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  • Thanks to the COVID-19 pandemic, stress-free grocery shopping has become a thing of the past, at least for now.

    因為新冠病毒在全球大流行,去超市購物已經不再是無壓力的一件事了,就現在而言。

  • People are expressing concerns over how to keep themselves and their communities safe through social distancing in crowded grocery stores.

    民眾擔心要如何在擁擠的超市保持社交距離,以維護自己和社區的安全。

  • And it's not just being in the stores that feels dangerous.

    而不僅是待在超市讓人感到危險。

  • Many are concerned about coming into contact with surfaces which could potentially be contaminated by someone who might have the virus.

    許多人也擔心觸碰到可能被病毒帶原者所污染的表面。

  • "Can we touch it?"

    「我們可以碰它嗎?」

  • "Touch it?"

    「碰它?」

  • You want to touch it?"

    「你想要碰它?」

  • The fact that the virus is passed from person-to-person is well known.

    新冠病毒可以人傳人是眾所皆知的事實。

  • We've all been told that a sick person can infect someone else by coughing, sneezing, or breathing on that person in close proximity.

    我們得知染病者可以透過咳嗽、打噴嚏將病毒傳染給他人,離染病者太近時呼吸也有感染風險。

  • But we also know that the virus can be picked up if someone touches an infected surface and then touches their own mouth, eyes, or nose.

    除此之外,我們也可能在受污染的表面上沾染病毒,接著再碰觸自己的嘴巴、眼睛或鼻子而受到感染。

  • While surface-to-person transmission isn't exactly something that happens every day, Canada's CTV News reports it is still a matter of concern.

    雖然由表面沾染病毒而感染的病例並不是每天都會發生,但加拿大 CTV 新聞報導表示這種傳染方式仍然需要擔心。

  • CTV also says the coronavirus can live on cardboard for about 24 hours and on plastic and stainless steel for as long as three days after the virus is smeared on those surfaces.

    CTV 還指出在物體表面被污染後,新冠病毒可以在紙板上存活 24 小時,而在塑膠和不鏽鋼上可以存活長達 3 天。

  • So what happens if we pick up groceries that some infected person has touched or sneezed on?

    所以如果在超市買到了病毒帶原者碰過或被噴嚏噴到的物品該怎麼辦呢?

  • If you're going to get groceries yourself, Oregon Health and Science University professor of geriatrics Elizabeth Eckstrom tells The Guardian, "As soon as you get there, use hand sanitizer, and touch only what you need to touch. Wipe down your cart handle, and then use the hand sanitizer again."

    俄勒岡健康與科學大學老年醫學系教授 Elizabeth Eckstrom 向英國衛報表示:「當你一到達超市就先消毒你的手,並只碰你需要碰的地方。將推車把手擦乾淨後再次消毒雙手。」

  • If you're out and about, you should also try not to use your cell phone at all, or disinfect it as soon as possible.

    外出走動時應該避免使用你的手機,或是使用後盡快消毒。

  • Whether you've done your own shopping or have chosen to get your groceries delivered, one thing remains: The stress of getting home in one piece gets replaced with the stress of what to do with those groceries once you get them inside the house.

    無論你是親自去採買或選擇宅配,有個問題仍然存在:當安然無虞地返家後又有另一項壓力,那就是進入家門後該如何處置雜貨呢?

  • Before anything else, Yale Medicine infectious disease doctor Jaimie Meyer says you need to remember one thing.

    耶魯大學傳染病博士 Jaimie Meyer 表示你只需要記住以下這件事。

  • "While the SARS-CoV-2 virus can theoretically live on inanimate surfaces for very long periods, this does not mean that it is transmitted from person to person this way."

    「雖然新冠病毒理論上來說可以在無生命表面存活很長一段時間,但這不代表病毒是由這種方式人傳人。」

  • "The primary mode of transmission is still person to person contact via droplets."

    「病毒最主要的傳播方式是藉由人與人之間接觸所引發的飛沫傳染。」

  • We've heard government agencies say that food supplies are all right.

    政府單位向我們表示食物供應很充足。

  • The Food and Drug Administration says that the food chain is safe for both people and animals, and that there is, quote: "no evidence of human or animal food or food packaging being associated with transmission of the coronavirus that causes COVID-19."

    美國食品藥品監督管理局表示,食物鏈對人類和動物來說都是很安全的,並舉出說:「沒有證據顯示人類或動物食物的包裝與新冠病毒傳染有所關聯。」

  • The U.S. Department of Agriculture has also said that food and food packaging are safe.

    美國農業部也表示食物和食物包裝都很安全。

  • Other doctors, like food microbiologist Donald Schaffner, tell The Guardian that there is absolutely no need to go through the trouble of disinfecting your groceries.

    其他醫生如食品微生物學家 Donald Schaffner 也向英國衛報表示,完全不需要消毒你在超市買的雜貨。

  • He said: "Right now there's no evidence that [the virus is] spread through food. There's no evidence that it's spread through food packaging."

    他表示:「現階段沒有證據指出病毒會透過食物或食物包裝傳播。」

  • "That doesn't mean that we might not learn new evidence tomorrow that would change our thoughts on that, but right now that's what we believe."

    「這不代表說明天不會有讓改變我們想法的新證據出現 ,但目前這是我們所相信的。」

  • Still, Colorado nurse and infection preventologist Lauren Bryan tells Health that if you want to play it super safe, you can use a disinfectant wipe to clean plastic packaging and cereal boxes, but there isn't a need to move the contents of a package into another container.

    科羅拉多州護士兼預防感染專家 Lauren Bryan 表示,如果你想要謹慎行事的話,可以用消毒擦拭巾清潔塑膠外包裝和麥片盒,但不需要將包裝內的內容物裝入另一個容器中。

  • You may also want to wash both fruits and vegetables under running water, but by all means, please don't use any household cleaners or disinfecting wipes on food.

    你或許也會想要用自來水清洗蔬菜水果,但千萬不要用家用清潔劑或消毒擦拭巾清潔食物。

  • If you do, Meyer said, "...there's a higher chance of getting sick from ingesting (chemicals) rather than from COVID-19."

    如果你那麼做的話,Meyer 表示:「...你有更大的可能性會攝取化學物質進入體內而非新冠病毒。」

  • Whether or not you choose to give your groceries an extra clean, Meyer says it's a good idea to disinfect all your surfaces, from tables to countertops, with either a disinfecting wipe, or some kind of cleaner which contains bleach.

    無論你是否要額外清潔所買的雜貨,Meyer 表示用消毒擦拭巾或是含有漂白水的清潔劑消毒家中所有的表面從桌子到料理檯是一個好方法。

  • It's a good habit to develop, as it's recommended by the experts that we should be doing this a few times a day anyway.

    這是一個可以培養的好習慣,專家們也都推薦我們應該在一天中消毒好幾次表面。

  • And if you're really worried about contamination from food or food packaging, infectious disease epidemiologist Julia Markus reminds us that hand washing is still the best defense.

    如果你真的很擔心食物或食物包裝會有污染,傳染病流行病專家 Julia Markus 提醒我們洗手仍然是最佳的防禦方式。

  • She told The Guardian: "Better than disinfecting, the thing we keep saying over and over again is to just wash your hands."

    她向英國衛報表示:「我們不斷重複強調的就是洗手,洗手勝過於消毒。」

Thanks to the COVID-19 pandemic, stress-free grocery shopping has become a thing of the past, at least for now.

因為新冠病毒在全球大流行,去超市購物已經不再是無壓力的一件事了,就現在而言。

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    Annie Huang 發佈於 2020 年 05 月 15 日
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