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  • Tap dance:

    踢踏舞

  • one of America's major contributions to the world of percussive dance,

    是美國對打擊舞蹈的重要貢獻之一

  • born out of the melding of African and European dance traditions.

    融合了非洲和歐洲的傳統舞蹈

  • There's so many variations within tap dance,

    踢踏舞的種類很多

  • as many approaches as there have been tap dancers.

    有多少舞者,就有多少種詮釋方式

  • And there have been a lot!

    目前已有非常多種!

  • Since its birth, over 125 years ago,

    自 125 年前誕生起

  • tap dance has grown up

    踢踏舞逐漸成長於

  • in the world of American popular entertainment.

    美國的流行娛樂界

  • From minstral shows and vaudeville,

    從巡迴演出及雜耍

  • to night clubs, musical theater, and movie musicals,

    到夜總會、音樂廳,以及歌舞片

  • tap dance has held a featured role.

    踢踏舞都扮演重要的角色

  • And your approach depends on when in the history's lineage

    如何詮釋取決於你想承襲

  • you decide to connect.

    哪段歷史流派

  • The landscape of American entertainment shifted in the 1950s and 60s.

    美國娛樂圈的面貌 在 1950 到 60 年代開始改變

  • Big bands became cost-prohibitive,

    大編制樂隊因經費不足而沒落

  • rock and roll was becoming a popular music,

    搖滾樂成為流行音樂

  • and American musical theater moved

    美國劇場的音樂劇

  • towards a format incorporating ballet with narrative

    變成芭蕾舞結合旁白的形式

  • rather than the extension of variety shows

    不像過去

  • that it had been in the past.

    是綜藝秀的延伸

  • All these factors pushed tap dancing

    所有這些原因都使踢踏舞

  • to the fringes of the entertainment world.

    逐漸邊緣化

  • Tap dance still existed;

    踢踏舞還是存在

  • there were dancers,

    還是有舞者

  • but it was outside of the popular discourse.

    但不再是主流

  • There were fewer and fewer places to dance

    能跳舞的地方越來越少

  • and very little need for new tap dancers,

    新踢踏舞者的工作機會更少

  • so those who have been dancing in the 20s, 30s, and 40s,

    1920 到 40 年代的踢踏舞者

  • really had no one to pass along the art form to.

    找不到人可以傳承

  • In the 1970s, a multifaceted resurgence began.

    1970 年代,開始了多面向的復興

  • Modern dancers became interested in the older tap dancers,

    現代舞者開始重視老踏踢舞者

  • drawing them out of retirement to teach.

    把他們從退休中拉回來教學

  • Grassroots-organized tap festivals began to spring up,

    草根性的踢踏舞節,也開始興起

  • featuring the older tap dancers teaching the technique

    主軸是資深舞者教授踢踏舞技巧

  • and the history of the craft.

    及踢踏舞歷史

  • Older dancers also came out of retirement to perform

    老舞者也從退休中復出表演

  • with groups such as The Copasetics and The Original Hoofers, traveling the world.

    棒棒舞團和行腳舞團世界巡迴演出 (The Copasetics) (The Original Hoofers)

  • Even Broadway regained interest in the form,

    甚至百老匯都重拾興趣

  • with Gregory Hines becoming a public figure

    其中格雷戈里海因斯成為 (Gregory Hines)

  • for tap dance on the stage and in feature films.

    舞臺或電影裡,踢踏舞的代表人物

  • Since then, the resurgence has spawned a more popular interest,

    這次復興帶來了更廣大的關注

  • with Savion Glover at the nexus of the crowd.

    沙維翁格洛弗成了群眾焦點 (Savion Glover)

  • Considered the quintessential tap dancer,

    與典型的踢踏舞者不同

  • Glover presents the form as a pure musician.

    格洛弗以純音樂的形式來詮釋

  • Since the 1990s,

    1990 年代起

  • and thanks in a large part to the work of Savion Glover,

    主要由於格洛弗的貢獻

  • we've seen a rise in young people's interest in tap dance.

    年輕人對踢踏舞興趣漸增

  • I'm part of that generation.

    我也是其中之一

  • Today, as we begin to rediscover the craft,

    今天我們開始重新發現這個技藝

  • we continue to look back

    我們不斷回顧

  • and take examples of what tap dance was from past generations,

    一方面以過去的踢踏舞為典範

  • at the same time, discovering our own unique approaches.

    同時也探尋我們自己的獨特詮釋

  • There is so much freedom today.

    今日踢踏舞的自由度很高

  • We can take what exists

    我們可以參考既有的

  • and apply past examples within our own unique context -

    將過去的舞步融入我們的獨特情境

  • today's perspective on tap dance.

    成為今日的踢踏舞觀點

  • It all really boils down to

    這一切都要歸結到

  • two pieces of metal on a leather-soled shoe,

    皮底鞋的兩塊金屬、

  • the wood to dance on,

    木頭地板、

  • an audience to watch and listen,

    觀眾與聽眾、

  • and something to say.

    和表現的內容

  • It's the balancing of these elements

    就是這些元素間的平衡

  • that is a tap dancer's craft work.

    造就了踢踏舞者技藝的成功

Tap dance:

踢踏舞

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B1 中級 中文 TED-Ed 舞者 詮釋 舞蹈 退休 美國

【TED-Ed】踢踏舞者的手藝--安德魯-內姆爾。 (【TED-Ed】A tap dancer's craft - Andrew Nemr)

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    wikiHuang 發佈於 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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