B2 中高級 72 分類 收藏
開始影片後,點擊或框選字幕可以立即查詢單字
字庫載入中…
回報字幕錯誤
Menstruation.
A simple word describing a natural biological process,
weighed down by centuries of stigma,
has been transformed into something most of us can only speak about
in whispers.
But why?
As I speak to you right now,
more than 800 million women around the world
are having a period.
None of us would exist without it,
and yet it remains an "embarrassing" subject to broach.
From my experience and that of the women around me,
I can tell you that it's exhausting.
It's exhausting to carefully take out a brown paper bag hiding a pad,
stuffing it into your pocket in the middle of a class
and rushing to the washroom as discreetly as possible.
It's exhausting to sit through lessons and meetings
pretending to be absolutely normal,
while internally crying out from intense period cramps.
It's exhausting to be dismissively told that you're PMSing
or suffering from "that time of the month,"
and it's exhausting to continuously fight back against age-old traditions
that ask you not to pray,
visit temples, cook, touch pickle and the list goes on and on,
while you're just trying to bleed and be left in peace.
(Laughter)
But you know what the worst part is?
The worst part is that the things that seem tiring to us
are merely the tip of the iceberg,
because we in this room are privileged enough
to be able to afford sanitary napkins every month,
to be able to visit a gynecologist in case of any problem,
to be able to tell what's normal and abnormal with our monthly cycle.
We have access to water, sanitation and toilets
that help us maintain our privacy and hygiene.
But what about those who don't?
What about 335 million girls around the world
who go to school without even having access to water and soap
to wash their hands?
What about 15-year-old schoolgirls in Kenya
who have to sell their bodies to be able to buy sanitary napkins?
What about two-thirds of rural high school girls in India
who don't even understand what their bodies are going through
at menarche?
And right now, we are all gathered here in the USA.
So what about 64 percent of women in St. Louis, Missouri,
who weren't able to afford menstrual hygiene supplies
in the previous year?
What about the struggles of homeless, transgender,
intersex and displaced people
who menstruate?
What about them?
The scale of the problem,
stemming in part from the deep-rooted stigma attached to menstruation,
is unimaginable.
And the desire to voice this frustration
led me, along with three other teammates,
to initiate a campaign that calls for change,
questions the taboos surrounding menstruation
and spreads period positivity.
The name of our campaign, "Pravahkriti,"
was born from the message that we want to convey to the world.
"Pravah" means "flow,"
and "kriti" means "a beautiful creation."
Because how could the monthly cycle that ultimately gives rise to all creation
be anything less than beautiful?
Now, as a social issue, menstruation has several facets to it
that overlap, reinforce and worsen the situation.
So we based our campaign on four fundamental pillars:
health, hygiene, awareness and spreading positivity.
But how did we actually implement this?
Well, we started within the walls of our school classroom.
Instead of simply explaining menstruation to children
from a textbook or biological standpoint,
we adopted an innovative approach.
We conducted an activity where students strung together a bracelet
consisting of 28 beads signifying the length of the menstrual cycle,
out of which four to seven beads were of a different color,
demonstrating the days a woman bleeds.
And in this way, we not only explained what periods are
in a manner that was educational
but also approachable and engaging.
To offer another example,
we explored various ways of alleviating cramps,
including preparing some natural remedies in school itself.
And we didn't just stop at involving girls in our campaign.
In fact, boys were equally involved,
and one of our co-team members,
as you saw,
is also a boy.
Through internal conversations
where girls could freely share their personal experiences
and boys could just ask questions, no matter how "dumb" they might seem,
our male volunteers quickly got over their awkwardness,
not just supporting but also leading educational sessions.
Clearly, starting an inclusive conversation,
including members of all genders
and listening to and supporting each other,
can go a long way.
Now, to make our campaign successful, we conducted extensive research,
interviewed gynecologists,
surveyed people to gauge public opinion on periods
and conducted a panel discussion with professionals working in this field.
And then we undertook the journey to create change.
We organized a stall at Shilpotsav, a local fair,
where we distributed sanitary napkin-shaped envelopes
and bookmarks containing period-positive messages.
We donated hundreds of pads that we had collected
through a pad donation drive at school.
Interacting with young girls in government and charitable schools,
we explained periods to them through a game of hopscotch
and distributed period kits that we had made ourselves
that consisted of a pad and other items like a paper soap
and sanitizer for maintaining hygiene,
a piece of dark chocolate just to lift their mood,
a sachet of ginger tea and so on.
In whatever we did, we strived to think beyond the norm and break barriers,
be it by creating a physical period tracker
to help girls without access to the internet
to record their monthly cycle,
or sensitizing the masses by performing street plays,
or even developing a video game called "Crimson Crusade" --
(Laughter)
that introduces both boys and girls
to problems faced by menstruating women globally
and players progress in the game
by defeating menstrual monsters.
(Laughter)
To sustain this effort,
we've installed 10 sanitary napkin dispensers in several schools.
Gradually, people's mindsets are changing.
But does change come so easily?
At a school for the underprivileged,
we encountered a girl who had just got her first period
but wasn't wearing anything to absorb the flow.
Imagine being her,
sitting in class feeling embarrassed and uncomfortable,
looking down and seeing red,
asking your parents for help, asking what was going on with you
and being dismissed.
Imagine the shame, fear and embarrassment for being "caught" doing something wrong
that forces you into living in ignorance and silence
at the cost of your health and dignity.
While we do our part, our endeavors will only be successful
if each one of you internalizes and spreads onward
the idea that menstruation is completely normal,
if each one of you conveys this message to every person you know.
When we can discuss digestion, blood circulation and respiration --
all natural, biological processes --
why should menstruation be off-limits?
And you, too, can help make it less taboo,
simply by being more open with male friends and family members,
supporting local and international organizations
working to improve menstrual hygiene management,
making menstrual bracelets with middle school kids in your area
or even by playing Crimson Crusade with your friends.
Every small steps counts, because brushing this topic under the carpet
perpetuates lack of access to sanitary absorbents,
ignorance of menstrual health issues,
school absenteeism, infection and so much more.
I'd like to end with a few lines a volunteer wrote for us:
"Let the crimson tide turn.
Let there be waves of positivity,
thundering applause,
villages full of women who bleed with pride.
Let there be a scent of education
drifting through the oxygen inhaled by men, women and children.
Let all know the marvels of menstruation
and celebrate Pravahkriti."
Thank you.
(Applause)
提示:點選文章或是影片下面的字幕單字,可以直接快速翻譯喔!

載入中…

A campaign for period positivity | Ananya Grover

72 分類 收藏
林宜悉 發佈於 2020 年 5 月 8 日
看更多推薦影片
  1. 1. 單字查詢

    在字幕上選取單字即可即時查詢單字喔!

  2. 2. 單句重複播放

    可重複聽取一句單句,加強聽力!

  3. 3. 使用快速鍵

    使用影片快速鍵,讓學習更有效率!

  4. 4. 關閉語言字幕

    進階版練習可關閉字幕純聽英文哦!

  5. 5. 內嵌播放器

    可以將英文字幕學習播放器內嵌到部落格等地方喔

  6. 6. 展開播放器

    可隱藏右方全文及字典欄位,觀看影片更舒適!

  1. 英文聽力測驗

    挑戰字幕英文聽力測驗!

  1. 點擊展開筆記本讓你看的更舒服

  1. UrbanDictionary 俚語字典整合查詢。一般字典查詢不到你滿意的解譯,不妨使用「俚語字典」,或許會讓你有滿意的答案喔