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  • Can you tell me your name and where we are?

  • What we're doing here today?

  • My name is Ria.

  • I'm visiting my daughter's in California, San Diego, celebrating my 1/100 birthday.

  • Now the question mostly after me.

  • What did you see in the 100 years that impressed you.

  • And I said, most important thing that impressed be as a woman is the rightful women to vote United States.

  • That was a new thing for me.

  • My post vote was in 1928.

  • I was 21 years old.

  • At that time, my father took me into the voting booth, which is in the barber shop.

  • The back of a barbershop section's over the area with a curtain.

  • And, of course, my father was a member centers in the labor movement.

  • He escaped from Russia for freedom.

  • And so we voted for the Socialist Party that I was Norman Thomas, a wonderful human being.

  • But unfortunately, we lost out to Herbert Hoover on Hoover.

  • Was did I repeat the disastrous Terry it in our lives?

  • He But I vote again for her.

  • Petrova got helping out again from Golden, tells us the next election.

  • But thank at this time it was Roosevelt and he'll save our country.

  • I became a teacher in the public school system, went on from teacher to assistant teacher to community relations person.

  • I worked with the black community in Harlem and the Bronx community in the Bronx and had a very happy relationship with the parents that they gave me a number of plaques.

  • I was able to get these young black women who are saying hell with the kids.

  • Go back to college at Fordham University's.

  • Open the door to them and they got their degrees and they became either clerks or teachers, and they gave me a big plant.

  • Little the things I've done for them.

  • I would get the banks to give bonds to kids who improved in reading.

  • No one had added considered.

  • It's the reading, so was so important to encourage them.

  • And these kids walk out $25.

  • Cooper and I was important things than they recognize, and there was more of that of the parents Association then began to take control of the school system.

  • I will run what time?

  • What?

  • You're oh God.

  • At that time, there was a struggle between the parents associations and the school, says the teachers, the teachers did not want to relinquish any of their rights, and the parents want to have more rights.

  • So I suggested a way out.

  • I said, Why don't you have a committee of three?

  • The principal who's responsible for the entire school system?

  • The teachers are responsible for the learning, and the parents were concerned about both.

  • Have a committee of three or three people believed Committee of nine really three of each and with the personal effects would explain what program was for the year.

  • The things he wanted the Children to achieve.

  • The teachers have speak up.

  • It's the house impossible without help from the parents.

  • And the parents spoke up.

  • But unfortunately all three were antagonistic to each other and nobody wants give up everything.

  • The teachers would say that they're not educate.

  • You're gonna tell me how to run?

  • Teach my Children.

  • And the principal said, Who were these teachers?

  • Anything.

  • Then tell me how to run my school and the pit the pairs of something out of one of my school.

  • So that thing just fell apart.

  • Probably is a lie.

  • So I heard that the cut development was trying to figure the same thing.

  • How to get the schools, the community, the teachers and parents to get together.

  • Nothing happened again.

  • They were three.

  • Nobody was afraid to give up anything at all.

  • Oh, well, I got married.

  • I let my husband's a very unusual way.

  • This is my first year of teaching.

  • First a couple of years in 1935 the time that rose will that opened the door to the Soviet Union.

  • It's all the progressive people.

  • Teachers mean once you what's going on in Russia.

  • People who had family there on friends.

  • Uh, and all political mind people in the world is going on here at that time.

  • You have to make your own arrangements there.

  • No tours, arrangements.

  • So I went as a single person took this trip.

  • The ship from New York to England and England, it officially out of Russia.

  • There's a wave more than a month.

  • Yeah, it's the entire system.

  • I went toe to Russia because my neighbor said to me her elder repairs had gone to Palestine to spend their declining years, and when I drop in on them like England is around the corner from from Palestine, we'd know the capital that considerate.

  • I said, Sure, I'll drop drop in on them But I went to Russia first.

  • There was my mother still have family living there.

  • I wonder what's going on in America.

  • This is lying in the 1919 thirties and they were thrilled with American, and some of them were filled with Russia.

  • Because Russia has now become communist country.

  • There were three.

  • My God, What if my aunts had a son?

  • Husband had a very important company, coal and lumber.

  • Very well comes the revolution.

  • They took it away and they allowed.

  • His oldest son would've owned the company.

  • It's a work of England.

  • He was paid as a manager, and he hated the revolution.

  • His younger brother went to different sea, became an engineer.

  • He would never been allowed to go to the engineering school.

  • So for one that was good, together was not so good when I was missing in Odessa.

  • That's when I got the letter from my friend to visit her, a family in Palestine, across the street, standing on a little boat through the Black Sea into the Mediterranean, and I saw a young man told Himto woman on on the duck.

  • He was looking at me, talking to her.

  • I knew he was in America.

  • He will wipe hands, blows a light blue sweater and had golden blond hair.

  • And he looked like a well built.

  • He looks like an American.

  • Hey turned around.

  • He saw me standing on the deck.

  • We just wave to Harden's kisser, hungered by.

  • I didn't say Dr The said goodbye, then walked up.

  • The doc said next to me.

  • I paid no attention to him.

  • I kept staring at the dog and he kept staring at me.

  • I didn't Lincoln, I I was very well aware of him.

  • There's nobody else on the deck.

  • See, He wasn't making him a steak when he stepped away from the two of six, looked me up and down.

  • And then he said, Oh, with you, I'm gonna have trouble.

  • He didn't ask you.

  • My name was a Russian, Jewish, Greek, whatever, because the coloring was the same.

  • That that community just with you, I'm going to have trouble.

  • So I looked at him.

  • I walked away from him.

  • Hey, follow me.

  • That was the same seven day trip through the black simulator training to Palestine.

  • He saved my side.

  • That was seven days and seven nights.

  • And even the people he would do playing Palestine.

  • And I dropped in to visit the elderly parents with Really?

  • Now he was lonely bag on the French line on the Ile de France.

  • So we had to go up to friends.

  • I was going to back to England.

  • We went to take a steamer to Trieste from Palestine and then take the train.

  • We thought all of Europe will of France really from the southern to the northern port.

  • And he went off to New York and I went up to him with and I wrote to my aunt was very close to me.

  • I probably will never see the dye, but it gave me a wonderful month.

  • Let the bulls of fantastic grimacing was a good summer, Romans When I got to New York, there he was on the dock, waiting for the never left my side for 43 years.

  • Of course.

  • Oh, well, I'll be a boat going up.

  • The tree s The captain was a Jewish captain in attendance.

  • So this was his last trip.

  • The boat is gone because convergence or a warship Because my cell, Edie was an attentive, declined colonizing Ethiopia.

  • This is his last trippers.

  • This is you know I have the right to perform marriages.

  • Would you like me to marry you?

  • So I said, I want a big wedding and get out of it.

  • But we want a big wedding.

  • And he said he thinks his life would like to have something to say about the wedding too.

  • So we didn't press it.

  • And I was glad because if I said no, I'd never see him again.

  • Find you have Yes, I'm in trouble.

  • In Paris, he pulled a company and I said, That's it Said he met me on the dock and that was it.

  • His parents were not very pleased because he came from well to do family.

  • And I was a very average person.

  • Take care of a widowed mother, the only one making a living in those days and be this late thirties.

  • 1935.

  • I'm joining with making a living confirm bling.

  • It's my brother, had a business and help support that my sister was married to graduate once have a good business.

  • On came the depression.

  • He lost it and she had two Children.

  • So there I was, helping them out.

  • And I was the only one working.

  • What else was going to do?

  • My family.

  • They were thrilled with my husband because he was charming.

  • He was gracious.

  • And he was earning a living speech teacher at City College.

  • So he had a job and I had a job.

  • I'm doing very well.

  • Uh, has stabbed.

  • We wanted a big one because they're just sitting there before sons there.

  • They all had big weddings.

  • Hotel.

  • What is?

  • I said, hotel weddings means after buying evening, Ellen.

  • Now, whether has together address, you'll never wear again.

  • My brother had succeeded.

  • We can't afford it.

  • My sister with the two kids also have your fancy clothing.

  • Besides, they don't believe they were very well, very liberal minded.

  • We're not gonna spend money on that this frivolous.

  • He's the Depression time.

  • So we would whole thing got married without asking the family.

  • My mother doesn't care what we love just to get really What has several very upset.

  • They didn't.

  • They were denied that wonderful wedding.

  • And when they realized my family could the phone, I was the worst thing that happened to them anyway, that said we lived happily ever after and, uh, what I was gonna tell you.

  • So how long?

  • How long before you guys first met?

  • Did you actually, you know, start talking to him.

  • Oh, sorry.

  • Holling me around.

  • So what's the Palestine?

  • He knew people.

  • Yes.

  • I was very happy to go along with him.

  • And he never left my side all the time.

  • We were there 17 days, and the sky in Palestine was absolutely heavily beautiful Shade of blue in the stars.

  • They were like diamonds in the sky was beautiful And the people, very gracious and generous, is came up with a very, very good feeling of the palace and had to be a Jewish country.

  • What else can I think of so well, let me tell you something where we lived in Russia.

  • Oh, no, I wasn't asked to ask.

  • How'd you How'd you?

  • Uh, I feel, you know, But he's gone now.

  • I mean, what?

  • Your thoughts, you know?

  • Well, he left for you with three wonderful Children.

  • One is gone now.

  • Unfortunately, my son dropped died a very young age.

  • My two daughters besides ask God descending Children.

  • He did the most wonderful human being sees listening in.

  • She's I get anything for the year.

  • Lucky that I don't have but the two wonderful human beings you met.

  • You met my niece, Ruth Hillman.

  • No, I just just you two.

  • How did you get this job?

  • I want to go back to Russia.

  • We live in Odessa, which is a cosmopolitan city, Beautiful city on the Black Sea.

  • Sort of the hunt, like Hawaii, A kind of model.

  • It had winters, but the best of the year.

  • It was like Hawaii was marvelous with I just had a toll.

  • I aground the Do you think of the words from the From the Black Sea to the end of the day?

  • A promenade.

  • The tall trees that was the walking area from one side of it.

  • No death stick together.

  • The end of Odessa was the Black Sea.

  • That was a seaport.

  • Not for very big tree, because it's an indoor seaport.

  • You did.

  • You couldn't get eligible desk.

  • You had to go back where you came from.

  • There was no no office.

  • Just one way out.

  • Because Odessa was a cosmopolitan city.

  • They didn't have so much of ghettos as they didn't meet in public and other places why they didn't mingle with the Gentiles living quarters.

  • Living was a fairly decent.

  • They were able to go to the opera with concerts to museums.

  • Was open to everybody.

  • Uh, thing.

  • Yeah, we had no gas light in those days.

  • So the three room house have a kitchen and bedroom kitchen have a coal stove, and the lively was kerosene lamps.

  • But that was throughout the city, just them.

  • We came to New York.

  • My father came.

  • They were you ahead of us because he'd been a socialist and these are had instigated the Cossacks to raise the socialist meetings, said the book to Siberia.

  • You'll kill them.

  • That's what this medias was.

  • Great talk about the movement of the program coming, and my father said to make my mother been saving money for the whole family to go to America, that if I waited a little raise the next meeting leave.

  • If I stay away, they know me Now is a socialist.

  • They'll be looking for me.

  • He's a scientist.

  • Meet a girl.

  • So he left left to somebody my mother to live by.

  • And I'll be back before the year's up, you'll be in American wilderness, and that's the way it happened.

  • Danger Got a job, Save all the money.