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  • UNIDENTIFIED MALE: The only thing that stops a bad guy with a gun is a good guy with a gun.

    唯一能阻止拿槍的壞人的就是拿槍的好人。

  • BARACK OBAMA, PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA: They are doing everything they can

    美利堅合眾國總統巴拉克-奧巴馬:他們正在盡其所能。

  • to make all our progress collapse under the weight of fear

    讓我們所有的進步都在恐懼中崩潰

  • and frustration or their assumption is that people will just forget about it.

    和挫折感,或者他們的假設是人們會忘記它。

  • UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Any bill that doesn`t include a universal background check is a mistake.

    任何不包括普遍背景調查的法案都是錯誤的。

  • UNIDENTIFIED MALE: This idea of private individuals transferring their weapons and having to go get through the background check makes no sense.

    私人轉讓武器必須通過背景調查的想法是沒有意義的。

  • UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Each senator is going to have to make up his own or her own mind ad I respect that.

    每個參議員都要有自己的想法,我尊重這一點。

  • AZUZ: Very different ideas surrounding the issue of guns in the U.S.

    阿蘇:圍繞著美國的槍支問題,想法非常不同。

  • Today, we are starting by telling you about a school safety plan released by the National Rifle Association.

    今天,我們先給大家講講美國國家步槍協會發布的一項學校安全計劃。

  • The NRA is America`s biggest gun rights group.

    NRA是美國最大的槍支權利組織。

  • Its leader says the organization has more than 4.5 million members.

    其領導人說,該組織有450多萬成員。

  • It`s recommending several steps to make school safer:

    它建議採取幾個步驟使學校更安全。

  • enforcing school visitor policies., making sure doors are always secured.

    執行學校的訪客政策,確保大門始終處於安全狀態;

  • It also wants to train armed adults in schools to protect students.

    它還希望在學校裡訓練武裝的成年人來保護學生。

  • The NRA says if an attack happens, response time is critical,

    NRA表示,如果發生攻擊,反應時間至關重要。

  • and having an armed adult on campus would decrease that response time and save lives.

    並在校園裡有一個武裝的成年人將減少反應時間,並拯救生命。

  • In recent polls, the American public has been divided on whether or not schools should have more armed guards.

    在最近的民調中,美國民眾對學校是否應該增加武裝警衛的問題產生了分歧。

  • Another idea involving guns, a proposal in Connecticut that could give the state the nation`s strongest gun laws.

    另一個涉及槍支的想法,康涅狄格州的一個提案,可以給該州制定全國最強的槍支法律。

  • It would add more than 100 types of guns to a list of illegal weapons,

    它將在非法武器清單上增加100多種槍支。

  • it would limit the amount of ammunition that guns could have in them and it would require background checks for all gun sales.

    它將限制槍支中彈藥的數量,並要求對所有槍支銷售進行背景調查。

  • The thinking here is that more legal limits on guns and ammunition would mean less gun violence.

    這裡的想法是,對槍支和彈藥進行更多的法律限制將意味著減少槍支暴力。

  • Critics say criminals would ignore the new laws,

    批評者說,犯罪分子會無視新法律。

  • and that they wouldn`t have stopped last year`s school shooting in Newtown, Connecticut.

    他們也不會阻止去年康涅狄格州紐敦的校園槍擊案。

  • A third prospective on the issue from the town of Nelson, Georgia.

    佐治亞州納爾遜鎮對這一問題的第三種看法。

  • It just passed the law that requires citizen to own a gun and ammunition.

    它剛剛通過法律,要求公民擁有槍支彈藥。

  • Felons and the mentally ill are exceptions, and anyone can opt out.

    重刑犯和精神病患者是例外,任何人都可以選擇退出。

  • There is only one police officer in Nelson, a town of 1300 people.

    在納爾遜這個1300人的小鎮,只有一名警察。

  • And he says, having a gun would help folks protect themselves.

    他說,有一把槍可以幫助人們保護自己。

  • One resident says the law is pointless, because there`s been no violent crime in Nelson in years,

    一位居民說,這項法律毫無意義,因為尼爾森多年來沒有發生過暴力犯罪。

  • but all of this indicates how different the approaches are and how gun laws are largely determined by states and communities, not at the federal level.

    但所有這些都表明了方法是多麼的不同,以及槍支法律如何主要由州和社區決定,而不是在聯邦一級。

  • UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: See if you can I.D. me.

    看看你能不能確認我的身份。

  • I`m a word that could describe someone with bad manners.

    我這個詞可以形容一個人的不禮貌。

  • A broader definition is simply undeveloped.

    廣義的定義就是不發達。

  • In nature, I`m measured in barrels.

    在自然界,我是以桶為組織、部門的。

  • I`m oil before it has been refined.

    我的油還沒有被提煉出來。

  • Crude is petroleum as it comes straight from the ground.

    原油就是石油,因為它是直接從地下出來的。

  • AZUZ: A lot of folks wouldn`t mind striking crude in their backyards, but they sure don`t want a spill there by someone else.

    很多人不介意在自家後院開採原油,但他們肯定不希望別人在那裡洩漏。

  • A pipeline that transports unrefined oil from Canada towards the U.S. Gulf coast, ruptured last week.

    一條從加拿大向美國墨西哥灣沿岸運輸未提煉石油的管道,上週發生破裂。

  • The gash was only two or three inches, but it spilled thousands of barrels of crude into a neighborhood in central Arkansas.

    傷口只有兩三英寸,但它將數千桶原油灑向阿肯色州中部的一個社區。

  • Listen to this Youtube clip.

    聽聽這個Youtube視頻。

  • UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Look, only (inaudible) our house is here, which is seemingly unaffected, but the smell is unbelievable.

    聽著,只有(聽不清)我們的房子在這裡,這裡似乎沒有受到影響,但氣味是令人難以置信的。

  • I mean - look. Incredible. And that is oil.

    我的意思是--看。難以置信這就是石油。

  • AZUZ: The damaged pipeline is more than 60 years old, it`s owned by the company ExxonMobil,

    損壞的輸油管有60多年的歷史,屬於埃克森美孚公司。

  • who said they inspected it recently and found no problems.

    誰說他們最近檢查了它,沒有發現任何問題。

  • Exxon is promising to make things up to the community of Mayflower.

    埃克森公司承諾會對五月花社區進行補償。

  • Meantime, Lisa Sylvester looks at the method of transporting oil that can be both a blessing and a curse.

    同時,Lisa Sylvester還研究了石油的運輸方法,這種方法既是一種祝福,也是一種詛咒。

  • LISA SYLVESTER, CNN CORRESPONDENT: There are 160,000 miles of pipeline, crisscrossing the United States.

    有16萬英里的管道,橫跨美國。

  • The Arkansas oil spill comes as President Obama is weighing whether to approve a new Keystone XL pipeline.

    在阿肯色州漏油事件發生之際,奧巴馬總統正在權衡是否準許新的Keystone XL輸油管道。

  • 1700 miles of pipeline carrying 700,000 barrels of crude a day,

    1700英里長的管道每天運送70萬桶原油。

  • stretching through the country`s heartland.

    延伸到全國的中心地帶。

  • The Keystone pipeline carries a dense Canadian tar sands oil.

    基石輸油管線輸送的是濃郁的加拿大焦油砂油。

  • Critics say this lower quality oil can corrode overtime.

    批評者說,這種品質較低的油會隨著時間的推移而腐蝕。

  • MAURA COWLEY, ENERGY ACTION COALITION: Keystone Excel is a dirty and dangerous pipeline.

    能源行動聯盟的MAURA COWLEY:Keystone Excel是一個骯髒和危險的管道。

  • It`s literally going to cut our country in half, carrying a very dangerous fuel.

    攜帶非常危險的燃料,會把我們的國家切成兩半。

  • And it will cause runaway climate change.

    而且會造成失控的氣候變化。

  • SYLVESTER: Keystone`s proponents, however, say it would lessen U.S. dependence on oil from the middle east,

    SYLVESTER:然而,Keystone的支持者說,這將減少美國對中東石油的依賴。

  • and they argue transporting oil by pipeline is far safer than by road or rail.

    他們認為通過管道運輸石油比公路或鐵路安全得多。

  • NICK LORIS, HERITAGE FOUNDATION: It would be equipped with 16,000 sensors that would monitor the flow of the oil,

    遺產基金會的NICK LORIS:它將配備16000個傳感器,監測石油的流動。

  • so they knew if there`s any abnormal activity, it would shut down quickly.

    所以他們知道,如果有任何異常活動,它將迅速關閉。

  • Not to mention, that they studied all of the other risks to wildlife and vegetation, and concluded this pipeline will be safe.

    更何況,他們研究了所有其他對野生動物和植被的風險,並得出結論,這條管道將是安全的。

  • SYLVESTER: For the families in Arkansas, that debate might seem like a million miles away.

    對於阿肯色州的家庭來說,這場爭論可能看起來就像萬里之外。

  • The most immediate question on their mind,

    他們心中最直接的問題。

  • when can they return home?

    他們什麼時候能回家?

  • UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Today`s "Shoutout" goes out to Mr. Robertson`s marketing classes

    今天的"Shout"要向羅伯遜先生的營銷課致敬。

  • at Scotland High School in Laurinburg, North Carolina.

    在北卡羅來納州勞林堡的蘇格蘭高中。

  • In which part of the human body would you find the pons,

    在人體的哪個部位,你會發現盆骨。

  • the hypothalamus and the fissure of Rolando?

    下丘腦和羅蘭多的裂隙?

  • Here we go, is that the liver, heart, brain or foot?

    來了,是肝、心、腦還是腳?

  • You`ve got three seconds, go.

    你有三秒鐘時間,去吧。

  • I hope your brain came up with the brain. Because that`s your answer and that`s your "Shoutout."

    我希望你的大腦想出了大腦。 因為這就是你的答案,這就是你的"呼喊&quot。

  • BARACK OBAMA, PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA: As humans,

    巴拉克-奧巴馬,美利堅合眾國總統:作為人類。

  • we can identify galaxies light years away,

    我們可以識別光年外的星系。

  • we can study particles smaller than atom, but

    我們可以研究比原子更小的粒子,但... ...

  • we still haven`t unlocked the mystery of the three pounds of matter that sits between our ears.

    我們仍未解開耳間三磅物質的謎團

  • AZUZ: The White House announced a plan yesterday to investigate that matter.

    阿蘇:白宮昨天宣佈了一項調查此事的計劃。

  • It`s called BRAIN, it stands for Brain Research through Advancing Innovative Neuro Technologies.

    它叫BRAIN,代表著通過推進創新神經技術進行腦研究。

  • The president wants to spend $100 million on the new research,

    總統希望在新的研究上花費1億美元。

  • but because it will be part of his proposed budget,

    但因為這將是他擬議預算的一部分。

  • it will have to be approved by Congress.

    它必須由國會準許。

  • For the scientists who`d be involved, it`s not just about trying to wrap their brains around the brain.

    對於參與其中的科學家來說,這不僅僅是試圖將他們的大腦包裹起來。

  • It`s about learning how to treat problems with it.

    這`就是要學會如何對待它的問題。

  • ED BOYDEN, NEUROSCIENTIST, MASSACHUSETTS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY: It`s inner guards,

    馬薩諸塞州科技學院神經科學家ED BOYDEN:它是內心的守衛。

  • you really need to be able to break things down into small parts so they understand how they work.

    你真的需要能夠把事情分解成小部分,讓他們瞭解它們是如何工作的。

  • And for the brain, we haven`t done that yet.

    而對於大腦,我們還沒有做到這一點。

  • We have not been able to - we don`t even know how many different kinds of cells are in the brain,

    我們還不能--我們甚至不知道大腦裡有多少種不同的細胞。

  • much less how they are connected.

    更不用說它們之間的聯繫了。

  • DR. CRAIG FOREST, ASSISTANT PROFESSOR, GEORGIA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY: I want to know about the activity

    Dr. CRAIG FOREST, ASSISTANT PROFESSOR, GEORGIA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY.格魯吉亞理工學院助理教授CRAIG FOREST博士:我想知道活動的情況。

  • of all these thousands of millions or billions of neurons at the same time.

    的所有這些數千百萬或數十億神經元在同一時間。

  • So, that`s the brain activity map.

    這就是大腦活動圖。

  • It`s about -activity, it`s about when the animal does a certain task, like run, or has an anesthesia affecting their body, or has a disease.

    它是關於-活動的,它是關於當動物做某項任務,比如奔跑,或有麻醉影響他們的身體,或有疾病。

  • There`s a myriad of behaviors that we have no idea how the brain performs computations and makes decisions on those behaviors.

    有`無數的行為,我們不知道大腦是如何執行計算並對這些行為做出決定的。

  • If we`re ever going to figure out how the brain works, we have to be able to understand the activity at the resolution of a single cell.

    如果我們要弄清楚大腦是如何工作的,我們必須能夠理解單個細胞的活動。

  • BOYDEN: We are even developing robots that could go into the brain and analyze single cells, in the living awake brain.

    BOYDEN:我們甚至正在開發機器人,可以進入大腦,分析單細胞,在活的清醒的大腦。

  • FOREST: We would position a mouse on this tray here, this parapet will lower to go to the region of interest.

    森林。我們把滑鼠放在這個盤子上,這個護欄就會降低到感興趣的區域。

  • And then at that point, it has to start hunting for a neuron.

    然後在這時,它要開始獵取一個神經元。

  • Neuroscientists get very excited because you have the ability to hear the electrical activity of that single cell.

    神經科學家會非常興奮,因為你有能力聽到那個單細胞的電活動。

  • To be able to hear that electrical activity of a single neuron in a living brain -

    能夠聽到活體大腦中單個神經元的電活動--。

  • that`s the basic building block of life, the basic building block of the brain.

    那是生命的基本構件,大腦的基本構件。

  • BOYDEN: So if we think about kind of the brain disorders - Alzheimer`s and migraines and spinal cord injury and epilepsy,

    BOYDEN:所以,如果我們想到那種腦部疾病--阿爾茨海默氏症和偏頭痛以及脊髓損傷和癲癇。

  • pretty much none of these are curable in the sense that we can cure, say, a bacterial infection.

    幾乎沒有這些都是可以治癒的,在某種意義上,我們可以治癒,說,細菌感染。

  • There are treatments for some, but the treatments often are partial and they have lots of side effects.

    有的人有治療方法,但治療方法往往是偏方,而且副作用很大。

  • So the dream here is we have very detailed maps of the brain,

    所以這裡的夢想是我們有非常詳細的大腦地圖。

  • we should be able to enter information into those kinds of cells and not the other kinds,

    我們應該能夠將資訊輸入這些類型的細胞,而不是其他類型的細胞。

  • and then be able to fix a specific computation that needs to be repaired and not upset ones that are more or less normal.

    然後能夠修復需要修復的具體計算,而不是打亂那些或多或少正常的計算。

  • FOREST: When you look at where we are today in terms of treating diseases of the brain,

    森林。當你看到我們今天在治療腦部疾病方面的情況,

  • there is no question across all science that we are in our infancy.

    毫無疑問,在所有的科學中,我們還處於初級階段。

  • And something like the brain activity map by taking a quantum leap in that, could revolutionize the way we treat those conditions.

    而像大腦活動圖這樣的東西,通過在這一點上的量子飛躍,可以徹底改變我們治療這些疾病的方式。

  • AZUZ: If you suffer from allergies, you`re not going to like this.

    如果你有過敏症,你不會喜歡這個。

  • `Tis the season for some sneezin`,

    "現在是打噴嚏的季節。

  • and the Asthma and Allergy Foundation says we`re in for a doozy thanks to an unusually wet winter.

    和Asthma和過敏基金會說我們`在一個duozy由於異常潮溼的冬天.

  • It says factors like higher pollen levels and more exposure to mold could cause stronger and longer lasting allergies.

    它說因素像更高的花粉水準和更多暴露於黴菌可能導致更強和更持久的過敏。

  • The foundation released a list of the 10 worst places for spring allergy sufferers, and here they are.

    基金會發布了10個最壞的地方的名單為春天過敏受害者, 並且他們是.

  • Several states east of the Rockies are being called allergy capitals for 2013.

    落基山脈的幾個州被稱為過敏首都為2013.

  • Three of them are in Tennessee.

    其中三個在田納西州。

  • These rankings are based on pollen levels, use of allergy medicines and the number of doctors in these areas who specialize in treating allergies.

    這些排名是基於花粉水準、過敏藥物的使用和這些地區專門治療過敏的醫生數量。

  • We`re just going to go ahead and just dive into our last story today.

    我們要繼續進行今天最後一個故事。

  • This looks pretty sweet fish tank.

    這個魚缸看起來很可愛。

  • Got fish in it. A guy can sit and check it all out, but here is the kicker.

    裡面有魚一個人可以坐下來檢查這一切, 但這裡是踢。

  • In order to clean it, someone`s got to jump in. It`s huge.

    為了清理它,必須有人跳進去。它是巨大的。

  • 24 feet long, 10 feet high, 10 feet deep, get it.

    24英尺長,10英尺高,10英尺深,懂了吧。

  • It`s in his living room, and reportedly the largest privately owned reef tank on the continent.

    它`在他的客廳裡,據說是大陸上最大的私人擁有的珊瑚礁缸。

  • Despite calling it a maintenance nightmare, the guy who owns it is planning an even bigger one.

    儘管稱其為維護的噩夢,但擁有它的人正計劃著一個更大的噩夢。

  • And though that could leave him with less living room, his head is swimming with ideas.

    雖然這可能會讓他少了一些客廳,但他的腦袋裡卻遊刃有餘。

  • New project to scub up his time.

    新的項目,以提高他的時間。

  • Designing this tank required some serious sinking.

    設計這個坦克需要認真沉澱。

  • That should tide him over until the next one. Floods his mind, hopefully not his home.

    這應該能讓他渡過難關,直到下一次。 淹沒在他的腦海裡,但願不是他的家。

  • Teachers, we`re fishing for feedback at cnnstudentnews.com. To all of you, tanks for watching.

    老師們,我們在Cnnstudentnews.com上徵求意見。各位老師,請看坦克。

  • END

    結束

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: The only thing that stops a bad guy with a gun is a good guy with a gun.

唯一能阻止拿槍的壞人的就是拿槍的好人。

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April 3, 2013 - CNN Student News with subtitles

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