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  • Ah, a witch hunt.

    啊,獵殺女巫。

  • Humans are tireless in their pursuit of reason.

    人類對理性的追求是孜孜不倦的。

  • "It's 1950.

    "現在是1950年。

  • Following threats from the communist governments of the Soviet Union and China,

    在蘇聯和中國共產黨政府的威脅下。

  • anti-communist sentiment in the United States is at an all-time high.

    美國的反共情緒空前高漲。

  • Senator Joseph McCarthy claims he has a list of 205 communists in the US

    參議員約瑟夫-麥卡錫聲稱他有一份美國205名共產黨員的名單。

  • who are influencing government policy."

    誰在影響政府政策"。

  • Didn't I just change the channel?

    我不是剛換了個頻道嗎?

  • Ah, I see. It's a different witch hunt.

    啊,我明白了。這是一個不同的女巫狩獵。

  • "The senate forms a committee to investigate McCarthy's claims.

    "參議院成立了一個委員會來調查麥卡錫的說法。

  • McCarthy names his first case:

    麥卡錫說出了他的第一個案子。

  • against prominent lawyer, judge, and activist Dorothy Kenyon.

    對著名律師、法官和活動家多蘿西-凱尼恩的指控。

  • He accuses her of membership to 28 organizations that are communist fronts.

    他指控她加入了28個共產主義陣線的組織。

  • Newspapers around the country rush to her defense,

    全國各地的報紙紛紛為她辯護。

  • pointing out her vocally anti-communist record.

    指出她的口頭反共記錄。

  • The senate committee schedules a hearing anyway,

    參議院委員會還是會安排聽證會。

  • and she has just five days to prepare."

    而她只有五天的準備時間。"

  • This is too much.

    這也太誇張了吧

  • If the government won't be a voice of reason, I'll have to.

    如果政府不願意做一個理性的聲音,我就得。

  • That's better.

    這樣更好。

  • I'm surprised you good legislators have agreed to move this hearing forward.

    我很驚訝你們這些好議員竟然同意推進這次聽證會。

  • You're falling prey to a type of argument from ignorance:

    你這是一種無知的爭論。

  • assuming that a claim is true because it hasn't been proven false.

    假設一個說法是真的,因為它還沒有被證明是假的。

  • The claim being Senator McCarthy's accusations against Judge Kenyon,

    聲稱是麥卡錫參議員對凱尼恩法官的指控。

  • for which he provided no legitimate evidence.

    他沒有提供任何合法證據。

  • Is that right? I thought so.

    是這樣嗎?我想也是

  • Some of the so-called communist organizations he accused her of joining

    他指控她加入的一些所謂的共產主義組織。

  • don't even exist.

    甚至不存在。

  • To assume a claim is true because it hasn't been proven false

    因為沒有被證明是假的,所以就認為是真的。

  • ignores many other possibilities:

    忽略了許多其他的可能性。

  • that it hasn't been proven false yet, that it can't be proven true or false,

    它還沒有被證明是假的,它不能被證明是真的或假的。

  • or that it isn't completely true or completely false, to name a few.

    或者說它並不是完全真實的,也不是完全虛假的,不一而足。

  • This leads to a handy rule of thumb:

    這就引出了一個方便的經驗法則。

  • the burden of proof lies with the person making the claim.

    舉證責任在於提出主張的人;

  • In other words, you make the claim, you supply the proof.

    換句話說,你提出主張,你提供證據。

  • If someone told you aliens exist,

    如果有人告訴你外星人存在

  • would you head off to find proof that they don't exist?

    你會去找他們不存在的證據嗎?

  • Of course not.

    當然不是。

  • You'd tell that person to show you the UFO.

    你會讓那個人給你看UFO。

  • The same applies when someone makes a claim

    當有人提出索賠時,也是如此。

  • that contradicts an established consensus.

    違背既定共識的。

  • So when all the available evidence suggests

    所以當所有的證據都表明

  • that humans are causing an increase in global temperatures,

    人類造成了全球氣溫的上升。

  • the burden of proof has been fulfilled

    舉證責任已經完成

  • if you disagree, it becomes your responsibility to prove otherwise.

    如果你不同意,它成為你的責任,以證明其他。

  • Right?

    對吧?

  • Ah, I've gotten ahead of myself.

    啊,我自作多情了。

  • You'll see what I mean soon enough.

    你很快就會明白我的意思。

  • Anyway, your legal system supposedly recognizes this rule

    總之,你們的法律制度應該是承認這個規則的--。

  • so what are you all doing here?

    那麼,什麼是你所有在這裡做什麼?

  • "It's July 17th, 1950,

    "現在是1950年7月17日。

  • and the senate subcommittee has officially dismissed all charges against Kenyon."

    和參議院小組委員會已正式駁回對凱尼恩的所有指控。"

  • As they should!

    他們應該這樣做!

  • "It's 1954, and the senate has formally disciplined McCarthy."

    "現在是1954年,參議院已經正式處分了麥卡錫。"

  • Took them long enough!

    花了他們足夠長的時間!

  • "He will serve out the rest of his term,

    "他將在餘下的任期內任職。

  • but will never again be elected to a public office.

    但再也不會被選為公職。

  • Because of his widespread anti-communist influence,

    因為他廣泛的反共影響。

  • hundreds of people have been incarcerated, and thousands have lost their jobs."

    數百人被監禁,數千人失去了工作。"

  • Ah! Look what the communists did!

    啊,看看共產黨都幹了些什麼?

Ah, a witch hunt.

啊,獵殺女巫。

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B1 中級 中文 麥卡錫 指控 參議院 證明 證據 委員會

你能勝過引發女巫狩獵的謬論嗎?- 伊麗莎白-考克斯 (Can you outsmart the fallacy that started a witch hunt? - Elizabeth Cox)

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    林宜悉 發佈於 2020 年 10 月 26 日
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