字幕列表 影片播放 列印英文字幕 what's the difference between needn't have done and didn't need to? That's what led from France wants to know, and that's what we're doing on this learners question now. Okay, Before we get started, don't forget to click. Subscribe and hit that bell so you can stay up to date with all the latest learners questions. If you have a question for learners questions, you can email us on learning dot English at BBC dot co dot UK. And don't forget as soon as I've finished explaining there is a full summary slide at the end of the video. Okay, so didn't need to or needn't have done. Now both of them talk about past situations, but they're not exactly the same. Needn't have done is actually motile auxiliary needn't plus have always have plus a past participle verbs, and we use this when someone has done something. But it wasn't necessary, usually because of a change in circumstances. So, for example, I needn't have watered the garden because it's just started raining or we needn't have ordered all this food. All the guests have canceled. Now we use didn't need two plus an infinitive verb to say that something wasn't necessary, so no one did it. For example, we had enough fuel in the car already, so I didn't need to stop on the way over or he didn't need to take his umbrella because the sun came out just before he left. Okay, guys, let's stop for a second so I can tell you all about the learner's questions. Playlist. Yes, every episode of Learners. Questions in one easy to access place. Go and check it out on our YouTube channel. If you have a question for learners questions, you can email us on learning dot English at BBC dot co dot UK. And don't forget as soon as I finish teaching. There is a full summary slide, so check it out. Okay, let's talk about a similar situation in the present. You can use don't need two plus an infinitive or needn't plus an infinitive to give someone permission now not to do something in the near future. Most probably, for example, you don't need to water the garden this afternoon. It's going to rain this evening, or we needn't order any food. Now all the guests have canceled, and in this situation you can also use need as a noun. Usually we accompany it with their is so there's no need to water the garden or there's no need toe order food. Finally, when talking about necessity in general, use don't need two plus infinitive, for example, you don't need to pay for medical care in the U. K. If you can access an N H s hospital. Thank you very much for your question. L a d I hope I answered it for you. If you have a question for learners questions, you can email us on learning dot English at BBC dot co dot UK. And don't forget as soon as I've finished. There is a full summary slide. I'll see you next time on learners. Questions by everybody. Hi, everyone. We hope you enjoyed that video on. Thank you very much for watching. We have so many more. Just like it. So if you don't want to miss a single one, make sure to subscribe and we will see you regularly hope to see you soon. Bye, guys.