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  • Hello and welcome to news review from our office.

  • Studios in our own homes rather than our recording studios because of the Corona virus outbreak, were not able to get to work.

  • But we are able to bring you the headlines still, by the magic of technology.

  • I'm in one part of London and High Catherine in another part of London.

  • Hello, Neil.

  • Hello, everyone.

  • Yes, we're working from home and a lot of the world's Children are studying from home.

  • At the moment, many schools are closed in an attempt to stop or hold the spread of Corona virus.

  • But how effective is that policy?

  • Well, some people are west earning it.

  • Let's find out some more about that from this BBC news report.

  • While Children can catch Corona virus, they rarely get severe symptoms, but they can still spread the disease, which is why many countries have closed schools.

  • The latest research, published in The Lancet Child and Adolescent Health Journal, assessed the likely impact of this policy based on the limited available data.

  • The scientists found that shutting schools was far less effective than other social distancing interventions, preventing between two and 4% of deaths.

  • They say policymakers must weigh up the possible harms and reopen schools at the earliest opportunity.

  • The government has said it will review its Corona virus policies after Easter.

  • So schools around the world have shut down in an attempt to slow the spread of Corona virus.

  • But some scientists are asking if this polities actually effective.

  • Okay, what?

  • You've been looking around the world's media at this story, picking out headlines on useful expressions that we can use to talk about the story.

  • What have you got?

  • We have a question.

  • Marginal aunt.

  • Play a role question marginal and play a role.

  • Okay, let's hear your first headline, please.

  • So we're in the U.

  • K.

  • For the first on the BBC.

  • News on the headline is Corona Virus.

  • Scientists question school closures Impact Question expressed doubt about something.

  • Yes.

  • Now you know what a question is.

  • Don't India.

  • Well, the question is something you ask, isn't it?

  • Well, yes, it is.

  • And actually you've also just questioned May about the word question.

  • So it's spelled q u e s t i o n.

  • Now we know that question is usually and now you can ask a question you can answer a question.

  • You can also use the word question as a verb.

  • You can question somebody that's quite a common use.

  • The police questioned Rob about the missing biscuits, for example.

  • In fact, we all question drove about the myths and biscuits and not just me.

  • Usedto ask him questions, toe asks form or information or an explanation.

  • But another way we can use the verb to question is when you doubt something, you don't trust it.

  • You don't believe it.

  • You're not quite sure if it's true or accurate, and this is the use in this half headline.

  • The scientists are questioning school closures impact.

  • That means they're not sure if it's actually effective.

  • They are doubtful about it.

  • So question in this sense means to really mistrust or doubt or not be convinced of something.

  • It's more than just asking, isn't it?

  • Yeah, it's It's more than asking.

  • It's really quite a negative word.

  • You use it when you don't trust something, or you don't think there's enough information or you are not sure that the information is accurate.

  • Now it's important to note that this word is being used in quite a former context.

  • We often use it in the scientific or formal or medical or academic context.

  • In that case, we say that a good student special at university level always questions existing ideas.

  • Absolutely, yes.

  • That's the whole point of universities to make people question things in an academic sense.

  • If you question a policy at work or in government or something, you're you are expressing concern about its effectiveness or its validity.

  • You're saying I'm not sure about the value You can question the value off something.

  • Is this really useful?

  • Is this really effective?

  • Is this really necessary?

  • Announced the use of question here to question something and notice.

  • We're not question oppose and you're questioning the thing.

  • You're doubting the actual thing itself.

  • Okay, it's time now for a summary of that time.

  • Now for your second headline, please, Catherine.

  • Yes, and we're looking at Yahoo in the UK here, The headline Corona virus Closing schools has a marginal impact.

  • Scientists discover marginal, very small, not important.

  • That's right.

  • Now marginal is spelled M a r g i n a l.

  • And it's used with the would impact.

  • So a marginal impact marginal is used as an objective usually goes with a now, but let's look at the noun form of marginal that is margin M a r G i n.

  • Now, if you have a piece of paper with writing or a computer screen with writing on making this gesture with my hands to show that on each side of the writing there will be a space a column with no writing.

  • And it's quite a small column.

  • You'll have vestment writing a lot of writing in a small space on the left and right on top and bottom, where there's no margin, No writing.

  • Yeah, and that area is kind of not important, is it?

  • It's not important.

  • It's called the margin, and it's not important because it's small and there's no writing in it.

  • It's insignificant exactly that near.

  • So if something has a marginal impact, it has an insignificant impact.

  • It's not important, or it's a very, very small.

  • So marginal means not important, not significant or very small.

  • You know, May Catherine, I like to drink cola.

  • I noticed that you do like corner, but I could never work out which Brown's you like near because every time you've got sometimes a Pepsi, some names of Coke sometimes a different one is all every day.

  • Different brand.

  • So which is your favorite?

  • Come on, tell me.

  • You know what?

  • To be honest, I think the difference between them is marginal.

  • There's a marginal difference between the tastes of all these different colors.

  • In my opinion, yes, it's not important.

  • It's insignificant.

  • It's small, marginal difference at the really strong col occasion.

  • The words marginal difference often go together.

  • It's probably one of the most common uses.

  • A marginal difference means a difference is so small.

  • You don't really know what I said or it doesn't matter.

  • Okay, let's have a summary of that word.

  • If you would like to watch another video that has information about how to keep yourself safe in the Corona virus outbreak, we have one for you, don't we, Catherine?

  • We do.

  • This one is about ways you can keep your phone clean.

  • So to take a look at it, just click the link in the description.

  • Find out how to clean it for okay, time now for a look at our final headline, please.

  • On this time we're looking still in the UK at Schools Week.

  • The headline Corona virus, School closures play marginal role in containing Cove in 19.

  • Now there is that word marginal again that we looked at in the previous explanation.

  • But here we're looking a play, a role, which means be involved in something in an important way.

  • Yes.

  • Now you know the word roll.

  • Don't India?

  • Oh yes, roll, That's Ah, that's something to do with acting, isn't it?

  • That's right.

  • It is a part in a play or a film is often known as a role.

  • So, for example, Walk in Phoenix took the road.

  • It the Joker in the film The Joker, that was his role is so a role is someone's part in a film or a play.

  • Now it takes a lot of people to make a film or a play is very usually not very often only one person.

  • Each person has a particular part to play a responsibility or a job, and that's the use off role in a wider sense beyond acting so near.

  • If you think of a football team, yeah, tell me how many players do we have on these teams?

  • There's 11 aside.

  • And why do we have 11 players?

  • Well, they will have different roles So, for example, the goalkeeper's role is to stop the opposition from kicking the or heading the ball into the goal.

  • It is not his role to score goals that is the role of the striker of the forwards.

  • You explain that brilliantly, Joe Neal, but it's actually my role to explain the words So Hunt.

  • Takeover.

  • Thank you.

  • So you write a role is a job or responsibility.

  • So each of these footballers has a particular rule now.

  • It's not just about people.

  • It can be about activities, actions, strategies.

  • In the headline, it's saying the school closures play a marginal role, so we know marginal is smaller, insignificant.

  • The role is the job or the responsibility, the contribution.

  • And in this case, the contribution is towards containing cove it.

  • 19.

  • So the school closures are playing a very small part in the fight against Cove in 19 according to these scientists.

  • Interestingly, you will have noticed the proposition.

  • Haven't you knew?

  • That's right.

  • Yes, we always put in at the end of it.

  • You play a role in something or something plays a role in something else.

  • So near you play a very important role in news of you, don't you?

  • I suppose I do.

  • You It wouldn't be the same without you.

  • Interestingly, we can see in that particular headline we have marginal.

  • But any number of different adjectives could go in the middle and often do they do.

  • Yes, we often use an objective.

  • Now, with the role is important, it can be important.

  • Significant role, a major role, a crucial role, vital role, lots of strong objective when somebody's role or something's role is very important.

  • On the other hand, we can have rose.

  • We can describe.

  • The role is very small.

  • It can be a small role, a minor role, an insignificant role, a minimal role When a role is really not, so Start are important.

  • So lots of objectives to use with play a role in Okay, well, let's have a summary slide.

  • Teoh.

  • Remind us what that means.

  • Just time now then, for a recap of the vocabulary we have looked at Catherine.

  • Yes, we had question expressed doubt about something marginal.

  • Very small, not important.

  • Andi, play a role.

  • Be involved in something in an important way.

  • If you'd like to take a quiz, test yourself on this vocabulary.

  • You can do so on our website, BBC Learning english dot com or on our app Onda.

  • There's loads of other activities and videos to help you improve your English There.

  • Stay safe, everybody and join us again Next time.

  • Goodbye.

Hello and welcome to news review from our office.

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冠狀病毒。學校需要關閉嗎?- 新聞評論 (Coronavirus: Do schools need to shut? - News Review)

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