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Taking up most of the Amazon Basin, the Amazon rainforest is mostly contained within Brazil,
and stretches into Peru, Ecuador, Bolivia, and smaller parts in some other South American
countries.
Here are ten interesting facts about the Amazon (and rainforests in general) that you may
not have heard before.
1.
Around 80% of the food we eat originally came from rainforests.
Some of the more popular examples include coffee, chocolate, rice, tomatoes, potatoes,
bananas, black pepper, pineapples and corn.
At The Inside Track we basically live on coffee.
That's reason enough to save the rainforest!
2.
Tropical rainforests only cover about 6% of the Earth's surface, but they are home to
more than half the world's total plant and animal species.
3.
The forest floor is almost completely dark – with less that 1% of the available sunlight
making it through the tree canopy above.
4.
There are around 3000 fruits found in rainforests, and in the west we make use of around 200
of them.
However, indigenous tribes make use of over 2000!
5.
The rainforests have begun to be destroyed in the last 100 years to make way for farm
land.
Today, the rainforests are being destroyed by 1.5 acres every second.
That's not a typo.
6.
With deforestation continuing at such a fast rate, we've created the most rapid extinction
rate in the history of the world.
137 rainforest species are exterminated completely every single day.
7.
Over a quarter of the medicines we use today have their origins in the rainforests – and
that's after only about 1% of rainforest plants have been examined for their medicinal
properties.
Imagine what else could be there?
It's not outlandish to think that our best chance of curing the diseases that plague
our world could lie within the rainforest.
But with so many species exterminated every day, we may never find out.
8.
We often think that the soil in the rainforest is really fertile to support such a huge range
of plant and animal life.
But rainforest land is not really any good for farming.
Once cleared, the soil is of such low quality that it can hardly be used to grow anything.
After a year or two of farming, the land is totally bereft of nutrients – leaving a
useless patch of land.
9.
Some people call the rainforests 'the world's lungs', but decomposition of plant matter
absorbs as much oxygen as the trees produce.
It's probably more accurate to think of them as having a cooling effect on the global
climate, as they absorb a huge amount of heat from the sun.
About 30% of our carbon emissions come from one thing – burning the rainforests.
10.
If deforestation continues, we'll completely lose the rainforests within the next 40 years.
Clearly now is the time to visit this amazing region learn more about this natural marvel
and to help gain and spread awareness about how urgent the need to save the rainforest
is.
Stay in jungle lodges or riverboats and take in the beauty of this biologically diverse
region.
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亞馬遜雨林 (Amazon Rainforest - Top 10 Facts)

33 分類 收藏
大文 發佈於 2020 年 4 月 6 日
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