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My name is Colin Angle and
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I founded my company 'iRobot' 23 years ago
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with a single focus to make robots practical.
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In 1962, there was an American cartoon,
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called The Jetsons with Rosie the robot.
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And when the world saw Rosie,
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we all knew what the next big thing was going to be.
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Unfortunately 40 years passed,
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and it didn't happen.
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What I'd like to spend a few minutes with you today talking about,
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is the acceleration and coming of age of the robot industry.
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We are starting to see around the world
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applications where robots are actually making a difference.
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And we are actually seeing exciting new businesses
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spring up and change how we think about the world and how
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we think about machines.
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The important realization was that robots do not look like this.
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Instead, if you want to make a business, if you want robots in our world
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we need to think about what are the challenges
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that face people on a daily basis,
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and to think about how
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we can create intelligent machines
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that can deliver more value then they cost to produce.
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If we can do that,
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we have created a great business.
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If we make something that is an amazing and exciting demonstration,
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we have made an exciting demonstration that had
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very little impact on the world.
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I believe that for every successful robot product
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there are many thousands of demonstration of robots.
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To give you an example of a success,
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where by abandoning traditional notions of what a robot should be
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we have created something of real impact,
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we can look at vacuuming robots.
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So this is the 'Roomba'.
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This is my robot. We've sold over 10 million of these robots.
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And I think people would find it surprising if I told you
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that 15 percent of all of the money spent in the world
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on vacuuming cleaners today is now spent on robots.
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And in fact,
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in a few countries
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the number one selling vacuuming the entire country is now
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a robot.
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This is an example of what can happen
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when you actually get it right.
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You actually say, well, people don't want to vacuum,
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people don't have time to vacuum.
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So how do we solve that?
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Another example
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of where robots are creating value
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is in very dangerous situations.
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In 2002,
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we… there was a great challenge in Afghanistan. The United States
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sent soldiers to Afghanistan.
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And we were watching television and they told us how
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the soldiers would have ropes
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tied around their waists to go into the caves in Afghanistan.
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So if they were hurt or shot,
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you could drag the solider out
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using that rope.
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And we said that was a crazy, crazy thing.
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Why has not technology solved this problem?
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Why are people doing that instead of a robot?
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So, we had a project to make a robot,
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we sent it over to Afghanistan,
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we sent it into caves. We found some very, very scary things.
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This is all automatic weapon, ammunition, and explosives
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founded in a cave by the robot.
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And we made a difference.
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Perhaps,
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the most easy to understand and graphical way of the difference
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I will demonstrate with two short videos.
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Both happened in the streets of Iraq.
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The first demonstrated here where you have a humvee,
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(can we have the sound up?)
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Um, you can see pushing a bomb off the street.
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Now, contrast that video,
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with this video,
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of a robot doing the same sort of thing.
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(again the volume there)
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So you can see by that orange can is the robot,
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So, in the first video you heard screams
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the driver of that vehicle was not killed
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um survived. But here we have laughter and guys think
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'Dude, Dude! I caught that on video!'
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So the robot was in fact destroyed but other than that
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we had resolved the situation.
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So again, robots for going into very scary and
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dangerous situations enable to change the equation
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and protect the lives of people trying to protect us.
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So this technology, this idea
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that was represented by those robots that you just saw
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is the beginning of a very exciting idea.
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We can create robots that can act as surrogates
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for our physical self
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and change the meaning of what being someplace means.
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So the next industry which is
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going to be changed by robots is health care.
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We're seeing the world where the sophistication
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of health care is increasing every single day.
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Treatments are more and more sophisticated.
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But it requires doctors
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with an increasingly sophisticated understanding
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of a narrow area of medicine to make sure that
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the patient gets the right treatment.
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This is causing a new challenge
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in medicine, trying to match up
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the specialist with the patient that needs his or her expertise.
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So what a great opportunity to create a robot, not to defuse
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bombs, but to diagnose patients at a distance.
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So this robot that you see
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behind me, is deployed. There's about 50 of these robots
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in action today in many different hospitals and
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the United States and Mexico
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and growing into an increasing number of hospitals.
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And the way they work
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is a big city hospital which has these specialists
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actually sends the robots to rural hospitals.
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Now that rural hospital can
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see a patient. Say right now, the most common uses is for stroke.
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A patient goes to that small hospital.
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Instead of the doctor walking in to see the patient,
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a robot drives in,
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performs the diagnosis. The right drug, or the right treatment
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is applied to help that patient be stable.
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And then if the patient can stay in that rural hospital,
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he or she does. If he needs additional treatment,
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he can now be safely moved to the larger hospital.
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We have seen dramatic increases in the outcomes
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of patients in these rural hospitals using this robot technology.
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And we should expect to see robots play a larger role
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in providing health care,
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because it will allow us to leverage fully
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the education of the doctors
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around the world to be put to use in the best possible way.
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How about something a little closer to home?
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Why do we all have to travel
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if we want to go somewhere?
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This is a new idea where
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I could be giving this talk to you today
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as a robot
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and able to do a different talk
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on the other side of the world tomorrow
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using a robot. This idea of making the world smaller
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not just for doctors, but for anyone,
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is a very exciting idea.
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So we've created a robot. And I have given
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a number of talks using this robot.
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And it's very exciting. I can stand up,
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I can give my talk, I can go answer questions afterwards.
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When my time is up, I can drive out of this hall
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and meet other people and answer their questions
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and behave exactly like I would if I was here in person.
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And as a result, I make the world a little smaller,
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and I increase our ability to communicate with each other.
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So the robot industry is changing.
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The robot industry is changing other industries
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but it's also being changed itself,
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which is very exciting.
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In 1991 I founded iRobot
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if I wanted my robot to be wirelessly connected
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to something else, I had to build to radio,
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I had to build the artificial intelligence.
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Not surprisingly, I had to build the vision system,
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the navigation system, the manipulators,
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the touch screen interfaces, the voice recognition. In fact,
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the only thing I could depend on and borrow from other industries
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were batteries and motors.
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Today, that is no longer the case.
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The video game industry and the mobile industry
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have solved many, many challenging robot problems.
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I can use Siri or Dragon Naturally Dictate
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for my speech recognition. I can use wireless communication.
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I can use gesture recognition from my kinetic X-Box.
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All of these technologies I can assume exist,
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and focus the robot industry on navigation, perception
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and manipulation.
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So, I'd like to give you a little example of
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what the state of the art looks like.
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In order to make that medical robot work,
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the robot has to understand the hospital,
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because the doctor isn't going to drive the robot to the patient
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he has other things to do.
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And in fact,
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he may never have been to the hospital before.
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He would like to say,
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"I want to see patient in room 602"
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and the robot should get there all by itself.
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so that means that robots have to able to map automatically.
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So we've created a robot that does just that.
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We drive the robot around the building.
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The robot creates a map.
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It is registered against a floor plan of the building.
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And the robot knows where the room 602 is.
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We want the robot to understand and
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recognize objects in the room.
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So we needed to create a technology
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that would allow the robot to say,
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"I know what that is".
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So we created a system called ViPR,
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which recognized exact objects
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and copy the exact copies of those objects
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regardless of the lighting,
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regardless of the orientation of that object,
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and do that reliably.
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And we do that, and we are able do that
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in a very very tiny microprocessor.
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So here we have a cell-phone.
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So this system will allow a robot to recognize
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dollar bills, different objects, as long as they are
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exactly like other versions of it.
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So that's cool.
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But what about generic classes of objects?
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When you walked into this auditorium,
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you may have never seen a chair that looks
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exactly like the one you're sitting in.
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And yet, you recognized that's a chair,
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and you used it to sit down. Well,
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a robot should be able to have that same understanding
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of categories of objects
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so that it can clean under them.
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It can recognize what type of the room it's in,
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and have a better awareness of where it is.
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So this is a demonstration of a technology
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called iSpot that does exactly that.
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So what you'll see here is a robot driving through
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a building which has a number of different types of
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kitchens and different appliances,
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and dynamically in real-time, recognizing
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the category of the appliance in
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that kitchen area automatically.
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So if you are a robot and you are doing that mapping
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you could also be looking at all the different appliances
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and fixtures in that room and be able to tell,
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just like your eye could tell,
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whether that room is a kitchen or the den or the living room.
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so as we get better and better
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at making our robots more capable
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of understanding their environment and
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ultimately able to pick up and lift
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and move objects,
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we create more and more exciting industries.
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And that's very good.
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Because 1962,
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we saw Rosie the robot and we said
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"when are we going to have robots in our lives?"
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And 50 years have passed.
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And now we're starting
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to see some application and some robots that actually
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we can afford and bring into our lives.
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But if you can compare the number
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of robots that are out there today,
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and match that up against the need,
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match that against the opportunity,
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that robots will play in the future,
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I believe you will agree with me
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when I say:
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"we are just about none of the way
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in accomplishing what we will accomplish over the next decades."
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Thank you very much.
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Subtitled by Samantha Hu
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【TEDx】Colin Angle:智慧機器,轉變未來 (智慧機器,轉變未來:Colin Angle at TEDxTaipei 2013)

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richardwang 發佈於 2014 年 3 月 29 日
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