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  • Video games provide a fun escape from reality, though they're often portrayed as violent, lazy, and a waste of time by some.

    電動遊戲提供逃離現實的樂趣,雖然它們經常被一些人描述成暴力、懶惰又浪費時間的東西

  • The debate has raged on for years. So are there any positive effects? Can video games actually make you smarter?

    這個辯論已經盛行很多年了,所以有沒有任何正面影響呢?電動遊戲事實上能不能讓你更聰明呢?

  • Before we get ahead of ourselves, it's important to note that too much of anything is bad--even broccoli!

    在我們繼續下去之前,重要的是要注意任何東西過量都不好,連花椰菜也是!

  • Seriously. Extremely high doses of broccoli can actually be toxic. Heck, even water toxicity exists.

    真的,極高量的花椰菜事實上可能是有毒的。說實話,連水中毒都存在

  • So if you binge and do nothing but play video games, the risks probably outweigh any benefits.

    所以,如果你很放縱又什麼都沒做,只有打電動遊戲,風險可能會大於任何好處

  • In fact, we have an entire video devoted to what would happen if you stopped going outside and the negative effects of sitting. Link in the description.

    事實上我們有一整部影片,專門講如果你不再外出會發生什麼事,還有坐著的負面影響,連結在描述裡

  • Having said that, many studies have actually shown increases in cognitive function after playing video games.

    話雖如此,很多研究其實已經指出,玩電動遊戲後會提升認知能力

  • One study in particular had participants play Super Mario 64 for 30 minutes a day over two months.

    其中一個特別的研究是讓參與者每天玩 30 分鐘的超級瑪利 64 超過兩個月

  • Afterwards, the brains of these participants saw an increase of gray matter in areas

    後來發現這些參與者的腦部某些區域的灰質增加

  • associated with memory, strategic planning, and fine motor skills of the hands compared to those who had not played.

    和記憶、策略規劃以及手部的精細運動技巧有關,跟那些沒有玩電動的人比起來有增加

  • These are particularly encouraging results for mental disorders which cause these brain regions to shrink...using video game as a therapy!

    對於造成這些腦部區域萎縮的精神疾病,這是特別鼓舞人心的結果...用電動遊戲作為一種療法!

  • Surprisingly, action games can also increase attention to detail in individuals.

    出乎意料的是,動作遊戲也可以增加個人對細節的專注力

  • Take a look at the following words on screen and yell out what color the word is as fast as you can.

    看看接下來螢幕上的字,然後盡你所能快速喊出那個字是什麼顏色

  • So... green, blue, orange.

    所以是... 綠色,藍色,橘色

  • Okay, now try a bit faster without me.

    好,現在試試在沒有我的情況下作快一點

  • As we continue, it becomes more difficult because there's a conflict between the word itself and its color.

    當我們繼續下去,就變得越困難,因為字本身和它的顏色不合

  • Chances are if you play more than 5-10 hours of action games a week, you're able to solve these problems much more quickly.

    很有可能的是,如果你一個星期玩動作遊戲超過 5-10 小時,你能更快解決這些問題

  • This is because your brain is actually more efficient in the regions associated with attention.

    這是因為你的腦部在和注意力相關的區域事實上會比較有效率

  • Of course, video games can also be incredibly educational.

    當然,電動遊戲也可以非常具有教育性

  • And while you may not be playing some of your favorite games for this purpose,

    雖然你可能不是為了這個目的而玩一些你喜歡的遊戲

  • there are certainly many games that are used as effective teaching tools for both young and old.

    確實有許多遊戲是作為有效的教學工具,用來教小孩和老年人

  • They may even help kids who suffer from Dyslexia read more effectively.

    這些遊戲甚至能幫助受閱讀障礙而苦的小孩讀得更有效率

  • In a small study, dyslexic children who played regular video games ended up reading faster and more accurately.

    在一項小型研究中,有玩固定電動遊戲的閱讀障礙小孩,最後閱讀的速度更快也更精確

  • Once again, relating to improved attention skills.

    又一次,這跟注意力技巧加強有關

  • Meanwhile, other studies have found improvements in eyesight.

    同時,其他研究發現了視力的進步

  • Not only can they see smaller details more clearly, like tiny writing, but they have an easier time differentiating levels of grey.

    他們不只能夠更清楚地看見較小的細節,例如細小的文字,也能更輕鬆地區分出不同層次的灰色

  • Very practiced action gamers were 58 better at perceiving fine differences in contrast.

    非常熟練的動作遊戲玩家,相較之下在察覺對比中細微差異的能力多了 58%

  • Which is important as this is one of the first things to diminish with age.

    這很重要,因為這是隨著年齡最先減損的能力之一

  • Even in the elderly, improved memory and focus is seen.

    即使在老年人身上,也能看見記憶力和專注力的進步

  • More importantly, specially designed brain-teasing video games have been shown to slow the aging process of the brain by up to seven years!

    更重要的是,特別設計來刺激腦部的電動遊戲,已經顯現出能夠讓腦部老化的速度減緩七年!

  • This is because they are cognitively complex and require mental energy.

    這是因為這些遊戲認知複雜而需要心智能力

  • Think you're able to keep track of what's in front of your eyes? Keep an eye on the blue circle here.

    你認為自己能夠追蹤眼前的東西嗎?留意這裡的藍色圓形

  • Eventually, it will turn yellow like all the others. I will then point to a circle and you tell me if it was originally blue.

    最後它會變成和其他圓形一樣的黃色,然後我會指出一個圓,你就告訴我它原來是不是藍色

  • If you knew this ball wasn't blue, then you're a functioning human being.

    如果你知道這顆球不是藍色的,那你就是運作正常的人

  • But let's make it harder. Staring at the middle of the screen can help to keep track of the blue circles.

    但讓我們弄得困難點。盯著螢幕中央可以幫助追蹤藍色圓形

  • Was this circle originally blue?

    這個圓形本來是藍色的嗎?

  • If you said "no", you'd be right.

    如果你說「不是」,那你就對了

  • One more time, but with five blue circles.

    再來一次,不過有五個藍色圓形

  • Was this one originally blue?

    這一個本來是藍色的嗎?

  • Yep! It was.

    沒錯!它是

  • It turns out the average person can track about three to four objects, while practiced action gamers can track around six to seven.

    結果發現,一般人可追蹤大約三至四個物體,然而熟練的動作遊戲玩家,卻能夠追蹤六至七個左右。

  • Finally, as technology continues to transform medicine, surgeries are being completed with the insertion of cameras and remote-controlled tools.

    最後,隨著科技不斷改變醫學,相機的嵌入和遙控工具讓手術變得完整

  • And these surgeries have very clear parallels to video games with a screen and controlling device.

    而這些手術和有螢幕及遙控裝置的電動遊戲有明顯的相似性

  • Not surprisingly, young doctors with previous exposure to video games show fewer errors and faster completion than those without.

    不意外的是,之前有接觸電動遊戲的年輕醫生,比沒有的醫生表現出更少的錯誤和更快的完成速度。

  • Of course, all of these skills are only useful if you use them, which you can't if all you do is play video games.

    當然,這所有的技巧只在你有使用的情況下才會有效,而如果你只是玩電動遊戲的話是沒辦法的

  • So enjoy your downtime and relax with your games in moderation

    所以,享受你的閒暇時間,並適度地用你的遊戲來放鬆

  • but get out there and keep your life diverse as well, because that's how you'll win at the game of life!

    但也要出去保持你生活多采多姿,因為這就是你如何在人生遊戲中獲勝的方法!

  • Got a burning question you want answered? Ask it in the comments or on Facebook and Twitter.

    你有重要又緊急的問題希望被回答嗎?可以在留言裡或是 Facebook 和 Twitter 上問

  • And if you want the inside scoop on upcoming episode ideas and behind-the-scenes, check out our personal Instagram and Twitter handles.

    而如果你想要接下來的影片想法的內幕消息還有幕後花絮,請查看我們的個人 Instagram 和 Twitter 帳號

  • And subscribe for more weekly science videos!

    還有訂閱頻道來觀賞更多的每週科學影片!

Video games provide a fun escape from reality, though they're often portrayed as violent, lazy, and a waste of time by some.

電動遊戲提供逃離現實的樂趣,雖然它們經常被一些人描述成暴力、懶惰又浪費時間的東西

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B1 中級 中文 美國腔 遊戲 藍色 圓形 腦部 追蹤 動作

真假!玩電動會讓我們變更聰明?(Can Video Games Make You Smarter?)

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    Halu Hsieh 發佈於 2016 年 08 月 30 日
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