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  • hi everybody my name is Alisha today I'm

  • going to talk about two words yet and already and the difference between the

  • two I'm also going to explain some nuances of a few question patterns you

  • might hear these words used in so let's get started first let's look at the word

  • yet yet we use the word yet for actions that we expect to occur something we

  • think is probably going to happen we have an expectation for this action this

  • can mean like daily activities like taking a shower brushing your teeth it

  • can mean something at work like sending a file or attending a meeting so

  • depending on your situation this is just a specific action that is expected to

  • occur we use yet for actions that have not happened when we're making

  • statements for example I haven't done my homework yet

  • I haven't done my homework yet here we see yet at the end of this sentence we

  • also use yet in questions about the action so meaning is it finished

  • is it not finished has it been completed has it not been completed for example

  • have you done your homework yet yet you'll notice that we're using the

  • present perfect I haven't done my homework have you done your homework yet

  • we use yet because of this expectation meaning up until now up until this point

  • in time has the action been completed this is the reason we use haven't and

  • have in the in the case of these example sentences so remember yet is for an

  • action that has not happened but we expect will happen it falls at the end

  • of a sentence you'll notice here yet comes at the end of both of these

  • sentences if you see it in a different location like for example before the

  • verb it's increasingly rare in modern American English but you might see it in

  • older texts specifically it's going to sound formal and quite out of date if

  • you use this now so please use yet at the end of

  • your sentence okay let's move on to already already we use already again

  • like with yet for an action which we expect to occur some action that is

  • expected to occur this word however is used for an action that has happened so

  • when we're making statements this is for an action that has happened for example

  • I've already done my homework I've already done my homework here's the

  • positive sentence I use the negative I haven't done my homework yet here here

  • I've used I've already done my homework for questions about the action whether

  • the action has been completed or not we can also use already for example have

  • you already done your homework have you already done your homework here I used

  • yet have you done your homework yet so you'll see yet falls at the end of

  • the sentence but already comes before the verb so I've already done my

  • homework have you already done your homework already comes before the verb

  • you can use already at the end of a sentence although have you already done

  • your homework can be come have you done your homework already both are fine so

  • it's up to you to choose now knowing this basic information about when to use

  • yet and already let's look at a few sentences that use these words and some

  • which do not and take a look at the difference in nuance so these are

  • actually all questions these are all questions fairly common questions but

  • there are some subtle differences some small differences in nuance that I think

  • it's important to be aware of let's look at the first one here have you eaten

  • lunch yet this is a confirmation question is the

  • action finished or not have you eaten lunch yet here we see yet

  • at the end of the sentence the nuance here like I said it's a confirmation

  • question yes or no is the action finished or not finished in this case

  • the speaker thinks the listener has not completed the action or the speaker

  • imagines the listener there's a there's a chance the listener has not in this

  • case eaten lunch they imagine this it's a guess though

  • that's why it's a question it's in the question form have you eaten lunch yet

  • let's look at a similar sentence though have you already eaten lunch or have you

  • eaten lunch already here again it's a confirmation question but the speaker is

  • using already so the speaker guesses maybe the listener has completed the

  • action the action is maybe finished so there's a very small difference between

  • these two in this case maybe the speaker wants to invite the listener for lunch

  • or the speaker wants to ask something of the listener here however the speaker is

  • guessing that lunch is finished for the listener so maybe it's a it's a

  • different situation so there's a small difference in nuance between these two

  • let's look at a slightly different pair you've already eaten lunch versus you

  • haven't eaten lunch yet I've finished these sentences with the very casual

  • punctuation mark a question mark and an exclamation point this is just to

  • emphasize surprise so you shouldn't use to punctuation marks in your formal

  • writing but for this exercise I included it so here you've already eaten lunch

  • and you haven't eaten lunch yet these two are used to express surprise so here

  • this is not a confirmation question it begins with you've you've already

  • these are questions which express surprise or a disbelief so in this case

  • surprise because the action happened sooner than expected

  • so someone eats lunch at maybe 10:30 10:30 in the morning for example the

  • speaker says you've already eaten lunch the action happened sooner than expected

  • by the speaker in this case let's look here though the opposite you haven't

  • eaten lunch yet here the there's the same element of surprise that's being

  • communicated but there's an expectation the action is going to happen the

  • speaker is surprised actually that the listener has not completed the action

  • yet the surprise is because the action is not finished has not been completed

  • but there's an expectation the action is going to happen

  • the future so for example it's I don't know four o'clock in the afternoon and

  • the speaker says you haven't eaten lunch yet so you imagine as the speaker the

  • listener is going to eat lunch but you're surprised the listener has not

  • eaten okay and let's look at a couple of different grammar points here

  • you haven't eaten lunch you haven't eaten lunch here this is almost

  • identical to the previous sentence the only difference is the word yet is

  • missing there's no yet here just you haven't eaten lunch this is just a

  • simple expression of surprise so there's still a chance we see this this nuance

  • is communicated through the present perfect ants

  • you haven't eaten lunch so meaning up until this point in time you didn't or

  • you haven't eaten lunch you don't have the experience yet so it sounds like

  • there's still a chance here but yet is not included so maybe that emphasis of

  • expectation is missing in this sentence this is just a very simple kind of basic

  • way to confirm finally let's change this from present perfect here to simple past

  • you didn't eat lunch you didn't eat lunch here did not so

  • this is still expressing surprise we still see this you didn't do something

  • with the emphasis marks at the end this expresses surprise but there's no chance

  • no chance so remember didn't didn't simple past

  • tense meaning the action started and ended in the past this implies that the

  • speaker did not eat lunch and now there is no chance for the speaker to eat

  • lunch maybe it's 8 o'clock at night for

  • example there's no more a feasible period of time for lunch lunch is

  • finished so you didn't eat lunch simple past no chance for lunch to happen so

  • these are very similar questions and you might hear any one of these at work or

  • when meeting a friend but there are some very subtle differences in nuance here

  • so keep these in mind when you're using and when you're listening for yet and

  • already I hope this lesson was useful for you if you have any questions or

  • comments or if you want to try to make a sentence feel free feel free in the com

  • section below this video if you liked the video please make sure to give it a

  • thumbs up subscribe to the channel and check us out at English class 101.com

  • thanks very much for watching this episode on yet and already and I'll see

  • you again soon bye bye

hi everybody my name is Alisha today I'm

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如何使用ALREADY和YET?英語時間副詞--基本英語語法篇 (How to Use ALREADY and YET? English Adverbs of Time - Basic English Grammar)

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    林宜悉 發佈於 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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