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  •   California is no stranger to pop culture,

    加州對流行文化並不陌生。

  • the Kardashians, movie directors and movie sets. Throughout the past two decades it has

    卡戴珊家族、電影導演和電影場景。在過去的20年裡,它已經

  • set the standard for fashion and way of living for not only America but also for the entire

    確立了時尚和生活方式的標準,不僅是美國,也是整個世界的標準。

  • world. Tourists even come from all over the world, just to get a tour of the neighborhoods

    世界。遊客甚至從世界各地趕來,只為參觀附近的街區

  • in Hollywood where all the celebrities live. Looking at the beaches, the Beverly Hills

    在好萊塢,所有的名人都住在這裡。望著海灘,比佛利山莊

  • mansions, and palm-strewn roads, one would think this is one of the best places to live,

    豪宅,還有棕櫚樹林立的道路,讓人覺得這裡是最適合居住的地方之一。

  • hardly a place to run away from. But that is exactly what is happening. From raging

    幾乎不是一個可以逃避的地方。但事實正是如此。從洶湧的

  • wildfires, to rampant crimes, California seems to have all the drama that one would expect

    從野火,到猖獗的犯罪,加州似乎有所有的戲劇性,你會期待。

  • from the fictional Gotham city. Unfortunately this state does not have a billionaire vigilante

    來自虛構的哥譚市。不幸的是,這個州沒有一個億萬富翁的義警。

  • running around trying to save it. Today we are going to dive in and see what exactly

    跑來跑去,試圖拯救它。今天我們就來潛心研究一下,看看到底是什麼?

  • is causing this mass exodus from the third largest state in the US that's becoming

    導致了美國第三大州的大規模人口外流,成為了

  • quite the 21st century phenomenon.

    相當21世紀的現象。

  • The high cost of livingFirst things first. Let's talk about how

    高昂的生活成本
""",先說一下。先說說如何

  • far your money can get you in this land of aspiring actors and tech entrepreneurs. From

    在這片有抱負的演員和科技創業者的土地上,你的錢能讓你走多遠。從

  • the cost of a loaf of bread to a rental apartment room to the prices of an uber, the cost of

    一塊麵包的成本到出租公寓房的價格到uber的價格,成本的。

  • living in California is 41.4% higher than the national average. The largest increases

    在加州生活的人比全國平均水平高41.4%。最大的增幅是

  • being in Transportation, Food, and Housing. Thanks to the demand to live in the city being

    正在交通、食物和住房方面。由於生活在城市中的需求被

  • on the rise since decades ago, the cost too has risen as a result so much so that people

    數十年來,成本不斷㆖升,以至於㆟們都在不斷的增加。

  • who have roots in the golden state from as early as the 1800's are packing up and leaving

    早在19世紀就在金州紮根的人,正在收拾行李離開!

  • The average price of owning a house here is somewhere close to $700,000 whereas in other

    在這裡擁有一套房子的平均價格接近70萬美元,而在其他國家,則是以1美元/平方米的價格購買。

  • states like Texas, Idaho and Florida, it's less than half of that. Again, when demand

    像德克薩斯州、愛達荷州和佛羅里達州,還不到一半。同樣,當需求

  • increases, prices follow suit. People from all over the country come to make a fortune

    漲,價格也跟著漲。全國各地的人都來發財了。

  • in this state, all whilst living frugally and bunking in with friends. And then they

    在這種狀態下,所有的同時生活節儉,並在與朋友的雙層。然後他們

  • leave for another state for a better quality of life with a lower cost of living, giving

    出走到另一個州去,以獲得更好的生活品質和更低的生活成本,給了

  • them a bang for their buck. While this used to be the trend in the early 2000's, more

    他們對自己的錢有了更高的要求。雖然這曾經是2000年初的趨勢,但是更多的

  • people have left the state than people who have migrated to it from 2007 to 2016. With

    人比2007年至2016年移居該州的人離開了該州。隨著

  • fewer younger people coming in, the state is fast on its way to becoming an ageing population.

    越來越少的年輕人進來,國家正快速走向人口老齡化。

  • Soon, only rich oldies will be seen running the town

    很快,就只能看到有錢的老百姓在城裡跑。

  • Rising HomelessnessThanks to the ridiculous prices of goods and

    無家可歸者越來越多"■▄▄■▓,這要歸功於荒唐的物價和。

  • services, many are rendered poor and homelessness is more and more rampant in the last decade.

    在過去十年中,許多人變得貧窮,無家可歸的情況越來越嚴重。

  • And when people are left out on the streets, social ills such as drug use and street gangs

    而當人們被遺棄在街頭時,吸毒和街頭幫派等社會弊端就會出現

  • become commonplace. Unlike in other states, locals do not feel safe to let their kids

    變得司空見慣。與其他州不同的是,當地人不放心讓孩子們

  • out to play. Some even say that they couldn't walk around the block without finding a few

    出來玩。有的人甚至說,他們走遍整個街區,都找不到幾個

  • needles lying around in certain neighbourhoods. There are currently roughly 60,000 homeless

    針頭在某些居民區到處亂放。目前大約有60,000名無家可歸者。

  • folks in LA alone and the officials say it's getting out of hand. Uhh to start, how about

    鄉親們在洛杉磯獨自和官方說 它得到了失控。呃,開始,怎麼樣

  • getting them OFF the streets and into homes, hmm

    讓他們離開街道,進入家庭,嗯?

  • Widespread crimeIt's no surprise that with lesser solutions

    廣泛的犯罪"■▄▄■▓,用較少的辦法解決也不足為奇。

  • to homelessness and social ills that crime rates are a lot less manageable. Data shows

    到無家可歸和社會弊端,犯罪率就不那麼容易控制了。數據顯示

  • that the number of homicide cases have actually gone up 15%, while shootings have also increased

    凶殺案的數量實際上上升了15%,而槍擊案的數量也增加了

  • 14%. In other cities like Sacramento, aggravated assault cases have gone up 23%. Most of these

    14%.在其他城市,比如薩克拉門託,嚴重襲擊案件上升了23%。這些案件中的大部分

  • cases come from gang-related violence even before the death of George Floyd which today,

    案件來自於幫派相關的暴力事件,甚至在喬治-弗洛伊德死亡之前,今天。

  • is monumental in the police vs people paradigm. What makes matters worse is that police have

    在警察與人民的模式中是不朽的。更糟糕的是,警方已經

  • had to follow new regulations, in line with the Covid-19 pandemic, which prevents officers

    不得不遵循新的規定,與Covid-19大流行病一致,這防止官員

  • from stopping and speaking to civilians. To make matters worse, this has also hindered

    阻止他們與平民交談。更糟糕的是,這還妨礙了

  • investigations and slowed treatments for victims. In any case, if crime continues at this rate,

    的調查和減緩對受害者的治療。無論如何,如果犯罪以這種速度繼續下去,那麼:

  • California will see a rise in crime that it has not seen in years. As the Californians

    加利福尼亞州的犯罪率將出現多年未見的上升。由於加州人

  • observe these drastic changes to their neighbourhood many have given up and simply decided to leave.

    觀察到附近地區的這些劇烈變化,許多人已經放棄,並決定離開。

  • Skyrocketing TaxesAnother pressing reason for people giving

    天價稅款
""",又是一個讓人迫切的理由。

  • up the Californian dream is the high rate of taxes. California has the highest rate

    上的加州夢是高稅率。加州的稅率最高

  • of income tax in all of America, which can go as high as 13.3%. It also has the highest

    的所得稅,在全美國可以高達13.3%。它也有最高的

  • sales tax at 10.50%. As tax-payers are beginning to see the declining cost-to-benefit ratio

    銷售稅為10.50%。隨著納稅人開始看到成本效益比的下降

  • on their taxes, frustration builds up, pushing people to take the first to leave the stat.

    在他們的稅收上,挫折感積聚,推動人們率先離開統計。

  • They've been paying more than Mr. President ever has after all. As if that wasn't enough,

    畢竟,他們付出的代價比總統先生有過之而無不及。好像這還不夠似的

  • the Democrats have proposed another increase this year in order to fight the pandemic bringing

    民主黨提出今年再加薪,以對抗疫情帶來的。

  • about a total of 54%. It's insane that even the top 1% are also thinking to move. Elon

    約佔總數的54%。這太瘋狂了,連前1%的人也想著搬家。埃隆

  • Musk and Joe Rogan are among that percentile of people who have already taken

    馬斯克和喬-羅根都是那個百分位數的人,他們已經把

  • that step.

    這一步。

  • Uncontrollable WildfiresIf people were still second guessing their

    不可控的野火"■▄▄■▓,如果人們還在猜測自己的

  • move from California to other states like Texas, the wildfires this year would have

    從加州轉移到其他州,如德克薩斯州,今年的野火將有。

  • relieved the doubt. The 2020 California wildfires have burned more than 4% of the total landmass

    解除了疑慮。2020年加州野火燒燬的面積已超過總陸地面積的4%。

  • of the state- that's 4 million acres of land! 4. Million. Acres. But wildfires are

    的狀態,那就是400萬畝土地!4.百萬英畝。英畝。但野火是

  • nothing new in this state. During the late 90s an average of 12,000 Californians died

    在這個州已經不是什麼新鮮事了在90年代末,平均有12,000名加州人死亡。

  • from wildfires. In order to prevent more deaths, a fire suppression bill was passed which meant,

    野火造成的損失。為了防止更多的死亡,通過了一項滅火法案,這意味著:

  • suppressing forest fires immediately by any means possible. Even though it saved people

    不擇手段地立即撲滅森林火災。雖然救了人

  • for decades, what it has done is also preserved more and more fuel for fire every year. With

    幾十年來,它所做的事情也是每年保存著越來越多的火種燃料。隨著

  • the increase in temperature thanks to global warming, droughts start to become more severe

    全球變暖導致的氣溫上升,乾旱開始變得更加嚴重。

  • and plants start to get even drier. These are all the ingredients mother nature needs

    和植物開始變得更加乾燥。這些都是大自然需要的成分

  • to start a small fire here and there, which can start to spread quickly and culminate

    燎原之勢,很快就會蔓延開來,最後達到高潮

  • into a huge hot mess- which is what happened here. 2020 has seen one of the biggest wildfires

    變成一個巨大的熱混亂--這就是這裡發生的事情。2020年是最大的野火之一。

  • recorded in Californian history. This pushed authorities to finally give the green light

    加州歷史上有記錄的。這促使當局最終開了綠燈。

  • for controlled burning of forests every year to curb the problem. But the damage has been

    為遏制這一問題,每年都要控制焚燒森林。但損害已經

  • done and it will be a while before people forget this year and its continuous supply

    在人們忘記今年和它的持續供應之前,還需要一段時間。

  • of disasters.

    的災害。

  • Rolling blackoutsIf you don't already know, rolling blackouts

    滾動式停電
""",如果你還不知道,滾動式停電。

  • are deliberate power shut offs initiated by the authorities in order to prevent a system

    是指當局為防止系統發生故障而故意切斷電源的行為。

  • crash. Power outages occur when the demand for electricity exceeds its supply or when

    崩潰。當電力供不應求時,就會發生停電,或者當

  • there are wildfires. California has been seeing more and more power shut offs due to extremely

    有野火。加利福尼亞州已經看到越來越多的電力關閉,由於極度。

  • hot temperatures and rampant wildfires. In the year 2019 utility companies like the PG&E

    炎熱的氣溫和猖獗的野火。在2019年,像PG&E這樣的公用事業公司。

  • and the SCE have cut off power for more than 30 counties in California. And that was because

    和SCE已經切斷了加州30多個縣的電力。而這是因為

  • they were afraid that the electrical towers may start fires due to the strong, dry winds

    他們擔心電塔會因為強風、幹風而引發火災。

  • they were experiencing. That year, more than 3 million people were affectedThe temperature

    他們所經歷的。那一年,有300多萬人受災。 溫度

  • in places like the Death Valley went as high as 130 degrees and here's the crazy part-

    在像死亡谷這樣的地方,高達130度,這裡是瘋狂的部分 -

  • the highest temperature ever recorded on Earth is a 134 degrees, so you can imagine how hot

    地球上有史以來的最高溫度是134度,所以你可以想象有多熱。

  • California is. This year, since people no longer can cool off in places like the malls

    加州是。今年以來,由於人們再也不能在商場等地方納涼了

  • and the cinema, more and more people are keeping their air conditioning on for longer hours

    和電影院,越來越多的人開空調的時間越來越長了。

  • than usual. This has caused a spike in demand which the utility companies have not anticipated.

    導致需求量激增,這是公用事業公司始料未及的。這造成了需求的激增,這是公用事業公司沒有預料到的。

  • The California ISO has thus announced power outages, in order to make sure the electrical 

    加利福尼亞州ISO是以宣佈停電,以確保電。

  • system across the whole state doesn't crash. This was a very poor performance on the part

    整個州的系統都不會崩潰。這是一個非常糟糕的性能的一部分

  • of the utility companies. One would have expected them to be more cautious this year, since

    公用事業公司。人們本以為他們今年會更加謹慎,因為。

  • people shared their frustrations through vandalism which included the egging of a PG&E office

    人們通過破壞行為來分享他們的挫折感,其中包括對PG&E辦公室的雞蛋攻擊。

  • front doors and the shooting of a company vehicle last year.   With all of these issues

    前門和去年公司車輛被槍擊事件。 有了這些問題

  • surrounding electricity supply, a now-basic necessity of not only a household but a business

    圍繞著電力供應,現在不僅是一個家庭,而且是一個企業的基本需求。

  • too, one can't help but wonder how are the companies from manufacturing to tech surviving

    也不禁讓人好奇,從製造業到科技業的企業是如何生存的?

  • in the Silicon Valey? It'll just be a a matter of years- maybe even months- before

    在硅谷?這將只是一個問題,幾年,甚至幾個月的時間。

  • they uproot, if California doesn't resolve this expensive problem, don't you think?

    他們連根拔起,如果加州不解決這個昂貴的問題,你不覺得嗎?

  • Poor policymakingLastly we have to discuss the incompetency

    決策失誤"■▄▄■▓ 最後我們要討論的是無能的問題

  • of state authorities. From under delivering to failing to keep its promises, the Governor

    的國家機關。從辦事不力到不兌現承諾,總督?

  • of California can be accused of plenty. While other states are slowly opening up businesses

    的加州可以被指責很多。當其他州慢慢開放業務的時候

  • under pandemic precautions, cities in California are still keeping them shut tight. This has

    在大流行病預防措施下,加州的城市仍然緊閉著它們。這已經

  • resulted in a weakening of the local economy in terms of slower cash flow and a significant

    導致當地經濟疲軟,現金流放緩,並出現了大量的現金流。

  • number of job losses. On top of that, very little to no inclination to solve the homelessness

    失業人數。除此之外,幾乎沒有解決無家可歸問題的意願。

  • problem, reflects poorly on the state's care about the overall welfare of the people.

    問題,反映出國家對人民整體福利的關懷不力。

  • With all of its issues in a basket, this once golden state is now likened to a hell hole

    所有的問題都集中在一個籃子裡,這個曾經的黃金之州現在被比喻成一個地獄之洞。

  • by many residents. Even during the state speech, Governor Gavin Newsom made proclamations of

    由許多居民。甚至在州演講中,州長Gavin Newsom還宣佈了對

  • success, which were rather technical truths. For example as a state which had one of the

    的成功,這是相當技術性的事實。例如,作為一個國家,它有一個。

  • hardest falls during the Recession now saw an increase in employment rate. According

    在經濟衰退期間跌得最慘的國家,現在就業率上升了。根據

  • to him, 1 in 7 jobs in America were created in California. That may be true, but when

    在他看來,美國每7個工作崗位中就有1個是在加州創造的。這可能是真的,但當

  • Recession hit, California had lost around 1 million jobs! And even though the performance

    衰退來襲,加州已經失去了約100萬個工作崗位!雖然業績

  • looks very good, it was mostly about restoring the jobs that were lost in 2010, so that isn't

    看起來非常好,它主要是恢復2010年失去的工作崗位,所以這不是。

  • very promising. What about today

    很有前途。那今天呢?

  • So there you have it, these are some of the reasons why California is losing its charm.

    所以,你有,這些都是加州失去魅力的一些原因。

  • What will become of it in the near future? Will it somehow find a way to go back to its

    它在不久的將來會變成什麼樣子?它會不會想辦法回到它的

  • former glory or is it destined to an inevitable doom? Drop us your two cents the comments

    昔日的輝煌還是註定了不可避免的厄運?請在評論中提出你的看法

  • below! If you like this video, don't forget to give it a big thumbs up and subscribe for

    以下如果你喜歡這個視頻,別忘了豎起大拇指並訂閱

  • more amazing content every week.

    每週都有更多驚人的內容。

  California is no stranger to pop culture,

加州對流行文化並不陌生。

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B1 中級 中文 加州 野火 無家可歸 成本 電力 價格

所有人都要離開加州的真正原因 (The Real Reason Why is EVERYONE Leaving California)

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    Summer 發佈於 2020 年 11 月 03 日
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