字幕列表 影片播放 列印英文字幕 he's review from BBC Learning English Hello and welcome to News Review. The program where we show you how to use the language from the latest news stories in your every day. English Hi, I'm nail Joining me today is Dan. Hi, Dan. Hello, everybody. What have you got for us? It's a story about a controversial immigration policy. Okay, well, let's find out some more about that from this. BBC Radio Four news bulletin. The Trump Administration has firmly defended its policy off separating Children from parents who were suspected of crossing illegally from Mexico to spite widespread criticism. At a White House press conference, the Homeland Security secretary, Christian Nielsen, described the United States as a country off compassion and heart. She has Congress to change the law to resolve what she called an illegal immigration crisis. The Democratic senator, Patrick Leahy, said the separation policy was damaging America's reputation abroad, So the United States has instituted a policy of separating Children from parents who have immigrated from Mexico illegally. On there's been a lot of criticism from lots of different people all over the world on this policy. The government is currently defending it, and lots of us politicians of voicing their criticisms against it as well. Okay, well, you've been looking around at the various news sites on the Internet, and you've picked out three items of vocabulary. What have you got? We've got rebuke, backlash and standby rebuke, backlash and stand by. Okay, let's hear your first headline with that word rebuke. So the first headline comes from The Times of India and says, First ladies rebuked Trump for separating families at U. S. Border rebuke, meaning criticize someone for doing something wrong. Exactly. So we're talking in the context of bad behavior here, and there are a lot of synonyms that we could use instead of rebukes such as tell off, chastise or reprimand. But the nice thing about rebuke is it's a very, very formal word. It's not something that you would use with your Children. Yeah, I'm for Neil. If my kids spilt milk off something, you all over the table, I wouldn't rebuke them. No, it's completely just seems you'd be an extremely extremely harsh father. That's only with a very, very strong hierarchy, but in a fair, just completely out of context. So it's a formal verb. You rebuke somebody for doing something and you can be rebuked. Of course, that is passive form and without changing its form, it's also announce, which is pretty cool, so you can give a rebuke. Or you can receive a rebuke from someone we're talking about. Politicians were talking about diplomacy. We're talking about high level business. Very, very newsy word. Yeah, we're not talking about telling off kids or having a dispute with somebody in the office. No, let's listen to or let's hear our next headline. Our next headline comes from CTV News and says Trump defiant over border separations despite rising backlash, backlash, meaning strong negative reaction to something Exactly. Now the word lash is another word for a whip. You whip someone, it's likely to hurt them. But a backlash would be. When you fling the whip on the comes back and hits you. My mistake. So it is a noun, and it means a very strong, probably angry, negative public reaction to something that someone has done, usually to do with social or political change. In this case, the U. S. Immigration policy big change for the U. S. Immigration policy has caused public backlash. Yeah, it's often done by accident. It's often something that somebody has done. They didn't realize that it was gonna cause such a a big, big problem again. Fairly formal. You wouldn't say that. There was a backlash amongst friends. You know, somebody did something that others disagreed with. You wouldn't say there was a backlash. You could say what people fell out. Yeah, you had to go into their size. Exactly. You disagree? But there's not that kind of back backlashes. U is a really big reaction. Often across a very large group of people. You get a backlash against somebody or something, and we often use it in compound now owns as well, which is cool. So you can talk about a political backlash or a media backlash. Something along those lines popular and headlines, of course, because it's quite dramatic. It's got that sense of Ah, wish. Yeah. Ouch. Watch out for the backlash. Okay, let's look at our last headline then, please. Okay. Our last headline comes from time and says why President Trump is standing by his family separation policy standing by supporting and defending something. That's correct. Now, standby is a phrase Alvar herbs. So we're looking at a structure which is one of herb. And the second word is either a proposition or an adverb. And, of course, like many froze of herbs, depending on the context, it has different meanings and stand by in particular has a lot there a lot on there really is going to concentrate on this one. So we're looking just at this context. So within this context, if you stand by something, you remain loyal to it and defended especially or in particularly when other people are doubting it or criticizing him. Now imagine one of your friends was being criticized by a large group of people. They might well be pointing their fingers at them and saying You did wrong. You did bad. And you want to show your friend and the people who are criticizing them that you support them. Yeah, So you physically stand next to your friend. You stand by your friend. That way you physically show your support and defense For them. The metaphorical meaning or the idiomatic meaning is exactly the same. If you stand by something, it means that you defend it now. A good example of the moment would be the world Cup World Cups on in the moment, let's say Goalkeeper makes a terrible mistake. That's right. But the manager, when he comes out afterwards, he doesn't unless he's about really bad manager, He wouldn't come out and say, Yeah, it was all his fault. He would stand by his player. That's right, say and support each other. Good teammates stand by each other like we do. We do, Yeah, If we ever make a mistake, we just stand by each other. It's smooth it over. Nobody, no rebuking that way. Have a re capital vocabulary. Of course, we have the answer to our social media challenge. You put the question out earlier, Dan, a reputation based on something negative is called a prestige. Be notoriety or see standing. What's the answer? And how is the reaction? Well, the answer is B notoriety, so you get famous for doing something bad. And of course, we have the adjective notorious well, which is a lovely what really rules of the time. He is notorious for whatever. So I'd like to say well done, people on social media feeds from Instagram, Rana said, Very well done from Facebook, we have Diana, Madeira and on Twitter. We have Nanning Fowzie well done to all of you and everybody. Who else who got the answer? Correct. It was Be notoriety. Yes, well done. And a recap. Vocabulary, please. No problem. We had rebuke. Criticize someone for doing something wrong. We had backlash, strong negative reaction to something, and we had stand by support and defend something. If you would like to test yourself on today's vocabulary, there's a quiz you can take on our website. BBC Learning english dot com, which is chockablock with other videos, audio programs, quizzes, activities, things that help you improve your English. Thanks for joining us and good bye, Good bye. He's a review from BBC Learning English.