 15th.

    '1月15日,它將工作10年。

  • Great job, everybody.

    大家幹得好

  • Let's move on.

    讓我們繼續前進。

  • Congratulations!

    恭喜你!

  • You have learned all 12 main English tenses.

    你已經學會了所有12種主要的英語時態。

  • It's now time to keep practicing them in your reading and your writing.

    現在是時候在你的閱讀和寫作中繼續練習它們了。

  • I hope to see you in my next videos.

    希望在我的下一個視頻中看到你。

  • Bye.

    掰掰

Hi, everybody.

嗨,大家好。

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基礎英語語法課程|未來完成式連續時態|學習和練習。 (Basic English Grammar Course | Future Perfect Continuous Tense | Learn and Practice)

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    Summer 發佈於 2020 年 12 月 01 日
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