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  • This video is made possible by Wix. If you're ready to create a website,

    該視頻由Wix贊助。如果您準備創建網站,

  • head over to wix.com/realifelore to try out one of their premium plans next.

    請訪問wix.com/realifelore 進一步嘗試他們的優質計劃。

  • If there is any lesson that can be learned from history,

    如果有任何可以從歷史中吸取的教訓,

  • it's that empires and countries come and go just like people do.

    帝國和國家就像人們一樣來來去去。

  • They both have their entrances and their exits that are sometimes graceful and sometimes not.

    他們都有他們的開始和終結,有時候優雅,有時候不是。

  • The Ottoman Empire almost seems like it's from ancient history,

    奧斯曼帝國看起來幾乎像是來自古代,

  • but Nintendo was founded at the same time the empire was

    但在任天堂成立時,鄂圖曼帝國

  • still huge, and occupied parts of Europe and Africa.

    仍然十分的龐大,並且在這時佔據了歐洲和非洲的部分地區

  • The Ottoman Empire had already been in a very long decline

    但鄂圖曼帝國在這個時間點上

  • by this point, and

    已經出現了很長一段時間的的衰落

  • finally, officially ceased to exist on 1922.

    終於在1922年正式不復存在。

  • That was nearly 100 years ago, but what would the Ottoman Empire

    那是近乎100年前的事,但如果鄂圖曼帝國

  • look like today if it were to suddenly and unexpectedly

    回到今天,如果它突然

  • come back into existence?

    回到現代?

  • Let's imagine a hypothetical Neo-Ottoman Empire with

    讓我們來想像一個假設的新的鄂圖曼帝國

  • her borders restored to what they were at the Empire's territorial height

    它恢復了帝國的巔峰時期的邊界領土

  • back in 1683, right before

    回到1683年,

  • the Ottomans lost the Siege of Vienna against the Polish and the Hapsburgs.

    在鄂圖曼人在維也納之圍中敗給了波蘭人和哈布斯堡王朝以前。

  • If this happened a total of 31 modern countries

    如果這發生了,

  • across 3 continents would lose

    總共31個橫跨3大洲的現代國家

  • some or all of their land their territory to the Ottoman's.

    將失去部分或全部的領土

  • Despite looking big and scary on a map, it would all be a lot smaller than Australia.

    儘管在地圖上看起來很大很可怕(鄂圖曼帝國),但它比澳大利亞小得多。

  • Australia apparently needs to get their act together filling up all this land though,

    不過澳大利亞顯然需要人來填補這些土地

  • because the Ottomans would have over 17 times

    因為鄂圖曼帝國有(澳大利亞)17倍的人口

  • their population, at around 426 million people.

    它(鄂圖曼帝國)的人口約為4.26億人。

  • That makes the Neo-Ottoman Empire the third largest country in the world in terms of people.

    這使得新鄂圖曼帝國成為世界上人口第三大的國家。

  • Obviously staying behind the usual suspects; India and China.

    在榜首的印度和中國的後面。

  • The capital of the Ottoman Empire for hundreds of years was Constantinople, or Istanbul

    數百年來鄂圖曼帝國的首都是君士坦丁堡或伊斯坦布爾

  • and that still all this time later would be the largest and most important

    而這個時間點以後都將是最大也是最重要的

  • city in the modern empire.

    現代帝國的城市。

  • Most of the top ten largest cities in the empire today would

    今天帝國十大城市中的大多數都幾乎

  • all be located in the Middle East except for two:

    全部位於中東地區,除了兩個:

  • Algiers in North Africa and Bucharest deeper in Europe.

    北非的阿爾及爾和歐洲深處的布加勒斯特。

  • All of these cities and lands would mean that the Ottoman Empire today,

    所有這些城市和土地將意味著今天的鄂圖曼帝國,

  • like it was hundreds of years ago, would

    就像數百年前那樣

  • be a very diverse place with people from dozens of

    與幾十個不同的背景和宗教一起

  • different backgrounds and religions. Arabs would

    成為一個非常不同的地方。

  • make up the vast majority of the Ottoman Population at 48%

    阿拉伯人會佔鄂圖曼帝國人口的48%

  • while ethnic Turks would come in at second place at

    而土耳其族將在第二名

  • 14.5%. Because of the large amount

    佔14.5%。

  • of territory in Eastern Europe, people from Slavic

    由於巨大的東歐領土,

  • backgrounds would make up 11% of the Neo-Ottoman population.

    斯拉夫人將佔新鄂圖曼人口的11%。

  • Followed up by large numbers of Kurds, Romanians, and

    隨之而來的是大量的庫爾德人,羅馬尼亞人,巴基斯坦人和希臘人。

  • Greeks. Based on those numbers, the Arabic and Turkish languages

    根據這些數據,阿拉伯語和土耳其語

  • would be the most commonly spoken in the new empire.

    將是新帝國最常用的語言。

  • Probably followed next by French, owing to the old French

    由於以前法國殖民主義的影響的影響,

  • colonial influencing places like Lebanon, Syria

    以前法國殖民的地方,如黎巴嫩,敘利亞

  • and Algeria. Moving on to the never controversial religious

    和阿爾及利亞。將會爆發從未引起過的宗教衝突

  • section of the video, The Abrahamic Phase would dominate the empire;

    在視頻的這部分,亞伯拉罕階段將主宰帝國;

  • Islam would be the single largest faith divided between 56% Sunnis and 8% Shias.

    56%遜尼派和8%什葉派的伊斯蘭教將成爲人民之間最大的單一信仰。

  • Christians would make up an additional 22% and Jews another 2%, Atheists and Agnostics would make up

    基督徒佔22%,猶太教佔2%,無神論者和不可知論者佔3%,

  • 3% while other beliefs and religions would make up the final

    而其他信仰和宗教將加起來佔9%。

  • 9%. The Ottoman economy would definitely be a powerhouse with an estimated nominal GDP of around

    鄂圖曼在經濟肯定會成為附近的GDP最高的國家

  • $3,675 trillion US Dollars. This would put the empire roughly on a par with the German economy and make it the 5th largest economy

    GDP達到3,675萬億美元。這將使該帝國與德國經濟大致相當,並使其成為世界第五大經濟體

  • worldwide. The economic comparison with Germany is interesting though, because while the numbers appear similar,

    與德國的經濟比較很有趣,因為雖然數字看起來相似,

  • they don't exactly tell the whole story.

    他們的條件是完全不一樣的

  • Remember the Ottoman population is about

    記住鄂圖曼的人口是達到

  • 426 million,

    4.26億

  • while Germany's population is just

    而德國的人口只是

  • a bit over 82 million,

    稍稍超過8200萬,

  • but still manages a slightly larger sized economy.

    但仍然擁有著規模稍大的經濟體。

  • This means that on average, a citizen from the Neo-Ottoman empire

    這意味著平均來說,新鄂圖曼帝國的人均GDP

  • would be significantly poorer than a citizen from modern Germany.

    會比現代德國的人民少得多。

  • The poorest areas of the modern Ottoman state would be

    現代奧斯曼帝國最貧窮的地區將是

  • Syria, Moldova, and Ukraine, while the wealthiest areas

    敘利亞,摩爾多瓦和烏克蘭,而最富有的地區

  • would be Kuwait, Israel, and the territory taken

    將是科威特,以色列和部分

  • from Saudi Arabia. The large economy and population inside

    來自沙特阿拉伯的地方。哪裏的經濟和人口眾多

  • the new Ottoman empire would make it capable of fielding the

    新的鄂圖曼帝國將使它非常强大的戰鬥能力

  • largest military in the world, estimated to be around

    估計鄂圖曼擁有全世界最大的軍隊

  • 8.1 million soldiers strong to begin with.

    他們擁有强♂壯的810萬名士兵

  • Adding up all the territory included in the

    將所有包含在

  • empire and their contributions to national defense, and the Ottoman military

    帝國及其對國防和奧斯曼軍隊的軍費需求

  • budget would be $137 billion dollars;

    預算將達1370億美元;

  • the third largest highest in the world, behind the military juggernauts

    是世界第三大軍事强國

  • of China and the United States. When compared with other

    在中國和美國之後。與其他相比

  • hypothetical countries that I've come up with in previous episodes of this

    我在之前的劇集中提出的假想國家

  • series, the Neo-Ottoman Empire would match up

    新鄂圖曼帝國將建立的非常好。

  • extremely well. It would a very comperable

    這能和强盛時期的西班牙帝國

  • population to a united Spanish Empire,

    的人口數量上杠上

  • but a much lower economy. The Ottomans would have

    但經濟低得多。鄂圖曼人會有

  • a larger military to begin with than a reunited Mongol

    一個比全盛的蒙古帝國更大的軍隊

  • Empire, but the Mongol manpower base of 1.9

    但蒙古人力基數為1.9

  • billion people would probably cancel out that advantage

    十億人可能會令這一優勢消失

  • pretty quickly. Which ever way you look at it, a reunified

    很快。你就算怎麼看它,一個統一的

  • Ottoman Empire to the borders of 1683 would be a

    鄂圖曼帝國到1683年的邊界將是一個

  • true 21st century greatpower. There are

    真正的21世紀强國。

  • many problems that a modern Ottoman State would face though,

    但現代奧斯曼帝國將面臨許多問題,

  • with territory taken from Russia, The European Union, Saudi Arabia,

    與俄羅斯,歐盟,沙特阿拉伯,

  • and bordering Iran, the Ottoman Sate would face many

    和伊朗接壤,讓鄂圖曼帝國將面臨許多外部敵人挑戰

  • external enemies. In addition to the vast internal

    100年前 龐大的領土是一個讓

  • differences that were part of the reason for the Ottoman Empire collapsing nearly

    古鄂圖曼帝國崩潰的原因之一

  • 100 years ago. Could the Ottoman Empire

    新鄂圖曼帝國可以在現代世界中

  • survive in the modern world or would it come crashing down

    維持還是崩潰

  • all over again? Perhaps the best way of answering these questions

    重新來過?也許是回答這些問題的最佳方式

  • would be to create a fan-fiction website and there's no better way

    Wix的廣告 我就不翻譯了

  • of doing that than using Wix.

    Wix的廣告 我就不翻譯了

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B1 中級 中文 帝國 人口 現代 奧斯曼 領土 澳大利亞

What if the Ottoman Empire Reunited Today?

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    林宜悉 發佈於 2020 年 10 月 23 日
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