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  • This video was made possible by Squarespace

    這個視頻是由Squarespace提供的

  • Start building your website for free at squarespace.com/rll

    在squarespace.com/rll開始免費建立你的網站。

  • and then when you are ready to launch, use your code rll to get 10% off at checkout

    然後當你準備啟動時,使用你的代碼RLL在結賬時獲得10%的折扣。

  • Throught the course of human history, people have fought against

    在人類歷史的進程中,人們一直在與之抗爭。

  • and killed one other for some pretty stupid reasons.

    並因一些愚蠢的原因殺死了另一個人。

  • At least, it may seem that way

    至少,看起來是這樣

  • from our sophisticated way of viewing things from the 21st century.

    從我們21世紀複雜的看待事物的方式。

  • There was the time that El Salvador invaded Honduras

    有一次,薩爾瓦多入侵洪都拉斯。

  • after a controversial football game.

    在一場有爭議的足球比賽後,。

  • The time that the Austrian Army fought a battle with itself while drunk

    奧軍在醉酒的情況下和自己打仗的時候。

  • and countless times when one guy thought that his religion

    無數次,當一個人認為他的宗教。

  • or way of ruling was better than anybody else's.

    或統治方式比任何人都好。

  • Most wars in fact could probably be argued

    其實大部分的戰爭都可以論證為

  • were fought for stupid reasons

    鷸蚌相爭,漁翁得利

  • But in all of my personal reading

    但在我個人的所有閱讀中

  • I have never come across one as silly sounding

    我從來沒有遇到過聽起來那麼傻的人。

  • as the War Of The Bucket

    作為水桶戰爭

  • which, yeah was an entire war

    其中,是的,是一個完整的戰爭

  • where thousands of people

    千人一面

  • died fighting over essentially

    死於非命

  • a wooden bucket.

    一個木桶。

  • The setting was Northern Italy

    背景是意大利北部

  • during the late Middle Ages.

    在中世紀後期。

  • Italy at the time was divided into various

    當時的意大利被劃分為不同的

  • different city states

    各市州

  • and Northern Italy, in particular

    和意大利北部,特別是

  • was part of the Holy Roman Empire

    隸屬神聖羅馬帝國

  • and so the states here were mostly independent

    所以這裡的州大部分都是獨立的

  • but technically

    但在技術上

  • under the legions of the Holy Roman Emperor

    麾下

  • back in Germany.

    回到德國。

  • And since people like arguing about literally

    既然人們喜歡爭論字面上的問題

  • anything,

    任何事情。

  • a conflict arose in Northern Italian states

    矛盾

  • between who had more authority.

    之間誰更有權威。

  • the Holy Roman Emperor

    神聖羅馬皇帝

  • or the Pope.

    或教皇。

  • In 1176,

    在1176年。

  • the Holy Roman Emperor invaded Italy

    神聖羅馬皇帝入侵意大利

  • and was defeated by a bunch of city states

    並被一眾城邦打敗了。

  • brought together by the Pope.

    由教皇召集。

  • Over the next couple centuries

    在接下來的幾個世紀裡

  • different states shifted around allegiances

    傾國傾城

  • but by the 14th century

    但到了十四世紀

  • Modena was with team Roman Emperor

    摩德納是羅馬皇帝隊的

  • and

  • Bologna was with Team Pope.

    博洛尼亞和教皇團隊在一起。

  • In 1296 Bologna invaded

    1296年,博洛尼亞入侵

  • a couple of territories from Modena

    來自摩德納的幾個領地

  • which their buddy at the Papacy

    他們在教廷的夥伴

  • confirmed to be legitimate.

    確認為合法。

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為什麼2000人因爭奪一桶水而死? (Why 2000 People Died Fighting Over a Bucket)

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    林宜悉 發佈於 2020 年 10 月 23 日
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