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  • On average, Americans spend more than $200 billion on clothing every year.

    美國人平均每年在服裝上的花費超過2000億美元。

  • That works out to over $600 annually for every person in the country.

    這樣算下來,全國每個人每年都有600多元的收入。

  • But whether we outgrow or outlast the clothes we get, there are some groups looking to outsmart nature when it comes to the fabrics they're made of.

    但無論我們得到的衣服是否會被淘汰或超過,在衣服的面料上,有一些群體希望能超越自然。

  • Does the future of leather and silk come from collagen and yeast?

    皮革和絲綢的未來是否來自於膠原蛋白和酵母?

  • How we get rid of our old clothes isn't exactly environmentally friendly.

    我們如何處理舊衣服並不是很環保。

  • According to a 2014 report from the Environmental Protection Agency, 80% of our old clothes and shoes end up in landfills and that cheap polyester it takes way longer decompose than cotton or wool.

    根據環境保護局2014年的一份報告,我們80%的舊衣服和鞋子最終都會被填埋,而廉價的聚酯纖維它的分解時間比棉花或羊毛要長。

  • Her bio fabric company, bolt threads greener materials come from unusual source.

    她的生物織物公司,螺栓線綠色材料來自不同尋常的來源。

  • Where did the inspiration for this micro silk come from?

    這條微絲的靈感來自哪裡?

  • Mostly years of frustration.

    多半是多年的挫折。

  • A scientists and graduate school spider silk without spiders.

    一個科學家和研究生院的蜘蛛絲沒有蜘蛛。

  • So she's not a new idea that's been around for about 50 years, but no one could make it.

    所以她並不是一個新的想法,已經存在了50年左右,但是沒有人能夠做到。

  • Spider silk is surprisingly strong.

    蜘蛛絲的強度驚人。

  • Making it in a factory starts by isolating the proteins that make it so tough they re create them here in these tanks, using yeast and sugar, And how long does the whole process take?

    在工廠裡製造它,首先要分離出使它變得如此堅韌的蛋白質,他們在這些罐子裡用酵母和糖來製造它們,整個過程需要多長時間呢?

  • This is about a three day process.

    這大約是一個三天的過程。

  • This hat actually turns out to be about 10% lighter fabric and about 30% warmer.

    其實這頂帽子原來的面料輕了10%左右,溫暖了30%左右。

  • So actually learn this on accident.

    所以其實一不小心就學會了這個。

  • What we're finding is just a new technology with a massive amount of potential ahead of us.

    我們發現的只是一種新的技術,在我們面前有著巨大的潛力。

  • There's a lot of things that are great about it.

    有很多東西是很好的。

  • We don't even understand yet that we learn along the way.

    我們甚至還不明白,我們在路上學習。

  • While Bolt uses yeast to recreate spider silk at modern meadow, they're using yeast to grow leather.

    當博爾特在現代草場用酵母重現蜘蛛絲時,他們卻用酵母來種植皮革。

  • If you think about the basic building blocks of leather, which is college in you and I are made up of collagen, you know leather is made up of collagen, keeps your face, you know, soft and plush and youthful, right.

    如果你想想皮革的基本構件,就是大學裡的你我都是由膠原蛋白組成的,你知道皮革是由膠原蛋白組成的,保持你的臉,你知道的,柔軟、豐滿、年輕,對吧。

  • But rather than have to rely on the animal to make that college, and we use the most cutting edge technologies in terms of genetic engineering of yeast way get our yeast to make our college so you're basically trying t o tell the college and mirror yourself after how college or any kind of college and in reality, because we're not limited by any real constraints other than our ability to put the DNA together.

    但是,而不是必須依靠動物 使該學院, 我們使用最前沿的技術 在遺傳工程方面的酵母方式得到我們的酵母 使我們的大學,所以你基本上是試圖t o告訴大學和鏡像自己 後如何大學或任何類型的大學和在現實中, 因為我們不受任何真正的限制 除了我們的能力把DNA在一起。

  • They call their bile others.

    他們把自己的膽量稱為別人。

  • Oh, and is designed to look and feel like leather.

    哦,而且設計得像皮革一樣的外觀和感覺。

  • But it removes animals from the leather making equation.

    但它把動物從製革等式中移除。

  • You can paint with it.

    你可以用它來畫畫。

  • You can spray it by being able to work with our materials is a liquid.

    你可以通過能夠與我們的材料是液體的工作,噴塗它。

  • It opens up entirely new design possibilities and new functionalities.

    它開啟了全新的設計可能性和新的功能。

  • These are all things that couldn't be done with traditional.

    這些都是傳統的無法做到的事情。

  • Leather could not be done with traditional leather.

    皮革不能用傳統的皮革來做。

  • With traditional leather.

    用傳統的皮革。

  • You have to work around the imperfections.

    你必須繞過不完美的地方。

  • You have to work around the irregular shape and size of the material.

    你必須繞過材料的不規則形狀和大小。

  • It actually has a very long and somewhat problematic supply chain.

    其實它的供應鏈非常長,而且有些問題。

  • It takes a huge environmental footprint to make leather were about being able to create materials that allow us to be consumers for the long run bolts.

    它需要一個巨大的環境足跡,使皮革是關於能夠創造的材料,讓我們成為消費者的長期運行螺栓。

  • Spider silk hat will set you back.

    蛛絲帽會讓你退步。

  • Nearly $200 on Zo A won't come cheap either.

    近200元的佐A也不會便宜。

  • The company's planning on partnering first with high end retailers on the reason why we're starting with our partners who are focused on very high end applications, Um is because we want to make it really desirable But that's not to say that this technology would not be competitive on a price basis in the long term.

    該公司計劃首先與高端零售商合作,之所以我們首先與我們的合作伙伴合作,他們專注於非常高端的應用,嗯是因為我們想讓它真正令人滿意但這並不是說這項技術在價格基礎上不會有長期的競爭力。

  • It just has to get the scale because right now leather, a za material, has had, you know, a few 1000 years of advantage.

    就是要拿到規模,因為現在皮革這種za料,已經有了,你知道,幾千年的優勢。

  • We're just starting out.

    我們才剛剛開始。

  • Could your future closet be full of spider silk and lab grown leather?

    你未來的衣櫃裡會不會全是蜘蛛絲和實驗室種植的皮革?

  • Maybe, but the high price tag could keep consumers away from these new products despite their eco friendly cred.

    也許,但高昂的價格標籤可能會讓消費者遠離這些新產品,儘管他們的環保信譽。

On average, Americans spend more than $200 billion on clothing every year.

美國人平均每年在服裝上的花費超過2000億美元。

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B1 中級 中文 酵母 蜘蛛絲 材料 大學 衣服 環保

什麼是生物織物? (What Are Bio Fabrics?)

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    林宜悉 發佈於 2020 年 10 月 27 日
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